Mesabolivar serrapelada,

Huber, Bernhard A., 2018, The South American spider genera Mesabolivar and Carapoia (Araneae, Pholcidae): new species and a framework for redrawing generic limits, Zootaxa 4395 (1), pp. 1-178: 83

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Mesabolivar serrapelada

sp. n.

Mesabolivar serrapelada  sp. n.

Figs 320–321View FIGURES 315–326, 334–339View FIGURES 334–339, 349–351View FIGURES 340–351

Diagnosis. Easily distinguished from known congeners by shape of procursus ( Figs 334–335View FIGURES 334–339; distinctive hinged distal sclerite and large prolateral sclerite) and by shape of epigynum ( Figs 337–338View FIGURES 334–339, 349–350View FIGURES 340–351; anterior plate with strongly protruding process carrying pocket at tip).

Etymology. The specific name is derived from the type locality; noun in apposition.

Type material. BRAZIL: Pará: ♂ holotype, 1♀ paratype, UFMG (21516–17), 1♂ 2♀ paratypes, ZFMK (Ar 19168), Serra Pelada (5.931°S, 49.674°W), 140 m a.s.l., rocky hill, 9.x.2016 (B.A. Huber, L.S. Carvalho).

Other material examined. BRAZIL: Pará: 1♀ 1 juv. in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br16-243), same data as types. 

Piauí: 3♂ 4♀ in pure ethanol, UFPI (ARA 277, 294), Alvorada do Gurguéia, Fazenda Escola da Universidade Federal do Piauí (8.375°S, 43.692°W), 15–17.ii.2012 (L.S. Carvalho). 1♀ in pure ethanol, UFPI (ARA 281), Coronel José Dias, Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara [~ 8.8°S, 42.5°W], 26.ii.2012 (L.S. Carvalho); 1♂ in pure ethanol, UFPI (ARA 283), Coronel José Dias, Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara, near Desfiladero das Andorinhas (8.767°S, 42.478°W), (L.S. Carvalho). 1♂ in pure ethanol, UFPI (ARA 273), Castelo do Piauí, Parque Municipal da Pedra de Castelo (5.202°S, 41.687°W), 23.vii.2012 (L.S. Carvalho).

Description. Male (holotype)

MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 3.2, carapace width 1.15. Distance PME-PME 130 µm, diameter PME 100 µm, distance PME-ALE 100 µm, distance AME-AME 30 µm, diameter AME 60 µm. Sternum width/length: 0.75/ 0.55. Leg 1: 31.2 (8.4 + 0.5 + 8.1 + 12.4 + 1.8), tibia 2: 5.3, tibia 3: 4.1, tibia 4: 5.2; tibia 1 L/d: 65. Femora 1–4 width (at half length): 0.19, 0.17, 0.15, 0.16.

COLOR (in ethanol). Carapace pale ochre-yellow, with brown median band including posterior part of ocular area; clypeus with light brown mark in lower part; sternum orange; legs pale ochre to light brown, with slightly darker rings on femora (subdistally) and tibiae (proximally and subdistally), tips of femora and tibiae whitish; abdomen greenish gray, dorsally and laterally densely covered with dark internal marks, ventrally with orange plate in front of gonopore, dark internal median band behind gonopore.

BODY. Habitus as in Fig. 320View FIGURES 315–326; ocular area raised; carapace with distinct median furrow; clypeus unmodified; sternum unmodified.

CHELICERAE. With pair of simple apophyses close to laminae ( Fig. 336View FIGURES 334–339).

PALPS. As in Figs 334–335View FIGURES 334–339; coxa with retrolateral apophysis; trochanter barely modified; femur with rounded retrolateral process proximally, distally widening; procursus slightly curved, with distinctive hinged distal sclerite and large prolateral sclerite; genital bulb with long and slender bulbal process, mostly weakly sclerotized.

LEGS. With spines in several rows ventrally on femora and tibiae 1 and 2; without curved hairs, few vertical hairs; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1; tarsus 1 with ~25 pseudosegments, distally fairly distinct.

Male (variation). Tibia 1 in three other males: 8.5, 8.6, 9.7.

Female. In general similar to male but legs without spines and sternum color variable (orange like in males or dark brown). Tibia 1 in six females: 5.1–7.4 (mean 6.5). Epigynum as in Figs 337–338View FIGURES 334–339, 349–350View FIGURES 340–351; anterior plate trapezoidal, with strongly protruding posterior process carrying pocket at tip; posterior plate simple. Internal genitalia as in Figs 339View FIGURES 334–339, 351View FIGURES 340–351, with large pore-plates and distinctive median folds protruding into body cavity.

Natural history. At the type locality, the spiders were found in domed webs among and under rocks on the dry hillside; they were absent from the forested area close to a little stream.

Distribution. Apparently widely distributed in northeastern Brazil (eastern Pará to Piauí) ( Fig. 734View FIGURE 734).


Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais


Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig