Sobarocephala, Czerny, 1903

Owen Lonsdale, 2017, World Catalogue of the Druid Flies (Diptera: Schizophora: Clusiidae), Zootaxa 4333 (1), pp. 1-85 : 52-70

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4333.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:47AB9D4D-16FF-4A7E-B73F-2A65C2841FF4

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3514196

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/103F3650-BF48-FFD7-FF0C-FC31DC51F8ED

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sobarocephala
status

 

Genus SOBAROCEPHALA Czerny  

Sobarocephala Czerny 1903: 85   . Type species, Sobarocephala ruebsaameni Czerny 1903   , by original designation. Gender feminine. Kertész 1906: 321 [key]; Melander & Argo 1924: 33 [family and genus revision]; Curran 1928: 23 [key to species with densely plumose arista]; Schulze et al. 1936: 3205 [nomenclator]; Brimley 1938: 378 [ Sobarocephala   “sp.” recorded from North Carolina]; Neave 1940b: 216 [nomenclator]; Hennig 1952: 227 [immature stages]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; McAlpine 1960: 67 [key]; Soós 1962b: 383 [new species], 1963b: 391 [key to species of “plumatagroup”], 1964a: 6 [key], 1964b: 449 [new species with discussion], 1965: 349 [notes on new and described species], 1968: 84.4 [catalogue, Americas south of USA], 1987: 857 [key, Nearctic]; Steyskal 1965: 806 [catalogue, America north of Mexico], 1973: 443 [checklist, Antilles, key, Puerto Rico]; Cole & Schlinger 1969: 426 [key to genera of western North American Clusiidae   ]; Stuckenberg 1973: 584 [discussion of genus, South Africa]; Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 371 [revision, habitat, immature stages, America north of Mexico]; Cogan 1980: 636 [catalogue, Afrotropics]; Ferrar 1987: 121 [notes on biology]; Pitkin & Evenhuis 1989: 535 [catalogue, Australasia/Pacific]; Sueyoshi 2006: 22 [ Japan]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2006a: 164 [definition, synonymy of Sobarocephaloides Soós   ], 2007b: 125 [comparison of puparium to that of Clusiodes   ], 2007c: 65 [revision, Nearctic], 2010: 1047 [Manual of Central American Diptera   ], 2012: 10 [New world revision, species groups]; Lonsdale 2009b: 230 [key to genera in Australia]; Lonsdale 2014a: 211 View Cited Treatment [revision, Old world]; Lonsdale et al. 2010: 269 [family revision, key], Sasakawa 2011a: 6 View Cited Treatment [Oriental fauna].

Meriza Kertész 1903: 571   . Type species, Meriza dorsata Czerny 1903   , by subsequent designation ( Soós 1968: 4). Gender feminine. Melander & Argo 1924: 33 [as synonym of Sobarocephala   ]; Schulze et al. 1931: 2035 [nomenclator]; Neave 1940a: 107 [nomenclator].

Monorrhexa Kertész 1903: 572   . Type species, Monorrhexa pictipennis Kertész 1903   , by monotypy. Gender feminine. Kertész 1906: 320 [key]; Melander & Argo 1924: 33 [as synonym of Sobarocephala   ]; Schulze et al. 1932: 2139 [nomenclator]; Neave 1940a: 212 [nomenclator].

Sobarocephaloides Soós 1964a: 1   . Type species, Sobarocephaloides discolor Soós 1964   , by original designation. Gender masculine. Soós 1968: 8 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2006a: 165 [as synonym of Sobarocephala   ].

Sobarcephala. Misspelling. Craighead 1950: 541 [forest enemies].

abaca Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Peru.

Sobarocephala abaca Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 157   . Brazil. Rondônia. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 157 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

acinaca Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, French Guiana, Honduras, Peru, Trinidad. Sobarocephala acinaca Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 180   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 3 km SE R. Naranjo. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 180 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

adelphodasys Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominica.

Sobarocephala adelphodasys Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 85   . Dominica. 1.5 mi N Pont Casse, 1200′. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 85 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

affinis (Johnson)   . NE: Eastern United States from Alabama and Florida to New York and Virginia. Chaetoclusia affinis Johnson 1913b: 101   . USA. New Jersey: Riverton. HT ♂ MCZ [Type No. MCZT 7873]. Malloch 1918: 5 [key]; Melander & Argo 1924: 7 [summary of original description]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Steyskal 1965: 806 [catalogue, America north of Mexico].

Sobarocephala testacea Soós 1964b: 449   . USA. Virginia: Cape Henry. HT ♂ USNM. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 378 [redescription, new records (Florida, Virginia, Massascusetts), illustration of male genitalia]; Woodley 1984: 120 [as synonym of affinis Johnson   ]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic].

Sobarocephala affinis   . Woodley 1984: 120 [generic combination, synonymy of testacea Soós   ]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 72 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina)], 2012: 38 [synonymy].

alajuela Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala alajuela Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 158   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 158 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

albomaculata Soós.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico *, Panama, Peru, Trinidad. Sobarocephala albomaculata Soós 1965: 355   . Panama. Ft. Randolph, Canal Zone. HT ♀ USNM. Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 159 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Peru, Trinidad)].

amniocolis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala amniocolis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 65   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: Upala, Sector San Ramon de los Rios, 620m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 65 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

angulata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Tropical Neotropics.

Sobarocephala angulata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 100   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Peninsula de Osa, Puerto Jimenez, 10 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 100 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, live photos].

ankistrion Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala ankistrion Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 102   . Peru. Huánuco Region: Monson Valley, Tingo Maria. HT ♂ CAS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 102 [illustrations of male genitalia].

annulata Melander & Argo.   NT: Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Peru. Sobarocephala annulata Melander & Argo 1924: 36   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: Turrialba. HT ♂ USNM [Type No. 26267]. Melander & Argo 1924: 36 [photo]; Hennig 1938: 138 [redescription, illustration of male genitalia]; Curran 1939: 1 [ Panama]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world, Bolivia, Peru]; Soós 1965: 358 [ Costa Rica, Panama], 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 103 [redescription, synonymy of annulata albiventris Soós   , illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama)].

Sobarocephala annulata albiventris Soós 1962b: 391   . Ecuador. Guayas: Chilcales. HT ♂ USNM. Soós 1962b: 391 [illustrations of head and male genitalia], 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 103 [as synonym of annulata Melander & Argo   ].

anonymos Lonsdale.   OR: Laos.

Sobarocephala anonymos Lonsdale 2014a: 215 View Cited Treatment   . Laos. Vientiane Province: Ban Van Eue. HT ♂ BPBM. Lonsdale 2014a: 215 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of male genitalia].

anthracina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala anthracina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 86   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province   : Bahia Wafer, Isla del Coco , 5°32′45ʺN, 87°03′30ʺW, 1 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 86 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].  

apophysis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala apophysis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 40   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Yasuni National Park, PUCE Yasuni Research Station, 00°38′S, 76°36′W. HT ♂ ZSBS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 40 [illustrations of male genitalia].

apoxys Lonsdale.   OR: Vietnam.

Sobarocephala apoxys Lonsdale 2014a: 216 View Cited Treatment   . Vietnam. Dong Nai Province: Cuc Phuong National Park. HT ♂ CSCA. Lonsdale 2014a: 216 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

aprica Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala aprica Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 62   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Res. Ethnica Waorami, 1 km S Onkone Gare camp, 00°39′10ʺS, 7°26′00ʺW, 220 m. HT ♂ USNM [in trust, for eventual deposit in Ecuador]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 62 [illustrations of male genitalia].

aquilonaria Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: Tamaulipas. NT: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas), Panama. Sobarocephala aquilonaria Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 65   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Monteverde Biological Station, 1500 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 65 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

araguamyia Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala araguamyia Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 40   . Colombia. Vaupes Rio Apaporis, Caparu Biological Station. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 40 [illustration of colouration and male genitalia].

archisobarocephala Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico (Veracruz), Peru. Sobarocephala archisobarocephala Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 35   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Puerto Misahualli, 350 m. HT ♂ QCAZ. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 35 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

atricornis Sabrosky & Steyskal.   NE: Michigan, Ontario and southern Quebec to New York and Massachusetts; Kansas. Sobarocephala atricornis Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 382   . Canada. Ontario: Hastings Co., Maynooth. HT ♂ CNC. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 382 [illustrations of thorax and male genitalia]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 73 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (Ontario, Kansas, New York)], 2012: 38 [synonymy]; Lonsdale et al. 2010: 241 [genes sequenced for phylogenetic analysis].

atrifacies Sabrosky & Steyskal.   NE: United States (Florida); NT: Dominican Republic   .

Sbarocephala atrifacies Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 379   . Florida: Pinellas Co., High Point. HT ♀ USNM [Type No. 72247]. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 379 [illustrations of antenna, female abdomen and thorax]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 76 [redescription, illustration of colouration, map, Florida, Dominican Republic], 2012: 161 [synonymy, distribution, illustration of colouration].

atuberosa Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala atuberosa Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 36   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Tiputini Biodiversity Station, 00°37′55ʺS, 76°08′39ʺW, 216 m. HT ♂ USNM [in trust, for eventual deposit in Ecuador]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 36 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

aurulenta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala aurulenta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 161   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Res. Ethnica Waorani, 1 km S Onkono Gare camp, 00°39′10ʺS, 76°26′W, 220 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 161 [illustrations of male genitalia].

baculigera Sasakawa.   OR: Philippines.

Sobarocephala baculigera Sasakawa 2011a: 7 View Cited Treatment   . Philippines. Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya, Dalton Pass. HT ♂ BPBM (Type No. 17242). Sasakawa 2011a: 7 View Cited Treatment [illustration of male genitalia]; Lonsdale 2014a: 216 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustration of colouration].

barberi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Argentina, Costa Rica (?).

Sobarocephala barberi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 181   . Argentina. Salta El Rey National Park. HT ♀ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 181 [illustration of colouration].

basilobella Lonsdale & Marshall. NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru

Sobarocephala basilobellus Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 36   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km SE Ariquemes. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 36 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. NOTE: termination of specific epithet corrected here as a mandatory change under Art. 32.5.1 of the ICZN (1999).

beckeri Hennig.   NT: Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas).

Sobarocephala beckeri Hennig 1956: 146   . Guatemala. Los Trojados, 3000 m. HT ♂DEI. Hennig 1956: 146 [illustration of male genitalia]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, World]; Soós 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall, 2010: 1047 [cited in Manual of Central American Diptera   ], 2012: 182 [redescription, illustration of colouration, Mexico].

bicolor Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: Mexico (Durango); NT: Mexico (Sinaloa).

Sobarocephala bicolor Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 182   . Mexico. Sinaloa State: Portrerillos , 15 mi W El Palmito, 5000′. HT ♀ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 182 [illustration of colouration].  

biovata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Dominican Republic, Mexico (Jalisco), Puerto Rico.

Sobarocephala biovata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 104   . Mexico. Jalisco State: Puerto Vallarta. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 104 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].  

bistrigata (Kertész)   . NT: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Jamaica, Peru, St. Vincent, Venezuela. Meriza bistrigata Kertész 1903: 572   . Peru. Calanga. LT ♂ HNHM [designated by Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 105]. Sobarocephala bistrigata   . Melander & Argo 1924: 37 [redescription, generic combination, photo, Costa Rica, Jamaica, St. Vincent]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 105 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Venezuela)].

bivittata Melander & Argo.   NT: Tropical Neotropics.

Sobarocephala bivittata Melander & Argo 1924: 37   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: La Suiza, Turrialba. LT ♂ USNM [Cat. No. 26268; designated by Steyskal (1973: 442)]. Melander & Argo 1924: 37 [photo]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, new record (Peru)]; Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Steyskal 1973: 442 [designation of lectotype]; Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 385 [key, comparison to interrupta Sabrosky & Steyskal   ; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 106 [redescription, lectotype designation, illustrations of fore leg, wing, colouration and male genitalia, new records (tropical Neotropics)].

boliviana Soós.   NT: Bolivia, Peru.

Sobarocephala boliviana Soós 1963b: 395   . Bolivia. La Paz Department: Zongo. HT ♂ HNHM. Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 183 [redescription, illustration of colouration, Peru].

brasiliensis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Peru, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala humeralis var. brasiliensis Soós 1965: 354   [nomen nudum —infraspecific name published as variety after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA].

Sobarocephala brasiliensis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 161   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 161 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

bucki Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Dominican Republic, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala bucki Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 41   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Jatun Sacha Research Station, 6 km E Misahualli, 1°4′S, 77°37′W, 450 m. HT ♂ QCAZ. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 41 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

bulbipenis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Tropical Neotropics.

Sobarocephala bulbipenis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 107   . Dominican Republic. Cabo Rojo, Alcoa Rd., km 23. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 107 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

bulbosa Lonsdale & Marshall. NT: Ecuador, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala bulbosus Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 110   . Venezuela. Aragua State: Henri Pittier National Park, Maracay- Choroni, 19 km, 1330 m. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 110 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia (including sternite 5)]. NOTE: termination of specific epithet corrected here as a mandatory change under Art. 32.5.1 of the ICZN (1999).

cacumen Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: Mexico (Tamaulipas). NT: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca), Panama, Peru.

Sobarocephala cacumen Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 53   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu, Erika (near Salvacion), 550 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 53 [illustrations of wing, colouration and male genitalia].

carelessi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala carelessi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 162   . Ecuador. Napo Province: 1 km S Jatun Sacha Research Station. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 162 [male agonistic behaviour, illustration of colouration and male genitalia].

carina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala carina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 110   . Trinidad. St. Andrew Co.: Valencia, 7 km E. HT ♂ BMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 110 [illustrations of male genitalia].

centrella Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: Mexico (Baja California Sur). NT: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Veracruz), Panama.

Sobarocephala centrella Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 111   . Guatemala. Santa Catarina Pinula. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 111 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, collected using dung].

clarendonensis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Jamaica.

Sobarocephala clarendonensis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 183   . Jamaica. Clarendon. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 183 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

colima Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: Mexico (Tamaulipas). NT: Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico (Colima). Sobarocephala colima Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 86   . Mexico. Colima. HT ♂ TAMU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 86 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

columbiensis Soós.   NT: Colombia.

Sobarocephala columbiensis Soós, 1962b: 387   . Columbia. Magdalena Department: Aracataca. HT ♂ HNHM. Soós 1962b: 387 [illustrations of head, wing, and male abdomen and genitalia], 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 184 [redescription, illustration of colouration].

compta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala compta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 54   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km SE Ariquemes. HT ♀ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 54 [illustrations of wing and colouration].

conciliata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Grenada, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala conciliata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 112   . Costa Rica. Limon Province: Bribri, 4 km NE, 50 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 112 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

coracina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala coracina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 184   . Ecuador. Madre de Dios: Manu   , Rio Manu, Pakitza 12°07’S, 70°58’W, 250 m. HT ♀ USNM (listed as EMUS in original description). Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 184 [illustration of colouration]. GoogleMaps  

cruciata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico (Chiapas), Panama, Trinidad. Sobarocephala cruciata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 185   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 14 km S Canas. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 185 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

cruciger Sabrosky & Steyskal, 1974   . NE: United States (Florida).  

Sobarocephala cruciger Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 376   . USA. Florida: Manatee Co., Cedar Hammock. HT ♂ USNM [Type No. 72245]. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 376 [illustrations of wing, female abdomen, thorax and male genitalia]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 77 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, Florida], 2012: 186 [synonymy, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

cycla Lonsdale.   OR: Indonesia (Sumatra, West Kalimantan)   , Malaysia (Pahang, Sarawak)   .

Sobarocephala cycla Lonsdale 2014a: 217 View Cited Treatment   . Malaysia. Sumatra: 1st Div., Semongoh Forest Reserve, 1°25’N, 110°17’E. HT ♂ BMNH. Lonsdale 2014a: 217 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

daidaleos Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala daidaleos Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 113   . Bolivia. La Paz Department: Heath River Wildlife Centre, ~ 21km SSW Puerto Heath, 12°40′S, 68°42′W. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 113 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, mating behaviour with photos].

depauloi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala depauloi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 187   . Brazil. São Paulo State: São José do Campos. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 187 [illustration of colouration].

dichotomos Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Tropical Neotropics.

Sobarocephala dichotomos Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 87   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Peninsula Osa, Puerto Jimenez, 5 km N, 10m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 87 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

dikros Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala dikros Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 89   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km SE Ariquemes. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 89 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

dimidiata (Hennig)   . NT: Ecuador, Peru.

Heteromeringia dimidiata Hennig 1938: 134   . Peru. Ucayali River, Unini. HT ♀ SMT. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 4 [catalogue, Americas south of USA].

Sobarocephala dimidiata   . Lonsdale & Marshall 2007a: 63 [generic combination], 2012: 42 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Peru, Ecuador].

discolor (Soós)   . NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador.

Sobarocephaloides discolor Soós 1964a: 2   . Costa Rica. La Suiza. HT ♂ USNM. Soós 1968: 8 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]   .

Sobarocephala discolor   . Lonsdale & Marshall 2006a: 165 [generic combination], 2012: 187 [redescription, illustration of colouration, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador].

disrupta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala disrupta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 37   . Venezuela. Aragua State: Henri Pittier National Park, Pico Guacamaya, 1830 m. HT ♂ NRS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 37 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

distincta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Peru.

Sobarocephala humeralis var. distincta Soós, 1965: 354   [nomen nudum —infraspecific name published as variety after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA].

Sobarocephala distincta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 163   . Bolivia. La Paz Department: San Antonio, ca. 8 km S Mapiri, 1520′56ʺS, 68°13′31ʺW. HT ♀ ANCB. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 163 [illustration of colouration].

diversa Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama, Peru. Sobarocephala humeralis var. diversa Soós, 1965: 354   [nomen nudum —infraspecific name published as variety after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA].

Sobarocephala diversa Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 164   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km SE Ariquemes. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 164 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, photo].

dives Czerny.   NT: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, British Guyana, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru.

Sobarocephala dives Czerny 1929: 11   . Paraguay. District Cordillera: San Bernardino. HT ♂ NMW. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 165 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, British Guyana, Ecuador, Peru)].

Sobarocephala humeralis var. dives   . Soós, 1965: 355 [stat. nov., invalid - infraspecific name published as variety after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA].

dorsata Czerny.   NT: Tropical Neotropics.

Sobarocephala dorsata Czerny 1903: 105   . “Peru”. HT ♀ NMW. Kertész 1903: 571 [key, redescription]; Melander & Argo 1924: 38 [redescription, photo, Costa Rica]; Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 114 [redescription, illustrations of colouration, wing and male genitalia, new records (tropical Neotropics)]. Meriza dorsata   . Kertész 1903: 571 [generic combination].

dorsoplicella Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala dorsoplicella Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 66   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu, Erika (near Salvacion), 550m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 66 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, live photo].

doryphoros Lonsdale.   AF: Madagascar, Seychelles.

