Lepanus carbinensis Gunter & Weir

Gunter, Nicole L. & Weir, Thomas A., 2021, Revision of Australian species of the dung beetle genus Lepanus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae): review of the L. ustulatus, L. storeyi, and L. nitidus species groups and description of eight new species, Zootaxa 4923 (1), pp. 1-66: 61-65

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4923.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:41D057A7-F855-47C2-A598-8000CFD83A5B

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4538001

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/1A323678-6212-225C-09D1-FF2AFC8B6895

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lepanus carbinensis Gunter & Weir
status

new species

Lepanus carbinensis Gunter & Weir   , new species

( Figs. 13F, O, Q View FIGURE 13 ; 14A View FIGURE 14 ; 15A View FIGURE 15 ; 16A View FIGURE 16 ; 17 View FIGURE 17 A–B)

Type series. Holotype: ♂ “ Mt. Lewis , QLD 20 km SW Mossman, 1000m, 26.June–1.Aug.1982, S. & J. Peck, SBP52” / “ flight intercept trap rainforest” / “ ANIC Database No 25-065564” / “ Lepanus NQ   9 lewis, Det T.A.Weir 2019”, in ANIC [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E] GoogleMaps   , Paratypes (46 ♂, 43 ♀, 3 undetermined): Queensland: Mossman Bluff Site 8, 16°27’36”S, 145°17’12”E, 20.xii.1989 – 15.i.1990 ( T55452 View Materials T55459 View Materials 4 specimens ♂, 4 specimens ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mossman Bluff Site 8, 16°27’36”S, 145°17’12”E, 17–31.xii.1988 ( T55468 View Materials T55469 View Materials , 2 specimens ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mossman Bluff Track, 5–10 km W Mossman, Site 8, 16°27’36”S, 145°17’12”E, 1–17.i.1989 ( T55470 View Materials T55472 View Materials 2 specimens ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mossman Bluff camp, 16°27’52”S, 145°17’12”E, 20–24.xii.1989 ( T55466 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mossman Bluff Site 1, 16°28’19”S, 145°19’37”E, 20.xii.1989 – 15.i.1990 ( T55448 View Materials T55451 View Materials 3 specimens ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road, 22 km from Highway, ANZSES Site 3, 16°32’48”S, 145°16’53”E, 18.xii.1989 – 13.i.1990 ( T55378 View Materials T55379 View Materials 1 specimen ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road , 16°34’12”S, 145°16’08”E, 920 m, 27–28.i.2012, G.B. Monteith (25-053848 1 specimen ♂, also as COL3199, 25-053925 1 specimen ♀ also as COL3200 specimens in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 11 km up Mount Lewis Road [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 26.xii.1986 – 8.i.1987, H. Howden & R.I. Storey (25-058299 4 specimens ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 11 km up Mount Lewis Road [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 8.i–2.ii.1987, H. Howden & R.I. Storey (CMNEN- 00030345 1 specimen ♂ in CMNC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 960 m, 30.x.1976, R.W. Taylor, & T.A. Weir (25-058303 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 13 km up Mount Lewis Road via Julatten [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 29.iv–2.v.1976, R.I. Storey (25-058320 2 specimens ♂, 3 specimens ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis, 20 km SW Mossman [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 1000 m, 26.vi–1.viii.1982, S. Peck & J. Peck (25-058296 1 specimen ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road via Julatten [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 1000 m, 11.xi–25.xii.1987, A. Walford–Huggins (25-058300 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis , 8 km NW of Julatten [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 8.i–2.ii.1987, R.I. Storey & H. Howden (25-058301 12 ♂, 7 specimens ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis , 20 km N Mount Molloy [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 800 m, 26.xii.1986, H. Howden & A. Howden (25-058304 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC, CMNEN-00030346–00030350 3 specimens ♂, 2 specimens ♀ in CMNC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis , 20 km N Mount Molloy [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 800 m, 16.xii.1986, H. Howden & A. Howden (25-058305 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC, CMNEN-00030338–00030344 2 specimens ♂, 5 specimens ♀ in CMNC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis gate, 16°35’28”S, 145°16’26”E, 980 m, 18–19.xii.2010, H. Escalona (25-057626 3 specimens ♂ ♀ also as COL3202 specimens in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road, 16 km from Highway, ANZSES Site 2, 16°35’44”S, 145°16’44”E, 18.xii.1989 – 13.i.1990 ( T55380 View Materials T55382 View Materials 1 specimen ♂, 3 specimens ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Spurgeon [16°26’00”S, 145°12’00”E], 1200 m, 19–22.xi.1997, C. Reid (25-058328 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Perseverance [16°32’00”S, 145°20’00”E], 500 m, 4.iv.1997, K. Abbott (25-058326 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road [16°34’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 750 m, 4.iv.1997, K. Abbott (25-058327 4 specimens ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road, 22 km from Highway , 16°32’48”S, 145°16’53”E, 29.xi.1997 – 9.ii.1998, 1000 m, Monteith & Cook ( T57495 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road, 22 km from Highway , 16°32’48”S, 145°16’53”E, 29.xi.1997 – 9.ii. 1998, 100 m, Monteith & Cook ( T57496 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis , 20 km N Mount Molloy [16°35’00”S, 145°17’00”E], 800 m, 20.xii.1986, H. Howden & A. Howden (CMNEN-00030332–00030337 3 specimens ♂, 3 specimens ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road , 16°35’42”S 145°17”02”E, 1020 m, 21.iv.2014. A. Riedel (25-065554 1 specimen ♀ also as COL3201 specimens in ANIC)   .

