Telothyria eldaarayae Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2020, Revision of Telothyria van der Wulp (Diptera: Tachinidae) and twenty-five new species from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste in northwestern Costa Rica with a key to Mesoamerican species, Biodiversity Data Journal 8, pp. 47157-47157: 47157

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e47157

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1EB383EF-4925-4AC6-821D-E622BD60C371

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0F16F033-CB8C-4CA0-975A-FE3A19BC4473

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:0F16F033-CB8C-4CA0-975A-FE3A19BC4473

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Telothyria eldaarayae Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Telothyria eldaarayae Fleming & Wood   sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0050477; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Keiner Aragon; individualID: DHJPAR0050477; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA3069-13, 13-SRNP-67007, BOLD:ACC0861; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriaeldaarayae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: eldaarayae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Palomo; verbatimElevation: 96; verbatimLatitude: 10.9619; verbatimLongitude: -85.2804; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9619; decimalLongitude: -85.2804; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Salbia haemorrhoidalis; verbatimEventDate: 21-Jan-2013; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0048500; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba; individualID: DHJPAR0048500; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA2042-12, 12-SRNP-41686, BOLD:ACC0861; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriaeldaarayae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: eldaarayae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Puente Rio Negro; verbatimElevation: 340; verbatimLatitude: 10.9038; verbatimLongitude: -85.3027; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9038; decimalLongitude: -85.3027; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Salbia haemorrhoidalis; verbatimEventDate: 05-May-2012; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0050243; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Keiner Aragon; individualID: DHJPAR0050243; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGAZ1557-12, 12-SRNP-67345, BOLD:ACC0861; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriaeldaarayae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: eldaarayae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Estacion Botarrama; verbatimElevation: 160; verbatimLatitude: 10.9599; verbatimLongitude: -85.283; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9599; decimalLongitude: -85.283; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Salbia haemorrhoidalis; verbatimEventDate: 10-Mar-2012; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0050487; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Edwin Apu; individualID: DHJPAR0050487; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA3079-13, 12-SRNP-82171, BOLD:ACC0861; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriaeldaarayae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: eldaarayae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Selva; verbatimElevation: 410; verbatimLatitude: 10.9229; verbatimLongitude: -85.3188; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9229; decimalLongitude: -85.3188; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Salbia haemorrhoidalis; verbatimEventDate: 11-Jan-2013; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0051596; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Mercedes Moraga; individualID: DHJPAR0051596; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA4188-13, 13-SRNP-75466, BOLD:ACC0861; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriaeldaarayae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: eldaarayae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Finca Esmeralda; verbatimElevation: 123; verbatimLatitude: 10.9355; verbatimLongitude: -85.2531; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9355; decimalLongitude: -85.2531; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Salbia haemorrhoidalis; verbatimEventDate: 28-Feb-2013; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0057157; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Edwin Apu; individualID: DHJPAR0057157; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA5067-15, 14-SRNP-81393, BOLD:ACC0861; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriaeldaarayae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: eldaarayae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Jacobo; verbatimElevation: 461; verbatimLatitude: 10.9408; verbatimLongitude: -85.3177; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9408; decimalLongitude: -85.3177; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Salbia haemorrhoidalis; verbatimEventDate: 01-Nov-2014; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps  