Sobarocephala doryphoros Lonsdale 2014a: 218 View Cited Treatment   . Seychelles. Mahé Island, Victoria Botanical Garden. HT ♀ USNM. Lonsdale 2014a: 218 View Cited Treatment [illustration of colouration].

douglasae Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala douglasae Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 188   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 3 km SE R. Naranjo. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 188 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

dreisbachi Sabrosky & Steyskal.   NE: Michigan to southern Quebec; Texas; Tennessee; North Carolina.

Sobarocephala dreisbachi Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 382   . USA. Michigan: Ogemaw Co. HT ♀ USNM [Type No. 72249]. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 382 [illustrations of female abdomen, thorax and male genitalia]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 79 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (Ontario, Quebec, Tennessee, Texas)], 2012: 115 [synonymy].

dudichi Soós.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala dudichi Soós 1963b: 392   . Costa Rica. Higuito, San Mateo. HT ♂ USNM. Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 189 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Brazil, Costa Rica].

echinata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala echinata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 115   . Costa Rica. San Jose Province: Escazú. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 115 [illustrations of colouration, rectal papilla and male genitalia].

elegans Czerny.   NT: Paraguay.

Sobarocephala elegans Czerny 1929: 9   . Paraguay. District Cordillera: San Bernardino. ST 2♂ 1♀ NMW [location of males unknown]. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 116 [redescription, illustration of colouration].

emarginata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Argentina, Brazil.

Sobarocephala emarginata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 43   . Argentina. Missiones Province: 5 km E Puerto Iguazú. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 43 [illustration of colouration and male genitalia].

epeira Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala epeira Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 43   . Bolivia. La Paz Department   : Arroyo Tuhiri W Mapiri, 15°17′27ʺS, 68°15′29ʺW. HT ♂ ANCB. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 43 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].  

epitriangulina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Argentina, Belize *, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas), Panama. Sobarocephala epitriangulina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 117   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: R.F. Golfo Dulce, Piedras Blancas, 24 km W, 200 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 117 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

epraka Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico (Chiapas), Venezuela. Sobarocephala epraka Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 67   . Mexico. Chiapas State: El Triunfo, 49km S Jaltenango, 1300–2000 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 67 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, live photo].

erwini Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala erwini Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 63   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Tiputini Biodiversity Station, 00°37′55ʺS, 76°68′39ʺW, 216 m. HT ♂ USNM [in trust, for deposit in Ecuador]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 63 [illustrations of wing and male genitalia].

eukteana Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Guatemala.

Sobarocephala eukteana Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 68   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Monteverde, near Biological Research Station. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 68 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, live photo].

eurystylis Sasakawa.   OR: Malaysia (Pahang).  

Sobarocephala eurystylis Sasakawa 2011a: 9 View Cited Treatment   . Malaysia. Pahang: Kuala Tahan. HT ♂ BPBM (Type No. 17243). Sasakawa 2011a: 7 View Cited Treatment [illustration of male genitalia]; Lonsdale 2014a: 219 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustration of colouration].

falcata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala falcata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 118   . Brazil. Rondônia State: Nova Mamore, Parque Estadualdo, Guajaira-Mirin, Rio Formoso. HT ♂ INPA. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 118 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

fascipennis Melander & Argo.   NT: Costa Rica, Panama.

Sobarocephala fascipennis Melander & Argo 1924: 39   . Panama. Alhajuela. HT ♂ USNM [Cat. No. 26269]. Melander & Argo 1924: 39 [with photo]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world], 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 166 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Costa Rica, Panama].

ferruginea Czerny.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala ferruginea Czerny 1903: 105   . “Peru”. HT ♂ NMW. Kertész 1903: 571 [key]; Melander & Argo 1924: 39 [redescription, tentative identification of specimens from Costa Rica]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 118 [redescription, illustrations of male genitalia].

festiva Czerny.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala festiva Czerny 1929: 9   . Paraguay. District Cordillera: San Bernardino. ST 24♂ ♀ NMW [only 3♂ 2♀ found in collection]. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 189 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Bolivia, Brazil, Trinidad].

finnilaei Frey.   NT: Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala finniläi Frey 1918: 32   . Brazil. Rio de Janeiro State: Petrópolis. HT ♀ MZH [Type No. 4514]. Melander & Argo 1924: 39 [summary of original description]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world].

Sobarocephala ornata Czerny 1929: 12   . Paraguay. District Cordillera: San Bernardino. HT ♀ NMW. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1965: 350 [as synonym of finnilaei Frey   ].

Sobarocephala finnilaei   . Soós 1965: 350 [male description, synonymy of ornata Czerny   , Brazil, Venezuela], 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 55 [redescription, illustrations of wing, colouration and male genitalia, Brazil].

fissura Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico (Chiapas).

Sobarocephala fissura Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 69   . Mexico. Chiapas State: Sumidero. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 69 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].  

flava Melander & Argo.   NE: Montana to Quebec and New York, and Texas to Florida; Utah.

Sobarocephala flava Melander & Argo 1924: 40   . USA. Virginia: Fairfax Co., Dead Run. HT ♀ USNM [Type No. 26270]. Melander & Argo 1924: 40 [photo]; Steyskal 1953: 259 [on fallen maple], 1965: 806 [catalogue]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 383 [redescription, synonymy of populi Steyskal   , reared from rotten poplar stump, under bark and “rotten log”, illustrations of scutellum, female abdomen, head, male genitalia and puparium, new records (Ontario, Florida, Indiana, Lousiana, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Virginia)]; Ferrar 1987: 122 [illustration of puparium]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 81 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (Ontario, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Montana, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Virginia)], 2010: 1045 [illustration of male genitalia], 2012: 38 [synonymy].

Sobarocephala populi Steyskal 1951: 129   . USA. Michigan: Grosse Ile. HT ♂ UMMZ. Steyskal 1951: 129 [collected on trunk of fallen poplar ( Populus deltoides Marsh.   )], 1965: 806 [catalogue]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 383 [as synonym of flava Melander & Argo   ].

flaviseta (Johnson)   . NE: British Columbia to New Brunswick and Indiana to Texas and Florida.

Heteromeringia flaviseta Johnson 1913b: 99   . USA. New Jersey: Middlesex Co., New Brunswick. HT ♀ MCZ. Johnson 1913b: 99 [illustrations of wing, head, scutellum, female abdomen, male genitalia and puparium]; Malloch 1918: 7 [description of larva and puparium, habitat, behaviour, Illinois].

Heteromeringia convergens Malloch 1922: 50   . USA. Ilinois: Champaign Co., Urbana. HT ♂ USNM. Johnson 1925a: 246 [catalogue, New Hampshire]. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 380 [as synonym of flaviseta Johnson   ]. Sobarocephala convergens   . Melander & Argo 1924: 38 [redescription, generic combination, photo, new records (New Hampshire, District of Columbia, Illinois, Georgia]; Hennig 1952: 227 [immature stages]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1965: 352 [Florida, Pennsylvania, Virginia].

Sobarocephala flaviseta   . Melander & Argo 1924: 40 [generic combination, redescription]; Johnson 1925a: 246 [catalogue, Massachusetts]; Steyskal 1953: 259 [on fallen maple], 1965: 806 [catalogue]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 380 [redescription, synonymy of convergens Malloch   , new records (Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, Alabama, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia)]; Ferrar 1987: 122 [immature stages, illustration of puparium]; Soós 1987: 855 [illustrations of head, leg]; Marshall, 2006: 510 [photo]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 83 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records (North America)], 2010: 1042 [reproduction of figures from Soós (1987)], 2012: 167 [synonymy, illustrations of puparium and colouration, live photo]; Lonsdale et al. 2010: 241 [genes sequenced for phylogenetic analysis].

Sobarcephala (Clusinodes) flaviseta   . Craighead 1950: 541 [brief description].

freidbergi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala freidbergi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 70   . Peru. Madre de Dios: Manu, Erika (near Salvacion), 550 m. HT ♀ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 70 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

fritilla Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala fritilla Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 119   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Est. Agujas, 300 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 119 [illustrations of colouration and wing].

fumipennis Soós.   NT: U.S. Virgin Islands .  

Sobarocephala fumipennis Soós 1963b: 393   . U.S. Virgin Islands. St. Thomas Island: Charlotte Amalie. HT ♀ USNM. Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Steyskal 1973: 439 [checklist, Antilles]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 190 [redescription, illustration of colouration].

furviala Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala furviala Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 70   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu   , Rio Manu, 250 m, Pakitza , 12°07′S, 70°58′W. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 70 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. GoogleMaps  

fuscifacies Sasakawa.   OR: Philippines.

Sobarocephala fuscifacies Sasakawa 2011a: 10 View Cited Treatment   . Philippines. Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya, Dalton Pass, 915m. HT ♂ BPBM (Type No. 17244). Sasakawa 2011a: 10 View Cited Treatment [illustration of male genitalia]; Lonsdale 2014a: 219 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustration of colouration].

Sobarocephala fuscifaciae   . Misspelling of fuscifacies   . Sasakawa 2011a: 9.

fuscina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala fuscina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 120   . Costa Rica. Limon Province   : Valle La Estrella, 100 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 120 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].  

gaimarii Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia.

