Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A., 2018, A revision of the Neotropical ant-like genus Cardiacephala Macquart, including Plocoscelus Enderlein syn. nov. (Diptera: Micropezidae, Taeniapterinae), Zootaxa 4429 (3), pp. 401-458: 435-437

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4429.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:004C0DCB-9B63-4A44-A1BB-2D98ADFB1CEE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0A6A87F2-FFE1-8000-FF10-FF0FFA6EFA89

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868
status

 

Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868  

( Figs. 55–58 View FIGURES 55–58 )

Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868: 255   .

Rhoecius vulgus Enderlein 1922: 228   , Hennig 1935:49.

Plocoscelus niger ( Schiner, 1868)   , Hennig 1935: 49.

Description: Body length 9 mm, wing 6 mm. Palpus mostly black, white on outer face. Clypeus black and shiny with some sparse pale microsetulae. First flagellomere black with pale microsetulae. Fronto-orbital plates and frontal vitta dark brown. Hind femur narrowly white basally. Row of katepisternal setae brownish. Fore tarsus dark brown with gold/whitish pubescence ventrally at base of tarsomere one. Oviscape black, shiny. Epandrium brownish.

Head: Palpus broadened basally and gradually tapering to apex. Clypeus short, length less than half of width. Two frontal setae. Frontal vitta with a narrowed depression centrally, reaching ocellar triangle. Epicephalon slightly depressed. Inner vertical seta insertion flat, without tubercle. Paracephalon smooth, without swelling (not extending beyond the vertex). Vertex flattened. Line of black supracervical setae strong.

Thorax: Mesonotum with white pruinosity. Scutellum upturned, triangular. Femora with sparse yellowish

setulae. Mid and hind tibiae flattened, sulcus on outer face very pronounced and curved ( Fig. 55 View FIGURES 55–58 ). Wing with stigmatal and discal bands, apex entirely dark. Crossvein r-m clear. R4+5 and M1+2 meeting at the wing margin. A1+CuA2 as long as CuA2. Female cervical sclerite smooth, without swelling.

Abdomen: Tergites covered by black setulae, some of them shiny gold. Female abdomen: Single spermathecal duct apically broad, spermatheca cylindrical and apically invaginated. Paired spermathecal duct delimited by a narrow basal third and broader distal two thirds. Paired spermathecal duct stems smooth and thin in basal third, followed by a small rounded swelling and a broad apical third ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 55–58 ). Paired spermathecae striate and sac-like, distally swollen and tapered basally. Male abdomen: Ejaculatory apodeme bigger than epandrium and with a broad blade, wider than sperm pump ( Fig. 58 View FIGURES 55–58 ). Phallapodeme extending to anterior limit of hypandrium. Distiphallus longer than epandrium, ending in a phallic bulb, phallic bulb almost spherical and somewhat broader than the basal distiphallus.

Type material: Holotype of Cardiacephala nigra   (1 ♂, NMW): “South America”. Date and collector not cited; Syntypes of Rhoecius vulgus Enderlein   (2 ♂, ZMHB): BOLIVIA. Santa Cruz, Prov. Sara. J. Steinbach. COLOMBIA. Moritz coll.

