Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885

Palma, Ricardo L., 2017, A new species of tick (Acari: Ixodidae) from seabirds in New Zealand and Australia, previously misidentified as Ixodes eudyptidis, Zootaxa 4324 (2), pp. 285-314: 294-299

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4324.2.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:75848248-3E4F-452D-Aee5-20C34Cd0398A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/251C87DC-8C6A-475B-FF16-862E57D0F861

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885
status

 

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885  

( Figs 3–4, 6 View FIGURES 1 – 6 , 12, 14, 16 View FIGURES 11 – 16 , 20 View FIGURES 17 – 20 , 34, 36, 38 View FIGURES 34 – 39 , 40, 42, 44 View FIGURES 40 – 45 )

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885: 19   , figs 12–14

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Neumann 1899: 128. Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Neumann 1904: 451.

Ixodes (Ixodes) eudyptidis eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Neumann 1911: 21. Ixodes neumanni Nuttall & Warburton, 1911: 217   , figs 213–214.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Nuttall 1916: 294, 320.

Ixodes neumanni Nuttall & Warburton, 1911   ; Nuttall 1916: 294, 320 [as junior synonym]. Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Cooley & Kohls, 1945: 223 [as junior synonym of I. uriae White, 1852   ]. Ixodes neumanni Nuttall & Warburton, 1911   ; Zumpt 1952: 18.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Dumbleton 1953: 11, pl. 3, figs 1–4. In part: female & nymph. Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Arthur 1955: 18, fig. 1.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Arthur 1956: 281, 296.

Ixodes neumanni Nuttall & Warburton, 1911   ; Arthur 1956: 296, 301, fig. 69. Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Roberts 1960: 399, fig. 1.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Dumbleton 1961: 761, figs 1–7. In part. Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Dumbleton 1963: 74, 76, figs 14, 18. Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Roberts 1964: 3. In part.

Ixodes (Ixodes) eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Senevet & Ripert 1967: 94, 118. Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Roberts 1969: 43, fig. 3.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Roberts 1970: 20, fig. 5. In part: male only. Ixodes (Multidentatus) eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Clifford et al. 1973: 496. Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Heath 1977: 30, figs 1–2. In part.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Bishop & Heath 1998: 30. In part.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Heath 2010: 16. In part.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Heath et al. 2011: 59. In part.

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885   ; Guglielmone et al. 2014: 75.

Type host: “In the gape of the penguin” ( Maskell 1885: 20) = Eudyptes pachyrhynchus G.R. Gray, 1845  

Remarks. Dumbleton (1953: 24) lists Eudyptes pachyrhynchus   as the host of the ticks described by Maskell and collected by A. Reischek at Dusky Sound, Fiordland. However, Reischek (1885: 194) only mentions “… an insect similar to the Membranacea   inside the edges of the bill, …”. The taxon “Membranaceae” is listed by Stark (1828: 320) as a “Tribe” within the Hemiptera   containing the bedbug genus Cimex Linnaeus, 1758   only. Although ticks and bedbugs are very different animals, their broad morphological and feeding similarities would justify Reischek’s (1885) identification. Although we have not been able to examine any tick from E. pachyrhynchus   , other than the types, we accept the designation of this penguin species as the type host. Interestingly, Reischek (1885: 194) also records Eudyptula minor (J.R. Forster, 1781)   from Dusky Sound, the type locality of I. eudyptidis   , but without mentioning any external parasite.

Material examined. Type specimens: Three syntype females (Reg. 2015.162.10; 2015.162.12–13) and six syntype nymphs (Reg. 2015.162.11; 2015.162.14–18), from Eudyptes pachyrhynchus   (see above), held in the collection of the Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand [ CMNZ].

Although Dumbleton (1953: 12) wrote: “Maskell's type material (2 females and 7 nymphs) is in the Canterbury Museum, as is one female co-type and a nymph determined by Nuttall.”, i.e. 11 specimens in total, we have located only nine specimens (3 females and 6 nymphs) and we do not know the whereabouts of the two missing nymphs.

Designation of a lectotype: Considering that we have identified and described a species morphologically close to I. eudyptidis   , with the type series of the latter composed of syntype females and nymphs, we deemed it advisable to designate a lectotype to make the identification of I. eudyptidis   unequivocal.

Therefore, we hereby designate one female syntype, with Registration Number 2015.162.10 as the lectotype of I. eudyptidis   . All other syntypes: two females and six nymphs with Registration Numbers 2015.162.11–18 become paralectotypes. All types are held in the collection of the CMNZ.