Sobarocephala gaimarii Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 167   . Bolivia. La Paz Department: 8 km S Chulumani, Apa Apa , 16°22.0′S, 67°30.4′W, 1950–2100 m. HT ♀ ANCB. GoogleMaps  

ganodes Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala ganodes Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 121   . Brazil. Federal District: Planaltina: 1000 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 121 [illustrations of male genitalia].

geranokalia Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala geranokalia Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 191   . Venezuela. Henri Pittier National Park, Pico Periquito, 1680 m. HT ♂ NRS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 191 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

gigantigena Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala gigantigena Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 122   . Peru. Huánuco Region: Tingo Maria. HT ♂ CSCA. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 122 [illustrations of male genitalia].

gorgopenis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala gorgopenis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 121   . Brazil. Rio de Janeiro. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 121 [illustrations of male genitalia].

grammula Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala grammula Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 123   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 3 km SE R. Naranjo. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 123 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

grimaldii Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala grimaldii Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 123   . Venezuela. Amazonas State   : Rio Mavaca Camp, 66°06′W, 02°02′N, 150 m. HT ♂ AMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 123 [illustration of colouration]. GoogleMaps  

guianica Curran.   NT: Guyana.

Sobarocephala guianica Curran 1934a: 442   . Guyana. Kartabo, Tropical Research Station. HT ♀ AMNH [Type No. 20477]. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 71 [redescription, illustration of colouration].

hansoni Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico (Veracruz).

Sobarocephala hansoni Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 192   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 192 [illustration of hypandrial complex].

hastata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala hastata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 168   . Brazil. Roraima State   : Rio Uraricoera, Ilha de Maraca. HT ♂ INPA. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 168 [illustration of colouration].  

heredia Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Panama.

Sobarocephala heredia Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 168   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 3 km SE R. Naranjo. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 168 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

heteroseta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala heteroseta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 71   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km SE Ariquemes. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 71 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

hirsutiseta (Frey)   . OR: Philippines.

Allometopon   (?) hirsutiseta Frey 1928b: 107   . Philippines. Samar: Catbalogan. HT ♀ UZMH. Allometopon (Allometopon) hirsutiseta   . Frey 1960: 21 [key, type information, catalogue, world]; Sasakawa 1977: 236 [catalogue, Orient]; Balthazar 1990: 416 [catalogue, Philippines].

Allometopon hirsutiseta   . Delfinado & Hardy 1971: 29 [catalogue Philippine types]; Sasakawa 2009: 48 [citation]. Sobarocephala hirsutiseta   . Lonsdale in Sasakawa 2011a: 11 [key, generic combination attributed to Lonsdale]; Lonsdale 2014a: 221 [redescription, illustration of colouration].

hispidifunda Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru. Sobarocephala hispidifunda Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 72   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu, Rio Manu, 250 m, Pakitza, 12°07′S, 70°58′W. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 72 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, photo].

horizontalis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Jamaica.

Sobarocephala horizontalis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 90   . Jamaica. Hardwar Gap, 4000′. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 90 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

horologium Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Dominica, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala horologium Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 192   . Dominica. Clarke Hall. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 192 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

howdenorum Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala howdenorum Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 90   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Monteverde, 1500 m. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 90 [illustration of colouration, collected using dung].

humeralis Melander & Argo.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico (Veracruz), Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad. Sobarocephala humeralis Melander & Argo 1924: 40   [with photo]. Costa Rica. Cartago Province: La Suiza de Turrialba. HT ♀ USNM [Cat. No. 26271]. Melander & Argo 1924: 40 [photo]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, World]; Soós 1965: 352 [redescription, key to forms and varieties], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 169 [redescription, synonymy of albitarsis Czerny   , illustration of colouration, new records ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad)].

Sobarocephala albitarsis Czerny 1929: 10   . Paraguay. District Cordillera: San Bernardino. HT ♀ NMW. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 169 [as synonym of humeralis Melander & Argo   ].

Sobarocephala humeralis   f. argoi   . Nomen nudum. Soós, 1965: 353 [infraspecific name published as “form” after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)].

Sobarocephala humeralis var. argoi   . Nomen nudum. Soós 1965: 353 [infraspecific name published as “variety” after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)].

hyalina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala hyalina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 73   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: San Ramon do Dos Rios, 1.5 km NW, Ilda Nueva Zelandia, 620 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 73 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

hypopygialis Melander & Argo.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Trinidad, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala hypopygialis Melander & Argo 1924: 41   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: La Suiza de Turrialba. ST 2♂ USNM. Melander & Argo 1924: 41 [photo]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 124 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Trinidad, Venezuela)].

idiogenes Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala idiogenes Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 125   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Golfo Dulce Forest Reserve, 24 km W Piedras Blancas, 200 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 125 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

incompta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala incompta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 125   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Res. Ethnica Waorani, 1 km S Onkone Gare camp, Trans. Ent., 00°39′10ʺS, 76°26′00ʺW, 220 m. HT ♂ USNM [in trust, for eventual deposit in Ecuador]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 125 [illustrations of male genitalia].

inflata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala inflata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 193   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: R.N. Cabo Blanco Est. San Miguel. HT ♀ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 193 [illustration of colouration].

infuscata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala infuscata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 126   . Brazil. Santa Catarina State: Nova Teutonia, 27°11′S, 52°23′W, 300– 500 m. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 126 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

insolata Lonsdale.   AF: Madagascar.

Sobarocephala insolata Lonsdale 2014a: 221 View Cited Treatment   . Madagascar. Tuléar [= Toliara] Province: 18km NNW Betroka, 23˚09′40ʺS, 45˚58′07ʺE, 825m. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale 2014a: 221 View Cited Treatment [illustration of colouration].

interrupta Sabrosky & Steyskal.   NE: Texas to South Carolina and southern Florida; Illinois

Sobarocephala interrupta Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 384   . USA. Florida: Orange Co., Rock Springs. HT ♂ USNM [Type No. 72250]. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 384 [illustrations of antenna, female abdomen, thorax and male genitalia]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 85 [redescription, illustration of colouration and male genitalia, new records (Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas)], 2012: 91 [synonymy]; Lonsdale et al. 2010: 241 [genes sequenced for phylogenetic analysis].

isla Curran.   NT: Tropical Neotropics.

Sobarocephala isla Curran 1939: 1   . Panama. Barro Colorado Island. HT ♂ AMNH. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 74 [redescription, illustrations of colouration, rectal papilla and male genitalia, new records ( Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Venezuela)].

jaliscana Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Mexico (Jalisco).

Sobarocephala jaliscana Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 91   . Mexico. Jalisco State: Chamela Research Station . HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 91 [illustrations of male genitalia].  

jatunsacha Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Ecuador, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala jatunsacha Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 76   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Tiputini Biodiversity Station, 00°37′55ʺS, 76°68′39ʺW, 216 m. HT ♂ USNM [in trust, for eventual deposit in Ecuador]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 76 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, photo].

kapnikos Lonsdale.   OR: Sri Lanka.

Sobarocephala kapnikos Lonsdale 2014a: 222 View Cited Treatment   . Sri Lanka. Ratnapura District: Uggalkaltota, 350′. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale 2014a: 222 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

lachnosternum Melander & Argo.   NE: Saskatchewan to southern Quebec and Utah to Texas and North Carolina. Sobarocephala lachnosternum Melander & Argo 1924: 42   . USA. Virginia: Rosslyn. ST 10♂ ♀ USNM [Type. No. 26272]. Melander & Argo 1924: 42 [photo]; Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 382 [new records (Quebec, Colorado, Maine, Michigan, Virginia), redescription, illustrations of female abdomen, male genitalia and puparium]; Ferrar 1987: 122 [immature stages, illustrations of puparium]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 87 [redescription, illustration of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, North Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia)], 2012: 127 [synonymy].

Sobarocephala lachnosterna   . Misspelling of lachnosternum   . Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world].

lanei Curran.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala lanei Curran 1939: 1   . Brazil. Matto Grosso State: Ponce. HT ♂ AMNH. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, World]; Soós 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 77 [redescription, illustrations of colouration, rectal papilla and male genitalia, new records ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela)].

laticrinis Lonsdale.   AF: Tanzania.

Sobarocephala laticrinis Lonsdale 2014a: 222 View Cited Treatment   . Tanzania. Amani. HT ♂ UZMC. Lonsdale 2014a: 222 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, reared from rotten wood].

latifacies Sabrosky & Steyskal.   NE: Michigan and Ontario to New Hampshire and South Carolina; Utah.

Sobarocephala latifacies Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 380   . USA. Michigan: Wayne Co., Grosse Ile. HT ♂ USNM [Type No. 72248]. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 380 [illustrations of female abdomen, head and male genitalia]; Ferrar 1987: 121 [notes on biology]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 89 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (Ontario, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, New York, South Carolina, Utah)], 2012: 170 [synonymy, illustration of colouration]; Lonsdale et al. 2010: 241 [genes sequenced for phylogenetic analysis].

latifrons (Loew)   . NE: Illinois to southern Quebec and Texas to Massachusetts and Georgia.

Heteroneura latifrons Loew 1860: 83   . USA. District of Columbia. ST 2♀ MCZ [Type No. MCZT 13184]. Loew 1864a: 207 [redescription]; Osten Sacken 1878: 198 [catalogue, North America]; Czerny 1903: 99 [quotes description, placement doubtful]; Aldrich 1905: 570 [catalogue, North America—of uncertain placement].

Heteromeringia latifrons   . Johnson 1913b: 99 [generic combination, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania]; Malloch 1918: 8 [comparison to lumbalis Williston   , Illinois].

Sobarocephala latifrons   . Melander & Argo 1924: 42 [generic combination, redescription, photo, Maryland, Virginia]; Johnson 1925a: 246 [catalogue, Massachusetts]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1965: 359 [notes, Massachusetts, District of Columbia, Virginia]; Steyskal 1965: 806 [catalogue]; Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 381 [redescription, illustrations of female abdomen, thorax and male genitalia, new records (Quebec, District of Columbia, Georgia, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina, Virginia)]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Marshall, 2006: 510 [photo]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 91 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (North America)], 2010: 1045 [illustration of male genitalia], 2012: 38 [synonymy]; Lonsdale et al. 2010: 241 [genes sequenced for phylogenetic analysis].

latipennis Melander & Argo.   NT: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala latipennis Melander & Argo 1924: 43   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: Turrialba. HT ♂ USNM [Type No. 26273]. Melander & Argo 1924: 43 [photo]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1965: 360 [notes, description of female, Costa Rica, Panama], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 44 [redescription, illustrations of wing, colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama, Venezuela)].

Sobarocephala latipennis var. latipennoides Soós 1965: 361   [invalid - infraspecific name published as variety after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA].

Sobarocephala   sp. Zumbado 2006: 163 (illustration).

leptolineata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala leptolineata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 194   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km SE Ariquemes. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 194 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

lineola Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Ecuador, Trinidad, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala lineola Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 127   . Venezuela. Amazonas State: Cerro de la Neblina basecamp, 00°50′N, 66°10′W, 140 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 127 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

lita Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala lita Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 128   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 3 km SE R. Naranjo. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 128 [illustrations of male genitalia].

liturata Melander & Argo.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guyana *, Guatemala, Guyana, Jamaica, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala liturata Melander & Argo 1924: 43   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: La Suiza de Turrialba. ST 10♂ ♀ USNM [Type No. 26274]. Melander & Argo 1924: 43 [photo]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1965: 362 [notes, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 45 [redescription, synonymy of imitans Curran   and diversipes Curran   , illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guyana, Jamaica, Panama, Peru, Surinam)].

Sobarocephala imitans Curran 1934a: 443   . Guyana. Kartabo. HT ♀ AMNH. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 45 [as synonym of liturata Melander & Argo   ].

Sobarocephala diversipes Curran 1939: 2   . Panama. Barro Colorado Island. HT ♂ AMNH. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 5 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 45 [as synonym of liturata Melander & Argo   ].

lobillis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala lobillis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 38   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: Cerro de la Muerte la Crangreja, 1950 m. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 38 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

longipollex Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala longipollex Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 129   . Costa Rica. San Jose Province: Zurqui de Moravia, 1600 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 129 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

lucibilis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Isl. Sobarocephala lucibilis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 92   . U.S. Virgin Islands. St. John Island: Lameshur Bay, Viers, 0m. HT ♂ AMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 92 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

lumbalis (Williston)   . NT: Tropical Neotropics.

Heteroneura lumbalis Williston 1896: 388   . St. Vincent. “Leeward side”. LT ♂ BMNH [designated by Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 129]. Czerny 1903: 103 [quotes original description]; Williston 1908: 319 [generic discussion]; Aldrich 1905: 570 [catalogue, North America]; Malloch 1918: 8 [Grenada].

Sobarocephala lumbalis   . Melander & Argo 1924: 44 [generic combination, redescription, photo, Panama]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Steyskal 1973: 443 [checklist, Antilles]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 129 [redescription, designation of lectotype, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Grand Cayman, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent, Trinidad)].

macalpinei Soós.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala macalpinei Soós 1964b: 453   . Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Terezopolis, Servico Febre Amarela. HT ♀ USNM. Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall, 2010: 1046 [illustration of female genitalia as Sobarocephala   sp.], 2012: 195 [redescription, illustration of colouration, reproduction of illustration of female genitalia, Brazil].

maculata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia.

Sobarocephala maculata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 130   . Bolivia. La Paz Department: Coroico, 0.5 km SE, 16°11′S, 67°44′W. HT ♂ ANCB. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 130 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, ex dung].

magna Lonsdale.   AF: Nigeria.

Sobarocephala magna Lonsdale 2014a: 223 View Cited Treatment   . Nigeria. Ngel Nyaki, NE State. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale 2014a: 223 View Cited Treatment [illustration of colouration].

malleata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala malleata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 131   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Coca   , Napo R. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 131 [illustrations of male genitalia].  

maquipucuna Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela. Sobarocephala maquipucuna Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 92   . Ecuador. Pichincha Province: Maquipucuna Biological Research Station, 00°07′34ʺN, 78°37′57ʺW, 1200 m. HT ♂ QCAZ. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 92 [illustrations of male genitalia].

mathisi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala mathisi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 195   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Res. Ethnica Waorani, 1 km S Onkone Gare Camp, 00°39′10ʺS, 76°26′00ʺW, 220 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 195 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

medinai Steyskal.   NT: Puerto Rico.

Sobarocephala medinai Steyskal 1973: 440   . Puerto Rico. Caribbean National Forest, El Verde Field Station   . HT ♀ USNM [Type No. 72473]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 196 [redescription, illustration of colouration, Puerto Rico].  

megastylis Sasakawa.   OR: Thailand.

Sobarocephala megastylis Sasakawa 2011a: 13 View Cited Treatment   . Thailand. Wat Suthep. HT ♂ BPBM [Type No. 17247]. Sasakawa 2011a: 13 View Cited Treatment [illustration of male genitalia]; Lonsdale 2014a: 223 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustration of colouration].

megatuberosa Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala megatuberosa Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 196   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region:Manu   , Rio Manu, near Pakitza , 12°07′S, 70°57′W, 250 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 196 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. GoogleMaps  

melanderi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guyana *, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico (Veracruz), Panama, Peru, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala humeralis var. melanderi Soós 1965: 354   [nomen nudum —infraspecific name published as variety after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA].

Sobarocephala melanderi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 170   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 170 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

melanopyga Czerny.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru.

Sobarocephala melanopyga Czerny 1929: 12   . Paraguay. District Cordillera: San Bernardino. HT ♂ NMW. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 171 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru)].

melanothrix Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Peru.

Sobarocephala melanothrix Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 131   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Tambopata Reserve, 30 km SW Puerto Maldonado, 12°12′S, 69°16′W, 290 m. HT ♂ AMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 131 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

merzi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala merzi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 197   . Brazil. Paraná State: Belem. HT ♂ AMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 197 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

mexicana Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Mexico (Chiapas).

Sobarocephala mexicana Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 78   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: R.F. Golfo Dulce, 3 km SW Rincon, 10 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 78 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

milangensis Stuckenberg.   AF: Mozambique, Tanzania.

Sobarocephala milangensis Stuckenberg 1973: 589   . Mozambique. Tumbine Mtn. Milange, 16°09′S, 35°44′E, Port East Africa. HT ♀ NMP [Type No. 1702]. Cogan 1980: 636 [catalogue]; Lonsdale 2014a: 224 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustration of colouration, Tanzania].

minima Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala minima Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 94   . Costa Rica. Higuito, San Mateo. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 94 [illustrations of male genitalia].

minthomyia Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico (Chiapas).

Sobarocephala minthomyia Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 79   . Mexico. Chiapas State: 20 mi N Bochil , 7000′. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 79 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].  

mitsuii Sasakawa.   PA: China, Japan, South Korea.

Sobarocephala mitsuii Sasakawa, in Sasakawa & Mitsui 1995: 517   . Japan. Honshu: Saitama Prefecture, Mikajima, Tokorozawa City. HT ♀ OMNH [Type No. 275]. Sasakawa & Mitsuii 1995: 517 [illustration of male genitalia]; Matsumoto & Sasakawa 2006: 19 [notes holotype deposition in OMNH]; Sueyoshi 2006: 22 [ Japan], 2011: 11 [ Japan, pictoral key], 2012: 28 [ Japan], 2014a: 620 [catalogue, Japan]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 12 [species group discussion]; Lonsdale 2014a: 224 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Japan, South Korea, Chinese male possibly new species].

Clusiodes   sp. Misidentification. Tamaki 1997: 150 [ Japan].

Paraclusia   sp. Misidentification. Tamaki 1997: 149 [ Japan].

monolineata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala monolineata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 197   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province   : Rincon, 3 km SW, 9°55′N, 84°13′W, 10 km. HT ♀ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 197 [illustration of colouration]. GoogleMaps  

muesebecki Sabrosky & Steyskal.   NE: Pennsylvania and New Jersey to Texas and Florida. Sobarocephala muesebecki Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 378   . USA. Florida: Levy Co., 7 mi NE of Cedar Key. HT ♂ USNM [Type No. 72246]. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 378 [illustrations of antenna, female abdomen and male genitalia]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 93 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (Alabama, North Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Texas)], 2012: 39 [synonymy].

myllolabis Lonsdale.   AF: Burundi.

Sobarocephala myllolabis Lonsdale 2014a: 225 View Cited Treatment   . Burundi. Kayanza Province: Parc National de la Kibira, Rwegura Sector, 02˚55.320′S, 29˚30.067′E, 2237m. HT ♂ BMSA. Lonsdale 2014a: 225 View Cited Treatment [photographs of habitus, male external genitalia].

naranjo Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala naranjo Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 198   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 3 km SE R. Naranjo. HT ♀ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 198 [illustrations of colouration].

nebrias Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala nebrias Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 55   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu   , Rio Manu, Pakitza (5 km E), Aguajal , 12°07′S, 70°58′W, 250 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 54 [illustrations of wing, colouration and male genitalia]. GoogleMaps  

nebulosa Lonsdale.   OR: Laos.