Description. Holotype light brown with indistinct orange markings on humeral and apical areas of the elytra. Other specimens vary from a lighter brown to dark brown with orange areas more-or-less pronounced than in holotype. Antennal clubs with apical antennomere (3rd) white and basal two antennomeres (1 st, 2 nd) grey.

Total length: 4.0– 4.4 mm. Holotype measurements: total length 4.4 mm, elytral width 2.9 mm. Note the holotype is a little expanded so measurements are close approximation.

Male. Head: Width to length ratio 36: 26. Basal carina only narrowly interrupted medially. U-shaped between clypeal teeth. Surface without setae and finely punctate. Clypeal area more-or-less finely reticulate. Dorsal part of eyes moderate, separated by an interocular space approximately 9 times eye width (26: 3).

Prothorax: Pronotum smooth, nitid, with fairly uniform fine punctation, the anterior punctures not much finer than the posterior punctures. Hypomeral surface very finely reticulate and impunctate. Hypomeral stria absent. Pronotum width to length ratio 58: 35.

Elytra: Smooth and nitid. Intervals very finely punctate and with extremely fine setae. Apical area usually very finely reticulate, with stria 1 and usually stria 2 slightly impressed, appearing as a double line. Ratio of length of the elytra along suture to maximum elytral width 72: 75.

Legs: as per L. nitidus   species group. Ridge on ventral side of protibia not joined to the second tooth by a fine carina.

Abdomen: Pygidium more-or-less wholly reticulate, leaving only very narrow lateral and apical areas with fine punctures, each bearing a seta.

Pterothorax: Lateral lobe of metaventrite finely punctate, setose and more-or-less finely reticulate. Medial lobe of metaventrite finely punctate (punctures about the same size as those on lateral lobe) and more-or-less finely reticulate between metacoxae, and with a median longitudinal depression extending from metacoxae to mesocoxae.

Male genitalia: Aedeagus with apex of with left paramere entire, somewhat pointed. Apically deflexed part of right paramere angulate.

Female. as per L. nitidus   species group. Usually with a small metaventral depression and medial line between metacoxae, much smaller than in males.

Etymology. Named after the Carbine Tableland Zone of the Queensland Wet Tropics to which it is confined.

Distribution. Known from rainforest of the Wet Tropics (WET) IBRA bioregion, confined to Zone 4, Carbine Tableland, which includes Mount Lewis, Mossman Bluff, Mount Spurgeon, and Mount Perseverance ( Fig. 17A View FIGURE 17 ). Most specimens have been collected at high elevations (750–1250 m). Predicted species distribution as in Fig. 17B View FIGURE 17 . This species is likely to represent a short-range endemic.

Comments. Lepanus carbinensis   was initially thought to have been part of Lepanus NQ   9 (= L. vangerweni   ). For this study, sequences were generated from two specimens from Mount Lewis Road that form part of the paratype series (25-053925 as COL3200 and 25-065554 as COL3201). Molecular analyses support the close relationship to L. vangerweni   but COI sequences differ by 4.9–5.1% (40–41 base pairs), congruent with inter–specific variation. Morphological differences also support the separation of the two species.

Most have been collected in flight intercept traps, while a few have been berlesed from litter or taken in pitfall traps baited with human dung, kangaroo dung or mushrooms.

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

QM

Queensland Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Lepanus