Non-type material from New Zealand. Ex Eudyptula minor   : 1♀, Little Barrier Island, Hauraki Gulf   , Feb. 1958, J.S. Watson; 1♀, 2N, Motunau Island, Pegasus Bay   , 5 Dec. 1961, C.J. Lindsay; 20L, Titahi Bay , Wellington   , 17 Dec. 1964, no collector (DM 111B68/1); 10N, Puponga, near Cape Farewell, 6 Oct. 1969, F.C. Kinsky; 1♀, Palmerston , Otago   , 21 Oct. 1969, no collector; 82N, 13 L, Pakawai Beach, Collingwood, Golden Bay   , 23 Jun. 1970, E.M. Gillespie; 2♀, 6N, N. side Croiselles Harbour   , 3 Dec. 1973, J.I. Townsend; 1N, Hokio Beach, Horowhenua, 8 Feb. 1975, no collector; 8L, Southland, 1975, no collector; 7N, 5L, Cook Strait area   , Oct. 1977, no collector; 5N, 100L, Mason Bay, Stewart Island   , 1 Jan. 1980, H. Howarth; 6♀, 4N, 141L, Raumati Beach, Paraparaumu , Kapiti Coast   , 22 Jan. 1980, P. McKenzie; 1♀, 6N, Somes Island , Wellington Harbour   , 3 Dec. 1981, A.C.G. Heath; 1♀, 1N,>100L, Little Totara River , West Coast   , 26 Dec. 1981, D. Onley; 10♀, 2 N, 1 L Taiaroa Heads, Otago   , 30 Dec. 1982 – 10 Jan. 1983, R. Gales; 2♀, Taiaroa Heads , Otago   , 8 Jan. 1983, R. Gales; 4N, Ward Beach, Marlborough   , 4 Jan. 1986, no collector; 1♂, 3♀, 2N, Somes Island , Wellington Harbour   , 5 Dec. 1987, J. Grehan; 19♀, 7N, Pukehina Beach , Bay of Plenty   , 7 Jan. 1996, R. Tully; numerous N & L, Muriwai Beach, Auckland   , 6 Aug. 2000, E.H. Kuschel; 6♀, 2♂, 10N, 2L North End Pipikaretu Beach , Otago Peninsula   , 26–29 Nov. 2004, H. Ratz; 1♀, Tiritiri Matangi Island, Hauraki Gulf   , 30 Oct. 2005, J. Geurts; 1♀, Tiritiri Matangi I., Hauraki Gulf   , 30 Oct. 2005, J. Geurts; 1 N, Tiritiri Matangi I., Hauraki Gulf, 30 May 2006, J. Geurts; 1♀ (ex nest), Tiritiri Matangi I., Hauraki Gulf, no date, J. Geurts   . 2♀, 6N, Tiritiri Matangi Island, Hauraki Gulf, 15 Nov. 2005, no collector; 1N, Tiritiri Matangi Island , Hauraki Gulf   , 30 Apr. 2006, J. Geurts; 1♀, Tiritiri Matangi Island, Hauraki Gulf, no date, J. Geurts   ; 1♀, 1♂, 1N, 1L, Pilot's Beach, Taiaroa Heads, Otago, 28 Aug. 2006, R.P. Cane, A.E. Snell & G. Mackereth   ; 1♀, Ohope Beach , Bay of Plenty   , 9 Nov. 2006, R. Tully; 2♀, 8N, Takaka , Nelson   , 13 Dec. 2007, E. Schoener; 6♀ (one with malformed scutum), Matata Beach , Bay of Plenty   , 18 Jan. 2008, R. Tully; 3♀, Somes Island , Wellington Harbour   , 15 Dec. 2009, R. Cotter; 2♀, Ohope Beach , Bay of Plenty   , 1 Feb. 2011, R. Tully; 5♀, 4N,1L, Buckland Beach , Auckland   , 23 Oct. 2013, M. Robertson; 1♀, Motuara Island , 23 Mar. 2015, no collector   ; 1♀, Motuara Island , 22 Sep. 2015, no collector   ; 1♀, Motuara Island , 8 Oct. 2015, no collector.  

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Ex Megadyptes antipodes (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841)   : 1♀, Sandfly Bay , Otago, 20 Nov. 2000, D   . Nelson   . Ex "penguin": 1♀, 1N, Auckland, 29 Jan. 1987, G. Parkin   ; 1♀, Taylor's Mistake , 9 Feb. 1998, J.R. Kucera & R.L.C. Pilgrim.  

Non-type material from Australia. Ex Eudyptula minor   : 1♀, Little Green Island, Furneaux Group , Tasmania, Jan. 1952, J.H. Calaby ( ANIC 2090 View Materials )   ; 1♀, Port Davey , Tasmania, 20 Feb. 1959, R.H. Green ( ANIC)   ; 4♀, Deal Island, East Cove, Tasmania, 22 Dec. 1971, J. Whinray ( ANIC); 4N, Tasmania, Jan. 1985, no collector ( ANIC 2075 View Materials )   ; 1♀, Diamond Island , Tasmania, Feb. 1985, R. Gales ( ANIC 2078 View Materials )   ; 6 ♀, Phillip Island , Victoria, Aug. 1993, R. Norman ( ANIC 2093 View Materials )   ; 2♀, 1N, Phillip Island , Victoria, 25 Aug. 2010, K. O'Sullivan ( ANIC 2095 View Materials )   ; 3♀, 2♂, Phillip Island , Bass Strait, Victoria, 18–20 Nov. 2014, K. Moon ( ANIC)   ; 1♀, Marian Beach, Tasmania, no date, no collector ( ANIC 2074 View Materials )   .

CMNZ

Canterbury Museum

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Ixodida

Family

Ixodidae

Genus

Ixodes

Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis Maskell, 1885

Palma, Ricardo L. 2017
2017
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Guglielmone 2014: 75
2014
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Bishop 1998: 30
1998
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Heath 1977: 30
Clifford 1973: 496
Roberts 1970: 20
1970
Loc

Ixodes (Ixodes) eudyptidis

Roberts 1969: 43
Senevet 1967: 94
1967
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Roberts 1964: 3
Dumbleton 1963: 74
Dumbleton 1961: 761
1961
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Arthur 1956: 281
1956
Loc

Ixodes neumanni

Roberts 1960: 399
Arthur 1956: 296
1956
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Arthur 1955: 18
Dumbleton 1953: 11
1953
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Nuttall 1916: 294
1916
Loc

Ixodes neumanni

Zumpt 1952: 18
Cooley 1945: 223
Nuttall 1916: 294
1916
Loc

Ixodes (Ixodes) eudyptidis eudyptidis Maskell, 1885

Neumann 1911: 21
Nuttall 1911: 217
1911
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Neumann 1904: 451
Neumann 1899: 128
1899
Loc

Ixodes eudyptidis

Maskell 1885: 19
1885