Penestomus zulu, Miller, Jeremy A., Griswold, Charles E. & Haddad, Charles R., 2010

Miller, Jeremy A., Griswold, Charles E. & Haddad, Charles R., 2010, Taxonomic revision of the spider family Penestomidae (Araneae, Entelegynae), Zootaxa 2534, pp. 1-36 : 27

publication ID

zt02534p036

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F657D94-8DD3-4184-BB90-A43C3268DF42

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6206904

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/B04D9201-7E5A-450A-9F8F-51D7AFA48EC1

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:B04D9201-7E5A-450A-9F8F-51D7AFA48EC1

treatment provided by

Jeremy

scientific name

Penestomus zulu
status

sp. nov.

Penestomus zulu sp. nov.

http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:B04D9201- 7E 5A-450A-9F8F-51D7AFA48EC1

Figs 16C, 16D, 17C, 17D, 21

Type material. Holotype: ♀, Mfongosi, Zululand , KwaZulu Natal, South Africa [27°17'S, 32°9'E], February 1918, W.E. Jones ( B4176 SAM-ENW-B004176 , SAM) GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The specific epithet is a noun in apposition derived from the collection locality and the dominant tribe in the region.

Diagnosis. Female distinguished by the median invagination in the posterior margin of the PL (Fig. 16 D). Female further distinguished from other planus group species by the sclerotization of the PA (Fig. 16 C), which is about the same as the AL (lighter in other planus group species, Fig. 16 A). Male unknown.

Description. Carapace orange, lighter posteriorly with smooth texture, covered by fine black setae and broad white setae (Fig. 17 A). Sternum pale yellow (Fig. 17 B). Chelicerae red-brown, with five promarginal teeth, two retromarginal teeth. Legs dusky yellow, anterior legs orange distally. Abdomen dark gray dorsally with indistinct light dorsolateral patches (Fig. 17 A).

Epigynum: AL nearly hexagonal, moderately differentiated from surrounding cuticle, broadly connected to PL; PL approximately 1/3 length of epigynum, with more or less parallel grooves (Fig. 16 C), with median invagination on posterior margin (Fig. 16 D). Sclerotization of PA undifferentiated from the rest of the epigynum, separated from AL by groove (Fig. 16 C).

Female macrosetae: Leg I: femur d1, tibia v1-2, metatarsus v2-2; leg II: femur d1, metatarsus v2-2; leg III: femur d1, metatarsus v2; leg IV: femur d1, metatarsus v1-2; tarsus r1.

Holotype female (SAM-ENW-B004176): Total length 4.5, carapace 2.00 long, 1.39 wide, 0.44 high, sternum 1.11 long, 0.63 wide. Leg measurements:

Distribution. Known from KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa (Fig. 21).

SAM

Australia, South Australia, Adelaide, South Australian Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Penestomidae

Genus

Penestomus