Sobarocephala nebulosa Lonsdale 2014a: 226 View Cited Treatment   . Laos. Vientiane Province: Ban Van Eue. HT ♂ BPBM. Lonsdale 2014a: 226 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of male genitalia].

nepalensis Sasakawa.   OR: Nepal.

Sobarocephala nepalensis Sasakawa, 1979: 9   . Nepal. Adhabar, Terai Forest. HT ♀ HUS. Sasakawa 2011a: 7 [key]; Lonsdale 2014a: 227 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustration of colouration, Nepal].

nigroantenna Soós.   NT: Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico (Veracruz), Panama. Sobarocephala nigroantenna Soós 1962b: 389   . Brazil. Federal District: Rio de Janeiro. HT ♀ USNM. Soós 1962b: 389 [illustration of head], 1965: 357 [notes, Brazil], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 172 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama)].

nigrofacies Soós.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala nigrofacies Soós 1962b: 383   . Brazil. Rio de Janeiro State: Tinguá. HT ♀ USNM. Soós 1962b: 383 [illustrations of head, thorax and wing], 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 199 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru)].

nigrohumeralis Curran.   NT: Jamaica.

Sobarocephala nigrohumeralis Curran 1928: 23   . Jamaica. Cinchona   . HT ♀ BMNH. Soós 1968: 6 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Steyskal 1973: 443 [checklist, Antilles]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 200 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Jamaica].

nigronota Melander & Argo.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala nigronotum Melander & Argo 1924: 45   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: La Suiza de Turrialba. ST 2♂ 2♀ USNM [Type No. 26275]. Melander & Argo 1924: 45 [photo]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]. Sobarocephala nigronota   . Soós 1965: 357 [ Costa Rica], 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 132 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru)].

nigropilosa Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Trinidad. Sobarocephala nigropilosa Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 173   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 3 km SE R. Naranjo. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 173 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

nimbipennis Lonsdale.   OR: Thailand.

Sobarocephala nimbipennis Lonsdale 2014a: 228 View Cited Treatment   . Thailand. S Khao Lak National Park, Tone Chong Fah Fall, 100 km N Phuket. HT ♂ TAUI. Lonsdale 2014a: 228 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

nivea Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: U.S. Virgin Islands .  

Sobarocephala nivea Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 200   . U.S. Virgin Islands. St. John Island: Reef-Bay Trail, 1200′. HT ♂ AMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 200 [illustrations of male genitalia].

notabina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Peru.

Sobarocephala notabina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 56   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♀ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 546 [illustration of colouration].

notalis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala notalis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 57   . Brazil. Santa Catarina State: Nova Teutonia. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 57 [illustrations of wing and colouration].

ochroapicalis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Jalisco), Panama.

Sobarocephala ochroapicalis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 133   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Peninsula Osa, Puerto Jimenez, 5 km N, 10m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 133 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

oculata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Grand Cayman, Little Cayman.

Sobarocephala oculata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 134   . Grand Cayman. Georgetown. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 134 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

opposita Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala opposita Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 175   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♀ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 175 [illustration of colouration].

orientalis Lonsdale.   OR: Malaysia, Thailand.

Sobarocephala orientalis Lonsdale 2014a: 228 View Cited Treatment   . Thailand. S Khao Sok National Park, Rt. 401. HT ♂ TAUI. Lonsdale 2014a: 228 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

ovata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Ecuador, Trinidad, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala ovata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 134   . Venezuela. Zulia State: Los Angeles del Tucuco. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 134 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

paieroi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica (?), Brazil (?), Ecuador, Guyana.

Sobarocephala paieroi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 201   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Jatun Sacha Research Station, 6 km E Misahualli, 1°04′S, 77°37′W, 450 m. HT ♀ QCAZ. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 201 [illustration of colouration].

pakitza Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala pakitza Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 202   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu   , Rio Manu, Pakitza 12°07′S, 70°58′W, 250 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 202 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. GoogleMaps  

paksana Lonsdale.   OR: Laos.

Sobarocephala paksana Lonsdale 2014a: 229 View Cited Treatment   . Laos. Sedone Province: Pakse. HT ♂ BPBM. Lonsdale 2014a: 229 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of male genitalia].

pallida Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala pallida Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 202   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km S Ariquemes. HT ♀ EMUS.  

palpata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala palpata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 47   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Monteverde, Biological Research Station, 1500 m. HT ♀ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 47 [illustration of colouration].

panamaensis Soós.   NT: Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Mexico (Guerrero, Jalisco, Quintana Roo, Yucatán), Panama.

Sobarocephala panamaensis Soós 1965: 356   . Panama. Garachine. HT ♂ USNM. Soós 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 175 [redescription, illustration of colouration, new records ( Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Mexico, Panama)].

parallela Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Colombia.

Sobarocephala parallela Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 203   . Colombia. Tolima Department: Armoro. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 203 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

paripollicis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Peru.

Sobarocephala paripollicis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 48   . Costa Rica. Limon Province: Bribri, 4 km E, 10°00′N, 83°15′W, 50 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 48 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

parkeri Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: Mexico (Morelos). NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Peru. Sobarocephala parkeri Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 204   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 14 km S Canas. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 204 [illustrations of colouration and hypandrial complex].

parrhasios Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala parrhasios Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 57   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu   , Rio Manu, Pakitza , 12°07′S, 70°58′W. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 57 [illustrations of wing, colouration and male genitalia]. GoogleMaps  

patina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala patina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 49   . Ecuador. Napo Province: 5 mi N El Chaco. HT ♂ QCAZ. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 49 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

pectinaria Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Grenada, Panama, Peru, Surinam. Sobarocephala pectinaria Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 135   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 135 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, photo].

pedicella Lonsdale & Marshall. NT: Costa Rica, Jamaica, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala pedicellus Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 177   . Jamaica. Kingston. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 177 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. NOTE: termination of specific epithet corrected here as a mandatory change under Art. 32.5.1 of the ICZN (1999).

pengellyi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: United States (Alabama, Georgia).

Sobarocephala pengellyi Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 94   . USA. Georgia: Forsyth. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 94 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map], 2012: 39 [synonymy].  

periglenes Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Colombia.

Sobarocephala periglenes Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 137   . Colombia. Rio Raposo. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 137 [illustrations of male genitalia].

peruana Soós.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala nigronota peruana Soós, 1965: 358   . Peru. Iquitos. HT ♂ USNM.

Sobarocephala peruana   . Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 49 [new status, redescription, illustration of colouration].

phimosis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala phimosis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 137   . Costa Rica. Higuito, San Mateo. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 137 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

picta Hennig.   NT: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guyana *, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela. Sobarocephala picta Hennig 1938: 135   . Paraguay. Hohenau. HT ♀ SMT. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2010: 1041 [habitus illustration], 2012: 204 [redescription, illustrations of habitus and hypandrial complex, new records ( Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, Mexico, Trinidad, Venezuela)].

pictipennis Kertész.   NT: Surinam.

Monorrhexa pictipennis Kertész 1903: 573   . “ Surinam ”. HT ♂ HNHM.  

Sobarocephala pictipennis   . Melander & Argo 1924: 45 [generic combination, summary of original description]; Curran 1928: 23 [key]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 206 [redescription, illustration of colouration].

pictofacies Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala pictofacies Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 206   . Ecuador. Past Limoncocha (70 mi SE). HT ♀ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 206 [illustration of colouration].

pilata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala pilata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 80   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: R.B. San Ramon, 100m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 80 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

pilosipes Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala pilosipes Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 207   . Brazil. Amazonas State: Manaus, Reserve Ducke. HT ♂ INPA. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 207 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

plaumanni Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala plaumanni Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 138   . Brazil. Santa Catarina State: Nova Teutonia , 27°11′S, 52°23′W. HT ♂ BMNH. GoogleMaps  

plumata Melander & Argo.   NT: Bahamas, Belize *, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Grand Cayman, Panama. Sobarocephala plumata Melander & Argo 1924: 46   . Panama. Alhajuelo, Canal Zone. HT ♀ USNM [Type No. 26276]. Melander & Argo 1924: 46 [photo]; Curran 1928: 23 [key]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1963b: 392 [key]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 208 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Bahamas, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Grand Cayman)].

plumatella Melander & Argo.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Panama.

Sobarocephala plumatella Melander & Argo 1924: 46   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: La Suiza de Turrialba. HT ♂ USNM. Melander & Argo 1924: 46 [photo]; Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1965: 359 [description of female, Costa Rica], 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 50 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Panama)].

plumicornis (Lamb)   . AF: Nigeria, Seychelles.

Heteromeringia plumicornis Lamb 1914: 308   . Seychelles. Silhouette Island: Mare aux Cochons, near Pointe Etienne, Mahé, Anonyme I. LT ♂ BMNH [designated by Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 12]. Frey 1960: 27 [catalogue, world]. Sobarocephala plumicornis   . Stuckenberg 1973: 586 [generic combination]; Cogan 1980: 636 [catalogue]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 12 [species group discussion]; Lonsdale 2014a: 229 [redescription, illustrations of colouration, Nigeria].

polypectica Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico (Campeche), Panama, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala polypectica Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 138   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 14 km S Canas. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 138 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

prolixa Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Venezuela.

Sobarocephala prolixa Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 80   . Venezuela. Aragua State: Henri Pittier National Park, La Trilla, 200 m. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 80 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

protea Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Argentina, Belize *, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico (Chiapas, Jalisco, Nayarit, Quintana Roo), Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, Trinidad, U.S. Virgin Isl.

Sobarocephala protea Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 139   . U.S. Virgin Islands. St. John Island: Reef Bay Trail, 1200′. HT ♂ AMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 139 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

pruinosa Soós.   NT: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Little Cayman, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Isl.

Sobarocephala pruinosa Soós 1962b: 385   . Puerto Rico. San Juan. HT ♂ USNM. Soós 1963b: 393 [key, illustrations of head and male genitalia], 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Steyskal 1973: 441 [ Puerto Rico, notes, emendation to type localities (country originally cited as Panama), checklist, Antilles]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 208 [redescription, synonymy of pruinosa pallidor Steyskal   , illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Dominica, Dominican Republic, Little Cayman, Puerto Rico, Virgin Isl.)].

Sobarocephala pruinosa pallidor Steyskal 1973: 441   . U.S. Virgin Islands. St. Croix Island, opposite airport. HT ♂ USNM [Type No. 70552]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 208 [as synonym of pruinosa Soós   ].

pseudotuberculata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala pseudotuberculata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 141   . Trinidad. St. George, Aripo Valley. HT ♂ BMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 141 [illustrations of male genitalia].

pubens Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Colombia, Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala pubens Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 94   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: Upala, Dos Rios, Estación San Gerardo, 600 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 94 [illustrations of male genitalia].

puntarenas Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Honduras.

Sobarocephala puntarenas Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 177   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Peninsula de Osa, 200 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 177 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

quadrata Lonsdale & Marshall. NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala quadratus Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 81   . Brazil. São Paulo State: Sao Jose dos Campos. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 81 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. NOTE: termination of specific epithet corrected here as a mandatory change under Art. 32.5.1 of the ICZN (1999).

quadrimaculata Soós.   NE: United States (Alabama, Florida, Texas); NT: Bahamas, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama.

Sobarocephala quadrimaculata Soós 1963b: 394   . USA. Florida: Dade Co., Everglades National Park. HT ♀ USNM. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 374 [redescription, illustrations of female abdomen, thorax and male genitalia, new records (Florida, Bahamas, Panama)]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 95 [redescription, synonymy of nitida   , illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records ( Costa Rica, Colombia, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, United States (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Texas)], 2012: 209 [synonymy]. Sobarocephala nitida Soós 1963b: 393   . USA. Florida: Okaloosa Co. HT ♀ USNM. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 374 [as synonym of quadrimaculata Soós   ].

quadristyla Lonsdale & Marshall. NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala quadristylus Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 95   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 3 km SE R. Naranjo. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 95 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. NOTE: termination of specific epithet corrected here as a mandatory change under Art. 32.5.1 of the ICZN (1999).

quadrivittata Czerny.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala quadrivittata Czerny 1929: 12   . Brazil. Rio Grande do Sul. HT ♀ NMW. Frey 1960: 28 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 82 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Brazil].

rafaeli Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala rafaeli Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 209   . Brazil. Acre State: Cruzeiro do Sul, Rio Moa. HT ♂ INPA. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 209 [illustration of colouration].

recava Lonsdale.   AF: Madagascar.

Sobarocephala recava Lonsdale 2014a: 230 View Cited Treatment   . Madagascar. Forêt de Zombitsy nr. Sakaraha, 650 m. HT ♂ CAS. Lonsdale 2014a: 230 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

reducta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela. Sobarocephala ruebsaameni var. reducta Soós 1965: 351   [nomen nudum —infraspecific name published as “variety” after 1960 ( ICZN, Art. 15.2)], 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA].

Sobarocephala reducta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 58   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu   , Rio Manu, Pakitza , 12°07′S, 70°58′W, 250m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 58 [illustrations of wing, colouration and male genitalia]. GoogleMaps  

rincon Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala rincon Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 178   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province   : Rincon, 3 km SW, 9°55′N, 84°13′W, 10 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 178 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. GoogleMaps  

robusta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Mexico (Sinaloa).

Sobarocephala robusta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 210   . Mexico. Sinaloa State: 15 mi W El Palmito , 5000′. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 210 [illustration of colouration].  

ruebsaameni Czerny.   NT: Belize, Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Trinidad. Sobarocephala Rübsaameni Czerny 1903: 86   . Peru. “ Peru ”. HT ♀, depository unknown. Czerny 1903: 86 [illustrations of head and wing].

Sobarocephala rübsaameni   . Melander & Argo 1924: 47 [redescription, photo, Costa Rica, Panama]; Frey 1960: 28 [catalogue, world].

Sobarocephala ruebsaameni   . Soós 1965: 351 [male description], 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale et al. 2010: 241 [genes sequenced for phylogenetic analysis]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 59 [redescription, illustrations of wing, colouration and male genitalia, photo, new records ( Belize, Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Trinidad)].

sabroskyi Soós.   NT: Brazil, Paraguay.

Sobarocephala sabroskyi Soós 1963b: 395   . Paraguay. District Cordillera: San Bernardino. HT ♂ HNHM. Soós 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 211 [redescription, illustration of colouration, Brazil].

schildimyia Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: Mexico (Tamaulipas); NT: Costa Rica, Panama.

Sobarocephala schildimyia Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 96   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: PILA, Est. Altamira, 1450 m   . HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 96 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

schistos Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala schistos Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 96   . Brazil. Amazonas: AM-010 km.31, Embrapa. HT ♂ INPA. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 96 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

secaperas Lonsdale.   OR: Thailand.

Sobarocephala secaperas Lonsdale 2014a: 231 View Cited Treatment   . Thailand. Chiang Mai Provence: Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, What Phrathat, 18.80N/98.92E, 1100 m. HT ♂ MHNG. Lonsdale 2014a: 231 View Cited Treatment [illustration of colouration].

sectilis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador.

Sobarocephala sectilis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 82   . Costa Rica. Pedregoso. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 82 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

serpentina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas), Panama. Sobarocephala serpentina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 97   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: Cerro de la Muerte, La Crangreja, 1950 m. HT ♂ DEBU. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 97 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, live photo].

setipes Melander & Argo.   NE: Illinois to Ontario and Louisiana to Florida.

Sobarocephala setipes Melander & Argo 1924: 47   . USA. Maryland: Prince Georges Co., Marlboro. HT ♂ USNM [Cat. No. 26277]. Melander & Argo 1924: 47 [photo]; Frey 1960: 28 [catalogue, world]; Steyskal 1965: 806 [catalogue, America north of Mexico]; Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 384 [redescription, illustrations of female abdomen, thorax and male genitalia, new records (Ontario, Illinois, Indiana, Lousiana, Maryland, Michigan]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Marshall, 2006: 510 [photo]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 97 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, map, new records (Ontario, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Lousiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi)], 2012: 142 [synonymy], Lonsdale et al. 2010: 241 [genes sequenced for phylogenetic analysis].

setulocetra Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala setulocetra Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 64   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: Cerro El Hacha, 12 km SE de la Cruz, 300– 400 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 64 [relationships, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

sexvittata Soós.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala sexvittata Soós 1964b: 451   . Brazil. Federal District: Rio de Janeiro. HT ♀ USNM. Soós 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 211 [redescription, illustration of colouration, HNHM paratype listed as holotype].

silvana Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador, Puerto Rico, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala silvana Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 212   . Venezuela. Amazonas State: Cerro de la Neblina basecamp, 0°50′N, 66°10′W, 140 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 212 [illustrations of male genitalia].

sinuata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama.

Sobarocephala sinuata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 51   . Costa Rica. La Suiza. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 51 [illustration of colouration].

soosi Steyskal.   NT: Puerto Rico.

Sobarocephala soosi Steyskal 1973: 442   . Puerto Rico. Near Aguado. HT ♀ USNM [Type No. 72974]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 83 [redescription].

spatulata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela. Sobarocephala spatulata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 142   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu, Rio Manu, Pakitza, 12°07′S, 70°58′W, 250m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 142 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, photo].

speciosa Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Panama.

Sobarocephala speciosa Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 61   . Brazil. Maranhão State: Sao Pedro da Agua Branca, Faz. Esplanada. HT ♂ INPA. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 61 [illustration of colouration].

spica Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala spica Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 212   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♀ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 212 [illustration of colouration].

spinaria Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala spinaria Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 52   . Brazil. Amazonas State: Manaus, Reserve Ducke. HT ♂ INPA. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 52 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

strigata Hennig.   NT: Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala strigata Hennig 1938: 136   . Peru. Pachitea. 150 m. HT ♂ SMT. Frey 1960: 28 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 214 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Ecuador, Peru].

styskali Soós.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico (Veracruz).

Sobarocephala styskali Soós 1963b: 395   . Brazil. Federal District: Rio de Janeiro. HT ♂ HNHM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 213 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico), discussion of nomenclature].

Sobarocephala steyskali   . Soós 1968: 7 [unjustified emendation, catalogue, Americas south of USA].

subapiculata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala subapiculata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 143   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km SE Ariquemes, 180 m. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 143 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

sublimita Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: Mexico (Durango); NT: Costa Rica, Honduras.

Sobarocephala sublimita Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 215   . Mexico. Durango State: 24 mi W La Cuidad , 7000′. HT ♀ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 215 [illustration of colouration].  

subsolana Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Panama(?), Peru.

