Actinopus robustus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892 )

Miglio, Laura Tavares, Pérez-Miles, Fernando & Bonaldo, Alexandre B., 2020, Taxonomic Revision of the Spider Genus Actinopus Perty, 1833 (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Actinopodidae), Megataxa 2 (1), pp. 1-256 : 197-202

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/megataxa.2.1.1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5655679

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/0975136A-FF49-CE94-FF77-F971DA1B3B38

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Actinopus robustus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892 )
status

 

Actinopus robustus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892)

Figs 177–181 View FIGURE 177 View FIGURE 178 View FIGURE 179 View FIGURE 180 View FIGURE 181 , Map 11 View MAP 11

Pachyloscelis robustus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892: 93 , pl. 12, fig. 5 (♀ female syntypes, Veraguas, Panama, NHM and OUMNH; two syntypes deposited in Oxford examined).

Actinopus robustus ; F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897: 6; Quintero-Arias, 2005: 378, fig. 4–8, 14–15; Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006: 58, fig. 6a–d; World Spider Catalog, 2020.

Diagnosis. Males of Actinopus robustus are similar to those of A. palmar ( Fig. 189 View FIGURE 189 A–C) by the ATP superimposed with the embolus in prolateral view. Males differ from those of the wider tegulum, massive ATP, which is devoid of serrated area ( Fig. 181 View FIGURE 181 A–C). Females of A. robustus differ from all other species of the genus by the V-shaped spermathecae, with two long, clavate, divergent receptacles ( Fig. 181 D View FIGURE 181 ).

MALE (AMNH): Total length 14.5; Carapace, long 6.25; wide 6.12. Carapace anterior part tapering. Anterior eye row slightly procurved, posterior row recurved ( Fig. 177 B View FIGURE 177 ). Without bristles between all eyes and areas, all removed and with barely visible inserts. Sternum with six sigilla fused medially, two basal sigilla bigger and more demarcated than others ( Fig. 177 C View FIGURE 177 ). Rastellum protuberant, inverted V-shaped, hirsute, without spines apically ( Fig. 177 View FIGURE 177 E–F). Chelicerae with 23 denticles along prolateral row of teeth. Prolateral row with five megateeth and two denticles between three basal megateeth. Retrolateral row with seven megateeth ( Fig. 177 D View FIGURE 177 ). Patella and tibia III with distal crown of well developed thorns, in patella III, interrupted in the middle, and in tibia III, not interrupted in middle ( Fig. 178 View FIGURE 178 A–B). Patellae III and IV with spines on prolaterodorsal face ( Fig. 178 A, C View FIGURE 178 ). Tibia IV without spines on dorsal surface ( Fig. 178 D View FIGURE 178 ). Ventral pseudoscopulae occupying 30% of Tarsi I, 50% of II and 100% of III and IV. Pseudoscopula of tarsi I and II with setae spaced, forming diffuse group of bristles; On tarsi III and IV, compact. Carapace and chelicerae reddish brown; sternum, coxae, trochantera, femora, patellae Tibiae, metatarsi and tarsi yellowish brown; Palp and cymbium yellow-reddish brow and abdomen gray ( Fig. 177 A View FIGURE 177 ). Eyes: Diameters: PME 0.2, PLE 0.32, ALE 0.4, AME 0.32; MOQ: Length 1.12, front width 2.56, back width 2.44; Interdistances: PME–PME 1.52, PLE–PME 0.04, AME–AME 0.2, ALE–AME 0.56, ALE–PLE 0.52, AME–PME 0.48. Ocular area: OAL 4.62, OAW 3.5, and IF 2. Body: Clypeus: 0.25; Fovea: 2.62; Labium: long 1.25; wide 1; Chelicerae: long 2.5; wide 1.62; Sternum: long 4.12; wide 3.25. Abdomen: long 7.12; wide 5.37. Leg measurements: I: Fe 6.5/ Pa 2.87/ Ti 4/ Me 4.87/ Ta 2.62/ total 20.87. II: 6.25/ 2.75/ 3.87/ 4.87/ 2.87/ 20.62. III: 4.87/ 2.87/ 3.25/ 5.62/ 3.25/ 19.87. IV: 6.87/ 3.12/ 5.62/ 6/ 3.12/ 24.75. Formula 4123. Spination: I—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0, p0, r0; ti v0-2- 5, d0, p0, r0; Me v4-4-5, d0, p5-2-4, r1-3-5; ta v0-1-1, d0, p1-3-3, r3-7-13. II—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0, p0, r0; ti v0-0-3, d0, p0, r0-4-8; Me v3-2-4, d0, p1-1-1, r5-5-5; ta v0-1-3, d0, p1-4-4, r3-7-8. III—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d11-14-35, p1-2-3, r0-0-5; ti v0-0-3, d0-1-16, p0-0-1, r0- 0-5; Me v6-4-7, d2-1-0, p3-2-2, r4-3-6; ta v0, d0-0-2, p2- 6-7, r0-6-7; IV—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d20-19-11, p0- 1-3, r0; ti v0-0-2, d0, p0-2-1, r0; Me v2-4-6, d0, p0-0-3, r0-0-1; ta v0, d0, p3-8-6, r1-4-5. Palp: PA well developed, embolus without keels. ATP size 3/4 that of the embolus. BTA poorly developed, but visible in both in prolateral and retrolateral view; prolateral tegulum serrated next to base of next to base of embolus, embolus inserted at 30° angle on basal portion of copulatory bulb; embolar bases thin ( Fig. 181 View FIGURE 181 A–C).

FEMALE (OUMNH): Total length 23.62. 19.62; Carapace, long 7.5; wide 7.25. Carapace anterior part square and posterior part triangular. Anterior eye row procurved, posterior row slightly recurved. A lot of short bristles between AME-clypeus, one long bristle between PLE–ALE, short and long bristles between posterior eyes-fovea and short bristles between lateral eyes-edge of carapace ( Fig. 179 B View FIGURE 179 ). Sternum with six sigilla fused medially, two basal sigilla bigger and more demarcated than others ( Fig. 179 C View FIGURE 179 ). Rastellum protuberant, subquadrate, hirsute, with a row of short spines on the edge of rastellum and o lot of short spines covering the dorsal rastellum ( Fig. 179 View FIGURE 179 E–F). Chelicerae with denticles along prolateral row of teeth. Prolateral row with six megateeth and one tooth, between the second and third distal teeth. Retrolateral row with six megateeth and one tooth between the last basal megateeth ( Fig.179 D View FIGURE 179 ). Patella III with distal interrupted developed crown of thorns and tibia III with distal crown of thorns ( Fig. 180 View FIGURE 180 A–B). Patella III and IV with prolaterodorsal short spines along extension of article. Patella IV with those prolaterodorsal spines and another retrolaterodorsal restricted in the distal part of article ( Fig. 180 A, C View FIGURE 180 ). Tibia IV without spines and with long bristles on prolaterodorsal surface ( Fig. 180 D View FIGURE 180 ). Carapace, sternum, coxae, trochantera, femora, patellae, Tibia, metatarsi, tarsi and palp yellowish brown, chelicerae reddish brown and abdomen pale brown ( Fig. View FIGURE 179 179 A). 18 labial cuspules, 102 on right maxilla and 98 in left (Fig. 775). Eyes: Diameters: PME 0.24, PLE 0.4, ALE 0.4, AME 0.2; MOQ: Length 1.32, front width 3.28, back width 3.24; Interdistances: PME–PME 1.84, PLE–PME 0.16, AME–AME 0.32, ALE–AME 1.08,ALE–PLE 0.72, AME–PME 0.72. Ocular area: OAL 5.87, OAW 3.87, and IF 3.12. Body: Clypeus: 0.5; Fovea: 3.62; Labium: long 1.87; wide 1.62; Chelicerae: long 2.87; wide 2.5; Sternum: long 5.62; wide 4.37. Abdomen: long 11; wide 10.37. Leg measurements: I: Fe 4.25/ Pa 2.87/ Ti 2/ Me 2.12/ Ta 0.87/ total 12.12. II: 4.37/ 3/ 1.87/ 2.5/ 0.87/ 12.62. III: 4.12/ 3.37/ 1.12/ 2.62/ 1/ 12.25. IV: 5.12/ 3.75/ 2.87/ 3.75/ 1.62/ 17.12. Formula 4123. Spination: I—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0, p0, r0; ti v0-2-1, d0, p0- 0-2, r2-2-2; Me v1-1-2, d0, p5-6-4, r5-6-5; ta v0-1-2, d0, p1-3-2, r6-2-4. II—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0, p0, r0; ti v0, d0, p0, r0-6-6; Me v0-0-1, d0, p4-6-6, r6-5-5; ta v0-1-2, d0, p3-6-3, r3-2-3. III—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0-0-15, p0-0-7, r0-0-5; ti v0, d1-0-15, p0-0-3, r7-10-13; Me v0-0-4, d4-3-3, p3-1-0, r6-10-8; ta v7-12-13, d0-1-2, p0-3-3, r3-4-3; IV—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d16-17-7, p0, r0; ti v0, d0, p0, r0; Me v0-0-2, d0-0-1, p0-1-2, r0; ta v0-4-12, d0, p0-5-9, r0-0-4. Spermathecae: Represented by two seminal receptacles strongly fused to base, as long as wide, with short ducts. Spermathecae V-shaped, with two divergent receptacles. Pore field reaching base, distribution asymetrical ( Fig. 181 D View FIGURE 181 ).

VARIATION

FEMALES (n=2): Eyes: Diameters: PME 0.24–0.32, PLE 0.36–0.4, ALE 0.24–0.4, AME 0.2–0.48; MOQ: Length 1.2–1.32, front width 3.16–3.28, back width 3.2– 3.24; Interdistances: PME–PME 1.84–1.88, PLE–PME 0.16, AME–AME 0.28–0.32, ALE–AME 0.96–1.08, ALE–PLE 0.64–0.72, AME–PME 0.68–0.72. Ocular area: OAL 5.75–5.85, OAW 3.87–4.12, and IF 2.75–3.12. Body: Total length: 18–19.62; Carapace: long 7–7.5; wide 6.87–7.25; Clypeus: 0.5; Fovea: 3.37–3.62; Labium: long 1.87–2; wide 1.62; Chelicerae: long 2.87–4.12; wide 2.37– 2.5; Sternum: long 5–5.62; wide 4.12–4.37. Abdomen: long 9.62–11; wide 7.37–10.37. Leg measurements: I: Fe 4.12–4.25/ Pa 2.75–2.87/ Ti 1.87–2/ Me 2.12–2.5/ Ta 0.87–1.37/ total 12.12–12.62. II: 4.25–4.37/ 2.87–3/ 1.87/ 2.5–2.75/ 0.87–1.12/ 12.62–12.87. III: 4–4.12/ 3.25–3.37/ 1.12–1.37/ 2.62/ 1/ 12.25. IV: 5.12–5.25/ 3.5–3.75/ 2.87– 3.12/ 2.75–3.75/ 1.25–1.62/ 15.87–17.12. Formula 4123.

Examined material. PANAMA: Panama City: Ancón , [9º 03’ 10.14” N 79º 36’ 59.48” W], Canal Zone, 1♂, iii.1960, W. M. Lundy leg. ( AMNH) GoogleMaps .

Distribution. PANAMA. Panama: Veraguas, and Ancón ( Map 11 View MAP 11 ).

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Actinopodidae

Genus

Actinopus

Loc

Actinopus robustus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892 )

Miglio, Laura Tavares, Pérez-Miles, Fernando & Bonaldo, Alexandre B. 2020
2020
Loc

Pachyloscelis robustus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892: 93

Pickard-Cambridge, O. P. 1892: 93
1892