Lepanus vangerweni Gunter & Weir,

Gunter, Nicole L. & Weir, Thomas A., 2021, Revision of Australian species of the dung beetle genus Lepanus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae): review of the L. ustulatus, L. storeyi, and L. nitidus species groups and description of eight new species, Zootaxa 4923 (1), pp. 1-66: 54-56

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4923.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:41D057A7-F855-47C2-A598-8000CFD83A5B

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4537984

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/1A323678-621B-222B-09D9-FDD6FAB06C6D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lepanus vangerweni Gunter & Weir
status

new species

Lepanus vangerweni Gunter & Weir  , new species

( Figs. 13E, K, PView FIGURE 13; 14EView FIGURE 14; 15EView FIGURE 15; 16EView FIGURE 16; 17A, DView FIGURE 17)

Type series. Holotype: ♂ “QLD 17.154°S 145.474°E Longlands Gap , 18–19 Sep 2010, G. Monteith Mushroom trap, RF, 1120m 34587” / “ ANIC Database 25-059236” / “ Lepanus NQ  9 det T.A. Weir 2010 ” in ANIC (17°27’14”S, 145°28’26”E)GoogleMaps  . Paratypes (35 ♂, 38 ♀): Queensland : Longlands Gap, 17.154°S 145.474°E (17°27’14”S, 145°28’26”E), 18–19.ix.2010, G. Monteith, mushroom trap, rainforest, 1120 m (25-065536 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Longlands Gap , 17.154°S 145.474°E (17°27’14”S, 145°28’26”E), 18–19.ix.2010, G.B. Monteith (25-060793 2 specimens ♂, 1 specimen ♀ also as COL933 (♀), COL934 (♂), COL935 (♂), 25-060884 2 specimens ♀ also as COL1155, COL1156, in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Majors Mount track, 17°38’02”S, 145°32’02”E, 1020 m, 18–19.ix.2010, G.B. Monteith (25-060855 1 specimen ♂ also as COL1103, 25-060854 2 specimens ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC also as COL1100 (♂), COL1101 (♂), COL1002 (♀ ))GoogleMaps  ; Lambs Head , 20 km SW Cairns, 17°01’23”S, 145°38’33”E, 4–13.xii.1988 ( T55341View Materials T55343View Materials 1 specimen ♂, 2 specimens ♀ in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Haig , 2 mi. N Tinaroo Dam [17°06’00”S, 145°36’00”E], 4000 m, 3.vi.1972, G.B. Monteith (25-058517 1 specimen ♂, 25-058518 1 specimen ♀ in QM [paratypes of Lepanus nitidus  ])GoogleMaps  ; Mount Haig , 17°06’22”S, 145°34’07”E, 17–21.iv.1994, G.E. Morse (25-058321–25-058324 2 specimens ♂, 2 specimens ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Edith GS2 [17°06’00”S, 145°37’00”E], 1050 m, 1.xii.1994 – 3.i.1995, P. Zborowski (25-058310 1 specimen ♂, 25-058311 2 specimens ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Bellenden Ker Range, Cable Tower 3 [17°12’00”S, 145°51’00”E], 1054 m, 17.x–5.xi.1981, Earthwatch, Queensland Museum, (25-058298 4 specimens ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Hugh Nelson Range , 21 km S of Atherton [17°25’00”S, 145°28’00”E], 5.xi–1.xii.1983, R.I. Storey & Brown (25-032638 1 specimen ♂, 25-032642 1 specimen ♂ in QDPC)GoogleMaps  ; Sluice Creek , 17°32’24”S, 