Symperasmus alboniger ( Bates, 1861 ),

Santos-Silva, Antonio, Botero, Juan Pablo & Wappes, James E., 2020, Neotropical Acanthoderini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Lamiinae): Synonymies and new status in some genera, new species, transferences and new distributional records, Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 60, pp. 1-40: 3-6

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.06

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D696AE0B-C11E-4A5A-B42B-2A841532E842

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3728683

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/102487A5-FF94-FFF1-189E-F9E2FE92FB73

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Symperasmus alboniger ( Bates, 1861 )
status

 

Symperasmus alboniger ( Bates, 1861)  , comb. nov. ( Figs. 19-34View Figures 19-34)

Acanthoderes alboniger Bates, 1861: 218  .

Acanthoderes albonigra  ; Gemminger, 1873: 3145 (cat.); Blackwelder, 1946: 610 (checklist); Zajciw, 1969a: 198 (distr.); 1970a: 5 (distr.).

Acanthoderes (Psapharochrus) albonigra  ; Aurivillius, 1923: 385 (cat.); Gilmour, 1965: 615 (cat.); Monné, 1994:57 (cat.); Monne&Giesbert,1994:229 (checklist).

Psapharochrus alboniger  ; Lacordaire, 1872: 751; Monné, 2005: 200 View Cited Treatment (cat.); Monné et al., 2012: 32 (distr.); Monné, 2019: 289 (cat.).

Psapharochrus albonigrus  ; Wappes et al., 2006: 33 (distr.); Monné & Hovore, 2006: 209 (checklist).

Acanthoderes (Psapharochrus) albomaculatus Fuchs, 1963: 10  ; Gilmour, 1965: 615 (cat.). Syn. nov.

Acanthoderes albomaculata  ; Monné, 1994: 57 (cat.); Monné & Giesbert, 1994: 229 (checklist).

Psapharochrus albomaculatus  ; Monné, 2005: 200 View Cited Treatment (cat.); Monné & Monné, 2006: 42 View Cited Treatment ; Wappes et al., 2006: 33 (distr.); Monné, 2019: 289 (cat.).

Acanthoderes griseomaculata Zajciw, 1971: 306  ; Julio et al., 2000: 30 (holotype). Syn. nov.

Acanthoderes (Psapharochrus) griseomaculata  ; Monné, 1994: 61 (cat.); Monné & Giesbert, 1994: 230 (checklist).

Psapharochrus griseomaculatus  ; Monné, 2005: 204 (cat.); Monné et al., 2012: 32 (distr.); Monné & Chaboo, 2015: 90 (distr.); Monné & Monné, 2016: 57 View Cited Treatment (holotype); Monné, 2019: 295 (cat.).

Bates (1861) described Acanthoderes alboniger  (see photograph of the holotype at Bezark, 2019) based on a single female from Brazil (Pará). The holotype, as well as a series of specimens from Brazil (Amazonas), has the elytral apex covered with light yellowish-brown pubescence (but not obscuring punctures). Later, Fuchs (1963) described Acanthoderes (Psapharochrus) albomaculatus  (see photograph of the holotype at Bezark, 2019) based on a single female from Bolivia and reported (translat- ed): “A very excellent species, with a certain similarity to A. laetifica Bat. According  to the description, the new species is related to A. albonigra Bat.  , unknown to me, from which it differs by the blunt lateral tubercles of the prothorax and by drawing of the elytra.” However, although the elytral pubescent pattern is somewhat different in the holotypes of A. albonigra  and A. albomaculata  ( Acanthoderes  is feminine gender, and both names were originally wrongly utilized), the lateral tubercles of the prothorax are identical in both specimens. Bates (1861) incorrectly recorded them as acute, suggesting an apex much narrower than they really are in the species.Finally, Zajciw (1971) described Acanthoderes griseomaculata  (see photograph of the holotype at Bezark, 2019) based on a single male from Peru but did not provide any comparison with other species.

Symperasmus alboniger  has a noticeable variation of the elytral pubescent pattern color, as it can be yellow, partially yellow and partially pale-yellow, pale-yellow, partially pale-yellow and partially white, or white. Also, the centrodorsal pubescent macula of the elytra may be entire or fragmented, and the anterolateral pubescent spots may be small or large, fused or not with the centrodorsal macula. Furthermore, the apical elytral pubescence is also noticeably variable ( Figs. 27-34View Figures 19-34). The specimens examined from Brazil have the elytral pubescence of the apex as in the holotypes of A. albonigra  and A. albomaculata  , while the specimens from Bolivia also have this area as in those holotypes as well as in the holotype of A. griseomaculata  but with an intermediate pattern. Accordingly, we do not find a reliable feature that allows separation of the three species hence both A. albomaculata  and A. griseomaculata  are synonymized with S. alboniger  .

