Prionopelta minuta, Ladino & Feitosa, 2020

Ladino, Natalia & Feitosa, Rodrigo M., 2020, Taxonomic revision of the genus Prionopelta Mayr, 1866 (Formicidae: Amblyoponinae) for the Neotropical region, Zootaxa 4821 (2), pp. 201-249: 234-236

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4821.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B66235D0-9293-4E3D-9AD8-8FE5E64E9B34

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4440075

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/187787BA-4370-2B18-40B3-FEDC0DB3FB09

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Prionopelta minuta
status

sp. n.

Prionopelta minuta   sp. n.

Figures 23–24 View FIGURE 23 View FIGURE 24 , 35C View FIGURE 35

Holotype worker. BRAZIL: Rondônia: Itapuã do Oeste, Floresta Nacional do Jamari , -9.9780 -62.9780, 03- 10.iii.2016, A.C. Ferreira & L. Cunha cols., Winkler, DZUP549780 (1 specimen) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps  

Paratype workers. s ame data as holotype, DZUP549781 (1 specimen) [ DZUP] GoogleMaps   ; DZUP549782 View Materials (1 specimen) [ DZUP]; DZUP549783 View Materials (1 specimen) [ DZUP]; DZUP549784 View Materials (1 specimen) [ DZUP]; DZUP549785 View Materials (1 specimen) [ DZUP]; DZUP5490786 View Materials [ DZUP]; DZUP549787 View Materials (1 specimen) [ DZUP]; DZUP549788 View Materials (1 specimen) [ DZUP]; DZUP549789 View Materials (1 specimen) [ DZUP]; DZUP549790 View Materials (3 specimens) [ MCZ]; DZUP549791 View Materials (2 specimens) [ USNM]; DZUP549792 View Materials (3 specimens) [ MZSP]; DZUP549793 View Materials (2 specimens) [ INPA]; DZUP549794 View Materials (2 specimens) [ ICN]; DZUP549795 (1 specimen) [ MPEG]   .

Diagnosis. Lateral portion of frons with foveolate sculpturing nearly confluent and inconspicuous shiny interspaces appearing as small raised margins. Twelve antennomeres. Posterior margin of subpetiolar process straight.

Holotype measurements. HL 0.43; HW 0.37; SL 0.23; WL 0.51; PrL 0.22; PrW 0.25; PetNL 0.13; PetW 0.20; PetH 0.14; PetL 0.14; T1L 0.20; T1W 0.30; TL 1.28; CI 86; SI 62; PetI 153; PetHI 100; PetWI 142.

Worker measurements (n=7). HL 0.42–0.48; HW 0.36–0.40; SL 0.22–0.24; WL 0.48–0.51; PrL 0.20–0.23; PrW 0.24–0.27; PetNL 0.11–0.14; PetW 0.16–0.21; PetH 0.12–0.16; PetL 0.12–0.14; T1L 0.18–0.22; T1W 0.28– 0.31; TL 1.24–1.32; CI 81–90; SI 55–63; PetI 114–175; PetHI 85–133; PetWI 114–175.

Queen measurements (n=1). HL 0.53; HW 0.48; SL 0.27; WL 0.73; PrL 0.15; PrW 0.31; PetNL 0.13; PetW 0.28; PetH 0.19; PetL 0.19; T1L 0.25; T1W 0.46; TL 1.70; CI 90; SI 55–63; PetI 215; PetHI 100; PetWI 147.

Worker description. Body light yellow. Integument covered by deep and dense foveolate sculpturing with inconspicuous shiny spaces between the fovea on the lateral portion of frons, appearing as small raised margins in full-face view. Pubescence abundant over the entire body. Head longer than broad; length of median tooth of mandible shorter than basal tooth; basal margins of mandibles slightly convex. Clypeus evenly rounded to slightly projecting medially. Twelve antennomeres; antennomeres 1–4 separated by deep constrictions. Eyes placed immediately posterior to the head midlength. Pronotum broader than long. Distance between the propodeal spiracles and the bulla of the metapleural gland corresponding to one spiracular diameter; distance between the propodeal spiracles and the propodeal dorsum corresponding to almost two spiracular diameters. Petiolar node as long as high. Subpetiolar process subtriangular, with anterior and posterior margins converging apically; posterior margin straight; posteroventral angle obtuse.

Queen. Distance between the propodeal spiracles and the bulla of the metapleural gland corresponding to half spiracular diameter; distance between the propodeal spiracles and the propodeal dorsum equal to two spiracular diameters. Posteroventral angle of the subpetiolar process obtuse.

Male. Unknown.

Etymology. The name refers to the comparative small size of this species. From Latin, minuta   = small.

Distribution ( Fig. 35C View FIGURE 35 ). Prionopelta minuta   is known from southwestern Colombia and northern Brazil.

Comments. This species can be confused with P. modesta   since both have a dense foveolate sculpturing on the head dorsum and twelve antennomeres. Comparatively, P. modesta   comprises larger ants, with interspaces between fovea of the lateral portion of frons moderately spaced and posterior margin of the subpetiolar process clearly concave. Prionopelta minuta   groups smaller ants, with nearly confluent foveolate sculpturing and posterior margin of the subpetiolar process straighter. The last feature mentioned for P. minuta   is useful to separate the species from other Neotropical members of the genus, as well as the body length of workers, always lesser than 1.40 mm.

Most of the specimens known so far for P. minuta   come from the Amazon rainforests of the Brazilian states of Rondônia and Amazonas. The transitional areas between these forests and the Brazilian savanna (Cerrado) are extremely fire-sensitive, and anthropogenic activities related with deforestation for crop and livestock establishment as well as global warming have shown negative effects on their biodiversity (Pivello 2009; Shlisky et al. 2009; Silveira et al. 2013).

Intriguingly, the species has been recorded in the lowlands of the central and meridional Brazilian Amazon and in the western slopes of the Andean mountain range, Colombia. Although we cannot presently discard the possibility that this species is widely distributed in the western Amazon realm, further collection records are required to confirm the disjunct distribution of P. minuta   .

Natural history. The species is mainly known from leaf litter and dead wood samples collected in well preserved forests; reported at elevations of 152-1430m.

Additional material examined (126 specimens). BRAZIL: Amazonas: 59°48’W 2°25’S, 20.ix.1996, A.C. Maicedo e outros #1682, ZF3- Km 41 (2 workers) [ INPA]. GoogleMaps   Lg. Marianill, 24 Km NE of Manaus, ix.1962, W.L. Brown col., #4566 (4 workers) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps   Manaus , 13.xii.1993, A.B. Casimiro col. (1 worker) [ CEPEC]; GoogleMaps   same data, 16.iv.1988, H. Vasconcelos, #4642 (5 workers) [ CEPEC]; GoogleMaps   same data, 29.ix.1993, A.B. Casimiro col. (4 workers) [ CEPEC]; GoogleMaps   same data, 10.xi.1993, A.B. Casimiro col., Rs 1202 (10 workers) [ INPA]; GoogleMaps   same data, 14.xii.1993, A.B. Casimiro col., 4832, Rs 1301 (6 workers) [ INPA]; GoogleMaps   same data, 23.i.1994, A.B. Casimiro col., #4832, Rs 3114 (4 workers) [ DZUP]; GoogleMaps   same data, 2°5’86”S 60°6’55°W, 20.x.2004, Baccaro e col., Winkler, TEAM-ZF-2- Km 14, B1- PO-0139, 1m 2 de liteira (1 worker) [ INPA]; B1 View Materials -PO-0153 (1 worker) [ INPA]; GoogleMaps   same data, 21.x.2004, B1-PO-0126 (1 worker) [ INPA]; B1 View Materials GoogleMaps   - PO-0137 (1 worker) [ INPA]; B1 View Materials   - PO-0159 (1 worker) [ INPA]; B1 View Materials   - PO-0160 (1 worker) [ INPA]; B1 View Materials   - PO-0157 (1 worker) [ DZUP]. Fazenda Experimental da UFAM, 2°39’17.4’’S 60°03’31’’W, 18e 20. ix.2018, Almeida R.P.S. col., ninho em tronco em decomp. Fulakora   , Talaridris mandibularis   e Pheidole   no tronco (1 queen) [ DZUP]. Manaquiri , xi.2009, Winkler, T 1 2/500 (4 workers) [ DZUP]; T1 View Materials GoogleMaps   1/500 (10 workers) [ INPA]; (4 workers) [ DZUP]; T1 View Materials   3/500 (5 workers) [ INPA]; T2 View Materials   2/500, (1 worker) [ DZUP]; (10 workers) [ INPA]; T2 View Materials   3/500 (3 workers) [ INPA]; (2 workers) [ DZUP]; T2 View Materials   4/500 [ INPA].   Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke , 4.ix.1962, W.L. Brown Jr. col., M-169 (5 workers) [ MPEG];   same data, 02°58’89.3’’S 059°57’67.7’’W, 07.xii.2005, TEAM Project, T 1 1/500 (1 worker) [ INPA]; (1 worker) [ DZUP]; T2 View Materials 3/400 (1 worker) [ INPA]; T4 View Materials 10/700 (2 workers) [ INPA]; GoogleMaps   same data, -2.93333 -59.95, 152m, 03.viii.2006, J. Souza & P. Oliveira cols., ANTC10226, pitfall, 8PPBIO Grid, L-O 03, CASENT0179474 (1 worker) [ CASC]; GoogleMaps   same data, 2°55’43’’S 59°56’46’’W, 08.viii.2004, Baccaro e col., Winkler, TEAM-Acamp. principal, 1m 2 liteira, 2/000, amostra 3, A2-PO-0074 (2 workers) [ INPA]; A2 View Materials GoogleMaps   - PO-0073 (1 worker) [ DZUP]; same data, 24.viii.2005 (2 workers) [ INPA]; 9/300 (1 worker) [ DZUP]; same data, 2°58’45’’S 59°55’13’’W, 24.i.2005, TEAM-Igarapé Ipiranga, 8/700 (1 worker) [ INPA]; A1 View Materials GoogleMaps   - PO-0003 (1 worker) [ INPA]; (1 worker) [ DZUP]; A1 View Materials   - PO-0020, 8/700 (1 worker) [ DZUP]; A1 View Materials   - PO-0021 (1 worker) [ DZUP]; same data, 02°58’89.3’’S 059°57’67.7’’W, 07.xii.2005, TEAM project, T1 1/500 (1 worker) [ INPA]; same data, 13.ii.2007; C1 2/600 (1 worker) [ DZUP]; same data, 15.ii.2007, IMA 2 9/300 (1 worker) [ CASC]; same data, 29.xi.2006, T6 1/900 (10 workers) [ INPA]; (2 workers) [ DZUP]. Rio Branco Rd. Km 4 from fork of Amaz. Rte 1, -7.730534 -61.832043, 22.viii.1962, W.L. Brown col., W-292, berlesate, rainforest (1 worker) [ ANIC] GoogleMaps   . COLOMBIA: Nariño: Barbacoas, 01°21’49’’N 78°04’45’’W, 640m, 25-27.vii.2006, A. Miranda & O. Reyes cols., Winkler (2 workers) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps   Territorio Kofán , 00°30’N 77°13’W, 1430m, 25.ix.1998, E. González leg., Winkler, T 2 191(1 worker) [ CEPEC]; same data (1 worker) [ DZUP] GoogleMaps   .

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

ICN

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection