Hadronyche eyrei (Gray)

Gray, Michael R., 2010, A Revision of the Australian Funnel-web Spiders (Hexathelidae: Atracinae), Records of the Australian Museum 62 (3), pp. 285-392 : 388-393

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.3853/j.0067-1975.62.2010.1556

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/163F87D5-FF8C-FFC9-C6C3-94C8554CFA7E

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Hadronyche eyrei (Gray)
status

 

Hadronyche eyrei (Gray)

Figures 105 View Figure 105 , 108 View Figure 108

Atrax eyrei . Gray, 1984: 444.

Hadronyche eyrei .–Gray, 1988: 114.

Types. Holotype female: AMS KS4509 , 6.5km south of Coulta, Eyre Peninsula , South Australia, 34°23'S 135°28'E, 18 December 1952, B.Y. Main. GoogleMaps

Diagnosis. CL 6.6 (female). Small atracine spiders. Differs from other adelaidensis group species by its rather uniform maroon-brown abdominal pigmentation (much lighter laterally and ventrally in other species). Prolateral patella with 5–10 spines. Spermathecae unmodified, sac-like.

Distribution. Southern Eyre Peninsula, South Australia ( Fig. 105 View Figure 105 ).

Comments. This species represents the known western extent of the atracine spiders in Australia. maxilla; (B) cephalothorax and chelicerae, lateral; (C) cheliceral groove teeth; (D) spinnerets; (E) cephalothorax and chelicerae,

dorsal; (F) spermathecae; (G) leg III, prolateral, patella, tibia,

metatarsus. Scale lines 1 mm.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. The late Vera Levitt-Gregg was a Sydney naturalist and Australian Museum Associate, whose knowledge and enthusiasm initiated my interest in these highly venomous spiders. My thanks to Dr Robert Raven for his useful comments on the manuscript. Curatorial staff at the Queensland Museum, Museum Victoria, the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, the Launceston Museum and Art Gallery and the South Australian Museum assisted with the loan of material. Field work was supported by a grant from the Australian Biological Research Study—thanks to Harry Parnaby for his field assistance. Funding from the Australian Museum assisted with mapping and SEM editing work by Vicky Tzsoumiz. Sue Lindsay took the SEM pictures and Kate Attwood kindly assisted with re-arrangement of drawings. Thanks to my wife, Greta Jensen Gray, who assisted in so many ways, including data compilation, field work and coffee.

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Ausserer, A., 1875. Zweiter Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Arachniden– Hogg, H.R., 1901. On Australian and New Zealand spiders of the Familie der Territelariae Thorell (Mygalidae). Verhhandlungen suborder Mygalomorphae . Proceedings of the zoological Society zoologisch–botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 25: 125–206. of London 1901: 218–279.

Beavis, A.S., & D.M. Rowell, 2006. Phylogeography of two Hogg, H.R., 1902. On some additions to the Australian spiders of Australian funnel-web spiders ( Araneae : Mygalomorphae : the suborder Mygalomorphae . Proceedings of the zoological Hexathelidae ) in Tallaganda State Forest, New South Wales. Society of London 1902: 121–142.

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General Technical Report SRS–93, ed. Simon J. Grove and Koch, L., 1873. Die Arachniden Australiens. Nürnberg 1: 369–472. James L. Hanula.Asheville, NC: US Department of Agriculture Levitt , V ., 1961. The funnel web spider in captivity. Proceedings of Forest Service , Southern Research Station. 110p. the Royal Zoological Society ( NSW) 1958: 80–84 .

Bonnet, P., 1955. Bibliographia araneorum. Toulouse, 2(1): 1–918. Main, B.Y., 1967. Spiders of Australia. Jacaranda Press, 125 pp.

Bonnet, P., 1957. Bibliographia araneorum. Toulouse, 2(3): Main, B.Y., 1976. Spiders. Collins, Sydney, 296 pp.

