Howickia brevior (Richards)

Kuwahara, Gregory K. & Marshall, Stephen A., 2022, A revision of the Australian species of Howickia Richards (Diptera: Sphaeroceridae: Limosininae), Zootaxa 5192 (1), pp. 1-152 : 30-33

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.5192.1.1

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Howickia brevior (Richards)


Howickia brevior (Richards) View in CoL

( Figs. 3.3 View FIGURES 3.1–3.22 , 6.1–6.6 View FIGURES 6.1–6.2 )

Leptocera (Biroina) brevior Richards, 1973: 339 View in CoL .

Biroina brevior (Richards) View in CoL , Marshall, 1989: 602; Roháček et al., 2001: 124.

Howickia brevior (Richards) View in CoL , Marshall et al., 2014.

Description. Body length: Male 1.5 mm, female 1.6 mm.

Head: Dark brown, lower half of frons orange extending upwards beside interfrontal plates to level of ocellar triangle; lower half of frontal vitta yellowish, upper half and ocellar triangle dark brown; frontal vitta, interfrontal plates and orbital plates with pale microtrichia; gena brown; antenna brown. Frontal width 2.0x interfrontal height. Two pairs of large interfrontal bristles preceded by a smaller pair 0.5x length of posterior pairs; 2 lateroclinate orbital bristles plus 2 minute setulae, anterior bristle 0.6x length of posterior bristle. Gena with strong upcurved bristle and 3–4 smaller setae, finely and densely striate, shiny, lower half microtrichose; vibrissal angle with 2 subvibrissal setae. Face normal, palpus clavate with 1 large apical and 1 large subapical setae. Eye height 2.8x genal height.

Thorax: Dark brown; scutum dull with brown microtrichose, edges narrowly lighter and with pale spots on posterior notopleural lobes; anepimeron with lighter posteroventral spot. Two pairs of dorsocentral bristles (anterior pair 0.4x length of posterior pair, not much larger than acrostichals); 6–7 rows of long, fine acrostichal setulae. Prosternum narrow, linear, posteriorly expanded. Scutellum large, microtrichose, semicircular, its length 0.7x its width; 4 scutellar bristles long, apical pair 1.5x length of basal pair.

Legs: Dark brown, tibiae proximally paler; tarsi brown (first 2 hind tarsomeres dark brown), basitarsus darkest. Male mid tibia with stout apicoventral seta and 2 rows of stout ventral setae, mid femur with 2 corresponding rows of strong proximoventral setae. Basal half of mid tibia with 4 dorsal bristles (2 anterodorsal and 2 posterodorsal), distal half with 3 dorsal bristles (2 anterodorsal and 1 posterodorsal).

Wing/halter: Strongly infuscate. CS2 0.5x length of CS3. R 2+3 strongly sinuate, curves roughly symmetrical rounded right angles, sometimes with a short appendage on distal curve; R 4+5 slightly upcurved, meeting costa just before wing tip; costa extending slightly past R 4+5 (3x costal width). Halter pale brown.

Male abdomen: Dark brown, shiny with microtrichose bands along T2–4 (according to Richards). T2–5 and S2–4 heavily sclerotized, uniformly long-setose along posterior half of sclerites. S5 concealed and undescribed by Richards; S6+7 small and constricting before epandrium. Epandrium (as can be seen from holotype photos) rather flattened, sparsely long-setose. Further details of postabdomen unavailable.

Female abdomen: Dark brown, heavily sclerotized. T2–5 uniformly long-setose in posterior two-thirds with large posterolateral setae, S2–5 uniformly long-setose along entire surface with large posterolateral setae; pleural membrane with sparse setae. Preabdomen subequal to length of thorax. Postabdomen retracted into preabdomen and hardened, making most of the postabdomen impossible to examine. Cercus subtriangular with 4 long sinuate setae (1 apical, 1 preapical, 1 basolateral and 1 ventral) and several smaller setulae. Hypoproct rounded, microtrichose with a preapical row of 4 stout setae. Spermathecae stout, ovoid, lightly grooved with a basal ring of small bumps; stem subequal in length to spermatheca and cylindrical.

Type material. Holotype: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: Otford , swept close to surface of rocks and water, 31.xii.1962, D.H. Colless (♂, ANIC) . Holotype photos provided by James Lumbers, ANIC .

Material examined. AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: Upper Allyn River , 22.iv.1970, D.H. Colless (1 ♀, ANIC) .

Comments. The description of male characters is based on holotype photos. The only specimen available to us was a female with a collapsed abdomen. Features described above were visible through the preabdominal sclerites.


Australian National Insect Collection














Howickia brevior (Richards)

Kuwahara, Gregory K. & Marshall, Stephen A. 2022

Biroina brevior (Richards)

Rohacek, J. & Marshall, S. A. & Norrbom, A. L. & Buck, M. & Quiros, D. I. & Smith, I. 2001: 124
Marshall, S. A. 1989: 602

Leptocera (Biroina) brevior

Richards, O. W. 1973: 339
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