Actinopus azaghal, Miglio, Laura Tavares, Pérez-Miles, Fernando & Bonaldo, Alexandre B., 2020

Miglio, Laura Tavares, Pérez-Miles, Fernando & Bonaldo, Alexandre B., 2020, Taxonomic Revision of the Spider Genus Actinopus Perty, 1833 (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Actinopodidae), Megataxa 2 (1), pp. 1-256 : 161-167

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/megataxa.2.1.1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5655643

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/0975136A-FF2D-CEFB-FCD5-F8C0DA2D3AF3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Actinopus azaghal
status

sp. nov.

Actinopus azaghal sp. nov.

Figs 144–148 View FIGURE 144 View FIGURE 145 View FIGURE 146 View FIGURE 147 View FIGURE 148 , Map 8 View MAP 8

Type material. Holotype male from [15º 27’ S 55º 44’ W], Chapada dos Guimar„es, Mato Grosso, Brazil, 20– 30.xi.2000, C. Strussman leg. ( MCTP 11531 View Materials ). GoogleMaps Paratypes: BRAZIL. Mato Grosso: Cuiabá, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso ( UFMT), [15º 36’ 33”S 56º 03’ 49”W], 1♀, 04.vii.2014, M. Meneguzzi leg. ( CZUFMT-ARAC); GoogleMaps tijucal, [15º 37’ 58”S 56º 00’ 52”W], 1♂, 27.vii.2012, A. Moraes leg. ( CZUFMT-ARAC). GoogleMaps Minas Gerais: S„o Gonçalo do Rio Preto , Parque Estadual do Rio Preto ( PERP), 1♂, 25.x.2010, J. P. L. Guadanucci leg. (CAD 332); GoogleMaps 20–25.xi.2010, W. F. Silva leg. ( CAD 265); GoogleMaps x.2011, A. H. Apolinario & J. P. L. Guadanucci leg. (CAD 613); GoogleMaps Diamantina, Parque Estadual do Biribiri, [18º 07’ 13.19” S 43º 34’ 47.69” W], 1♂, 24–29.ix.2012, A. H. Apolinario & J. P. L. Guadanucci leg. ( CAD 612); GoogleMaps [18º 14’ S 43º 36’ W], 1♂, x.2009, J. P. L. Guadanucci leg. (CAD 17); GoogleMaps v.2012 ( CAD 480); GoogleMaps S„o Paulo: Luiz Antônio, Estaç„o Ecológica de Jataí ( EEJ), [21º 36’ 54” S 47º 48’ 02” W], 1♂, 3–7.x.2009, A. G. Cristov „o leg. ( IBSP 161478 View Materials ); GoogleMaps Rio Grande do Sul: São Francisco de Paula, [29º 26’ S 50º 34’ W], Salto, 2♂, 30.viii.2002, G. M. Petersen leg. ( MCTP 13665 View Materials ). GoogleMaps

Etymology. Refers to Azaghal (as know as Deive Pazos), producer of a podcast called “Nerdcast”, a Brazilian humorist that provide many hours of laughts, essential for the proper development of this work.

Diagnosis. Males of Actinopus azaghal resemble those of A. longipalpis ( Fig. 156 View FIGURE 156 A–C), A. tutu ( Fig. 143 View FIGURE 143 A–C), A. pindapoy ( Fig. 159 View FIGURE 159 A–C) and A. itacolomi ( Fig. 153 View FIGURE 153 A–C) by the presence of three keels in prolateral view of embolus, small total length, and inconspicuous patterns of coloration on legs and palp, when present. They resemble those of A. tutu by PA continuous to PAc and a small serrated area only on proximal part of embolus. They differ from those of those of A. itacolomi by the thinner embolus and swelling above PA absent. A. azaghal is very similar to A. tutu , but differs by BTA dorsally displaced in the prolateral tegulum and more pronounced PA. Also differ from A. argenteus ( Ríos-Tamayo & Goloboff, 2018, fig. 10 G–I) by BTA dorsally displaced, and PS reaching less than half of width of embolus.