1927–3026. Main, B.Y., 1982. Some zoogeographic considerations of families of Bonnet, P., 1958. Bibliographia araneorum. Toulouse, 2(4): spiders occurring in New Guinea. In Biogeography and Ecology 3027–4230. in New Guinea, ed. J.L. Gressitt, pp. 583–602. The Hague: Junk. Bradley, R.A., 1993. Seasonal activity patterns in Sydney funnel- Main, B.Y., 1985. Arachnida: Mygalomorphae . In Zoological web spiders, Atrax spp. ( Araneae : Hexathelidae ). Bulletin of the Catalogue of Australia 3: 1–183.

British Arachnological Society 9(6): 189–197. Mascord, R.E., 1980. Spiders of Australia: A Field Guide. Sydney: Brignoli, P.M., 1983. A Catalogue of the Araneae Described A. H. and A. W. Reid.

Between 1940 and 1981. Manchester University Press, 755 pp. McKeown, K.C., 1963. Australian Spiders. Sydney: Sirius Books: Bücherl, W., 1971. Spiders. In Venomous Animals and their Venoms. Angus and Robertson.

Academic Press, New York, 3: 197–277. Musgrave, A., 1927. Some poisonous Australian Spiders. Records Cambridge, O.P.-, 1877. On some new genera and species of of the Australian Museum 16: 33–46.

Araneidea. Annals of the Magazine of natural History (4)19: http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.16.1927.777

26–39. Musgrave, A., 1948. A catalogue of the spiders of Tasmania. Cooley, A., 1989. An apparent case of character displacement in Records of the Queen Victoria Museum 2: 75–91.

sympatric populations of atracine spiders of the genera Atrax Nishikawa, Y., 1976 . Notes on the venomous spiders (funnel-web and Hadronyche . Honours thesis,Australian National University. spider and red-back spider) in Australia. Otemon Bulletin for Coyle, F., 1986. Courtship, mating and the function of male- Australian Studies 2: 176–193.

specific leg structures in the mygalomorph spider genus Euagrus Platnick, N.I., 2010 . The world spider catalogue, version 9.5. ( Araneae , Dipluridae ). Proceedings of the IX International American Museum of Natural History, online at:

Congress of Arachnology, Panama. Pp. 33–38. http://research.amnh.org/entomology/spiders/catalogue/index.html

Goloboff, P.A., 1993.A reanalysis of mygalomorph spider families Rainbow, W.J., 1911. A census of Australian Araneidae. Records ( Araneae ). American Museum Novitates 3056: 1–32. of the Australian Museum 9: 107–319.

Gray, M.R., 1978. Venoms of Dipluridae, A. Systematics and http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.9.1911.928

Distribution. In Arthropod Venoms, ed. S. Bettini, pp. 121–126. Rainbow, W.J., 1913. Arachnida from the Solomon Islands. Records Berlin: Springer-Verlag. of the Australian Museum 10: 1–16.

Gray, M.R., 1981. Getting to know funnel-web spiders. Australian http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.10.1913.893

Natural History 20: 265–270. Rainbow, W.J., 1914. Studies in the Australian Araneidae. No. Gray, M.R., 1984. The taxonomy of the Atrax adelaidensis 6. The Terretelariae. Records of the Australian Museum 10: species-group (Macrothelinae: Mygalomorphae ) with notes on 187–270.

burrowing behaviour. Records of the South Ausralian Museum http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.10.1914.901

18: 441–452. Rainbow, W.J., 1920. Trap-door spiders of the “Chevert” Ex- Gray, M.R., 1986. A systematic study of the funnel-web spiders pedition. Records of the Australian Museum 13: 77–85.

( Mygalomorphae : Hexathelidae : Atracinae ). PhD thesis. http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.13.1920.857

Macquarie University. Rainbow, W.J., & R.H. Pulleine, 1918.Australian trap-door spiders. Gray, M.R., 1987. Distribution of the funnel-web spiders. In Toxic Records of the Australian Museum 12: 81–169.