Sobarocephala subsolana Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 144   . Peru. Cuzco Region: Paucartambo   , Puente San Pedro, ca. 50 km NW Pilcopata , 1600m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 144 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].  

subtriangulina Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela. Sobarocephala subtriangulina Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 145   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Tena. HT ♂ QCAZ. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 145 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

surinamensis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Surinam.

Sobarocephala surinamensis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 98   . Surinam. 2 km SW Berg en dal. HT ♂ AMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 98 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

synapta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Peru.

Sobarocephala synapta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 146   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: R.F. Golfo Dulce, 3 km SW Rincon. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 146 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

tecta Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru.

Sobarocephala tecta Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 84   . Brazil. Minas Gerais State: near Timoteo. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 84 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

texensis Sabrosky & Steyskal.   NE: Texas.

Sobarocephala texensis Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 381   . USA. Texas: Real Co., Leakey, Rio Frio. HT ♂ USNM [Type No. 72766]. Sabrosky & Steyskal 1974: 381 [illustrations of female abdomen, thorax and male genitalia]; Poole 1996: 127 [checklist, Nearctic]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 99 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia], 2012: 146 [synonymy].

theiodes Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala theiodes Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 99   . Peru. Cuzco Region: Quincemil. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 99 [illustrations of male genitalia].

thrinax Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela. Sobarocephala thrinax Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 146   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Peninsula de Osa, 5 km N Puerto Jimenez, 10 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 146 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

thysania Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Peru.

Sobarocephala thysania Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 148   . Peru. Madre de Dios Region: Manu, Erika (near Salvación), 500 m. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 148 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

tibialis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala tibialis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 148   . Brazil. Santa Catarina State: Nova Teutonia, 27°11′S, 52°23′W, 300– 500 m. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 148 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

tinctoalata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala tinctoalata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 215   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Tena. HT ♂ QCAZ. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 215 [illustrations of male genitalia].

triangula Lonsdale.   AU: Australia (NT, QLD). OR: Indonesia, Vietnam.

Sobarocephala triangula Lonsdale 2014a: 231 View Cited Treatment   . Indonesia. Sumatra   : Aceh Gunung Leuser National Park, Ketambe Research Station , 3°41′N, 97°39′E, 400 m. HT ♂ ROM. Lonsdale 2014a: 231 View Cited Treatment [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia]. GoogleMaps  

tridentata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica, Panama.

Sobarocephala tridentata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 149   . Panama. Canal Zone, Pipeline Road. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 149 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

tschirnhausi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala tschirnhausi Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 52   . Brazil. São Paulo State: Atlantic Coast near Ptaia Maresias, W Ilha de São Sebastião, foot of coastal mountains "Serra do Mar". HT ♂ ZSBS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 52 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

tuberofacies Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Guyana.

Sobarocephala tuberofacies Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 216   . Brazil. Rondônia State: 62 km SE Ariquemes. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 216 [illustration of colouration].

uberis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela. Sobarocephala uberis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 178   . Venezuela. Zulia St., El Tucuco, Sierra de Perija, 200m. HT ♂ IZAM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 178 [illustration of colouration and egg].

uncinata Sueyoshi.   OR: Japan (Ryukyus).

Sobarocephala uncinata Sueyoshi 2006: 22   . Japan. Ryuku: Okinawa Pref., Kunigami Village, Yona. HT ♂ BLKU. Sueyoshi 2006: 22 [illustrations of head, and male and female terminalia], 2011: 11 [Japan, pictoral key], 2012: 29 [Japan], 2014: 620 [catalogue, Japan]; Sueyoshi et al. 2009: 103 [log emergence trap, Japan]; Sasakawa 2011a: 7 [key]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 12 [species group discussion]; Lonsdale 2014a: 232 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

upala Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Guyana *, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala upala Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 217   . Costa Rica. Alajuela Province: 20 km S Upala. HT ♀ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 217 [illustration of colouration].

ustulata Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru.

Sobarocephala ustulata Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 217   . Peru. Huánuco Region: Monzon Valley, Tingo Maria. HT ♂ CAS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 217 [illustration of colouration and hypandrial complex].

valida (Williston)   . NE: Mexico (Sonora); NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico (Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Veracruz), Panama, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Trinidad.

Heteroneura valida Williston 1896: 388   . St. Vincent, Leeward side. ST 6♂♀ BMNH. Czerny 1903: 102 [quotes description, notes]; Aldrich 1905: 571 [catalogue, North America]; Williston 1908: 319 [generic discussion]. Heteromeringia valida   . Malloch 1918: 8 [implicit generic combination].

Sobarocephala valida   . Melander & Argo 1924: 48 [redescription, generic combination, photo]; Frey 1960: 28 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1968: 7 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Steyskal 1973: 443 [checklist, Antilles]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 150 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Trinidad)].

variegata Melander & Argo.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico (Veracruz), Panama, Peru. Sobarocephala variegata Melander & Argo 1924: 48   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: La Suiza de Turrialba. LT ♂ USNM [Type No. 26278; designated Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 219]. Melander & Argo 1924: 48 [photo]; Curran 1928: 23 [key]; Frey 1960: 28 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 8 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 218 [redescription, LT designation, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Peru)].

verticalis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala verticalis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 99   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Parque Nacional La Amistad Estación Altamira, 1320 m. HT ♀ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 99 [illustration of colouration].

vestigialis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guyana, Ecuador, Mexico (Jalisco, Nayarit), Panama, Peru, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala vestigialis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 151   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Est. Cabuya   , Rio Cabo Blanco, 50 m. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 151 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].  

virgulatissimus Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Ecuador.

Sobarocephala virgulatissimus Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 63   . Ecuador. Napo Province: Res. Ethnica Waorami, 1 km S Onkone Gare camp, 00°39′10ʺS, 7°26′00ʺW, 220 m. HT ♂ USNM [in trust, for eventual deposit in Ecuador]. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 63 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

virilipeza Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Mexico (Chiapas).

Sobarocephala virilipeza Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 151   . Mexico. Chiapas State: 32 mi W San Cristobal, Jct 190–195 Hwys. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 151 [illustrations of colouration, fore leg and male genitalia].  

vittatifrons Hennig.   NT: Brazil, Peru.

Sobarocephala vittatifrons Hennig, 1938: 137   . Peru. Meshagua, on Urubamba River, 350m. HT ♀ SMT. Soós 1968: 8 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 84 [redescription, illustration of colouration].

vittatohumeralis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica.

Sobarocephala vittatohumeralis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 220   . Costa Rica. Guanacaste Province: 14 km S Canas. HT ♂ EMUS. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 220 [illustration of colouration].

vockerothi Sasakawa.   OR: Malaysia (Pahang)   , Philippines.

Sobarocephala vockerothi Sasakawa 1993: 8   . Malaysia. Pahang: Tanah Rata, 1460 m. HT ♂ CNC. Sasakawa 1993: 8 [illustrations of thorax and male genitalia], 2011a: 13 [key, new record (Philippines)]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 17 [species group discussion]; Lonsdale 2014a: 232 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, Philippines].

vulgaris Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Nayarit, Veracruz), Panama, Venezuela.

Sobarocephala vulgaris Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 152   . Costa Rica. Puntarenas Province: Las Alturas Biological Station, 8.57°N, 82.50°W, trail to Cerro Behanti. HT ♂ INBio. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 152 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, photo of head, live photo].

wirthi Lonsdale & Marshall.   NE: United States (New Jersey to Florida).

Sobarocephala wirthi Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 100   . USA. Maryland: Montgomery Co., Colesville. HT ♂ USNM. Lonsdale & Marshall 2007c: 100 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia], 2012: 39 [synonymy].

xanthomelana Melander & Argo.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Sinaloa, Veracruz), Panama, St. Vincent, Trinidad.

Sobarocephala xanthomelana Melander & Argo 1924: 49   . Costa Rica. Cartago Province: La Suiza de Turrialba. ST 5♂ 2♀ USNM [Type No. 26279]. Melander & Argo 1924: 49 [photo]; Soós 1965: 360 [ Costa Rica], 1968: 8 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 155 [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia, new records ( Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, St. Vincent, Trinidad)]. Sobarocephala xanthomelas   . Misspelling of xanthomelana   . Frey 1960: 28 [catalogue, world].

xanthotibialis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico (Nayarit), Peru, St. Vincent, Trinidad, Venezuela. Sobarocephala xanthotibialis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 156   . St. Vincent. Majorica, 1500′. HT ♂ CNC. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 156 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

zeugma Hennig.   NT: Bolivia.

Sobarocephala zeugma Hennig 1938: 136   . Bolivia. La Paz Department: Yungas von Coroico, 1000 m. HT ♀ SMT. Frey 1960: 28 [catalogue, world]; Soós 1963b: 392 [key], 1968: 8 [catalogue, Americas south of USA]; Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 220 [redescription, illustration of colouration].

zeuxis Lonsdale & Marshall.   NT: Brazil.

Sobarocephala zeuxis Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 61   . “Brazil”. HT ♂ BMNH. Lonsdale & Marshall 2012: 61 [illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].

zuluensis Stuckenberg.   AF: South Africa.

Sobarocephala zuluensis Stuckenberg 1973: 586   . South Africa. Zululand: Ngoge Forest between Eshowe and Empangeni. HT ♂ NMP. Stuckenberg 1973: 586 [illustrations of head, colouration and male genitalia]; Cogan 1980: 636 [catalogue, Afrotropics]; Lonsdale 2014a: 233 View Cited Treatment [redescription, illustrations of colouration and male genitalia].