MALE (MCTP 11531): Total length 13.62; Carapace, long 5.5; wide 5.37. Carapace rounded. Anterior eye row slightly procurved, posterior row recurved ( Fig. 144 B View FIGURE 144 ). With few and sparse short bristles between AME-clypeus, between ALE–ALP, between posterior eyes-fovea and lateral eyes-edge of carapace. Sternum with eight sigilla fused medially, two distal sigilla more fused than others ( Fig. 144 C View FIGURE 144 ). Rastellum protuberant, inverted V-shaped, hirsute, without spines apically ( Fig. 144 View FIGURE 144 E–F). Chelicerae with 13 denticles along prolateral row of teeth. Prolateral row with five megateeth and fou teeth on basal portion. Retrolateral row with five megateeth and two denticles, between the three basal megateeth ( Fig. 144 D View FIGURE 144 ). Patella and tibia III with distal crown of well-developed thorns, on patella III interrupted in middle and on tibia III not interrupted in middle ( Fig. 145 View FIGURE 145 A–B). Patellae III and IV with spines on prolaterodorsal face ( Fig. 145 A, C View FIGURE 145 ). Tibia IV without spines on dorsal surface ( Fig. 145 D View FIGURE 145 ). Ventral pseudoscopulae occupying 30% of tarsus I, 50% of II and 100% of III and IV. Pseudoscopula of tarsi I and II with setae spaced, forming diffuse group of bristles; On tarsi III and IV, compact. Carapace, chelicerae, sternum, coxae, trochantera, femora, patellae, tibiae, metatarsi and tarsi dark brown; tibia of pall yellowish-dark-brown, paler than other articles. Abdomen pale bluish-gray with many small spots of unpigmentation ( Fig. 144 A View FIGURE 144 ). Diameters: PME 0.12, PLE 0.16, ALE 0.36, AME 0.32; MOQ: Length 0.88, front width 2.56, back width 2.28; Interdistances: PME–PME 1.6, PLE–PME 0.12, AME–AME 0.2, ALE–AME 0.68, ALE–PLE 0.48, AME–PME 0.52. Ocular area: OAL 3.87, OAW 3.12, and IF 2.37. Body: Clypeus: 0.25; Fovea: 1.87; Labium: long 1.12; wide 1; Chelicerae: long 2.75; wide 1.62; Sternum: long 3.62; wide 2.5. Abdomen: long 5.62; wide 3.75. Leg measurements: I: Fe 5.5/ Pa 2.5/ Ti 3.25/ Me 4.12/ Ta 2.12/ total 17.5. II: 5.12/ 2.5/ 2.5/ 4.25/ 2.37/ 16.75. III: 4/ 2.37/ 2.5/ 3.75/ 2.75/ 15.37. IV: 5.87/ 2.5/ 4.75/ 4.87/ 2.87/ 20.87. Formula 4123. Spination: I—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0, p0, r0; ti v1-1-3, d0, p0-0-1, r0; Me v3-4-4, d0, p1-2-2, r1-0-2; ta v0, d0, p0-0-2, r0. II—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0, p0, r0; ti v2-1-3, d0, p0, r1-1-2; Me v3-4-4, d0, p0-0-2, r0; ta v1-0-2, d0, p0-2-2, r0. III—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d3-7-18, p0, r0-0-2; ti v0, d1-0-11, p0-0-2, r0-1-4; Me v0-3-4, d0-0-2, p1-0-1, r1-1-2; ta v0, d0, p1- 0-3, r0-0-2; IV—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d13-10-3, p0, r0; ti v0-0-2, d0, p0, r0; Me v2-2-3, d0, p0-0-1, r0-0-1; ta v0, d0, p0-0-5, r0-0-2. Palp: PA well developed. Embolus with three keels (PAc, PI and PS); Prolateral tegulum with three cups next to the base of the embolus; PA continuous to PI; Embolar bases thin ( Fig. 148 View FIGURE 148 A–C).

