Turbo lugubris, Ferussac, 1821

Cowie, Robert H., Héros, Virginie, Yeung, Norine W. & Hayes, Kenneth A., 2016, Annotated catalogue of types of Hawaiian land and freshwater snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, with lectotype designations, Zoosystema 38 (2), pp. 245-266 : 251

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5252/z2016n2a4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1B3D1C48-C90C-4C96-8BC5-14DEC4F01308

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/187087F9-7F0D-FFCA-FC35-FDFEFA9FFE85

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Turbo lugubris
status

 

lugubris Férussac, 1821 , Helix

( Fig. 1F View FIG )

Helix (Cochlogena) lugubris Férussac, 1821a: 60 ; 1821b: 56.

Turbo apex fulva [sic] Dixon, 1789: 354, fig. 1.

Turbo lugubris Chemnitz, 1795 : pl. 209, figs 2059, 2060 [unavailable name].

CURRENT TAXONOMIC STATUS. — Achatinellinae, Achatinella (Achatinella) apexfulva ( Dixon, 1789) , synonym.

TYPE MATERIAL. — Possible syntypes MNHN IM-2000-30811 (4 spms), MNHN IM 2000-30810 (2 spms, Fig. 1F View FIG ).

TYPE LOCALITY. — “Les îles Sandwich” (Oahu, Hawaiian Islands, as the genus is endemic to Oahu).

REMARKS

The name lugubris is available from Férussac (1821a: 60) by indication ( ICZN 1999, art. 12.2.7) as Férussac provided bibliographic references to illustrations (apertural and abapertural views of a sinistral shell) of Turbo lugubris (unavailable) by Chemnitz (1795: pl. 209, figs 2059, 2060) and to an illustration of “ Turbo apex fulva ” by Dixon (1789: 354, fig. 1). The two specimens illustrated are therefore syntypes. No other specimens were mentioned. Férussac in Quoy & Gaimard (1825: 479) provided a description but no illustrations. The specimen illustrated by Chemnitz was from Spengler (“Ex Museo Spengleriano”), who had obtained it in London ( Chemnitz 1795: 278) and it may have been derived from Dixon’s material ( Pilsbry & Cooke 1914 [in 1912-1914]: 321). The two specimens in MNHN IM-2000-30810 have holes in them that indicate that they were used to make necklaces or other ornamentation, as described by Dixon (1789: 354) and Chemnitz (1795: 278) but not noted by the Freycinet expedition (Férussac in Quoy & Gaimard 1825: 479), suggesting that the MNHN specimens may also have been part of Dixon’s material, which was from a necklace. A typical black-bordered Férussac collection label is associated with them. The four specimens in MNHN IM-2000-30811 do not have holes, but a label associated with them says “Coll. Férussac 1837” (Férussac died in 1836, Coan & Kabat 2014: 331), the date perhaps referring to when the catalogue of Férussac’s collection was being put together ( Tomlin 1944: 71); the specimens may well therefore have been from the Freycinet expedition. Whether Férussac had any of these six specimens in hand when he wrote the original description is not known. All six specimens are considered here as possible syntypes only. The species was treated and illustrated by Deshayes (1851: 194-195, pl. 155, fig. 8), but the MNHN specimens do not closely match his illustrations.

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Order

Trochida

Family

Turbinidae

Genus

Turbo

Loc

Turbo lugubris

Cowie, Robert H., Héros, Virginie, Yeung, Norine W. & Hayes, Kenneth A. 2016
2016
Loc

Helix (Cochlogena) lugubris Férussac, 1821a: 60

FERUSSAC A. E. J. P. J. F. 1821: 60
FERUSSAC A. E. J. P. J. F. 1821: 56
1821
Loc

Turbo

DIXON G. 1789: 354
1789