Description

Male. Length: 6-7 mm (Fig. 20). Head (Fig. 20 b): frons narrow, 1/6 of head width; gena less than 1/12 of head height; four reclinate orbital setae; anteriormost reclinate orbital shorter than uppermost frontal seta; ocellar setae present but minimal; outer vertical absent; ocellar triangle and fronto-orbital plate brassy-gold; fronto-orbital plate with short blonde hairs interspersed among frontal setae; parafacial brilliant silver; facial ridge bare; palpus oar-shaped, sparsely haired along outer margin; arista brown, smoothly tapering to apical 1/8, microtrichia at most 1X as long as width of arista; postpedicel orange over at most 30% of surface; postocular region behind margin of eye upper half gold, with lower half including gena silver tomentose; upper half of occiput gold tomentose. Thorax (Fig. 20 a, c): brassy-gold tomentose, with two distinct outer dorsal stripes, and two short inner stripes; plumose hairs absent from disc of scutum; chaetotaxy: five postpronotal setae, basal setae arranged in a straight line; supra-alar setae 2:3; intra-alar setae 2:2; dorsocentral setae 2:3; acrostichal setae 3:3; katepisternum with three setae. Scutellum brassy-gold tomentose; two pairs of strong marginal setae (basal and subapical) and a small pair of crossed apical scutellar setae 1/8-1/10th as long as subapical scutellars; basal scutellar setae subequal in length to subapical setae; subapical setae straight; underside of scutellum bearing plumose blonde hairs below basal scutellar setae. Legs: foreleg with yellow ground color extending from coxa to tibia, tarsal segments darkened, posterodorsal surface with silver tomentum, and sparse short blonde hairs; midleg with yellow coxa, femur, tibia and tarsal segments dark brown with silver tomentum; hindleg dark brown extending from halfway along femur to tarsal segments, silver tomentum posterodorsally; anterior leg tibia with regular tapered fringe of equally spaced setae along basal half of anteroventral surface, and one strong posterodorsal seta up to 2X as long as width of tibia. Wings: basicosta bright ivory white; all veins bare, with only 1-2 setulae at base of R4+5; calypters pale white translucent with narrow yellow fringe. Abdomen (Fig. 20 a, c): ground color dark yellow-orange; ST1+2 brown over medial 30%, with yellow ventrolaterally, extending into a wide longitudinal middorsal brown stripe bisected by a brown band along posterior edges of T3 and T4; entire abdomen covered in dense gold tomentum; T5 entirely yellow, covered with silver tomentum; median marginal setae present only on T4 and T5, those present on T4 variable in length from drastically reduced to strongly present; median discal setae absent. Male terminalia (Fig. 20 d, e, f): Sternite 5 with a tight and shallow median cleft, narrowly V-shaped, margins bare; lateral lobes of sternite rounded subtriangular apically, outer margins devoid of setulae; basal section of sternite 5 1.3X longer than length of apical lobes. Cerci in posterior view sharply pointed triangular, equal in length to surstyli, fused along entire length; basal shoulder weakly developed almost absent. In lateral view with a strong downward curve on apical 1/3; several strong widely spaced setulae along basal 1/3rd. Surstylus in lateral view, almost subrectangular along its length rounded at tip, slightly pinched at midpoint appearing digitiform; surstylus appearing fused with epandrium; when viewed dorsally surstyli appear slender and straight with a club apically. Distiphallus subequal to in length to basiphallus, weakly tapering apically.

Female. Length: 5 mm (Fig. 21). Head (Fig. 21 b): as in male with the following exceptions: fronto-orbital plate pale brassy gold over upper 30%; parafacial brilliant silver; frons 1/4 of head width; three inner reclinate orbital setae; three proclinate orbital setae; outer vertical seta present; palpus apically clubbed and distinctly upturned. Thorax (Fig. 21 c): katepisternum with three setae; meron plumose hairs as well as 6-8 typical meral setae. Legs: colored as in male; anterior tibia with irregular tapering fringe of equally spaced setae along anteroventral surface, and one posterodorsal seta. Abdomen (Fig. 21 a, c): ST1+2 and T3 50% brown dorsally, with yellow-orange lateroventrally, T4 entirely brown, and T5 yellow-orange entirely; T3 with single pair of weak almost hairlike median marginal setae.

Diagnosis

Telothyria eldaarayae   sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Telothyria   by the following combination of traits: ocellar setae present but minimal, plumose hairs absent from disc of scutum, katepisternum with three setae, two postsutural intra-alar setae, three postsutural intra-alar setae in females, and T5 yellow with silver tomentum. Can be distinguished from T. minor   (Thompson) by the yellow ground color and tomentum present on the legs.

Etymology

Telothyria eldaarayae   sp. n. is named in recognition of Elda Araya’s outstanding work on the team that conducts the caterpillar and parasite inventory from ACG’s Estación Biológica San Gerardo.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Alajuela Province, 123-461 m elevation.

Ecology

Telothyria eldaarayae   sp. n. has been reared six times from a single species of Lepidoptera  in the family Crambidae   : Salbia hameorrhoidalis   Guenée, 1854, in rain forest.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Genus

Telothyria