Mesabolivar itajai,

Huber, Bernhard A., 2018, The South American spider genera Mesabolivar and Carapoia (Araneae, Pholcidae): new species and a framework for redrawing generic limits, Zootaxa 4395 (1), pp. 1-178: 105-106

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Mesabolivar itajai

sp. n.

Mesabolivar itajai  sp. n.

Figs 447–448View FIGURES 447–458, 470–480View FIGURES470–475View FIGURES 476–480, 520View FIGURES 520–537

Diagnosis. Easily distinguished from known congeners by modifications of male chelicerae ( Figs 472, 475View FIGURES470–475; pair of rounded frontal processes), by shape of procursus ( Fig. 471View FIGURES470–475; proximally strongly bent towards ventral), and by shape of epigynum ( Figs 476–479View FIGURES 476–480; unique membranous scape with terminal pocket).

Etymology. The specific name is derived from the type locality; noun in apposition.

Type material. BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: ♂ holotype, 1♀ paratype, UFMG (21528–29), 1♀ paratype, ZFMK (Ar 19197), Serra do Itajaí National Park, 3a Vargem Trail (27.065°S, 49.098°W), ~ 450 m a.s.l., 15.x.2014 (B.A. Huber, L.S. Carvalho).

Other material examined. BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: 2♀ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br 14-150), Serra do Itajaí National Park , Chuva Trail (27.058°S, 49.084°W), 300 m a.s.l., 15.x.2014 (B.A. Huber, L.S. Carvalho).GoogleMaps 

Description. Male (holotype)

MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 2.7, carapace width 1.1. Distance PME-PME 120 µm, diameter PME 110 µm, distance PME-ALE 100 µm, distance AME-AME 20 µm, diameter AME 40 µm. Sternum width/length: 0.85/ 0.50. Leg 1: 23.5 (5.6 + 0.4 + 5.9 + 10.0 + 1.6), tibia 2: 3.9, tibia 3: 3.0, tibia 4: 5.7; tibia 1 L/d: 59. Femora 1–4 width (at half length): 0.17, 0.17, 0.19, 0.16.

COLOR (in ethanol). Carapace and clypeus ochre-yellow; sternum light brown; legs light brown, without dark or light rings; abdomen dorsally and laterally densely covered with dark bluish marks, ventrally pale greenish gray with large light brown areas in front of gonopore and in front of spinnerets.

BODY. Habitus as in Fig. 447View FIGURES 447–458; ocular area raised; carapace with shallow but distinct median furrow; clypeus with sclerotized margin but otherwise unmodified; sternum unmodified.

CHELICERAE. With unique pair of large, rounded processes proximally, and pair of smaller pointed apophyses distally in front of laminae ( Figs 472, 475View FIGURES470–475).

PALPS. As in Figs 470–471View FIGURES470–475; coxa with large retrolateral apophysis; trochanter barely modified; femur proximally slender, without retrolateral apophysis, distally strongly widening and bending towards ventral; tarsus with distinctive dorsal process and one spine; procursus proximally strongly bent towards ventral, distally with complex system of sclerotized and membranous elements ( Figs 473–474View FIGURES470–475); genital bulb with large main process partly sclerotized and with small sclerite distally, long semitransparent element originating proximally from main bulbal process.

LEGS. Densely covered with short hairs, without spines and curved hairs, few vertical hairs; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 4%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1; tarsus 1 with ~35 pseudosegments, distally fairly distinct.

Female. In general similar to male but slightly darker. Tibia 1 in three females: 4.2, 4.3, 4.4; tibia 4 longer than tibia 1 (4.4–4.6). Epigynum as in Figs 476–479View FIGURES 476–480; anterior epigynal plate strongly protruding, with distinctive membranous scape directed towards anterior, tip of scape with pocket; posterior plate short and wide, also projecting, with two pairs of spines at lateral margins. Internal genitalia as in Figs 480View FIGURES 476–480, 520View FIGURES 520–537, with pair of elongated pore-plates diverging anteriorly.

Natural history. The spiders were found in leaf litter and small cavities in the ground. When disturbed, they vibrated with high frequency and small amplitude.

Distribution. Known from type locality in Santa Catarina state ( Brazil) only ( Fig. 738View FIGURES 738–739).


Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais


Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig