Synalpheus fritzmuelleri Coutière, 1909, Coutiere, 1909

Anker, Arthur, Pachelle, Paulo P. G., Grave, Sammy De & Hultgren, Kristin M., 2012, 3598, Zootaxa 3598 (1), pp. 1-96: 41-44

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3598.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74562879-7AB4-42D7-B894-09BFA4885324

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/041D87E9-973F-FF90-FF7C-5E9EFAE4FE2D

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri Coutière, 1909
status

 

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri Coutière, 1909  

( Figs 26–28 View FIGURE 26 View FIGURE 27 View FIGURE 28 )

Synalpheus fritzmülleri Coutière 1909: 35   , fig. 18; Zimmer 1913: 382.

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri   — Verrill 1922: 97; Schmitt 1924b: 66; Schmitt 1930: 343; Schmitt 1935: 148; Schmitt 1936: 369; Stephensen 1950: 97, fig. 33; Williams 1965: 69, fig. 56; Chace 1966: 629; Goldberg 1971: 318, fig. 1; Chace 1972: 92; Coelho & Ramos 1972: 150; Ray 1974: 127, figs 105-110; Abele 1976: 273; Camp et al. 1977: 26; Gore et al. 1978: 225; Christoffersen 1979: 341; Carvacho 1979: 462; Holthuis et al. 1980: 30; Rodríguez 1980: 153; Felder 1982: 535; Williams 1984: 102, fig. 70a; Abele & Kim 1986: 203, 226–227, figs a–c; Manning & Chace 1990: 22; Duffy 1992: 131; Martínez- Iglesias et al. 1996: 35; Coelho-Santos & Coelho 1998: 76, fig. 17; Christoffersen 1998: 362; Frick et al. 2003: 9; McClure 2005: 175, fig. 38; Coelho et al. 2006: 52; Almeida et al. 2012: 18 View Cited Treatment .

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri fritzmuelleri   — Chace 1956: 147.

Synalpheus fritzmülleri elongatus Coutière 1909: 37   , fig. 19; Schmitt 1924a: 79; Pearse & Williams 1951: 143; Coelho & Ramos 1972: 150; Ray 1974: 131, figs 111–113; Williams 1984: 103, fig. 70b.

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri var. caribaea Verrill 1922: 98   , fig. 8, pl. 39, fig. 3a–c.

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri caribaea   — Williams 1984: 103.

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri var. carolinensis Verrill 1922: 99   , pl. 22, fig. 6, pl. 39, fig. 1–1d.

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri carolinensis   — Williams 1984: 103.