Material examined: BOLIVIA. 1 km E Guanay, 580 m, 15º30.2’ S 69º52.3’ W, 13.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari, ex: human excrement (2 ♀, USNM); 1 km E Guanay, 580 m, 15º30.2’ S 69º52.3’ W, 14.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (1 ♀, USNM); La Paz, Guanay, 40 km S roadside, 12.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBU 00149543); La Paz, Mapiri 5 km W, 750 m, 15º17.8’ S 68º15.6’ W, 16.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (1 ♀, USNM); La Paz, Mapiri, bank of Rio Mapiri, 15º18’34” S 68º13’ W, 12.IV.2001, A. L. Norrbom & G. A. Kung (1 ♂, USNM); La Paz. Rio Merke (= Rio Chiñijo), 3 km NW Mapiri, 15º18’48” S 68º14’25” W, disturbed sec. forest, 9.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♂, DEBU 00150492); La Paz, San Juanito nr. Teoponte, 500 m, 15º29’42S 67º47’48W, 8.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (5 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBU 00149601, DEBU 00149602, DEBU 00149632, DEBU 00149645, DEBU 00149647, DEBU 00150734); La Paz, San Juanito nr. Teoponte, 500 m, 15º29’42S 67º47’48W, 8.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀; DEBU 00149662, sequence MYCRO 240–16); La Paz, Tajihui, 590 m, 15º40.8’ S 67º41.7’ W, 12.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (2 ♀, 1 ♂, USNM); BRAZIL. Amazonas, Manaus, R. Ducke, Arm. Malaise, 21.VII.1990, J. Vidal & R. A. Rocha (1 ♀, INPA); Pará, Tucuruí, 7.VIII.1980, R. S. Mansão (1 ♀, CNC); São Paulo, Sorocaba, 10.IX.2011, G. Ferro (1 ♀, DZUP); COLOMBIA. Magdalena, Tayrona Natl. Pk. Zaino, 50 m, malaise trap, 28.IV –13.V.2000, R. Henriquez (3 ♀, 2 ♂, DEBU 00138497, DEBU 00138501, DEBU 00138503, DEBU 00138507; DEBU 00138508, IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Natl. Pk., Admin. Cañaveral, Malaise trap, 30 m, Malaise, 26.IV –12.V.2000, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBU 00138437, DEBU 00138438, IAVH); Magdalena, PNN Tayrona Cañaveral, 11º20’ N 74º2’ W, 30 m, Malaise 11/03/00 1/2/01 R, M. 963, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, 1 ♂, IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Zaino, 50 m, 11º20’1” N 74º2’1” W, 29.V –14.VI.2000, M. 241, R. Henriquez (2 ♂, IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Zaino, 50 m, 11º20’1” N 74º2’1” W, 28.V –17.VII.2000, M. 301, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Zaino, 50 m, 11º20’1” N 74º2’1” W, 29.IX –17.X.2000, M. 793, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, IAVH); Magdalena, PNN Tayrona Cañaveral, 11º20’ N 74º2’ W, 30 m, Malaise 11/03/00 11/22/00 R, M. 943, R. Henriquez (2 ♀, IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Zaino, 50 m, Malaise trap, 11º20’1” N 74º2’1” W, 28.IV –13.VI.2000, R. Henriquez. (1 ♂, DEBU 00138496, IAVH, sequence MYCRO 241–16); Putumayo, PNN La Paya Cabaña Viviano Varzea, 0º7’ S 74º56’ W, malaise, 320 m, 15– 31.X.2001, M. 2438, R. Cobete (1 ♀, IAVH); COSTA RICA. Estrella Valley, Pandora, 16.III.1984, FIT, GV Manley & HF Howden (1 ♀, DEBU); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 15.II.1994, mal. trap, M/02/349, ALAS (1 ♀, MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 1.III.1994, mal. trap, M/01/360, ALAS (1 ♀, MNCR); Heredia, La Selva Biol. Res. Nr. Puerto Viejo, mainly trail, 9–10.II.2003, M. Pollet (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBU 00241584, DEBU 00241593, IRSNB); Heredia, La Selva Biol. Stn., 10º26’ N 84º01’ W, 150 m, Trail 0-400 STR., 9.II.2003, M. Pollet (1 ♀, DEBU 00241580, IRSNB); Prov. Punt. Est. Queb. Bonita, 50 m, reserv. Biol. Carara, II.1991, L-N-194500 469850, C. Moraga (1 ♂, DEBU); San Jose, Pérez, Zeledón, Rivas, 820 m, 27.XII.1998 – 5.I.1999, B. D. Gill (1 ♂, DEBU 00151033); ECUADOR. Limoncocha, 250 m, 0º24’ S 76º40’ W, 9–16.III.1976, G. E. Shewell (1 ♀, CNC 503365); Napo, Coca, Napo R., 250 m, V.1965, L. Pena (63 ♀, 2 ♂, CNC 503338, CNC 503339, CNC 503340, CNC 503341, CNC 503351, CNC 503352, CNC 503353, CNC 503354; CNC 503356, CNC 503357, CNC 503359, CNC 503360, CNC 503361, CNC 503362, CNC 503363, CNC 503367, CNC 503369, CNC 503371, CNC 503373, CNC 503374, CNC 503375, CNC 503377, CNC 503378, CNC 503379, CNC 503380, CNC 503382, CNC 503383, CNC 503384, CNC 503385, CNC 503386, CNC 503387, CNC 503388, CNC 503389, CNC 503390, CNC 503391, CNC 503392, CNC 503393, CNC 503394, CNC 503395, CNC 503396, CNC 503397, CNC 