Dissomphalus botocudus Colombo & Azevedo,

Colombo, Wesley D. & Azevedo, Celso O., 2016, Review of Dissomphalus Ashmead, 1893 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Espíri- to Santo, Brazil, with description of twenty-one new species, Zootaxa 4143 (1), pp. 1-84: 13

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Dissomphalus botocudus Colombo & Azevedo

sp. nov.

Dissomphalus botocudus Colombo & Azevedo  , sp. nov.

( Figs 2View FIGURES 2 – 7, 23View FIGURES 20 – 25, 56–59View FIGURES 53 – 61)

Dissomphalus umbilicus: Redighieri & Azevedo 2006: 308  , part.

Description. Male. Head and mesosoma black; metasoma dark castaneous. Mandible with two apical teeth; median clypeal lobe trapezoidal, median tooth rounded; frons strongly coriaceous, punctate. Pronotal disc strongly coriaceous. T2 with tergal process with one pair of conspicuous lateral depressions, with tubercle, pit on top and tuft of setae. Posterior hypopygeal margin straight. Genitalia: paramere with rounded apex, slightly arched inward, constricted, very wide, specially basally, higher than the basiparamere; aedeagal ventral ramus longer than dorsal body, rounded apical extension, laminar; aedeagal dorsal body with one pair of apical lobes, dorsal margin folded across its length, apical and ventral margins serrated, inner pair membranous, basal process present; apodeme extending beyond genital ring. Female unknown.

Variations. Vertex slightly rounded; tergal process closer to each other; paramere with narrow apex.

Remarks. Additionally, we reidentified one specimen previously identified as D. umbilicus  by Redighieri & Azevedo (2006). This species is now included in conicus  species-group by having the median clypeal lobe trapezoidal, and the T2 have one pair of lateral depressions, with tubercle, with pit on top and tuft of setae. However, the lateral depressions of the tergal process are non-conspicuous as in other species of this species-group. The aedeagal dorsal body of this species is similar to that of D. curviventris  because the outer pair is wide and rounded in lateral view, dorsal margin is convex and ventral margin serrated, and the aedeagal ventral ramus similar to that of D. umbilicus Azevedo  because the apex is inclined and slightly convex. The tergal process of this species has visible depressions.

This species goes to couplet 73 in the key proposed by Redighieri & Azevedo (2006) and should be read as:

73. Apex of aedeagal ventral ramus concave and not dilated; apex of aedeagal dorsal body very wide in lateral view, with ventral

margin irregularly serrate............................................................. .. D. truncatus Azevedo  - Apex of aedeagal ventral ramus rounded and dilated; apex of dorsal body rounded with ventral margin evenly serrate.... 73a 73a. Shallow depression; aedeagal ventral ramus without rounded apical extension................. .. D. curviventris Azevedo  - Conpiscuous depression; aedeagal ventral ramus with rounded apical extension................... D. botocudus  sp. nov.

Material examined. Types: Holotype Ƌ, BRAZIL, Espírito Santo: São Roque do Canaã , Alto Misterioso , 19º48’S 40°46’W, 02–11.XI.2007, [armadilha] Malaise, Waichert & eq[uipe] col. ( UFES)GoogleMaps  ; Paratypes: 3♂ same locality of holotype, 02–11.XI.2007, [armadilha] Malaise, Waichert & eq[uipe] col. ( UFES)GoogleMaps  . Material revised: BRAZIL, Espírito Santo: 1Ƌ, Santa Teresa, Estação Biológica de Santa Lúcia , 19°58’S 40°31’W, 11.IV.2001, varredura, C.O. Azevedo & equipe col. ( UFES)GoogleMaps  .

Etymology. The epithet botocudus  refers to botocudos indigenous who inhabited the Espírito Santo. Distribution. Brazil (Espírito Santo).


Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo














Dissomphalus botocudus Colombo & Azevedo

Colombo, Wesley D. & Azevedo, Celso O. 2016

Dissomphalus umbilicus:

Redighieri 2006: 308