Jornandes susanae, Schaffner & Schwartz, 2008

Schaffner, JC & Schwartz, MD, 2008, Revision Of The Mexican Genera Ficinus Distant And Jornandes Distant With The Description Of 21 New Species (Heteroptera: Miridae: Orthotylinae: Orthotylini), Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2008 (309), pp. 1-87: 70-72

publication ID

0003-0090

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/1C1087D2-6719-7A6B-4199-9D46FCBCD38A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Jornandes susanae
status

new species

Jornandes susanae   , new species Figures 3, 10D, 33

HOLOTYPE: 3, MEXICO: Guerrero: 18.2 mi S of Iguala [17.5739 ° N 100.36666 ° W], elev. GoogleMaps  

3,000 ft [914 m], July 5, 1987, Kovarik, Schaffner ( AMNH _PBI 00184930). Deposit- ed in the collection of the Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Mexico City, D.F.

DIAGNOSIS: Recognized by antennal segment I being primarily yellowish brown, with head, remaining segments fuscous to dark fuscous, anterior 2/3 of pronotum yellowish brown with remainder whitish or pale, scutellum and adjacent areas of clavus dark fuscous to black, corium pale with prominent dark fuscous band more or less parallel to claval suture from embolium to inner corner of cuneus, apex of cuneus dark fuscous, legs mainly pale yellowish brown (fig. 3); eye large in male; antennal segment I more or less subequal to vertex width; antennal segment II linear, about as long as width of pronotum; labium short, reaching procoxa; metepisternum dorsal to evaporative area of scent gland with microtrichia. Base coloration, but not pattern, similar to J. ceibae   . Distinguished by the color of the scutellum: J. susanae   has a dark scutellum whereas in J. ceibae   it is pale. Jornandes ceibae   and J. susanae   also share certain male genitalic features (see discussion of J. ceibae   ).

DESCRIPTION: Male: COLORATION: Generally boldly patterned with yellowish brown, white, and black. Head yellowish brown to brown; clypeus dark fuscous except at base, maxillary plate fuscous; basal antennal segment of head with some pale fuscous spots or partial rings especially at apex, remaining segments dark fuscous; labium pale brown with both base and apex dark fuscous. Pronotum with anterior 2/3 yellowish brown, remainder whitish or pale. Mesoscutum pale brown, scutellum dark fuscous to black. Corium pale with dark fuscous areas consisting of a broad band on clavus immediately adjacent to scutellum and another broad band along radial vein area that begins at emboliar suture and extends posteriorly to cuneal suture and membrane; emboliar area pale brown; cuneus whitish with apex dark fuscous; membrane pale with margin fuscous forming a band on apex of membrane, areolar veins dark fuscous. Legs pale brown with a pale fuscous spot near apex of hind femur; tarsi dark fuscus apically. Propleuron pale brown, paler pos- teriorly; mesopleuron and sternum shining dark fuscous; metapleuron pale brown with evaporative area dark fuscous; underside of abdomen pale brown with fuscous to dark fuscous areas especially behind metacoxa. VESTITURE: Head and thorax, except for appendages, with very short, mostly decumbent setae, those of corium more or less evenly distributed, sparse, setae not longer than diameter of antennal segment II; setae on antennal segments II–IV not longer than diameter of respective segments; semierect setae of tibiae about as long as diameter of respective tibia, decumbent setae of abdomen long and more dense. GENITALIA (fig. 33): Genital segment with short, but broadly projecting tergal process from midline of dorsal margin of aperture, entire margin or process minutely serrate; ventroposterior margin of capsule with acute notch, subgenital plate asymmetrically positioned toward left paramere fossa, distal portion projecting dorsal to aperture. Left paramere C-shaped in dorsal view; sensory lobe slightly produced, paramere with moderately wide diameter, gradually expanded to wider mitten-shaped apex, beyond subapical constriction. Right paramere three times as long as left paramere; diameter widest at base, sensory lobe with long, narrow, smooth, apically pointed process; remainder of paramere, long, tubelike with uniform diameter throughout, apex broadly rounded with surface on minute spinules. Phallotheca subrectangular, sinuate, length equal to length of spiculum; aperture wide, open from middle of right side to broadly open apex. Vesica small; spiculum stout, sinuate, and trunklike, base situated widely on dorsal surface of ductus seminis; base of spiculum without process; distal region greatly expanded, dorsal margin with row of spinules and narrow, serrate, subapical spine.

Female: Color and vestiture same as for male; sometimes antennal segment II broadly pale except at base and variable distal region.