145°31’56”E, 1.xii.1993 – 25.ii.1994 ( T55832View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Tower near the Crater National Park, 17°27’23”S, 145°29’12”E, 10.i–31.iii.1995 ( T55231View Materials T55237View Materials 4 specimens ♂, 3 specimens ♀ in QM)GoogleMaps  ; BS2 Mount Fisher [17°33’00”S, 145°32’00”E], 1150 m, 31.i–27.ii.1996, L. Umback (25-058325 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; BS3View Materials Massey Creek [17°37’00”S, 145°34’00”E], 1000 m, 1.xii.1994 – 3.i.1995, P. Zborowski (25-058306 5 specimens ♂, 3 specimens ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; GS3View Materials Hugh Nelson Range [17°27’00”S, 145°29’00”E], 1150 m, 1.xii.1994 – 3.i.1995, P. Zborowski (25-058316 1 specimen ♂, 25-058317 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Vine Creek , Majors Mountain, 17°40’58”S, 145°32’02”E, 4–6.ii.1999 ( T75488View Materials T75493, T75495 4 specimens ♂, 3 specimens ♀)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Kooroomool summit, 7 km S, 17°54’09”S, 145°40’55”E, 3.xii.1998 ( T70889View Materials T70900View Materials 11 ♀ in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Edith Lamb Range , 17°04’08”S, 145°37’59”E, 4–5.xii.2010, G.B. Monteith (25-060833 1 specimen ♀, also as COL1466 specimens in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; GS2View Materials Mount Edith , 17°06’00”S, 145°36’36”E], 1050 m, 31.viii–29.ix.1995, L. Umback (25-058308 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; GS2View Materials Mount Edith [17°06’00”S, 145°37’00”E], 1050 m, 29.ix– 31.x.1995, L. Umback (25-058312 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; GS2View Materials Mount Edith [17°06’00”S, 145°37’00”E], 1050 m, 31.vii–31.viii.1995, L. Umback (25-058314 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; BS3View Materials Massey Creek , [17°37’00”S, 145°34’00”E], 1000 m, 1.xii.1994 – 3.i.1995, P. Zborowski (25-058307 4 specimens ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Hugh Nelson Range , GS3 [17°27’00”S, 145°29’00”E], 1150 m, 4.ii–6.iii.1995, P. Zborowski (25-058315 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; BS1View Materials Longlands Gap [17°28’00”S, 145°29’00”E], 1150 m, 1.xii.1994 – 3.i.1995, P. Zborowski (25-058318 1 specimen ♀, 25-058319 1 specimen ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Hugh Nelson Range , 21 km S of Atherton [17°25’00”S, 145°28’00”E], 5.xi–1.xii.1983, R.I. Storey & Brown (25-058309 1 specimen ♀ in QDPC)GoogleMaps  ; Sluice Creek , 9 km WSW Millaa Millaa, 17°32’24”S, 145°31’56”E, 5–14.xii.1988, 1150 m, Monteith & Thompson ( T55831View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Bellenden Ker Range , Cable Tower 3, [17°12’00”S, 145°51’00”E], 1054 m, 17.x– 5.xi.1981, Earthwatch, Queensland Museum (25-058297 2 specimens ♂, 3 specimens ♀ in QDPC)GoogleMaps  ; BS3View Materials Massey Creek [17°37’00”S, 145°34’00”E], 1000 m, 3.x–2.xi.1995, L. Umback (25-058313 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC)GoogleMaps 