FEMALE (CZUFMT-ARAC): Total length 21.66; Carapace, long 9.16; wide 8.33. Carapace anterior part square and posterior part triangular. Anterior eye row procurved, posterior row slightly recurved ( Fig. 146 B View FIGURE 146 ). Many short and long bristles between AME-clypeus, one long bristle between PLE–ALE, many long bristles between posterior eyes-fovea and long bristles between lateral eyes-edge of carapace. Sternum with eight sigilla fused medially, two distal sigilla more fused to each other than others ( Fig. 146 C View FIGURE 146 ). Rastellum protuberant, subquadrate, hirsute, with a row of short spines on the edge of rastellum and o lot of short spines covering the dorsal rastellum ( Fig. 146 View FIGURE 146 E–F). Chelicerae with fourteen denticles between prolateral and retrolateral row of teeth. Prolateral row with five megateeth and two teeth between the three basal megateeth. Retrolateral row with five megateeth and two basal teeth ( Fig. 146 D View FIGURE 146 ). Patella III with distal interrupted crown of thorns and tibiae III with distal developed crown of thorns ( Fig. 147 View FIGURE 147 A–B). Patella IV with prolaterodorsal short spines along extension of article, these spines are more numerous on basal portion ( Fig. 147 C View FIGURE 147 ). Tibia IV without spines and with long bristles on prolaterodorsal surface ( Fig. 147 D View FIGURE 147 ). Carapace and chelicerae pale brown; sternum, coxae, trochantera, femora, patellae, tibiae, metatarsi, tarsi and palp yellowish brown; Abdomen pale gray ( Fig. 146 A View FIGURE 146 ). 24 labial cuspules, 98 on right maxilla and 107 on left. Eyes: Diameters: PME 0.48, PLE 0.4, ALE 0.44, AME 0.24; MOQ: Length 1.32, front width 3.68, back width 3.6; Interdistances: PME–PME 2.08, PLE–PME 2.4, AME–AME 0.44, ALE–AME 1.24, ALE–PLE 0.72, AME–PME 0.72. Ocular area: OAL 6.81, OAW 4.87, and IF 3. Body: Clypeus: 0.32; Fovea: 4; Labium: long 1.81; wide 1.75; Chelicerae: long 4.62; wide 3.25; Sternum: long 5.87; wide 4.87. Abdomen: long 10; wide 8.66. Leg measurements: I: Fe 3.16/ Pa 3.33/ Ti 2.16/ Me 3/ Ta 1.5/ total 13.16. II: 5/ 3.33/ 2.16/ 3.16/ 1.33/ 15. III: 3.66/ 3.83/ 1.33/ 3.33/ 1.16/ 13.33. IV: 6.16/ 4/ 3/ 3.83/ 1.16/ 18.16. Spination: I—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0, p0, r0; ti v3- 4-7, d0, p0-0-3, r5-8-5; Me v2-3-4, d0, p4-6-7, r4-12-8; ta v0-4-1, d0, p3-4-2, r3-3-1. II—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0, p0, r0; ti v0-3-4, d0, p0, r6-12-07; Me v0-3-4, d0, p1- 7-11, r5-20-9; ta v2-3-4, d0, p4-8-2, r5-4-2. III—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d0-0-18, p0-0-2, r0-1-5; ti v0, d1-0-16, p0-0-3, r5-8-5; Me v0-0-2, d5-6-4, p0, r0-8-6; ta v11-12- 31, d1-6-9, p0-2-5, r1-4-4; IV—Fe v0, d0, p0, r0; Pa v0, d18-18-8, p0, r0; ti v0, d0, p0, r0; Me v0-0-3, d0-0-1, p0- 1-3, r0; ta v5-11-18, d0, p2-5-10, r0-1-3. Spermathecae: Represented by two seminal receptacles weakly fused to base, longer than wide, with short duct. Receptacle with one single lobe. Pore distribution reaching 80% of the length of each receptacle; receptacles base without pores. Lateral swelling absent ( Fig. 148 D View FIGURE 148 ).

Distribution. BRAZIL. Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimar„es; Rio Grande do Sul: S„o Francisco de Paula; s„o Paulo: Luiz Antônio; and Minas Gerais: S„o Gonçalo do Rio Preto ( Map 8 View MAP 8 ).

UFMT

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Actinopodidae

Genus

Actinopus