Myxillidae Dendy, 1922

Łukowiak, Magdalena, 2015, Late Eocene siliceous sponge fauna of southern Australia: reconstruction based on loose spicules record, Zootaxa 3917 (1), pp. 1-65 : 36

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.3917.1.1

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Myxillidae Dendy, 1922


Family Myxillidae Dendy, 1922 View in CoL

Rare acanthostyles with echinated surfaces along the spicule ( Figs. 19 View FIGURE 19 Q–S) or only with a echinated pointed end ( Fig. 19 View FIGURE 19 T) occur in the studied samples. Such mucronate spicules characterize sponges of the family Myxillidae [e.g., Hymenancora orientalis Koltun, 1959 ; Myxilla (Styloptilon) ancorata ( Cabioch, 1968) ]. One can find, however, similar spicules in the family Crellidae [e.g., Crellomima incrustans Hentschel (1929) ], Raspailiidae , Microcionidae , and Hymedesmiidae but still, those discussed here resemble most the myxillid spicules. The lack of other spicules, like chelae or sigma microscleres that would allow for more precise placement within the family Myxillidae , permits their determination only to a family level. Moreover, myxyllids are noted today from all over Australia (Atlas of Living Australia).

The spicules of similar morphology are also known from the fossil record. For example, they were described by Schrammen (1924, pl. 4, figs. 54, 55) from the Cretaceous of Germany and Mostler (1990, pl. 1, figs. 5–7) from the Jurassic of Austrian Alps.

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