503398, CNC 503399, CNC 503402, CNC 503403, CNC 503404, CNC 503405, CNC 503406, CNC 503407, CNC 503408, CNC 503409, CNC 503410, CNC 503411, CNC 503412, CNC 503414, CNC 503421, CNC 503422, CNC 503423, CNC 503425, CNC 503426, CNC 503428, CNC 503430, CNC 503434, CNC 503436, CNC 503438); Napo. Coca. Napo R., 250 m. 25–30.IV.1965. L. Pena (1 ♀, 1 ♂, CNC 503344, CNC 503366); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 30.IV –8.V.2002, S. A. Marshall (13 ♀, 2 ♂, DEBU 00178784, DEBU 00178805, DEBU 00178806, DEBU 00178816, DEBU 00178822, DEBU 00178947, DEBU 00178991, DEBU 00178998, DEBU 00179007, DEBU 00179008, DEBU 00179009, DEBU 00179016, DEBU 00179062, DEBU 00179130, DEBU 00179160); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 29.IV –8.V.2002, K. Peiman (1 ♀, DEBU); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol, Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 1–2.V.2002, M. Buck (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBU 00178207, DEBU 00178208); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 1–2.V.2002, M. Buck & Lonsdale (2 ♀, DEBU 00186979, DEBU 00186980); Napo. Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli. 1º4’ S, 77º37’ W, 450 m. 2.V.2002. M. Buck (3 ♀, DEBU 00177943, DEBU 00177947, DEBU 00177948); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 2– 7.V.2002, M. Buck (1 ♀, DEBU 00187281); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 30.IV –7.V.2002, Landslide in forest, M. Buck et al. (3 ♀, DEBU 00196363, DEBU 00196364, DEBU 00196367); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 7.V.2002, M. Buck (2 ♀, DEBU 00178866, DEBU 00178868); Napo, vic. Misahualli ca., 1º2’ S 77º40’ W, 450 m, 27–31.X.2002, E. M. Fisher (4 ♀, DEBU); Napo, Jatun Sacha, 7.V.2002, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBU); Napo, Jatun Sacha, 5.V.2002, S. A. Marshall (1 ♂, DEBU); Pompeya, Napo R. Pastaza, 250 m, 14–22.IV.1965, L. Pena (2 ♀, CNC 503349, CNC 503424); Rio Palenque, (Univ. Miami Res. Sta.), 29.VII.1978, G. J. Umphrey (1 ♂, DEBU); HONDURAS. Gracas a Dios, Rio Paluca, Kausirpe, 22–24.V.1994, B. D. Gill (1 ♀, DEBU 00138357); MEXICO. Pue. Iz. Metamoros, 26.VIII.1969, L. A. Kelton (1 ♀, CNC 503343); Tabasco, Teapa (8 km SW), 6.V.1985, Amnon Freidberg (4 ♀, 3 ♂, TAU); PERU. Avispas, Madre de Dios, 400 m, 10–20.IX.1962, L. Pena (3 ♂, CNC 503345, CNC 503346, CNC 503364); Cusco, Estacion Biologica Villa Carmen, 12º53’39”S 71º24’14”W, 540m, 12– 14.XII.2013, A. L. Norrbom & B. D. Sutton (2 ♂, USNM); Madre de Dios, Pantiacolla Lodge, Alto Madre de Dios River, 420 m, FIT, 12º39’18” S 71º13’54” W, 14–19.XI.2007, D. Brzoska (2 ♀, DEBU 00343608, DEBU 00356554); TRINIDAD. Tabaquite, 27.XI.1902, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 2.XII.1902, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 19.XII.1902, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 22.XII.1902, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 7.I.1903, H. D. Chipman (3 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 20.I.1903, H. D. Chipman (2 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 10.XI.1903, H. D. Chipman (2 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 12.XI.1903, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 21.XI.1903, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNH); Tabaquite, 20.XI.1903, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNH); VENEZUELA. Sucre, Puy-Puy, 32km E Carupano, plantations & 2º forest nr. beach, sweep, 31.III – 2.IV.1988, M. von Tschirnhaus (1 ♂, DEBU 00256927)

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela.

NMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

DEBU

Ontario Insect Collection, University of Guelph

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

IAVH

Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt

MNCR

Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

IRSNB

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

STR

Institut de Botanique

TAU

Tel-Aviv University

PERU

Universit� di Perugia

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Micropezidae

Genus

Cardiacephala

Loc

Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A. 2018
2018
Loc

Plocoscelus niger (

Hennig, W. 1935: 49
1935
Loc

Rhoecius vulgus

Hennig, W. 1935: 49
Enderlein, G. 1922: 228
1922
Loc

Cardiacephala nigra

Schiner, J. R. 1868: 255
1868