Carapoia tenuis,

Huber, Bernhard A., 2018, The South American spider genera Mesabolivar and Carapoia (Araneae, Pholcidae): new species and a framework for redrawing generic limits, Zootaxa 4395 (1), pp. 1-178: 132-136

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Carapoia tenuis

sp. n.

Carapoia tenuis  sp. n.

Figs 581View FIGURES 581–589, 601–607View FIGURES 601–607, 628–630View FIGURES625–636

Diagnosis. Easily distinguished from known congeners by shape of procursus (very slender in lateral view, distinctive bifid tip; Figs 602–603View FIGURES 601–607), by bulbal processes (strong apophysis, large dorsal protrusion; Fig. 601View FIGURES 601–607), by armature of male chelicerae (pair of strongly curved frontal apophyses; Figs 604–605View FIGURES 601–607), and by female external and internal genitalia (trapezoidal epigynum with whitish central area; small elongated pore-plates; Figs 606–607View FIGURES 601–607, 628– 630View FIGURES625–636).

Etymology. The specific name refers to the slender abdomen of this species (Latin tenuis  = slender); adjective.

Type material. BRAZIL: Pará: ♂ holotype, 1♀ paratype, UFMG (21544–45), and 4♂ 3♀ paratypes, ZFMK (Ar 19239), Floresta Nacional de Tapajós, km 83 (3.049°S, 54.928°W), 95 m a.s.l., 14–18.x.2016 (B.A. Huber, L.S. Carvalho).

Other material examined. BRAZIL: Pará: 1♀ 1 juv. in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br 16-257), same data as types  . 4♂ 1♀, ZFMK (Ar 19240), Floresta Nacional de Tapajós , km 67, ‘site 1’ (2.847°S, 54.972°W), 180 m a.s.l., 15.x.2016 (B.A. Huber, L.S. Carvalho)GoogleMaps  ; 2♀ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br 16-265), same dataGoogleMaps  . 3♀, ZFMK (Ar 19241), Floresta Nacional de Tapajós , km 67, ‘site 2’ (2.875°S, 54.941°W), 190 m a.s.l., 15.x.2016 (B.A. Huber, L.S. Carvalho)GoogleMaps  . 1♂ 4♀ 1 juv., ZFMK (Ar 19242), Floresta Nacional de Tapajós , km 72, ‘site 2’ (2.940°S, 54.933°W), 140 m a.s.l., 17.x.2016 (B.A. Huber, L.S. Carvalho)GoogleMaps  . 4♂ 3♀, ZFMK (Ar 19243), Floresta Nacional de Tapajós , km 221 (4.046°S, 54.938°W), 80 m a.s.l., 16.x.2016 (B.A. Huber, L.S. Carvalho)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br 16- 274), same dataGoogleMaps  .

Description. Male (holotype)

MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 3.8, carapace width 1.5. Distance PME-PME 140 µm, diameter PME 120 µm, distance PME-ALE 100 µm, distance AME-AME 35 µm, diameter AME 30 µm. Sternum width/length: 1.0/ 0.66. Leg 1: 56.5 (14.3 + 0.7 + 12.9 + 26.3 + 2.3), tibia 2: 7.7, tibia 3: 5.7, tibia 4: 7.3; all femora significantly longer than tibiae (e.g., femur 3: 7.7); tibia 1 L/d: 103. Femora 1–4 width (at half length): 0.21, 0.21, 0.24, 0.20.

COLOR (in ethanol). Carapace pale ochre-yellow with brown median band with transversal element and lateral marginal bands, ocular area not dark, clypeus with light brown mark near rim; sternum pale ochre to whitish, labium brown; legs dark brown, without dark rings, tips of femora 1 (only!) and of all tibiae lighter; abdomen pale ochre-brown, many internal dark marks dorsally and laterally arranged in bands, ventrally with long median mark behind gonopore.

BODY. Habitus similar to C. kaxinawa  (cf. Figs 582–583View FIGURES 581–589); ocular area slightly raised; carapace with distinct median furrow; clypeus unmodified; sternum unmodified.

CHELICERAE. As in Figs 604–605View FIGURES 601–607, with pair of strongly curved frontal apophyses.

PALPS. As in Figs 601–602View FIGURES 601–607; coxa with retrolateral apophysis; trochanter with small prolatero-ventral process; femur with large retrolatero-ventral process proximally with small sclerite pointing towards prolateral; tibia relatively long; procursus straight, very slender in lateral view, with bifid tip ( Fig. 603View FIGURES 601–607); genital bulb very large, with rugose process (arrow in Fig. 601View FIGURES 601–607), with strong apophysis, large mostly membranous dorsal protrusion, short transparent ventral process (arrow in Fig. 602View FIGURES 601–607).

LEGS. With many short spines on all femora (all sides except dorsal), few spines also proximally on tibiae 3 (ventrally only); with many curved hairs on tibiae 1 (all sides), few vertical hairs; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1; tarsus 1 with ~35 pseudosegments, quite distinct.

Male (variation). Tibia 1 in 11 other males: 10.5–12.8 (mean 11.5). Smaller males with leg spines restricted to proximal parts of femora (distally gradually replaced by regular short hairs).

Female. In general similar to male ( Fig. 581View FIGURES 581–589) but without leg spines and curved hairs. Tibia 1 in 12 females: 7.9–9.9 (mean 8.6). Epigynum as in Figs 606View FIGURES 601–607, 628View FIGURES625–636; anterior plate trapezoidal with whitish central area, weakly protruding in anterior and posterior thirds; diverging sclerites apparently present but poorly developed and barely visible in most specimens; posterior plate barely visible. Internal genitalia as in Figs 607View FIGURES 601–607, 630View FIGURES625–636, with small elongated pore-plates.

Natural history. The spiders built their domed webs close to the ground (approximately 10–20 cm above ground level), exposed rather than hidden under leaves or other objects. Some females had large bipartite genital plugs ( Fig. 629View FIGURES625–636).

Distribution. Known from several sites in Floresta Nacional de Tapajós in Pará state ( Brazil) ( Fig. 742View FIGURE 742).


Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais


Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig