Calobata guttata, (Walker)

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A., 2018, A revision of the Neotropical ant-like genus Cardiacephala Macquart, including Plocoscelus Enderlein syn. nov. (Diptera: Micropezidae, Taeniapterinae), Zootaxa 4429 (3), pp. 401-458: 407-409

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4429.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:004C0DCB-9B63-4A44-A1BB-2D98ADFB1CEE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0A6A87F2-FFC5-802C-FF10-FB49FA61FE6D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Calobata guttata
status

 

1 Wing dark with three round hyaline spots on apical third ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 40–42 ); discal band sometimes dark with up to four hyaline spots ( Fig. 84 View FIGURES 82–85 )............................................................................................ 2

- Wing apex either entirely dark ( Fig. 86 View FIGURES 86–89 ) or clear ( Fig. 103 View FIGURES 103–105 ) or clear with a narrow preapical pigmentation ( Fig. 62 View FIGURES 62–65 ) or three preapical black spots ( Figs. 35 View FIGURES 33–36 , 43 View FIGURES 43–45 , 74 View FIGURES 74–75 ); discal band entirely dark................................................ 3

2 Paracephalon swollen and conical ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 40–42 ). Vertex flattened. Wing with discal band black, without hyaline spots............................ C. guttata (Walker)   . Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guiana, Surinam, Panama, Trinidad, Venezuela

- Paracephalon without swelling ( Fig. 82 View FIGURES 82–85 ). Vertex rounded. Wing with discal band dissected by four hyaline rounded spots................................................................................. C. secunda Hennig.   Ecuador

3 Wing apex entirely clear ( Fig. 103 View FIGURES 103–105 )..................................................... C. vitrata   n. sp. Ecuador

- Wing apex not as above, either entirely dark ( Fig. 86 View FIGURES 86–89 ) or clear with a narrow preapical pigmentation ( Fig. 62 View FIGURES 62–65 ) or three preapical black spots ( Figs. 35 View FIGURES 33–36 , 43 View FIGURES 43–45 , 74 View FIGURES 74–75 )............................................................................ 4

4 Clypeus long, length more than half of width in frontal view ( Fig. 90 View FIGURES 90–92 ). Fore tarsomeres 1–3 white (tarsomere one with brown pubescence basally), 4–5 covered with brown pubescence ( Figs. 28 View FIGURES 28–29 , 92 View FIGURES 90–92 ).......................................... 5

- Clypeus short, length less than half of width in frontal view. Fore tarsus not as above (either tarsomere one dark brown with gold/whitish ventral pubescence basally ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9–11 ) OR fore tarsomere one dark brown and 2–5 white ( Fig. 30 View FIGURES 30–32 ) OR fore tarsomere one white and 2–5 dark brown ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 24–27 )).................................................................. 6

5 Thorax brown. Paired spermathecal duct splitting into two convoluted stems marked by several long finger-like process ( Fig. 91 View FIGURES 90–92 ).............................................................................. C. spinosa   n. sp. Brazil

- Thorax black. Paired spermathecal duct splitting into two convoluted and broadened stems, without finger-like process ( Fig. 29 View FIGURES 28–29 )......................................................................... C. camptomera (Bigot)   . Brazil

6 Three frontal setae ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 2–4 ). Fore tarsomere one dark brown, tarsomeres 2–5 white.................................. 7

- Two frontal setae ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 12–15 ). Fore tarsomeres 2–5 dark brown................................................... 9

7 Scutellum upturned and peaked, slightly elongated at apex ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 2–4 )............ C. acuminata   n. sp. Colombia, Costa Rica

- Scutellum upturned and broadly triangular ( Figs. 30 View FIGURES 30–32 , 86 View FIGURES 86–89 )..................................................... 8

8 Paracephalon swollen, swelling rounded ( Fig. 30 View FIGURES 30–32 ). Abdominal pleural membrane dark brown, sometimes with rusty red regions. Yellowish species...................... C. cinnameus (Hennig)   . Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Peru

- Paracephalon smooth, without swelling. Abdominal pleural membrane black. Blackish species.............................................................................. C. setosa (Hennig)   . Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

9 Mid and hind tibiae flattened, sulcus on outer face strongly pronounced and curved ( Figs. 18 View FIGURES 16–19 , 48 View FIGURES 46–49 , 55 View FIGURES 55–58 , 97 View FIGURES 97–98 ). Blackish species...................................................................................................... 10

- Mid and hind tibiae slightly flattened, sulcus on outer face weak. Colour variable.................................. 13

10 Inner vertical setae insertions slightly protuberant ( Fig. 16 View FIGURES 16–19 , 46 View FIGURES 46–49 ). Wing apex clear with a dark and narrow preapical pigmentation................................................................................................ 11

- Inner vertical setae insertions flat. Wing apex darkened....................................................... 12

11 Paracephalon swollen ( Fig. 16 View FIGURES 16–19 ). Paired spermathecae flat, disc-shaped...... C. aspera   n. sp. Bolivia, Ecuador, Guiana, Peru

- Paracephalon without swelling ( Fig. 46 View FIGURES 46–49 ). Paired spermathecae spherical................................................................................................ C. lobulosa   n. sp. Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

12 Epicephalon black ( Fig. 55 View FIGURES 55–58 ). Ejaculatory apodeme large, blade wider than sperm pump.......................................... C. nigra Schiner.   Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela

- Epicephalon velvet brown ( Fig. 97 View FIGURES 97–98 ). Ejaculatory apodeme small, sperm pump wider than blade..... C. velutinosa   n. sp. Peru

13 Mid and hind tibia bicoloured, basal half dark brown and apical half yellowish ( Fig. 59 View FIGURES 59–61 ). Crossvein r-m clear, without dark spot........................................................................ C. peruana (Hennig)   . Bolivia, Peru

- Mid and hind tibia uniformly black, brown or yellowish. Crossvein r-m with small dark spot......................... 14

14 Paracephalon swollen ( Figs. 10 View FIGURES 9–11 , 24 View FIGURES 24–27 , 33 View FIGURES 33–36 , 72 View FIGURES 70–73 ) or slightly swollen ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 37–39 ), extending conically beyond the vertex........ 15

- Paracephalon without swelling, not extending conically beyond the vertex...................................... 19

15 Limits between paracephalon, epicephalon and vertex not distinguishable ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 37–39 ). Ocellar triangle displaced anteriorly (closer to anterior frons margin), vertex occupying more than half the length of the head.... C. erugata   n. sp. Ecuador, Peru

- Limits between paracephalon, epicephalon and vertex clearly distinguishable. Ocellar triangle centralized, vertex occupying no more than half the length of the head................................................................... 16

16 Inner vertical setae inserted in strong tubercles ( Fig. 33 View FIGURES 33–36 ). A1+CuA2 less than half as long as CuA2............................................................................... C. conifera Hendel.   Brazil, Colombia, Guiana, Paraguay

- Inner vertical seta insertion flat, without tubercle. A1+CuA2 as long as CuA2..................................... 17

17 Female cervical sclerite with a small nipple-like swelling in posterior half. Wing apex clear with three preapical black spots ( Fig. 72 View FIGURES 70–73 ). Black species...................................... C. podagrica Rondani.   Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru

- Female cervical sclerite smooth, without nipple-like swelling in posterior half. Wing apex clear with a dark and narrow preapical pigmentation. Yellowish to brown species, sometimes slightly rusty red....................................... 18

18 Swelling on paracephalon pointing dorsally ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9–11 ). Fore tarsomere one dark brown with gold/whitish ventral pubescence basally. Yellowish species............................................................ C. angularis   n. sp. Peru

- Swelling on paracephalon posteriorly pointed ( Figs. 24, 26 View FIGURES 24–27 ). Fore tarsomere one white, fore tarsomeres 2–5 dark brown. Brown, sometimes slightly rusty red species................... C. bulla   n. sp. Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

19 Vertex flattened, head depressed posteriorly ( Figs. 7 View FIGURES 5–8 , 68 View FIGURES 66–69 , 74 View FIGURES 74–75 , 93 View FIGURES 93–96 )................................................ 20

- Vertex rounded, head globose ( Figs. 14 View FIGURES 12–15 , 43 View FIGURES 43–45 , 50 View FIGURES 50–52 , 53 View FIGURES 53–54 , 64 View FIGURES 62–65 , 78 View FIGURES 76–79 , 80 View FIGURES 80–81 , 99 View FIGURES 99–102 )............................................. 24

20 Mid femur white in basal third. Black/dark brown species.................................................... 21

- Mid femur uniformly brown in basal third. Brown/yellowish species........................................... 22

21 Fore tarsomere one white, fore tarsomeres 2–5 dark brown. Wing apex clear with three preapical black spots. Phallic bulb subequal in length and width, almost spherical ( Fig. 96 View FIGURES 93–96 ).......... C. umbra   n. sp. French Guiana, Tobago, Trinidad, Venezuela

- Fore tarsomere one dark brown with gold/whitish ventral pubescence basally. Wing apex clear with a dark and narrow preapical pigmentation. Phallic bulb cylindrical, about three times as long as wide ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 20–23 ).......................................................... C. brevipennis (Walker)   . Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Venezuela

22 Epicephalon smooth, without wrinkles posterior to ocellar triangle ( Fig. 74 View FIGURES 74–75 ). Fore tarsomere one white, fore tarsomeres 2–5 dark brown. Wing apex clear with three preapical black spots....................... C. punctipennis (Macquart)   . Brazil

- Epicephalon wrinkled posterior to ocellar triangle ( Figs. 7 View FIGURES 5–8 , 68 View FIGURES 66–69 ). Fore tarsomere one dark brown with gold/whitish ventral pubescence basally. Wing apex clear with a dark and narrow preapical pigmentation............................... 23

23 Yellowish species. Paracephalon and epicephalon yellow ( Fig. 68 View FIGURES 66–69 ). Paired spermathecae cylindrical and thin ( Fig. 67 View FIGURES 66–69 ). Phallic bulb cylindrical, about three times as long as wide ( Fig. 69 View FIGURES 66–69 ).................................................................................................. C. planivertex   n. sp. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru

- Brownish species, head and abdomen usually rusty red. Paracephalon and epicephalon darkened ( Figs. 5, 7 View FIGURES 5–8 ). Paired spermathecae sac-like, tapered basally and apically swollen ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5–8 ). Phallic bulb subequal in length and width, almost spherical ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 5–8 )............................................................................. C. aeruginosa   n. sp. Ecuador

24 Inner vertical setae insertions with strong tubercles ( Fig. 50 View FIGURES 50–52 )................ C. modesta (Cresson)   . Colombia, Guatemala

- Inner vertical setae insertions flat, without tubercles........................................................ 25

25 Fore tarsomere one white, fore tarsomeres 2–5 dark brown................................................... 26

- Fore tarsomere one dark brown with gold/whitish ventral pubescence basally..................................... 27

26 Vertex brownish anterior to postocellar setae. Mid femur uniformly brown in basal third. Thorax brown....................................................................................... C. rotunda   n. sp. Colombia, Costa Rica

- Vertex with a rounded black spot anterior to postocellar setae ( Fig. 53 View FIGURES 53–54 ). Mid femur white in basal third. Thorax dark brown with blue metallic shine...................................................... C. nicaraguensis   n. sp. Nicaragua

27 Female cervical sclerite slightly swollen posteriorly. Mid and hind femur white basally, apical third with an angled whitish yellow ring ( Figs. 62, 64 View FIGURES 62–65 ).......................................... C. picina (Cresson)   . Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama

- Female cervical sclerite flat, without posterior swelling. Mid and hind femur with basal and apical third brown or yellow. 28

28 R4+5 and M1+2 ending separately in wing margin. Paired spermathecae cylindrical and strongly curved in middle ( Fig. 100 View FIGURES 99–102 )............................................................................. C. venezuelensis   n. sp. Venezuela

- R4+5 and M1+2 meeting at wing margin. Paired spermathecae spherical or sac-like (tapered basally and distally swollen).... 29

29 Epicephalon smooth and shiny, not depressed anterior to postocellar setae ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 12–15 ). Yellowish species, sometimes with abdomen darkened at least on T4–T6.......................................................................................... C. arthritica (Wiedemann)   . Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela

- Epicephalon somewhat wrinkled and depressed before postocellar setae ( Figs. 43 View FIGURES 43–45 , 80 View FIGURES 80–81 ). Brownish/ferruginous species with darkened regions on mesonotum and katepisternum........................................................ 30

30 Wing apex clear with three preapical black spots. Paired spermathecal duct stems with a preapical rounded swelling ( Fig. 44 View FIGURES 43–45 ).................................... C. harenosa (Cresson)   . Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guiana, Mexico, Panama

- Wing apex clear with a dark and narrow preapical band. Paired spermathecal duct stems very narrow in basal third, then expanded and convoluted ( Fig. 81 View FIGURES 80–81 )............................................... C. schildi (Cresson)   . Costa Rica

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Micropezidae

Genus

Calobata