Tenuipalpidae,

Çobanoğlu, Sultan, Ueckermann, Edward Albert & Sağlam, Hayriye Didem, 2016, The Tenuipalpidae of Turkey, with a key to species (Acari: Trombidiformes), Zootaxa 4097 (2), pp. 151-186: 183-184

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4097.2.1

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2C64247D-BC56-4E29-95CE-78D8EA365118

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/046B87D1-BA76-FF85-FF48-85D4BC9EFC69

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Plazi

scientific name

Tenuipalpidae
status

 

Key to the Tenuipalpidae  of Turkey (based on adult females)

1. Dorsal opisthosoma with any of setae c 2, d 2, e 2 present ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1 – 2)................................................. 2

- Dorsal opisthosoma with all setae c 2, d 2, e 2 absent ( Fig. 45).................................................. 20

2. Four pairs of legs present (n.b. some spp. of Phytoptipalpus  have three pairs of legs); eyes present; dorsal opisthosomal setae f 2 present or absent...................................................................................... 3

- Three pairs of legs present; eyes absent; dorsal opisthosomal setae f 2 absent......... Raoiellana allium Baker & Tuttle 1972 

3. Dorsal opisthosoma with two or more pairs of setae c 2, d 2, e 2, f 2 present; ventral and genital shields not developed to weakly developed; ventral shield not framed by distinct striae ( Fig. 3); palp 4–5 -segmented................................ 10

- Dorsal opisthosoma with setae c 2 present and setae d 2, e 2 absent ( Fig. 52View FIGURES 52 – 55); setae f 2 present or absent; ventral and genital shields distinct and separate; ventral shield framed by distinct striae ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 46 – 48); palp 4 -segmented ... Cenopalpus Pritchard & Baker.  .............................................................................................. 4

4. Dorsum mainly covered with reticulations; palp tibia with 2 setae............................................... 5

- Dorsum striate; palp tibia with one seta..................................... C. lineola ( Canestrini & Fanzago 1876) 

5. Prodorsum with reticulations irregular, smooth to rugose centrally, prodorsal setae broadly lanceolate ( Fig. 71View FIGURE 71)........................................................................... C. bagdasariani ( Livshitz & Mitrofanov 1970) 

- Prodorsum with reticulations regular; prodorsal setae slender to narrowly lanceolate or broadly lanceolate to spatulate..... 6

6. Prodorsal setae narrowly lanceolate to slender............................................................... 7

- Prodorsal setae broadly lanceolate to spatulate............................................................... 9

7. Dorsal opisthosomal cuticle with distinct series of short transverse bands between setae d 1 -e 1; prodorsum with small irregular elements in reticulation; ventral cuticle between setae 4 a and ventral plate covered in small irregular reticulations; deutonymph with dorsal opisthosomal setae c 2 long (one of the longest dorsal setae).................... C. spinosus ( Donnadieu 1875) 

- Dorsal opisthosoma cuticle without distinct series of short transverse bands between setae d 1 -e 1; prodorsum with large regular elements in reticulation; ventral cuticle between setae 4 a and ventral plate with large regular reticulation, strongest laterally becoming weak to absent centrally (i.e. smooth centrally); deutonymph with dorsal opisthosomal setae c 2 minute ( Fig. 62)... 8

8. Deutonymph with dorsal opisthosomal setae f 2 long....................................... C. bakeri Düzgüneş 1967 

- Deutonymph with dorsal opisthosomal setae f 2 minute......................... C. pulcher ( Canestrini & Fanzago 1876) 

9. Setae v 2 shorter than v 2 -v 2; setae d 1 and e 1 narrowly lanceolate; deutonymph with dorsal opisthosomal setae h 2 as long as other lateral setae, and setae e 1 minute.............................................. C. lanceolatisetae Attiah 1956 

- Setae v 2 as long as or longer than v 2 -v 2; setae d 1 and e 1 broadly lanceolate; deutonymph with dorsal opisthosomal setae h 2 minute, and seta e 1 short......................................................... C. pritchardi Düzgüneş 1967 