Other material examined. 275 other specimens from approximately forty other localities were also examined.

Queensland: 26 km up Tinaroo Creek Road via Mareeba [17°06’00”S, 145°37’00”E], 10.xi–30.xii.1982, Morgan, R.I. Storey & Brown (25-032657 1 specimen in QDPC)GoogleMaps  ; Lamb Range , 19 km SE Mareeba, 17°06’39”S, 145°34’04”E, 3–11.xii.1988 ( T55344View Materials 1 specimen in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Lamins Hill , 17°22’56”S, 145°42’07”E, 1.xii.1993 – 25.ii.1994 ( T55307View Materials T55309View Materials 3 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; The Crater , 17°25’43”S, 145°29’13”E, 26.xi.1992 – 15.iv.1993 (T106678 1 specimen in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Thiaki cottage, 17°26’02”S, 145°30’40”E, 1000 m, 19–23.i.2012, G.B. Monteith (25-053926 7 specimens in ANIC, 25-053927 36 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Topaz, Hughes Road , (Breeden house in QM)  , 17°26’04”S, 145°42’02”E, 6.xii.1993 – 25.ii.1994 ( T55229View Materials 1 specimen in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Tower near The Crater , 17°27’22”S, 145°29’13”E, 1235 m, 21–23.i.2012, G.B. Monteith (25-053928 1 specimen, 25-053929 28 specimens, 25-053930 7 specimens, in QM, 25-053931 19 specimens in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Tower near the Crater National Park , 17°27’23”S, 145°29’12”E, 10.i–31.iii.1995 ( T55238View Materials T55279, T55397 T55405View Materials 51 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Tower near the Crater National Park , 17°27’23”S, 145°29’12”E, 25.xi.1994 – 10.i.1995 ( T55280View Materials T55291View Materials 12 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Tower near the Crater National Park , 17°27’23”S, 145°29’12”E, 7.iii–15.v.1995 ( T55292View Materials T55293, T55383 T55396View Materials 16 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Sluice Creek , 17°32’24”S, 145°31’56”E, 14–17.iv.1999 ( T79094View Materials T79096, T79104 T79105View Materials 5 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Sluice Creek , 17°32’24”S, 145°31’56”E, 5.ii–15.iv.1999 ( T79097View Materials T79100View Materials 4 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Fisher, Kjellberg Road , 17°32’34”S, 145°33’31”E, 27–29.iv.1982 ( T55830View Materials 1 specimen in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Vine Creek, Majors Mountain , 17°40’58”S, 145°32’02”E, 4–6.ii.1999 ( T75496View Materials T76498, T76140 T76144, T76146 T76151View Materials, T761534– T76157View Materials 38 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Vine Creek, Majors Mountain , 17°40’58”S, 145°32’02”E, 15–18.iv.1999 ( T79101View Materials T79103, T79106 T79111View Materials 9 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Vine Creek Majors Mountain [17°41’00”S, 145°32’00”E], 1060 m, 4–6.ii.1999, G.B. Monteith & D. Cook (25-060860 8 specimens in QM, 25-060908 5 specimens also as COL596, COL597, COL618, COL619, COL620, in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Sluice Creek Road [17°34’00”S, 145°31’55”E], 1100 m, 23–24.i.2012, G.B. Monteith (25-053850 5 specimens in QM, 25-055607 5 specimens in ANIC)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Kooroomool summit, 7 km S, 17°54’09”S, 145°40’55”E, 3.xii.1998 ( T70901View Materials 1 specimen in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Kooroomool summit, 7 km S, 17°54’09”S, 145°40’55”E, 3–4.xii.1998 ( T70902View Materials T70908View Materials 7 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Kooroomool summit, 7 km S, 17°54’09”S, 145°40’55”E, 4.xii.1998 ( T70909View Materials T70910View Materials 2 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Tully River Crossing, 10 km S Koombooloomba Dam, 17°55’32”S, 145°37’38”E, 8.xii.1989 – 4.i.1990 ( T55078View Materials 1 specimen in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Mount Hugh   Nelson S base [17°31’00”S, 145°33’00”E], 1080 m, 7–9.ii.1999, G.B. Monteith & D. Cook ( T76158View Materials 1 specimen in QM)GoogleMaps  ; Kauri Creek, Lamb Range , 17°06’39”S, 145°34’04”E, 6–10.ii.1998 ( T57497View Materials T57498View Materials 2 specimens in QM)GoogleMaps  .

Description. Holotype light brown with orange markings on central area and anterior angles pronotum, and humeral areas of the elytra. Other specimens vary to dark brown with orange areas less pronounced than in holotype. Antennal clubs with apical antennomere (3rd) white and basal two antennomeres (1 st, 2 nd) grey.

Total length: 4.6–5.2 mm. Holotype measurements: total length 4.8 mm, elytral width 3.2 mm. Note: the holotype is a little expanded so measurements are close approximation.

