Bombus sichelii Radoszkowski, 1860

Williams, Paul H., Altanchimeg, Dorjsuren, Byvaltsev, Alexandr, Jonghe, Roland De, Jaffar, Saleem, Japoshvili, George, Kahono, Sih, Liang, Huan, Mei, Maurizio, Monfared, Alireza, Nidup, Tshering, Raina, Rifat, Ren, Zongxin, Thanoosing, Chawatat, Zhao, Yanhui & Orr, Michael C., 2020, Widespread polytypic species or complexes of local species? Revising bumblebees of the subgenus Melanobombus world-wide (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus), European Journal of Taxonomy 719, pp. 1-120 : 76-79

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.719.1107

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A4500016-C219-4353-B81C-5E0BB520547F

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/252087CA-1F09-9577-FDBC-F9EAD89CFC41

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Bombus sichelii Radoszkowski, 1860
status

 

Bombus sichelii Radoszkowski, 1860

Figs 15 View Figs 14‒16 , 129–138 View Figs 103–138 , 197 View Figs 190‒198 , 211 View Figs 211–212

Bombus SICHELII Radoszkowski, 1860: 481 .

Bombus alticola Kriechbaumer, 1873: 339.

Bombus lapidarius subsp. nigritulus Friese, 1905: 518 .

Bombus lapidarius subsp. albidulus Friese, 1905: 518 .

Bombus sicheli Form [subsp.] uniens Vogt, 1909: 62.

Bombus noster Skorikov, 1910b: 578.

Bombus sicheli var. geogr . [subsp.] czerskiae Vogt, 1911: 59.

Bombus sicheli var. geogr . [subsp.] rehbinderianus Vogt, 1911: 60.

Bombus sicheli var. geogr . [subsp.] cazurroi Vogt, 1911: 60.

Lapidariobombus verticiflavus Skorikov, 1931: 225 .

Bombus sicheli f.g. [subsp.] daghestanicus Reinig, 1935: 345 (non Radoszkowski, 1877: vii = B. sylvarum (Linnaeus)).

Bombus jeholensis Yasumatsu, 1935: 45.

Bombus sicheli subsp. chinganicus Reinig, 1936: 6 .

Pyrobombus sicheli subsp. flavissimus Tkalců, 1975: 177 , replacement name for latofasciatus Vogt, 1909: 49.

Pyrobombus erzurumensis Özbek, 1990: 209.

Bombus Sicheli – Radoszkowski 1877: 213, incorrect subsequent spelling.

Since Vogt (1909), B. sichelii s. lat. has generally been considered as a species separate from B. lapidarius s. lat. Vogt (1909: 46) stated that his “Formen” are subpopulations, which could be considered equivalent to subspecies. Reinig (1935: 333) stated explicitly that his “f.g.” (forma geographica) are equivalent to subspecies. These taxa are considered here to be parts of a sichelii -complex.

The taxon erzurumensis was described more recently as a separate species from north-eastern Turkey, although we have seen it also from Iran. Within the sichelii -complex it has an especially narrow band of black hair posteriorly on T2. It was first recognised as likely to be conspecific with B. sichelii s. lat. by Williams (1998).

Our PTP analysis ( Fig. 10 View Fig ) supports two coalescents in the COI gene, for a west Asian B. incertus, which is strongly supported, and a widespread Eurasian B. sichelii s. lat. Although the support for a COI coalescent for B. sichelii s. lat. is relatively weak, it is the best supported in this part of the tree, so no alternative interpretation of the member taxa is better supported as species. Corroboration from a positive divergence-with-distance relationship both within ( Fig. 17 View Figs 17–20 ) and among ( Fig. 18 View Figs 17–20 ) the component lineages (Fig. 9) is accepted as additional support for B. sichelii s. lat. as a single broadly distributed species in its long accepted sense.

From morphology, B. sichelii s. lat. has a colour pattern of the hair of T2 with black hairs posteriorly that is consistently distinct from B. incertus.

Diagnosis

Females

Queens medium-sized body length 17–20 mm, workers 9–13 mm, Can be distinguished by usually having at least some pale hair on the face at the base of the antenna (cf. B. separandus, B. incertus), T2 posteriorly usually has at least a narrow line of black hair (cf. B. keriensis, B. separandus, B. alagesianus, B. incertus etc.), and the hindleg corbicular fringes have some extensively orange hairs. Some individuals from eastern Turkey and Iran (the taxon erzurumensis) resemble B. incertus closely because they have very few black hairs posteriorly on T2 and few or no pale hair on the face, but the queens of B. sichelii are smaller than B. incertus, the red of T4–5 is more orange-red, and the hindleg corbicular fringes have some extensively orange hairs.