10. Anterior margin of prodorsum with a forked medial projection, the prongs of the projection with acute apices; ventral and gen- ital shields not developed; setae ps 1–3 inserted in a triangular pattern; palp 4 -segmented with second segment nude and palp tarsus with single seta and solenidion.................................. Pseudoleptus zelihae Pritchard & Baker 1958 

- Anterior margin of prodorsum without acutely pointed forked projection, may have short notched anterior projection; ventral and genital shields weakly developed or not; palp 5 -segmented, with variable setation.............................. 11

11. Opisthosoma with 12–13 pairs of dorsal setae (setae f 2 commonly absent); setae e 2 and f 2 (when present) inserted along the lateral margin aligned with setae c 3, d 3, e 3, f 3, h 1, h 2 ................................ Pentamerismus  McGregor... 12

- Opisthosoma with 12–13 pairs of dorsal setae (setae f 2 rarely absent); setae e 2 and f 2 (when present) inserted in a sublateral position, aligned with setae c 2, d 2 ........................................................................ 14

12. Dorsal opisthosoma with setae f 2 absent; setae c 3, d 3, e 2, e 3, f 3, h 1, h 2 in lateral position; length of setae v 2 subequal to or lon- ger than sc 1; prodorsal and lateral opisthosomal setae variable in shape, from short slender to narrowly lanceolate........ 13

- Dorsal opisthosoma with setae f 2 present in lateral position aligned with setae c 3, d 3, e 2, d 3, f 3, h 1, h 2; prodorsum with setae v 2 subequal to sc 1; prodorsal and lateral opisthosomal setae broadly leaf-like, other opisthosomal setae minute and slender................................................................................... P. erythreus ( Ewing 1917) 

13. Opisthosoma with all dorsal setae short and slender........................................... P. taxi ( Haller 1877) 

- Opisthosoma with dorsolateral setae narrowly lanceolate, central setae minute............. P. oregonensis McGregor 1949 

14. Two pairs of pseudanal setae (ps 1–2) ( Fig. 34View FIGURES 34 – 36); prodorsum with patch of reticulation medially ( Fig. 32View FIGURES 32 – 33); dorsal setae broadly lanceolate and serrate................................................ Phytoptipalpus salicicola (Al Gboory 1987) 

- Three pairs of pseudanal setae (ps 1–3) ( Fig. 3); prodorsum sculpture variable; dorsal setae variable in shape ... Aegyptobia Sayed.  ............................................................................................. 15

15. Prodorsum striate; dorsal setae linear-lanceolate or broadly lanceolate........................................... 16

- Prodorsum rugose-reticulate; dorsal setae club-shaped, serrate ( Fig. 24)........... A. beglarovi Livshitz & Mitrofanov 1967 

16. Anterior margin of prodorsum with notched projection; dorsal setae lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, serrate............ 17

- Anterior margin of prodorsum rounded without projection or notch; setae in dorsal opisthosomal setal row C and D slender or lanceolate, other posterior opisthosomal setae broadly lanceolate, serrate...................... .. A. tragardhi Sayed 1950 

17. Anterior margin of prodorsum with projection deeply notched................................................. 18

- Anterior margin of prodorsum with projection shallowly notched; all dorsal setae lanceolate, serrate, with most lateral setae broadly lanceolate..................................................... A. mccormicki ( Baker & Pritchard 1953) 

18. Dorsal body setae narrowly lanceolate, serrate.............................................................. 19

- Dorsal body setae broadly lanceolate, serrate..................................... A. aletes ( Pritchard & Baker 1952) 

19. Palp tarsus with two eupathidia and a tactile seta; spermatheca a short tube ending in a round bulb ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 5 – 8).......................................................................................... A. cupressus Baker & Tuttle 1972 

- Palp tarsus with one eupathidium and two tactile setae; spermatheca a long, thin tube ending in an elongate oval bulb ( Fig. 4)

........................................................ A. juniperi  sp. nov. Ueckermann, Çobanoğlu & Sağlam 20. Setae h 2 long and flagellate, at least 4 x longer than other dorsal setae ( Fig. 82); dorsal opisthosoma with setae c 3, d 3, e 3, f 3, h 1, h 2 present; setae c 1, d 1, e 1, f 2 present or absent; idiosoma often narrowed behind leg IV ( Fig. 82); palp 1–3 -segmented ... Tenuipalpus Donnadieu.  ............................................................................. 21 - Setae h 2 not long and flagellate, but similar in length to other dorsal setae; dorsal opisthosoma with setae c 1, c 3, d 1, d 3, e 1, e 3, f 3, h 1, h 2 present (except d 1, e 1 absent in B. recki  ); setae f 2 present or absent; idiosoma does not. obviously narrow behind leg IV ( Fig. 45); palp 4 -segmented..................................................... Brevipalpus Donnadieu  ... 22

21. Venter with two pairs of setae 4 a ( Fig. 83View FIGURES 83 – 85); dorsal opisthosoma with c 1 present and d 1, e 1 absent ( Fig. 82); dorsum nearly smooth............................................................................. T. granati Sayed 1946 

- Venter with one pair of setae 4 a ( Fig. 90View FIGURES 90 – 92); dorsal opisthosoma with c 1, d 1, e 1 present ( Fig. 89); dorsum reticulate................................................................................... T. punicae Pritchard & Baker 1958 

22. Dorsal opisthosomal setae f 2 absent; dorsal opisthosoma with setae c 3, d 3, e 3, f 3, h 2 and h 1 present laterally............ 23

- Dorsal opisthosomal setae f 2 present; dorsal opisthosoma with setae c 3, d 3, e 3, f 2, f 3, h 2, h 1 present laterally........... 25

23. Tarsus II with a single solenidion distally.................................................................. 24

- Tarsus II with two solenidia distally........................................ B. phoenicis  sensu lato ( Geıjskes 1939)

24. Palp tarsus with one solenidion and two setae distally; deutonymph with setae sc 1, sc 2, f 3, h 1, h 2 setae largest, lanceolate and serrate; setae c 3, d 3, e 3 short; setae c 1, d 1, e 1 minute................................... B. obovatus Donnadıeu 1875 

- Palp tarsus with one solenidion and one seta distally; deutonymph with setae sc 2, c 3, f 3, h 1 and h 2 largest and serrate; setae v 2, c 1, d 1, e 1, e 3 minute.............................................................. B. obovoides DeLeon 1961 

25. Tarsus II with a single solenidion distally................................................................. 26

- Tarsus II with two solenidia distally................................................. B. californicus ( Banks 1904) 

26. Tip of infracapitulum elongate, extending to anterior margin of genu I; deutonymph with dorsal setae sc 2, c 3, f 3, h 1, or setae sc 1, sc 2, c 3, d 3 and f 3 the longest and broadly lanceolate..................................................... 27

- Infracapitulum not elongate, not extending beyond distal end of femur I; nymph with dorsal setae sc 2, c 3, f 2, f 3, h 1 and h 2 longest and broadly lanceolate, other dorsal opisthosomal setae short........................... B. lewisi McGregor 1949 

27. Trochanter III with one seta, trochanter IV without setae; deutonymph with setae sc 1, sc 2, c 3, d 3 and f 3 longest, broadly lanceolate and serrate; setae v 2, c 1, d 1, e 1, e 3, f 2, h 1, h 2 much shorter and serrate......... B. rotai Castagnoli & Pegazzano 1979 

- Trochanter III with two setae, trochanter IV with one seta; deutonymph with setae sc 2, c 3, d 3, e 3, f 3 and h 1 longest, broadly lanceolate and serrate; setae v 2, sc 1, c 1, d 1, e 1, f 2, h 2 much shorter and serrate................... B. olearius Sayed 1950