The eyes in S. albonigra  are not finely granulated, thus, it does not belong to Acanthoderes  . Additionally, the pronotum is distinctly depressed centrally, a feature that also supports its placement in Symperasmus  , not in Acanthoderes  or Psapharochrus  (= Aegomorphus  ) as previously placed.

Material examined(all from MZSP): PERU, Junín: Satipo, 1 female, 18.XII.1937, Paprzycki col  .; 1 male, 1938-39, Meskendahl col.; ( Sanibeni ; 340 m)  , 1 male, 13.XI.1935, F. Woytjowski col. Huánuco: Tingo Maria ( Rio Huallaga )  , 2 males, X.1960, formerly Dirings collection. BOLIVIA, Beni (new department record): Uyapi (Guanay)  , 1 male, X-XI.1992,no collector indicated. La Paz (new department record): Ixiamas , 1921-22, M.R. Lopez col. Cochabamba (new department record): “ Região de Chaparé ”, 400 m)  , 1 female, 05.IX.1956, Zischka col. BRAZIL, Amazonas: São Paulo de Olivença, 1 female, II.1923, S. Klages col  .; 1 male, IV.1923, S. Klages col  .; 1 male, V.1923, S. Klages col.; (Rio Javari)  , 1 female, III.1951, formerly Dirings collection  ; 1 female, VII.1956, formerly Dirings collection  ; 1 female, X.1960, formerly Dirings collection  ; 1 female, II.1961, formerly Dirings collection  ; 3 males, 2 females, X.1961, formerly Dirings collection  ; 2 males, XI.1961, formerly Dirings collection  ; 1 female, II.1962, formerly Dirings collection  ; 1 female, XI.1962, formely Dirings collection  ; 1 male, 1 female, X.1963, formerly Dirings collection; (Rio Solimões)  , 1 male, XI.1960, formerly Dirings collection  .

Known geographical distribution ( Monné, 2019; Tavakilian & Chevillotte, 2019; new records): Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Beni, La Paz, Cochabamba), Brazil (Amazonas, Pará).

MZSP

Brazil, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Genus

Symperasmus

Loc

Symperasmus alboniger ( Bates, 1861 )

Santos-Silva, Antonio, Botero, Juan Pablo & Wappes, James E. 2020
2020
Loc

Psapharochrus albonigrus

Wappes, J. E. & Morris, R. F. & Nearns, E. H. & Thomas, M. C. 2006: 33
Monne, M. A. & Hovore, F. T. 2006: 209
2006
Loc

Psapharochrus albomaculatus

Monne, M. A. 2019: 289
Monne, M. L. & Monne, M. A. 2006: 42
Wappes, J. E. & Morris, R. F. & Nearns, E. H. & Thomas, M. C. 2006: 33
Monne, M. A. 2005: 200
2005
Loc

Psapharochrus griseomaculatus

Monne, M. A. 2019: 295
Monne, M. A. & Monne, M. L. 2016: 57
Monne, M. A. & Chaboo, C. S. 2015: 90
Monne, M. A. & Nearns, E. H. & Carbonel, S. H. & Swift, I. P. & Monne, M. L. 2012: 32
Monne, M. A. 2005: 204
2005
Loc

Acanthoderes albomaculata

Monne, M. A. & Giesbert, E. F. 1994: 229
1994
Loc

Acanthoderes (Psapharochrus) griseomaculata

Monne, M. A. & Giesbert, E. F. 1994: 230
1994
Loc

Acanthoderes griseomaculata

Julio, C. E. A. & Giorgi, J. A. & Monne, M. A. 2000: 30
Zajciw, D. 1971: 306
1971
Loc

Acanthoderes (Psapharochrus) albomaculatus

Gilmour, E. F. 1965: 615
Fuchs, E. 1963: 10
1963
Loc

Acanthoderes (Psapharochrus) albonigra

Monné 1994: 57
Monné & Giesbert 1994: 229
Gilmour, E. F. 1965: 615
Aurivillius, C. 1923: 385
1923
Loc

Acanthoderes albonigra

Zajciw, D. 1969: 198
Blackwelder, R. E. 1946: 610
Gemminger, M. 1873: 3145
1873
Loc

Psapharochrus alboniger

Monne, M. A. 2019: 289
Monne, M. A. & Nearns, E. H. & Carbonel, S. H. & Swift, I. P. & Monne, M. L. 2012: 32
Monne, M. A. 2005: 200
Lacordaire, J. T. 1872: 751
1872
Loc

Acanthoderes alboniger

Bates, H. W. 1861: 218
1861