Male. Head: Width to length ratio 36: 25. Basal carina only narrowly interrupted medially. U-shaped between clypeal teeth. Surface without setae and finely punctate. Clypeal area more-or-less finely reticulate. Dorsal part of eyes moderate, separated by an interocular space approximately 9 times eye width (27: 3).

Prothorax: Pronotum smooth, nitid, with very fine punctation towards the anterior and finely punctate posteriorly. Hypomeral surface very finely reticulate and impunctate. Hypomeral stria absent. Pronotum width to length ratio 59: 35.

Elytra: Smooth and nitid. Intervals very finely punctate and with extremely fine setae. Apical area usually very finely reticulate, with striae 1 and usually 2 slightly impressed, appearing as a double line. Ratio of length of the elytra along suture to maximum elytral width 75: 76.

Legs: as per L. nitidus  species group. Ridge on ventral side of protibia not joined to the second tooth by a fine carina.

Abdomen: Basal corners of pygidium reticulate and rest of pygidium, other than central reticulate area, with fine punctures, each bearing a seta.

Pterothorax: Lateral lobe of metaventrite finely punctate, setose and more-or-less finely reticulate. Medial lobe of metaventrite very finely to minutely punctate (much smaller than those on lateral lobe) and very finely reticulate between metacoxae, and with a median longitudinal depression extending from metacoxae to mesocoxae.

Male genitalia: Aedeagus with apex of left paramere entire, somewhat pointed. Apically deflexed part of right paramere rounded.

Female. Usually with a small metaventral depression and medial line between metacoxae, much smaller than in males.

Etymology. Named for Tom van Gerwen in honour of his long-time association with the ANIC volunteers scheme and maintenance of the collection.

Distribution. Known from rainforest of the Australian Wet Tropics (WET) IBRA bioregion [Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, and 12] from around Lamb Range to Cardstone (~ 160 km) ( Fig. 17AView FIGURE 17). Most specimens are from high elevations (750–1250 m). BIOCLIM modelling broadly reflects the species occurrence ( Fig. 17DView FIGURE 17).

Comments. This species has been referred to to under the informal name of “ Lepanus NQ  9”, which is followed by Gunter et al. (2019) and Ebert et al. (2019). One specimen sequenced in the former study that is designated as a paratype here (25-065536) was collected in the same trap as the holotype. Other specimens in this series collected from Longlands Gap have also been sequenced (25-060793, 25-060884) along with specimens from Mount Edith, Lamb Range (25-060833) and Majors Mountain (25-060855, 25-060854), all of which are designated here as paratypes (see Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Lepanus vangerweni  is recovered as sister to L. carbinensis  and the relationship was strongly supported in both Bayesian and maximum likelihood analysis. In the phylogeny of Gunter et al. (2019), L. vangerweni  was the earliest branching member in the monophyletic L. nitidus  species group, however that study did not include L. carbinensis  .

Matthews (1974) designated a male and a female of Lepanus vangerweni  from Mount Haig in the paratype series of L. nitidus  . Interestingly, in describing the metaventrite of L. nitidus, Matthews  comments that one specimen has a shallow depression instead of the tubercle. This is one of the primary diagnostic character used to distinguish L. vangerweni  from most other species in the L. nitidus  species group to the exception of L. carbinensis  , which is distinguished by other other diagnostic characters. Given the metaventral depression is more prominent in males than females, Matthews (1974) was likely referring to the male Mount Haig specimen.

Lepanus vangerweni  appears to be a generalist species that has been collected in dung, mushroom or fishbaited pitfall. Specimens have also been collected in flight intercept, yellow pan taps and berlesed leaf litter. This species was also collected in the bait preference study of Ebert et al. (2019). Almost one-third of the 151 specimens collected were trapped with macropod dung (n = 49), while fowl dung (n = 21), vertebrate carrion (n = 19), and invertebrate carrion (n = 24, 14, 22) were also successful lures; two specimens were collected from cucumber-baited traps while no specimens were collected from banana, pineapple, or mushroom baited traps ( Ebert et al. 2019).

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

QM

Queensland Museum

QDPC

Queensland Primary Industries Insect Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Lepanus