Bombus formosellus ( Frison, 1934 )

Williams, Paul H., Altanchimeg, Dorjsuren, Byvaltsev, Alexandr, Jonghe, Roland De, Jaffar, Saleem, Japoshvili, George, Kahono, Sih, Liang, Huan, Mei, Maurizio, Monfared, Alireza, Nidup, Tshering, Raina, Rifat, Ren, Zongxin, Thanoosing, Chawatat, Zhao, Yanhui & Orr, Michael C., 2020, Widespread polytypic species or complexes of local species? Revising bumblebees of the subgenus Melanobombus world-wide (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus), European Journal of Taxonomy 719, pp. 1-120 : 66-67

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.719.1107

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A4500016-C219-4353-B81C-5E0BB520547F

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4335604

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/252087CA-1F03-957B-FDC1-FE13DD84FB18

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Bombus formosellus ( Frison, 1934 )
status

 

Bombus formosellus ( Frison, 1934)

Figs 13 View Figs 12‒13 , 98–102 View Figs 64–102 , 192 View Figs 190‒198

Bremus formosellus Frison, 1934: 163.

Bremus formosellus var. [subsp.] derivatus Frison, 1934: 166.

Bremus formosellus var. [subsp.] gradatus Frison, 1934: 167.

Bombus pyrosoma (part) – Williams 1991: 102 (non Morawitz, 1890: 349).

Bombus formosellus is known only from Taiwan ( Frison 1934; Chiu 1948; Starr 1992). Bombus pyrosoma s. lat. has been treated as a widespread Asian species by Williams (1998), to include the taxon formosellus. Here, B. formosellus is recognised as separate from the north Chinese B. pyrosoma s. str. because of their unique and strongly divergent species coalescents in the COI gene ( Fig. 10 View Fig ), corroborated by differences in morphology (see the Diagnosis). The morphological differences are subtle, but do appear to support the two as separate species within a morphologically more distinctive complex of pyrosoma s. str. + formosellus.

Our PTP analysis ( Fig. 10 View Fig ) supports relatively strongly two coalescents in the COI gene for the north Chinese B. pyrosoma s. str., and the Taiwanese B. formosellus. The two coalescent groups differ in COI barcode sequences for at least 12 diagnostic nucleotide positions (1.8% of the barcode region). These nucleotide differences are all synonymous, making no difference to the amino acid sequences at translation.

From morphology, B. formosellus has a paler colour pattern of the hair than B. pyrosoma s. str. for the females and especially for the queens. The queen of B. formosellus (below) has the hair of the thoracic dorsum with broad anterior and posterior bands strongly dominated by white, whereas for B. pyrosoma s. str. these areas are black or usually with a small minority of white hairs intermixed. The male gonostylus inner process is also not clearly divided into two teeth as it is in B. pyrosoma s. str.

Queens of this species have not previously been described. However, S. Lu located a female (ML503) in the TFRI collection that appears to be large enough (body length 20 mm) and collected early enough in the year (July 14, by I. Sung) to be a queen. This individual has lost much of its hair so the colour pattern is not clear, but females appear to show weak size-dependent dimorphism in the colour pattern of the hair: the queen has the remaining hair of T2 extensively black but with white hair narrowly anteriorly and medially and with orange hair narrowly posteriorly, especially in the lateral corners ( Fig. 98 View Figs 64–102 ); whereas workers (which are smaller) either have T2 chocolate-coloured anteriorly and black posteriorly or have T2 extensively dull yellow ( Figs 99–101 View Figs 64–102 ). Recently queens of this species have been reared in laboratory colonies, from which this colour pattern is confirmed (I. Sung in litt.). Males have the thoracic bands and T1–2 yellow ( Fig. 102 View Figs 64–102 ).

Diagnosis

Females

Queens medium-sized body length 20 mm, workers 10–15 mm. Can be distinguished within Taiwan by the hair of the thoracic dorsum with white bands (cf. B. eximius).

Males

Body length 13–14 mm. Can be distinguished within Taiwan by their combination of the hair of the thoracic dorsum with yellow bands, side of the thorax yellow, and T3–7 red. Genitalia ( Fig. 192 View Figs 190‒198 ) with the gonostylus much reduced, less than a quarter as long on its outer side as broad, with the distal edge concave and the inner distal corner with two indistinct adjacent teeth, the proximal tooth slightly shorter than the distal tooth and the two not clearly separated by an indentation (emargination) ( cf. pyrosoma s. str.); volsella with the inner distal corner produced as a narrow curved hook ( cf. rufipes -group, B. simillimus, lapidarius -group, sichelii -group, keriensis -group); eye unenlarged relative to female eye.

Material examined

Holotype

CHINA • ♂, holotype of Bremus formosellus Frison, 1934 by original designation; Taiwan , Roeichi; 15 Sep. 1924; T. Shiraki and J. Sonan leg.; INHS (examined PW).

Material sequenced (5 specimens)

CHINA – Taiwan • 1 ♀ (worker); Tayuling ; 23.9767° N, 121.5206° E; 5 Aug. 1991; C. Starr leg.; NHMUK seq: NHMPW07; PW: ML317 GoogleMaps 1 ♀ (worker); Tahsuehshan ; 24.3428° N, 121.1243° E; M. Kuo leg.; NHMUK seq: NHMPW09; PW: ML318 GoogleMaps 1 spec.; Taiwan ; 24.1806° N, 121.3101° E; GenBank seq: AF279522 View Materials ; SEHU: ML184 GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀ (workers); Taiwan ; 15 Jun. 2019; I. Sung leg.; TFRI seq: L11 LL12; TFRI: ML573 ML574 View Materials .

Global distribution

(Taiwanese mountain species) East Asia: CHINA: Taiwan. ( INHS, NHMUK, PW, TFRI.) The species is narrowly distributed but not rare in collections.

Behaviour

Expected to be food-plant generalists. Male mate-searching behaviour is expected to resemble the patrolling of B. eurythorax.

INHS

Illinois Natural History Survey

PW

Paleontological Collections

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

TFRI

Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Loc

Bombus formosellus ( Frison, 1934 )

Williams, Paul H., Altanchimeg, Dorjsuren, Byvaltsev, Alexandr, Jonghe, Roland De, Jaffar, Saleem, Japoshvili, George, Kahono, Sih, Liang, Huan, Mei, Maurizio, Monfared, Alireza, Nidup, Tshering, Raina, Rifat, Ren, Zongxin, Thanoosing, Chawatat, Zhao, Yanhui & Orr, Michael C. 2020
2020
Loc

Bombus pyrosoma

Williams P. H. 1991: 102
Morawitz F. F. 1890: 349
1991
Loc

Bremus formosellus

Frison T. H. 1934: 163
1934
Loc

Bremus formosellus

Frison T. H. 1934: 166
1934
Loc

Bremus formosellus

Frison T. H. 1934: 167
1934