Anochetus goodmani Fisher

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 6-8

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4546997

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:36DFC527-D3D6-4F7D-84A1-3C12005812A2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4546997

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C7D27B95-E1F0-41AC-968C-76BCF3886010

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:C7D27B95-E1F0-41AC-968C-76BCF3886010

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Anochetus goodmani Fisher
status

sp. nov.

Anochetus goodmani Fisher   ZBK  HNS   sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:C7D27B95-E1F0-41AC-968C- 76BCF3886010

Figures: worker 2e,f; queen 2g,h; map 6a

Type Material: Holotype worker, MADAGASCAR, Foret de Binara, 7.5 km 230° SW Daraina , 13°15'18"S, 049°37'00"E, 375 m, 1-4 Dec 2003 (coll. B. L. Fisher et al.), collection code: BLF09638, pin code: CASENT0498309 ( CAS). GoogleMaps CASC   Paratypes: 8 workers with same data as holotype but pins coded, CASENT104548 GoogleMaps CASC   , CASENT0498310 GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 CASC2 GB1 GB2   , CASENT0498311 GoogleMaps CASC   , CASENT0006944 GoogleMaps CASC   , CASENT0006945 ( BMNH, MCZ, CAS) GoogleMaps CASC   ; CO1 Barcode from paratype collection and coded CASENT0498310-D01.

Worker measurements: maximum and minimum based on all specimens, n= 15, (holotype): HL 1.77-2.01 (1.92), HW 1.55- 1.81 (1.77), CI 86-92 (92), EL 0.35-0.43 (0.42), ML 1.04-1.15 (1.11), MI 56-66 (58), SL 1.68-1.97 (1.79) SI 101-109 (101), WL 2.52-2.89 (2.66), FL 1.85-2.17 (2.03), PW 0.92-1.06 (1.01).

Queen (ergatoid) measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5. HL 1.62-1.79, HW 1.49-1.65, CI 91-93, EL 0.37-0.41, ML 0.92-1.02, MI 55-59, SL 1.56-1.71, SI 99- 106, WL 2.33-2.55, FL 1.77-1.91, PW 0.88-0.99.

Worker Diagnosis: Blade of mandible with five teeth and denticles located at the distal halfofthe blade length. Petiole dorsal margin without spines. In front view, the dorsal petiolar margin flat with lateral margin rounded (Fig. 6b). Pilosity, sculpture as in Figures 2e,f.

The species is most similar to A. boltoni   HNS   but can be easily distinguished by its petiole node without apical spines.

No winged queens are known. Ergatoid queens were collected at six localities. In four of the collections, three ergatoid queens were collected in the same locality. They are very similar in size and shape to workers (Figs 2g,h), and have no ocelli (Fig. 2g). Males are not known.

Distribution and biology. A. goodmani   HNS   is endemic to Madagascar and is widespread in northern and western parts of the island. It has been collected in dry forest and rainforest as low as 30 m in altitude and also in montane rainforest at the altitude 960 m on Montagne d'Ambre (Fig. 6a), most frequently under stones (12 collections) and sifted litter (7), but also at light (1), beating low vegetation (3), rot pocket (1), in rotten log (6), ground foragers (1), ground nest (9), Malaise trap (1), on low vegetation (1), and pitfall traps (4).

CO1. Average iIntraspecific sequence divergence of 6.37%. There is strong geographic coherence in the divergence patterns (Figs 9, 15, Table 2) with deep divergences occurring between separate regions isolated by habitat and mountains.

Diagnostic barcoding loci. A. goodmani   HNS   : Y-231 ( madagascarensis   HNS   and grandidieri   HNS   A; boltoni   HNS   and pattersoni   HNS   T), W-233 (all others A), RWR-368-370 (others are all ATG), Y-541 (others are all T), R-543 (others are all A), W-546 (others are all T), W-585 (others are all T), M-634 (others are all C). RWCW-42-45 & WTTAG-66-70 (this distinguishes goodmani   HNS   from all (including boltoni   HNS   ) except some madagascarensis   HNS   ), & GT-83-84 ( madagascarensis   HNS   is TA).

Discussion. Anochetus goodmani   HNS   is characterized by extreme divergence within the barcode region. To date, sequencing complementary nuclear markers has provided some degree of support for the deepest CO1 divergences (between the north and south-west of Madagascar) as being separate species. Importantly however, ITS1 sequences as divergent have been produced from the same individual (Appendix S1 and Table 3). Although CO1 supports more than one operational unit within A. goodmani   HNS   the hypothesis of cryptic species in relatively isolated environments requires further evidence with less ambiguity.

Additional material examined for Anochetus goodmani   HNS   : In addition to the type material, specimens from 56additional collecting events from the following 18 localities were examined in this study. MADAGASCAR: Province Antsiranana: Montagne des Francais , 7.2 km 142° SE Antsiranana   ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre   ; Reserve Speciale de l'Ankarana, 13.6 km 192° SSW Anivorano Nord GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Speciale de l'Ankarana, 22.9 km 224° SW Anivorano Nord GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Ampondrabe, 26.3 km 10° NNE Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d' Andavakoera, 21.4 km 75° ENE Ambilobe ; 4.6 km 356° NBetsiaka GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d' Antsahabe, 11.4 km 275° W Daraina GoogleMaps CASC CASC2 GB2   ; Foret de Binara, 7.5 km 230° SW Daraina GoogleMaps CASC   ; Ampasindava, Foret d'Ambilanivy, 3.9 km 181° S Ambaliha GoogleMaps CASC   ; Foret d'Anabohazo, 21.6 km 247° WSW Maromandia GoogleMaps CASC   ; Reserve Speciale de Bemarivo, 23.8 km 223° SW Besalampy GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 CASC2 GB1 GB2   ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 10.6 km ESE 123° Antsalova GoogleMaps CASC CASC1 GB1   ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 2.5 km 62 ° ENE Bekopaka , Ankidrodroa River GoogleMaps CASC   ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 3.4 km 93° E Bekopaka , Tombeau Vazimba GoogleMaps CASC   . Province Toliara: Parc National de Kirindy Mite , 16.3 km 127° SE Belo sur Mer GoogleMaps CASC   .

CAS

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

MCZ

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology