Prionopelta dubia, Ladino & Feitosa, 2020

Ladino, Natalia & Feitosa, Rodrigo M., 2020, Taxonomic revision of the genus Prionopelta Mayr, 1866 (Formicidae: Amblyoponinae) for the Neotropical region, Zootaxa 4821 (2), pp. 201-249 : 226-230

publication ID

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Prionopelta dubia

sp. n.

Prionopelta dubia sp. n.

Figures 18–21 View FIGURE 18 View FIGURE 19 View FIGURE 20 View FIGURE 21 , 35A View FIGURE 35

Holotype worker: BOLIVIA: Beni: Est. Biol. Beni, 42km, E. San Borja, 210m, 14°48’S 66°23’W, 5.ix.1987, P.S. GoogleMaps Ward col., #9085-20, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood, trop. moist forest), #9085-1, DZUP549772 (1 specimen) [ DZUP].

Paratype workers. same data as holotype, DZUP549773 (1 specimen) [ DZUP]; DZUP549774 View Materials (1 specimen) GoogleMaps [ DZUP]; DZUP759775 View Materials (1 specimen) GoogleMaps [ DZUP]; same data, CASENT0863190 (1 specimen) [ CASC]; DZUP549776 (1 specimen) GoogleMaps [ UCDC]; DZUP549777 View Materials (1 specimen) GoogleMaps [ USNM].

Diagnosis. Basal and median tooth of mandible mainly subequal in length; clypeus evenly rounded; lateral portion of frons with shallow and dense sculpturing; head with dense pubescence in dorsal-oblique view. Twelve antennomeres.

Holotype measurements. HL 0.53; HW 0.44; SL 0.24; WL 0.63; PrL 0.23; PrW 0.29; PetNL 0.13; PetW 0.23; PetH 0.17; PetL 0.16; T1L 0.24; T1W 0.35; TL 1.56; CI 83; SI 54; PetI 176; PetHI 106; PetWI 143.

Worker measurements (n=13). HL 0.46–0.58; HW 0.41–0.50; SL 0.24–0.28; WL 0.56 –0.70; PrL 0.22–0.27; PrW 0.26–0.34; PetNL 0.13–0.18; PetW 0.20–0.26; PetH 0.16–0.20; PetL 0.15–0.18; T1L 0.19–0.25; T1W 0.30– 0.40; TL 1.38–1.70; CI 81–91; SI 50–63; PetI 142–185; PetHI 88–120; PetWI 122–160.

Queen measurements (n=9). HL 0.64–0.65; HW 0.54–0.55; SL 0.31–0.35; WL 0.90–0.92; PrL 0.18–0.20; PrW 0.31–0.47; PetNL 0.17–0.19; PetW 0.30–0.35; PetH 0.21–0.22; PetL 0.21–0.22; T1L 0.25–0.27; T1W 0.44–0.47; TL 1,79–2.00; CI 83–85; SI 56–64; PetI 157–205; PetHI 95–104; PetWI 142–159.

Male measurements (n=5). HL 0.42–0.44; HW 0.38–0.46; SL 0.11–0.12; WL 0.73–0.77; PrL 0.04–0.08; PrW 0.15–0.26; PetNL 0.10–0.12; PetW 0.17–0.18; PetH 0.14–0.16; PetL 0.15–0.16; T1L 0.24–0.25; T1W 0.29–0.30; TL 1.54–1.60; CI 90–106; SI 23–31; PetI 141–180; PetHI 93–100; PetWI 113–120.

Worker description. Body yellow to light brown. Integument covered by dense punctulate sculpturing; space between the punctures of lateral portion of frons corresponding to one or two puncture diameters in full-face view. Pubescence abundant over the entire body.

Head longer than broad; length of basal tooth and median tooth of mandible mainly subequal; basal margin of mandible straight. Clypeus evenly rounded anteriorly. Twelve antennomeres; antennomeres 1–4 separated by deep constrictions. Eye placed immediately posterior to the head midlength.

Pronotum slightly broader than long. Distance between the propodeal spiracle and the bulla of the metapleural gland corresponding to half the diameter of the spiracle; distance between the propodeal spiracle and the propodeal dorsum corresponding to three spiracular diameters.

Petiolar node as long as high. Subpetiolar process forming a relatively broad lobe, with its anterior and posterior margins subparallel; posterior margin concave; posteroventral angle obtuse.

Queen. Distance between the propodeal spiracle and the propodeal dorsum corresponding to two spiracular diameters.

Male. Anterior clypeal margin and frontoclypeal suture medially rounded. Distance between the propodeal spiracle and the bulla of the metapleural gland corresponding to half or less than half spiracular diameter; distance between the propodeal spiracle and the propodeal dorsum corresponding to two spiracular diameters.

Etymology. The name refers to the authors’ doubts regarding the identity of this species in several stages of this work, and its historical misinterpretation in scientific collections and repositories, where the individuals have been mainly confused with P. amabilis . From Latin dubium = doubt.

Distribution ( Fig. 35A View FIGURE 35 ). Prionopelta dubia is known from southwestern Mexico to southeastern Brazil.

Comments. Besides its diagnostic characters, the species is recognized by its abundant pilosity.

This species is commonly confused with P. amabilis . This may be related to the fact that the holotype of P. amabilis had not been photographed nor deposited in an open database of images. These issues were resolved at the end of 2019. Despite a thorough description of P. amabilis by Borgmeier (1949), Prionopelta comprises ants with subtle differences among its species, and consequently, the probability of misinterpretation is greater.

Here, we were able to establish the true identify of P. amabilis and to recognize differences between it and P. dubia . Prionopelta dubia and P. amabilis are broadly sympatric. They are similar in being shallowly punctate on the head dorsum and having a broad subpetiolar process. Prionopelta dubia has more closely-spaced puncta, the clypeus is evenly rounded, and the basal and median tooth of mandible tend to be similar in length. Prionopelta amabilis has more widely-spaced puncta, the clypeus slightly projecting medially, and the basal tooth of the mandible is distinctly larger than the median tooth.

In Central America and some localities of Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia, P. dubia may be more conspicuously pubescent and posterior portions of the head may be more infuscated. These traits are gradually less visible in specimens occurring through southern Central American countries and almost imperceptible in the specimens from the remaining countries of South America.

Natural history. The species is mainly known from litter samples collected in tropical forests. It is reported at elevations of 50–1500m.

Longino (unpublished notes available on observed pleometrotic colony founding, with pairs of queens in small chambers under rotting bark.

Field notes by Lívia Pires do Prado and Rogério Rosa da Silva (#LPP_304), suggest that workers move very slowly and that the colonies inhabit fallen logs with a high degree of decomposition.

Additional material examined (211 specimens). BELIZE: Cayo District: Chiquibul, N.P., Doyle’s Delight, Dry Creek Area , 16°29’23”N 89°02’45”W, 950m, 20-27.viii.2007, P.W. Kovarik col., CASENT0614798 (1 queen) [ JTLC] GoogleMaps . BRAZIL: Acre: Mâncio Lima, Serra do Divisor, Barreiro , 07°27’9.22”S 73°39’58.24”W, 260m, 15- 18.xi.2016, R.M. Feitosa, T.S. Silva & A.C. Ferreira cols. (2 workers, 1 queen) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Porto Water , 08°15’31.2”S 72°46’37.1”W, 05.ii-17.iv.1997, J. Caldwell col., E. hahnelii (1 worker, 1 queen) [ CEPEC] GoogleMaps . Amazonas: 19.ix.1962, W.L. Brown col., Benjamin Constant AM, (6 workers, 1 queen) [ MZSP]. Balbina , 19.iv-02.v.1988, N. Degalier col., armadilha de interceptação, isca de fezes humana (1 queen) [ MPEG]. GoogleMaps Manaus , 23.i.1994, A.G. Casimiro col., #4832, Rs 3304, (1 worker) [ CEPEC]; GoogleMaps same data, Rio Branco Rd. Km 4 from fork of Amaz. Rte 1, -7.730534 -61.832043, 22.viii.1962, W.L. Brown col., W-292, berlesate, rainforest, CASENT0172305 (1 worker) [ ANIC]. GoogleMaps Pres. Figueiredo, I. PE Inchado, L. Balbina , 1°54’45’’S 59°29’75’’W, 13.xii.1994, Queiroz col., arm. de solo, mata primaria (1 queen) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Bahia: Aritaguá , 23.xi.1998, J.R.M. Santos col., cacaual (1 worker) [ CEPEC]; (2 workers) [ DZUP]. Barrolândia , CEPLAC, 16°06’S 39°17’W, 06-07.iv.2002, L.S. Ramos & S. Lacau cols., 66 (4 workers) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps CEPEC, 14.ii.1991, B. Santos col., #4377 (1 worker) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Ibicaraí , km 41, 14537s 0392901w, 21.xi.1998, Santos J.R.M. col. (2 workers, 1 queen) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps Iguaí, 14°38’38’’S 40°09’12’’W, 907m, 2011-2012, Santos R. e cols., Winkler, submontane, ombrophylous (1 worker) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps Ilhéus, Cacaual , v.1998, Carmo, J.C.S. col. (2 workers) [ DZUP]; GoogleMaps same data, 27.vii.2000, S. Lacau col. (1 worker, 1 queen, 1 male) [ CEPEC]; GoogleMaps same data, 16.i.1991, B. Santos col., #4377 (1 queen) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps CEPLAC, Curso Poneromorfas, 14°46’27.6’’S 39°13’16.7’’W, 05.v.2014, Silvestre et al. cols. (1 worker) [ UFGD]. GoogleMaps Itati , Serra das Piabas, 13°57’26”S 40°01’51”W, 800m, 16-19.xi.2004, Lacau L. & Jahyny, J. cols. (4 workers) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps Jussari, Anuri, 152530S 0392719W, 27.v.1999, Santos, J.R.M. col., 66 (1 queen) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps Uruçuca , 12.viii.1991, Santos B. col., #4463, Emarc _Q. 5 (2 workers) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Goiás: Cavalcante, Serra da Contenda , 13°29’42.4’’S 47°33’01.6’’W, 15.x.2004, Silva R.R. & Dietz B.H. cols., Winkler, mata ciliar (4 workers) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Pará: Ald. Araçu, Igar. Urupi-Uma , 4.v.1963, B. Malkin col. (2 workers) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Belém , 13.xi.1974, D. Dias col., #13282 (2 workers) [ MPEG]; GoogleMaps same data, 12-19.viii.1962, K. Lenko col. (3 workers) [ MZSP]; GoogleMaps same data, Sampaio (1 worker) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Curionópolis, Projeto Antas do Norte , T1, 2.60577S 48.86185W, 06.iv.2017, M.G.T. Tavares col., Winkler (1 worker) [ MPEG]. GoogleMaps Fazenda Velha, 04.xii.1974, MF Torres (1 worker) [ MPEG]; (1 worker) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Curionópolis , Projeto Antas do Norte , T1, 06°13’47.1’’S 49°45’20.5’’W, 5-7.viii.2017, M.G.T. Tavares col., Winkler (1 worker) [ MPEG]. GoogleMaps Itaituba, Mina do Palito S2, 06°19’39.8’’S 55°47’31.5’’W, 02.ii.2018, Silva R.R. & Prado L.P. cols., #LPP_304, busca ativa (1 worker) [ MPEG]. GoogleMaps Marituba , 1°22’S 48°20’W, 19.x.2004, Santos, J.R.M. col., 21 (1 queen) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Mocombo , 06.ii.1979, M.F. Torres col. (1 queen) [ MPEG]. GoogleMaps Paragominas , 2°59’S 47°21’W, i-vii.2011, R. Solar col., baited pitfall, UFV LABECOL n° 000157 (1 queen) [ UFV]. GoogleMaps Tailândia, Agropalma Área 4, 2.61787S 48.87190W,, R.R. Silva & E.L. Siqueira cols., Winkler (1 worker) [ MPEG]; GoogleMaps same data, Dendê 2, 2.60577S 48.86185W,, R.R. Silva & E.L. Siqueira cols., Winkler (1 worker) [ MPEG]. GoogleMaps Paraná: Rondon , iv.1965, F. Plaummann col., #4767 (3 workers, 1 queen) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Rondônia: Porto Velho, Área Abunã , 9°38’05.6”S 65°27’11.2”W, 17-27.vii.2013, Mazão G.R. & Probst R.S. cols. (1 worker) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps São Paulo: Caraguatatuba, Res. Flor. 40m,, Exp. Dep. Zool. (1 worker) [ MZSP]; GoogleMaps same data, vii.1965 (1 worker) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Miracatu, Serra do Mar, Clube Pesca & Cia, 04-07.ix.2014, Feitosa R.M. col., Winkler (1 worker) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Picinguaba, P.E. Serra do Mar, 23°20’10”S 44°50’15.3”W, 30.iii- 04.iv.2001, Brandão C.R.F. e Eq. cols. Winkler (6 workers) [ DZUP]; (3 workers) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps São Vicente, Pq. Estadual do Xixová-Japui, 23°59’S 46°23’W, 18.iv.2011, Rodolfo da Silva Probst col., Winkler (2 workers) [ DZUP]; (1 worker) [ MZSP]; GoogleMaps same data, 23.iv.2011 (4 workers) [ MZSP]; GoogleMaps same data, 25.vii.2011, Winkler (1 worker) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Tocantins: Araguaína , 01.iv.2016, W.H. Brandão & V.E. Sandoval cols., ANTWEB1032566 (1 queen) [ UFV]. GoogleMaps COLOMBIA: Amazonas: 7km N. Letícia, 10-25.ii.1972, S.J. Peck col., en hojarasca CASENT0810431 (1 worker) [ MIZA]. GoogleMaps Isla Gorgona: M.L. Baena col., GAcd13 (1 worker) [ MZSP]; GoogleMaps same data, Gacd 21 (1 queen) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps COSTA RICA: Alajuela: Bijagua, 10.71400 -85.03600 ± 2km, 1000m, 15-19.viii.2010, M. Pollet & A. De Braekeleer cols., pan trap, wet forest, CR/HE/PR/BPT01-05, CASENT0636122 (1 queen) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps Río Peñas Blancas , 10.302N 34.706W, 940m, 04.vii.1984, J. Longino col., within day coll. no 1-stray, LACM ENT 142626 (1 worker) [ JTLC]; GoogleMaps same data, 10°18’N 84°45’W, 950m, 02.ii.1994, #3528, INBIOCRI001282968 (1 queen) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps Limón: Res. Biol. Hitoy-Cerere , 9.65238 -83.02206 ± 25m, 670m,, ADMAC, #Wm-E-02-1-06, ex. sifted leaf litter, tropical rainforest, CASENT0637017 (1 worker) [ JTLC]; GoogleMaps same data, 9.65727 -83.02598 ± 25m, 530m, #Wm-E-02-1-03, CASENT0632087 (1 queen) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Río Pacuare , 10°01’N 83°31’W, 200m, 20.ii.1994, J. Longino col., #3576, INBIOCRI001282736 (1 worker, 1 male) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps Puntarenas: 13km SSW Pto. Jimenez , 8.40667 -83.32833 ± 200m, 200m, 10.iii.2008, J. Longino col., #6209-38, ex. sifted leaf litter, tropical rainforest, CASENT0636083 (1 worker) [ JTLC]; CASENT0636084 (1 worker) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Península de Osa, Corcovado, Rio Pavo , 16.vii.1982, J. Longino col., #1200, LACM ENT 142624 (1 queen) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps ECUADOR: Cuyabeno: 12.x- 05.xi.1994, J.P. Caldwell col., #10750 (1 worker) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps Morona: Santiago, Los Tayos , 3.viii.1976, Tjite de Vries col. (1 queen) [ MZSP]; (1 queen) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Napo: Limoncocha , 00°24’S 76°36’W, 20.vii.1973, C.W. Rettenmeyer col., #5300 (1 worker) [ MZSP]; GoogleMaps same data, 280m, 13.viii.1973, Marian Rettenmeyer, #68 (1 worker) [ MZSP]; (1 worker) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps FRENCH GUIANA: Kaw mountains, 04°38’N 52°18’W, ix.2008, S. Groc & A. Dejean cols., #5628, Winkler, VK3-Sous-le-vent, VK3 Tr 1 W47, (1 worker, 1 queen) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Nouragues Natural Reserve , 4.08085 -52.68255, 200m, 28.viii.2018, C.R. Cardenas col., CRCI80828-02, Winkler (7 workers) [ DZUP]; GoogleMaps same data, 04°08’N 52°64’W, ix.2009, S. Groc & al cols., #5636, Winkler, FL 2- Liana for., FL2 Tr 2 W28 (1 worker) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps Petit-Saut: 02-28.xi.2001, S. Lacau & G. Fleck cols. (3 workers) [ DZUP]; GoogleMaps same data, xii.1997, S. Lacau col. (3 workers, 1 queen) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps Saint-Laurent do Maroni: Itoupé , 3.022305 -53.08321, 800m, 09.xi.2014, Orivel J. & Fichaux M. cols., IT14-0149, pitfall, Plateau, 72h, leaf litter, ECOFOG-IT14-0149-09 (1 worker) [ECOFOG]; GoogleMaps same data, Mitaraka , 2.227554 -54.45371, 335m, 01.iii.2015, Orivel J. & Peticlerc F. cols., MI15-0244, Winkler,pente, 48h, leaf litter,ECOFOG-MI15-0244-52(1 queen)[ ECOFOG]. GoogleMaps Saül: Belvédère de Saül, 03°37’22’’N 53°12’57’’W, 326m, 14.iii.2011, SEAG team leg., V05 (3 queens) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Limonade, 3.573583 -53.19847, 192m, 15.x.2013, Orivel J. & Donald J. cols., SL13-1022, pitfall, Bas fond, 72h, leaf litter, ECOFOG-SL13-1022-11 (1 worker) [ ECOFOG]. GoogleMaps Mont Chauve , 17.iv.1997, R. Garrouste col. (1 queen) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps GUATEMALA: Zacapa: 2km SE La Unión , 14.95384 -89.27631 ± 50m, 1430m, 12.v.2009, LLAMA cols., #Wa-B-03-2-27, ex. sifted leaf litter, treefall gap in cloud forest, CASENT0612530 (1 queen) [ JTLC]; GoogleMaps same data, 3.5km SE La Unión , 14.95000 -89.26667, 1500m,, R.S. Anderson col., #91-050, CASENT0603554 (1 worker) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps HONDURAS: Comayagua: PN Cerro Azul Meambar, 14.86613 -87.89735, 940m, 21.v.2010, LLAMA cols., Wm-C-04-1-03, MaxiWinkler, ex. sifted leaf litter, montane rainforest, CASENT0617263 (1 worker) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps MEXICO: Chiapas: 13.7km NW Metzabok , 17.190517 -91.73748, 540m, 14.vii.2007, J. Longino col., JTL6046-s, Winkler, wet forest, JTLC000010047 (1 worker) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps 12mi NW Ocozocoautla , 1200ft, 04-05.ix.1973, A. Newton col., CASENT0810416 (1 queen) [ MIZA]. GoogleMaps Playón de la Gloria , 16.16014°N 90.90187°W, 160m,, B. Broyles col., #0014, mature wet forest, CASENT0610361 (1 queen) [ JTLC]; CASENT0610360 (1 worker) [DZUP]. GoogleMaps Oaxaca: Uluapan , 4km NE Ayautla 18.06188 -96.64635 ± 50m, 640m,, J. Longino col., #9624.1, mature wet forest, in dead wood, CASENT0631829 (1 worker) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps Veracruz: Est. Biol. Los Tuxtlas , vii.2001, A. Pezon col. (1 worker) [ DZUP]; GoogleMaps same data, 18.58038 -95.08110 ± 20m, 420m, 30.v.2016, ADMAC, #Wm-F-01-1-05, ex. sifted leaf litter, tropical rainforest, CASENT0640286 (1 worker) [ JTLC]; CASENT0640281 (1 queen) [DZUP]; GoogleMaps same data, 18.58461 -95.07375 ± 20m, 150m, 31.v.2016, J. Longino col., #9558.2, mature wet forest, in dead wood, CASENT0631748 (1 worker) [ JTLC]; CASENT0631749 (1 male) [DZUP]; GoogleMaps same data, 10km Sontecomapan , 18.58333 -95.08333, 200m, 20.iii.1985, P.S. Ward col., PSW07333 View Materials -12, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), CASENT0260460 (3 workers) [ PSWC]. GoogleMaps NICARAGUA: Chontales: 2.5km NE Santo Domingo , 12.27678 -85.06368 ± 50m, 730m, 21.iv.2011, J. Longino col., #JTL7381, wet forest, under large stone, CASENT0619329 (1 worker) [ JTLC]; CASENT0619921 (1 queen) [JTLC]; GoogleMaps same data, 12.27641 -85.06350 ± 100m, JTL7365-s, Winkler, wet forest, CASENT0619986 (1 worker) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps Jinotega: Cerro Saslaya , 13.77199 -84.99771 ± 20m, 710m, 08.v.2011, LLAMA cols., #Wm-D-02-1-09, ex. sifted leaf litter, montane wet forest, CASENT0628800 (1 queen) [ JTLC]; CASENT0628797 (1 worker) [JTLC]. GoogleMaps PANAMA: Darién: Reserva Chucantí , 8.78803 -78.45035 ± 50m 720m, 20.i.2015, J. Longino col., #9071, ex. sifted leaf litter, moist forest, CASENT0633570 (1 worker) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps PERU: Cusco: Est. Biol. Villa Carmen , -12.894740° -71.403850, 520m, 5-15.viii.2013, Ant Course 2013, successional vegetation, crops and pasture (2 workers) [ DZUP]; (1 worker) [ NHMB]; GoogleMaps same data, 29.vii.2013, B.L. Fisher & F.A. Esteves cols., BLF31444 View Materials , successional vegetation, crops and pasture, ex. soil 10cm below ground, CASENT0370886 (1 worker) [ CASC]; GoogleMaps same data, -12.90244 -71.40767, 590m, 06-08.viii.2013, B.L. Fisher & F.A. Esteves cols., BLF31553 View Materials , bamboo forest, secondary vegetation, sifted litter, miscellaneous collection, not a nest series, CASENT0374727 (1 worker) [ CASC]; CASENT0375939 (1 worker) [ CASC]. GoogleMaps Quincemil , km 8, 13°13’03”S 70°43’40”W, 633m, 20.viii-1.ix.2012, Cavichioli R., Santos & Takiya cols., Malaise (2 males) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Divisoria: 02.iv.1988, SJS16 (3 workers) [ CEPEC]. GoogleMaps Madre de Dios: Puerto Maldonado, Sachavacayoc Centre , 12°51’15.4”S 69°22’15.9”W, 209m, 19-31.vii.2012, Ant Course (2 workers) [ DZUP]; GoogleMaps same data, R. Feitosa col. (5 workers) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Reserva Nacional Tambopata, Sachavacayoc , 12°51’21’’S 69°21’43’’W, 210m, 19-31.vii.2012, J. Chaúl col., manual, Neotropical Ant Course, UFV LABECOL n° 000041 (1 worker) [ UFV]; GoogleMaps same data, UFV LABECOL n°000045 (1 worker) [ UFV]. GoogleMaps San Martín: Davidcillo , 20km NNE Tarapoto, 6°15’S 76°15’W, 220m 21.viii.1986, P.S.Ward col., #8684-1, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), rainforest, PSW10127 View Materials -2, CASENT0863188 (2 workers) [ PSWC]. GoogleMaps SURINAME: La Poulle: viii.1959, I.v.d. Drift col., 18.xivcd.13, (3 workers) [ DZUP]; (3 workers) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps VENEZUELA: Aragua: Est. Biol. Rancho Grande , 10.34756°N 67.68787°W, 1140m, 11.x.2008, J. Longino col., #6439-s, ex. sifted leaf litter, montane wet forest, JTLC000015024 (1 worker) [ JTLC]. GoogleMaps PN Henri Pittier, Paso Portachuelo , 10.34761°N 67.68780°W, 1100m, 11.viii.2008, C. Rabeling col., 080811-02 (1 queen) [ ASU]. GoogleMaps Henri Pittier National Park, Valle Santa Maria, 4.8km SW Cumboto, 10.36667 -67.82667, 860m, 03.ix.2003, E. Rodríguez, A. Grotto & J. Lattke cols., JEL2832, La Esperanza, Bosque Semi decíduo, ex. hojarasca, CASENT0178695 (1 worker) [ MIZA]. GoogleMaps Paso Portachuelo, PN Henri Pittier, 10.34761°N 67.68780°W, 1100m, 9- 19.viii.2008, Ant Course, #1211, cloud forest (2 queens) [ MZSP]. GoogleMaps Bolívar: 10km Icabarú, 700m, 05.vii.1987, corteza árbol y musgo, CASENT0810411 (1 queen) [ MIZA]. GoogleMaps Rio Cuyuni , 66 km, 6°09’N 61°30’W, 250m, 11.viii.1986, P.S. Ward col., 8537.1, sifted litter, leaf mold, rotten wood, rainforest, CASENT0810417 (2 workers) [ MIZA]. GoogleMaps Miranda: 220m, P.N. Guatopo, Qda. La Culebra, Via Sta. Teresa, Agua Blanca , 18.viii.1984 J. Lattke col., #560, CASENT0810415 (2 workers) [ MIZA]; GoogleMaps same data, 35km N Altagracia, Guatopo NP Agua Blanca, 400m, 31.v.1988, S.J. Peck col., hojarasca quebrada, CASENT0810420 (1 worker) [ MIZA]. GoogleMaps Portuguesa: Qda. La Guata , 12km de Biscucuy, 600m, 21.v.1983, J. Lattke col., CASENT0810419 (1 worker, 1 male) [ MIZA]; #462, CASENT0810421 (1 worker, 1 queen) [ MIZA]; #466, CASENT0810422 (2 workers, 1 male) [ DZUP]. GoogleMaps Táchira: S. Cristóbal, La Florida, Rd. Caño Seco, La Blanca , 1125m, 09.xii.1985, J. Lattke & W.L. Brown cols., CASENT0810409 (3 workers) [ DZUP]; CASENT0810410 View Materials (1 worker) [ MIZA]; CASENT0810410 View Materials (1 queen) GoogleMaps [MIZA].


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi


Australian National Insect Collection


Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez


Natural History Museum Bucharest