Synalpheus sanctithomae Coutière, 1909

Anker, Arthur, Pachelle, Paulo P. G., Grave, Sammy De & Hultgren, Kristin M., 2012, 3598, Zootaxa 3598 (1), pp. 1-96: 66

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3598.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74562879-7AB4-42D7-B894-09BFA4885324

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/041D87E9-9756-FFFD-FF7C-5ED6FCC9FAFB

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Synalpheus sanctithomae Coutière, 1909
status

 

Synalpheus sanctithomae Coutière, 1909  

Synalpheus sanctithomae Coutière 1909: 61   , fig. 35; Schmitt 1935: 151; Chace 1972: 104; Christoffersen 1979: 352, figs 29, 30; Gore 1981: 152; Westinga & Hoetjes 1981: 142; Dardeau 1984: 104; Abele & Kim 1986: 202, 220–221, figs d, e; Rodríguez 1986: 208, fig. 49; Christoffersen 1998: 363; Coelho et al. 2006: 53; Macdonald et al. 2006: 170; Hultgren et al. 2010: 251, pl. 5F.

Zuzalpheus sanctithomae   — Ríos & Duffy 2007: 62 View Cited Treatment , pl. 5.

Not Synalpheus sanctithomae   — Bezerra & Coelho 2006: 701 (= S. townsendi Coutière, 1909   ).

Material examined. Honduras: 1 male, OUMNH. ZC.2007-20-083, Utila, Honda, Little Bus Seamount, 16°04.470' N 086°54.821' W, rubble, possibly inside cryptic sponge, 15 m, coll. A. Anker, S. De Grave, 08.07.2007 [fcn H244*] GoogleMaps   .

Description. For description and illustrations see Coutière (1909) and Dardeau (1984); see also Ríos & Duffy (2007).

Size range. The single examined male is 3.0 mm cl; the largest known specimens of this species are 3.2 mm cl in “males” (non-ovigerous specimens) and 3.9 mm cl in ovigerous females (Hultgren et al. 2010).

Colour in life. Orange, sometimes with orange-tipped chelae; ovaries in females green to greenish-brown (Hultgren et al. 2010).

Type locality. St. Thomas   .

Distribution. Western Atlantic: Florida [Florida Keys]; Caribbean Sea: St. Thomas, Curaçao, Venezuela [Los Roques], Honduras [Utila]; Brazil: Pernambuco, Bahia, Atol das Rocas ( Coutière 1909; Christoffersen 1979, 1998; Dardeau 1984; Macdonald et al. 2006; Ríos & Duffy 2007; Hultgren et al. 2010; present study; see map in Fig. 52 View FIGURE 52 ).

Ecology. Shallow coral reefs; depth range 1–20 m; obligate sponge symbiont found in a range of different hosts, e.g., Hymeniacidon caerulea   (most common), Agelas cf. clathrodes   , Hyattella intestinalis   , and Xestospongia subtriangularis   (Macdonald et al. 2006; Ríos & Duffy 2007; Hultgren et al. 2010); typically in heterosexual pairs. A single record ( Rodríguez 1986) of S. sanctithomae   from the coral Agaricia agaricites   requires confirmation.

Remarks. The Utila specimen represents the first record of this apparently widespead but relatively uncommon species from Honduras. Bezerra & Coelho (2006) reported S. sanctithomae   from off Ceará, but their material was re-examined and found to be S. townsendi   .

ZC

Zoological Collection, University of Vienna

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Decapoda

Family

Alpheidae

Genus

Synalpheus

Loc

Synalpheus sanctithomae Coutière, 1909

Anker, Arthur, Pachelle, Paulo P. G., Grave, Sammy De & Hultgren, Kristin M. 2012
2012
Loc

Zuzalpheus sanctithomae

Rios, R. & Duffy, J. E. 2007: 62
2007
Loc

Synalpheus sanctithomae

Bezerra, L. E. A. & Coelho, P. A. 2006: 701
2006
Loc

Synalpheus sanctithomae Coutière 1909: 61

Coelho, P. A. & Almeida, A. O. de & Souza-Filho, J. F. de & Arruda Bezerra, L. E. & Giraldes, B. W. 2006: 53
Christoffersen, M. 1998: 363
Abele, L. G. & Kim, W. 1986: 202
Rodriguez, B. 1986: 208
Dardeau, M. R. 1984: 104
Gore, R. H. 1981: 152
Westinga, E. & Hoetjes, P. C. 1981: 142
Christoffersen, M. L. 1979: 352
Chace, F. A., Jr. 1972: 104
Schmitt, W. L. 1935: 151
Coutiere, H. 1909: 61
1909