MEASUREMENTS: Male: (n 5 20; holotype given first followed in parentheses by average and range): Length, 3.46 (3.54, 3.36– 3.82); width, 1.48 (1.53, 1.46–1.60). Head length, 0.22 (0.22, 0.18–0.26); width, 0.92 (0.91, 0.88–0.94); vertex width, 0.28 (0.28, 0.26–0.32). Length of antennal segment I, 0.30 (0.33, 0.30–0.36); II, 1.18 (1.22, 1.14– 1.32); III, 1.02 (0.99, 0.94–1.12); IV, 0.48 (0.47, 0.42–0.56). Pronotal length, 0.58 (0.61, 0.56–0.64); width across base, 1.22 (1.22, 1.16–1.26). Cuneal length, 0.60 (0.61, 0.56– 0.62); width across base, 0.48 (0.50, 0.46– 0.54).

Female (n 5 20; average given first followed in parentheses by range): Length, 3.60 (3.46–3.82) width, 1.65 (1.56–1.84). Head length, 0.22 (0.20–0.24); width, 0.89 (0.86–0.90); vertex width, 0.34 (0.32–0.36). Length of antennal segment I, 0.33 (0.30– 0.34); II, 1.23 (1.16–1.34); III, 0.97 (0.88– 1.06); IV, 0.49 (0.42–0.52). Pronotal length, 0.64 (0.60–0.68); width across base, 1.30 (1.24–1.48). Cuneal length, 0.61 (0.56–0.64); width across base, 0.53 (0.52–0.56).

DISCUSSION: The attractive color pattern found in J. susanae   is unique among members of the genus. It is similar to that of J. ceibae   in that the coloration (off-white and dark fuscous) is the same although the patterns are somewhat different. The head has a color pattern that is similar to that of J. cruralis   and several other species and that consists of a fuscous band running from the anterior margin of an eye, along the maxillary plate, across the apex of the clypeus, and around to the other eye. Jornandes susanae   is one of a few species in which antennal segment I is subequal in

length to the width of the vertex. In addition, it is one of three species having antennal segment II subequal in length with the width of the pronotum. The sculpturing of the corium is easily seen; the setae on the corium are short and sometimes the hemelytral membrane has two or three setae. The medial tergal process, sinuate vesical spiculum, narrow apical notch of the left paramere of the male genitalia are shared with J. ceibae   ; however, the wider tergal process, the wider medial region of the vesical spiculum and elongate right paramere are diagnostic of J. susanae   .

HOST PLANT: Unknown.

ETYMOLOGY: Name to honor the first author’s daughter Susan.

DISTRIBUTION: Known from two localities in central Guerrero (fig. 10D).

PARATYPES: MEXICO: Guerrero: 18.2 mi S of Iguala , 17.5739 ° N 100.36666 ° W, 914 m, 05 Jul 1987, Kovarik and Schaffner, 13 ( AMNH _ PBI 00119103 View Materials ) ( AMNH). 33 ( AMNH _ PBI 00118200 View Materials , AMNH _ PBI 00184619 View Materials – AMNH _ PBI 00184620 View Materials ), 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00184621 View Materials ) ( CNC). 133 ( AMNH _ PBI 00185058 View Materials – AMNH _ PBI 00185063 View Materials , AMNH_PBI 00185069– AMNH _ PBI 00185075 View Materials ), 22♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00184622 View Materials , AMNH _ PBI 00185076 View Materials – AMNH _ PBI 00185096 View Materials ) ( TAMU). 6 mi E of Xochipala, 17.7936 ° N 99.54263 ° W, 1067 m, 13 Jul 1985, Jones, Schaffner, 13 ( AMNH _ PBI 00185053 View Materials ), 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00185054 View Materials ) ( TAMU) GoogleMaps   ; 18 Jul 1984, J. B. Woolley, 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00119104 View Materials ) ( CNC). 23 ( AMNH _ PBI 00185067 View Materials , AMNH _ PBI 00185068 View Materials ), 3♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00185050 View Materials – AMNH _ PBI 00185052 View Materials ) ( TAMU)   ; 05 Jul 1987 – 06 Jul 1987, Kovarik and Schaffner, 23 ( AMNH _ PBI 00185056 View Materials , AMNH _ PBI 00185057 View Materials ) ( TAMU)   ; 13 Jul 1985, J. B. Woolley and G. Zolnerowich, 23 ( AMNH _ PBI 00185055 View Materials , AMNH _ PBI 00185064 View Materials ), 2♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00185065 View Materials , AMNH _ PBI 00185066 View Materials ) ( TAMU)   .

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Miridae

Genus

Jornandes