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Davie & J. Pearn, pp. 312–321. Brisbane: Queensland Museum. Raven, R.J., 1980. The evolution and biogeography of the mygalo- Gray, M.R., 1988. Aspects of the systematics of the Australian morph spider family Hexathelidae ( Araneae, Chelicerata ). funnel-web spiders ( Araneae : Hexathelidae : Atracinae ) based Journal of Arachnology 8: 251–266.

upon morphological and electrophoretic data. Australian Raven, R.J., 1985. The spider infraorder Mygalomorphae entomological Society miscellaneous Publication 5: 113–125. ( Araneae ): Cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Hedin, M., & J.E. Bond, 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the Museum of natural History 182: 1–180.

spider infraorder Mygalomorphae using nuclear rRNA genes Raven, R.J., 2000. A new species of funnel-web spider (Hadron- (18S and 28S): Conflict and agreement with the current system yche, Hexathelidae, Mygalomorphae ) from north Queensland. of classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 46: 225–230.

454–471. Roewer, C.F., 1942. Katalog der Araneae 1: 1–1040. Bremen.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.017 Simon, E., 1891. Etudes arachnologiques. 23e Mémoire. XXXVIII. Hickman, V.V., 1927. Studies in Tasmanian spiders. Part I. Papers Descriptions d’espèces et de genres nouveaux de la famille des and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1926: 52–86. Aviculariidae. Annales Société entomologique de France 60: 300–312.

Simon, E., 1892. Histoire naturelle des araignées. 1: 1–256. Paris. Wishart, G., 1993. The biology of spiders and phenology of Simon, E., 1903. Histoire naturelle des araignées. 2: 669–1080. wandering males in a forest remnant. Memoirs of the Queensland Paris. Museum 33(2): 675–680.

Snazel, R., & R. Allison, 1989. The genus Macrothele Ausserer Woodman, J.D., J.E. Ashe & D.M. Rowell, 2006 . Population ( Araneae , Hexathelidae ) in Europe. Bulletin of the British structure in a funnelweb spider ( Hexathelidae : Hadronyche ) arachnological Society 8(3): 65–72. along a forested rainfall gradient. Journal of Zoology 268 (4): Sutherland, S.K., & J. Tibballs, 2001. Australian Animal Toxins. 325–333.

Oxford University Press, 856 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2005.00012.x

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Australian funnel-web spider venom. PhD thesis. University Manuscript submitted 23 September 2009, revised 12 August 2010, and of Queensland. accepted 25 August 2010.

Appendix 1

Morphological characters and measurement points

A Palpal organ. (1) Bulb length—tegulum+embolus. (2) Bulb width—across tegulum and subtegulum. (3) Embolus length. (4) Embolus mid-width. (5) Offset of basal embolus from tegulum. (6) Twisted and “flanged” distal part of embolus.

B Cheliceral tooth row: length and mid-width.

C Carapace, dorsal: length, width and clypeal frontal width.

D Labium: length, width. Sternum: length, width. (Note: the presence of setae on the posterior labium helps differentiate it from the smooth hairless cuticle of the labiosternal sigillum

E Leg segment lengths: femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus.

F Posterior lateral spinnerets, apical segment: length and mid-width.

G Male palpal tibia: length, width.

H Carapace, lateral: height.

Appendix 2

List of atracine spider species, with numbers previously allocated to new species. Undescribed species dealt with in Gray (1986, 1987, 1988) were identified by species numbers. These numbers are given below with the corresponding new species names allocated here. Note that number 5 in the Hadronyche species number list is intentionally omitted.

species names species number

Atrax robustus O.P.- Cambridge, 1877

Atrax sutherlandi n.sp.................................................. Atrax sp.1

Atrax yorkmainorum n.sp............................................. Atrax sp.2

Hadronyche adelaidensis (Gray, 1984)