Males

Body length 11–15 mm. Can be distinguished in Europe and West Asia by their combination of yellow or white hair posteriorly on the thoracic dorsum, T2 with yellow or white but posteriorly with some black, and T4–7 a pale red. Genitalia ( Fig. 197 View Figs 190‒198 ) with the gonostylus as long as broad, reduced as a rounded flat scale with the inner basal process reduced to a tooth (cf. rufipes- group, festivus- group, rufofasciatus -group); volsella with the inner distal corner broadly produced but without a narrow hook (cf. rufipes- group, festivus- group, rufofasciatus -group); eye unenlarged relative to female eye.

Material examined

Lectotype

RUSSIA • ♀ (queen), lectotype of Bombus sichelii Radoszkowski, 1860 by designation of Tkalců (1974b); Kamchatka; Dittmar leg.; ZMHB (examined PW).

Material sequenced (46 specimens, includes some sequences from Lecocq et al. 2015)

SPAIN • 1 ♂; Catalonia, Cerbi ; 42.646° N, 1.152° E; 16 Sep. 1993; C. Schmid-Egger leg.; BOLD seq: BCZSMHYM02963; ZSM: ML327 View Materials GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same collection data as for preceding; BOLD seq: BCZSMHYM02964; ZSM: ML328 View Materials GoogleMaps .

SWITZERLAND • 1 ♀ (worker); 46.2210° N, 7.6203° E; 22 Jul. 1999; P. Williams leg.; BOLD seq: 1555H11; PW: ML313 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); Ticino, Lago Sambuco ; 46.466° N, 8.648° E; 28 Jul. 1993; C. Schmid-Egger leg.; BOLD seq: BCZSMHYM02961; ZSM: ML326 View Materials GoogleMaps .

AUSTRIA • 1 spec.; M̹hl; 47.5014° N, 10.7361° E; D. Michez leg.; GenBank seq: KM458067 View Materials ; UMONS: ML285 GoogleMaps .

FRANCE • 1 spec.; Col d’Allos; 44.1733° N, 6.3544° E; O. Poncheau leg.; GenBank seq: KM458070 View Materials ; UMONS: ML288 GoogleMaps 1 spec.; Gavarnie; 42.7119° N, 0.0075° W; D. Michez leg.; GenBank seq: KM458072 View Materials ; UMONS: ML289 GoogleMaps .

RUSSIA • 1 ♀ (worker); Chuvashiya, Severniy ; 56.2899° N, 47.1931° E; 24 Jun. 2010; A. Lashtukhin leg.; BOLD seq: SHMEL-E11; SDM ML331 View Materials GoogleMaps 1 spec.; Buryatia, Mondy ; 51.4103° N, 100.5936° E; T. DeMeulemeester leg.; GenBank seq: KC915894 View Materials ; UMONS: ML290 GoogleMaps 1 spec.; same collection data as for preceding; GenBank seq: KC915896 View Materials ; UMONS: ML291 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); Tuva, 31 km Erzin ; 50.0366° N, 95.4348° E; 18 Jul. 2014; A. Lelej leg.; BOLD seq: 1555F11; NSUN: ML268 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); Sakhalin, south Schmidta Peninsula ; 53.8874° N, 142.7429° E; 13 Aug. 2003; J. Jobe leg.; BOLD seq: 1552F06; SEMC: ML189 View Materials GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (queen); Kamchatka; 53.7887° N, 159.3172° E; BOLD seq: 6879D08; FSCV: ML217 GoogleMaps .

TURKEY • 1 ♀ (worker); 41.2008° N, 42.5283° E; BOLD seq: 6879A04; PW: ML188 GoogleMaps 1 spec.; Zigana Geçidi; 40.6353° N, 39.4044° E; P. Rasmont leg.; GenBank seq: KM458068 View Materials ; UMONS: ML286 GoogleMaps 1 spec.; same collection data as for preceding; GenBank seq: KM458069 View Materials ; UMONS: ML287 GoogleMaps .

IRAN • 1 ♀ (queen); 38.2974° N, 48.0360° E; 26 May 2006; NHMUK seq: IRANPW022; PW: ML15 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); 38.2724° N, 47.6886° E; 29 May 2015; NHMUK seq: IRANPW020; PW: ML16 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); 38.2717° N, 47.8515° E; 31 May 2014; NHMUK seq: IRANPW023; PW: ML17 GoogleMaps .

KYRGYZSTAN • 1 ♀ (queen); Santash ; 42.7389° N, 79° E; 28 Jun. 2016; R. DeJonghe leg.; BOLD seq: 1555F03; RDJ: ML260 GoogleMaps .

MONGOLIA • 1 ♀ (worker); Ovorhangay, Karakorum ; 47.1667° N, 102.8333° E; 13–16 Aug. 1990; C. Cockell leg.; BOLD seq: 6874D04; PW: ML18 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); Hovsgol, Tsagaan Nur ; 50.601° N, 101.523° E; 16 Jul. 2005; J. Gelhaus leg.; BOLD seq: 1550G02; SEMC: ML215 View Materials GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); Dalbay ; 51.025° N, 100.766° E; 20 Jul. 2007; D. Song leg.; BOLD seq: 9808C12; PCYU: ML332 View Materials GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); Dalbay ; 51.0279° N, 100.7667° E; 4 Aug. 2007; D. Song leg.; BOLD seq: 9808E01; PW: ML218 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); Khovsgol Nuur ; 51.0628° N, 100.7322° E; 21 Jul. 2004; D. Sheppard leg.; NHMUK seq: PW28 ; PW: ML324 GoogleMaps .

CHINA – Neimenggu Province • 1 ♀ (worker); Moerdaga ; 51.3349° N, 120.6784° E; 18 Aug. 2009; P. Williams leg.; NHMUK seq: CT465; PW: ML465 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); nr. Huanggangliang ; 43.5423° N, 117.6233° E; 24 Aug. 2010; P. Williams leg.; BOLD seq: 1555B12; PW: ML231 GoogleMaps . – Shanxi Province • 1 ♀ (worker); Yingxian ; 39.4008° N, 113.4167° E; 8 Sep. 2007; P. Williams leg.; BOLD seq: 1555C01; PW: ML232 GoogleMaps . – Gansu Province • 1 ♀ (worker); Pinnan ; 34.3281° N, 105.6278° E; 30 Aug. 2009; P. Williams leg.; BOLD seq: 1555H01; PW: ML303 GoogleMaps . – Sichuan Province • 1 ♀ (worker); Hongyuan ; 32.6403° N, 102.3286° E; 4 Aug. 2002; P. Williams leg.; BOLD seq: 1555H02; PW: ML304 GoogleMaps 16 specs; Hongyuan ; 32.3282° N, 102.4543° E; Y. Dong leg.; YD seq: DYX53.1, DYX53.2, DYY17, DYX61.1, DYX1.1, DYX18.1, DYX30.2, DYX34.1, DYX11.2, DYZX2, DYX64, DYX1.3, DYX13.1, DYX27.1, DYX13.2, DYX69.1; YD: ML443 to ML458 GoogleMaps .

Global distribution

(Widespread Palaearctic species, in steppes in the north and in mountains in the south) Europe: SPAIN, FRANCE, SWITZERLAND, AUSTRIA. – West Asia: TURKEY, IRAN. – North Asia: KYRGYZSTAN, MONGOLIA, RUSSIA: European Russia, North Caucasus, Ural, West Siberia, Altai Mountains, East Siberia, Far East. – East Asia: CHINA: Xizang, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Shanxi, Hebei, Neimenggu, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang; N KOREA, S. KOREA. ( FSCV, IAR, IOZ, NHMUK, PW, SC, SEMC, YUY, ZMHB.) The species is widespread ( Fig. 210 View Figs 209–210 ) and often abundant.

Behaviour

Food-plant generalists ( Rasmont 1988; Neumayer & Paulus 1999; Williams et al. 2009; An et al. 2014). The male mate-searching behaviour is expected to resemble the patrolling of B. lapidarius.

PW

Paleontological Collections

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

SDM

Stroud and District Museum

SEMC

University of Kansas - Biodiversity Institute

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

PCYU

The Packer Collection at York University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Loc

Bombus sichelii Radoszkowski, 1860

Williams, Paul H., Altanchimeg, Dorjsuren, Byvaltsev, Alexandr, Jonghe, Roland De, Jaffar, Saleem, Japoshvili, George, Kahono, Sih, Liang, Huan, Mei, Maurizio, Monfared, Alireza, Nidup, Tshering, Raina, Rifat, Ren, Zongxin, Thanoosing, Chawatat, Zhao, Yanhui & Orr, Michael C. 2020
2020
Loc

Pyrobombus erzurumensis Özbek, 1990: 209

Ozbek H. 1990: 209
1990
Loc

Pyrobombus sicheli subsp. flavissimus Tkalců, 1975: 177

Tkalcu B. 1975: 177
Vogt O. 1909: 49
1975
Loc

Bombus sicheli subsp. chinganicus

Reinig W. F. 1936: 6
1936
Loc

Reinig W. F. 1935: 345
1935
Loc

Bombus jeholensis

Yasumatsu K. 1935: 45
1935
Loc

Lapidariobombus verticiflavus

Skorikov A. S. 1931: 225
1931
Loc

Bombus sicheli

Vogt O. 1911: 59
1911
Loc

Bombus sicheli

Vogt O. 1911: 60
1911
Loc

Bombus sicheli

Vogt O. 1911: 60
1911
Loc

Bombus noster

Skorikov A. S. 1910: 578
1910
Loc

Bombus sicheli

Vogt O. 1909: 62
1909
Loc

Bombus lapidarius subsp. nigritulus

Friese H. 1905: 518
1905
Loc

Bombus lapidarius subsp. albidulus

Friese H. 1905: 518
1905
Loc

Bombus Sicheli

Radoszkowski O. 1877: 213
1877
Loc

Bombus alticola

Kriechbaumer J. 1873: 339
1873
Loc

Bombus SICHELII Radoszkowski, 1860: 481

Radoszkowski O. 1860: 481
1860