Hadronyche anzses Raven, 2000

Hadronyche cerberea L. Koch, 1873

Hadronyche eyrei (Gray, 1984)

Hadronyche formidabilis (Rainbow, 1914)

Hadronyche flindersi (Gray, 1984)

Hadronyche infensa (Hickman, 1964)

Hadronyche meridiana Hogg, 1902

Hadronyche modesta (Simon, 1891)

Hadronyche pulvinator (Hickman, 1927)

Hadronyche valida (Rainbow & Pulleine, 1918)

Hadronyche venenata (Hickman, 1927)

Hadronyche versuta (Rainbow, 1914)

Hadronyche emmalizae n.sp............................. Hadronyche sp. 1

Hadronyche alpina n.sp................................... Hadronyche sp. 2

Hadronyche marracoonda n.sp........................ Hadronyche sp. 3

Hadronyche monaro n.sp................................. Hadronyche sp. 4

Hadronyche tambo n.sp.................................... Hadronyche sp. 6

Hadronyche nimoola n.sp................................. Hadronyche sp. 7

Hadronyche mascordi n.sp............................... Hadronyche sp. 8

Hadronyche jensenae n.sp................................ Hadronyche sp. 9

Hadronyche orana n.sp.................................. Hadronyche sp. 10

Hadronyche lynabrae n.sp............................. Hadronyche sp. 11

Hadronyche kaputarensis n.sp....................... Hadronyche sp. 12

Hadronyche levittgreggae n.sp....................... Hadronyche sp. 13

Hadronyche macquariensis n.sp.................... Hadronyche sp. 14

Hadronyche walkeri n.sp................................ Hadronyche sp. 15

Hadronyche raveni n.sp................................. Hadronyche sp. 16

Hadronyche lamingtonensis n.sp................... Hadronyche sp. 17

Hadronyche annachristiae n.sp...................... Hadronyche sp. 18

Hadronyche monteithi n.sp............................. Hadronyche sp. 19

Illawarra wisharti n.sp................................... Hadronyche sp. 20

US

University of Stellenbosch

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

NSW

Royal Botanic Gardens, National Herbarium of New South Wales

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Atracidae

Genus

Hadronyche

Loc

Hadronyche eyrei (Gray)

Gray, Michael R. 2010
2010
Loc

Atrax infensus

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Euagrus Platnick, N.I., 2010

Platnick, N. I. 2010
2010
Loc

Atrax sutherlandi

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Atrax yorkmainorum

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche emmalizae

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche alpina

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche marracoonda

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche monaro

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche tambo

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche nimoola

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche mascordi

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche jensenae

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche orana

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche lynabrae

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche kaputarensis

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche levittgreggae

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche macquariensis

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche walkeri

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche raveni

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche lamingtonensis

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche annachristiae

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Hadronyche monteithi

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Illawarra wisharti

Gray 2010
2010
Loc

Macrothele Ausserer Woodman, J.D., J.E. Ashe & D.M. Rowell, 2006

Ausserer Woodman, J. D., J. E. Ashe & D. M. Rowell 2006
2006
Loc

Atrax

Nishikawa, Y. 1976
1976
Loc

Atrax formidabilis

Rainbow 1914
1914
Loc

Mygalomorphae

Pocock 1892
1892
Loc

Mygalomorphae

Pocock 1892
1892
Loc

Mygalomorphae

Pocock 1892
1892
Loc

Hexathelidae

Simon 1892
1892
Loc

Mygalomorphae

Pocock 1892
1892
Loc

Hexathelidae

Simon 1892
1892
Loc

Mygalomorphae

Pocock 1892
1892
Loc

Mygalomorphae

Pocock 1892
1892
Loc

Hexathelidae

Simon 1892
1892
Loc

Hexathelidae

Simon 1892
1892
Loc

Hexathelidae

Simon 1892
1892
Loc

Mygalomorphae

Pocock 1892
1892
Loc

Mygalomorphae

Pocock 1892
1892