Material examined. Panama: 1 male, 1 ov. female, MNHN-IU-2010-4131   , Isla Grande, coral rocks, 0.5–1.5 m, coll. A. Anker, 21.04.2006 [fcn 06-393*]; 1 female, MNHN-IU-2010-4132   , Isla Grande, between village and Playa de la Punta, coral rocks, 1–1.5 m, coll. A. Anker, 04.09.2006 [fcn 06-441]; 1 ov. female, MNHN-IU-2010-4133   , Isla Grande, Playa de la Punta, 1–3 m, coral rocks, coll. A. Anker, J.A. Vera Caripe, J. Luque, 15.09.2007 [fcn 07- 258*]; 1 female, MNHN-IU-2010-4134   , Isla Grande, Playa de la Punta, coral rocks, 1–2 m, coll. A. Anker, C. Hurt, 06.10.2005 [fcn 05-045A]; 1 female, MNHN-IU-2010-4135, same collection data [fcn 05-046A]; 1 male, RMNH D54843 View Materials   , same collection data [fcn 05-047]; 3 males, 2 ov. females, OUMNH. ZC   . 2012-07-093, same collection data [fcn 05-048]; 2 males, 1 ov. female, UP   , same collection data [fcn 05-049]; 1 ov. female, UP   , same collection data [fcn 05-050A]; 1 male, OUMNH. ZC   . 2013-07-094, same collection data [fcn 05-051]; 1 ov. female, RMNH D54840 View Materials   , La Guaira, coral rocks, 1–2 m, coll. A. Anker, J.A. Baeza, 04.08.2007 [fcn 07-216*]; 2 males, OUMNH. ZC   . 2012-07-101, same collection data [fcn 07-221*]; 2 ov. females, UP   , Portobelo, coral rocks, 1–2 m, coll. A. Anker, J.A. Baeza, 04.08.2007 [fcn 07-228]; 1 female, 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC   . 2012-07-102, same collection data [fcn 07-233*]; 1 ov. female, UP   , Bocas del Toro   , Isla Colón, Puss Head, coral rubble, less than 1 m, coll. A. Anker et al., 10.08.2008 [fcn 08-290]; 2 males, 2 females, UP   , Bocas del Toro , coll. A. Anker et al. (shrimp taxonomy class), 08.2008 [fcn 11-080]; 1 male, 1 ov. female, RMNH D54841 View Materials   , Bocas del Toro   , Isla Colón, Puss Head, coral rubble, 0.5 m, coll. A. Anker et al. (shrimp taxonomy class), 10.08.2008 [fcn 08-291*, 08-292*]; 1 ov. female, UP   , Bocas del Toro   , Isla Colón, between Big Creek and Playa Bluff, coral rubble, 0.5–1 m, coll. A. Anker, 18.10.2005 [fcn 05-039A]; 1 female, MNHN-IU-2010-4136, Bocas del Toro   , Isla Colón, near Playa Wizard, coral rocks, 0.5–1.5 m, coll. A. Anker, 21.10.2005 [fcn 05-045B]; 1 male, OUMNH. ZC   . 2012-07-096, Bocas del Toro   , Isla Colón, Boca del Drago , coral rocks, 0.5–1 m, coll. A. Anker, 20.10.2005 [fcn 05-059]; 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC   .2012-07-095, Isla Grande, Playa de la Punta, coral rocks, 1–2 m, coll. A. Anker, C. Hurt, 06.10.2005 [fcn 05-056]   . Honduras: 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC   . 2012-07-137, Utila, 1605.458’N 08654.533’W, rubble, coll. A.Anker, S. De Grave, 03.07.2007 [fcn H095]; 1 male, OUMNH. ZC   .2012-07-136, Utila, 1605.458’N

08654.533’W, rubble, coll. A.Anker, S. De Grave, 03.07.2007 [fcn H092]; 1 female, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-135, Utila, 1605.458’N 08654.533’W, rubble, coll. A. Anker, S. De Grave, 03.07.2007 [fcn H097]. Mexico: 1 male, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-121, Gulf of Mexico, Arrecife Alacranes off Yucatan Peninsula , coral rubble, coll. J   .

Duarte-Gutiérrez, 08.2009 [fcn JD-038]. Aruba: 2 ov. females, 1 male, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-103/105, Baby Beach , coral rocks, 0.5–1 m, coll. A. Anker, 06.12.2003   [fcn 03-002, 03-003, 03-004]. Venezuela: 1 male, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-106, Morrocoy , coral rocks, 0.5–1 m, coll. A. Anker, 09.12.2003   [fcn 03-010, major cheliped missing]. Dominican Republic: 1 male, 2 ov. females, MNHN-IU-2010-4139, Bayahibe , coral rocks, 1–2 m, coll. A. Anker, 02- 03.01.2005   [fcn 05-034]; 1 ov. female, RMNH D54838 View Materials   , same collection data [fcn 05-043*]; 3 males, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-113   , same collection data [fcn 05-038]. St. Martin: 1 male, FLMNH UF 32379, Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Martin, sta. 50, Plage du Galion , under seagrass mats, less than 2 m, coll. A. Anker, J.F. Maréchal, 22.04.2012   [fcn BSTM-1397*]; 1 female, FLMNH UF 32348, Réserve Naturelle de Saint-Martin, sta. 47, Grande Caye , 0–3 m, coll. J.F. Maréchal et al., 20.04.2012   [fcn BSTM-1310*]; 1 ov. female, FLMNH UF m, coll. K. Hultgren, 21.10.2012   [fcn BR08-6605]. USA: 1 male, RMNH D54839 View Materials , Florida Keys, near Marathon , ocean side, 0.5–1 m, coll. A. Anker, A.L. Rhyne, 19.04.2004   [fcn 04-005]; 1 female, MNHN-IU-2010-4137, Florida Keys, Bahia Honda , ocean side, 0.5–1 m, coll. A. Anker, A.L. Rhyne, 18.04.2004   [fcn 04-009]; 1 male, 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-100, Fort Pierce , lagoon entrance, dock piles, coll. J.A. Baeza, coll. 10– 14.06.2007   [fcn 07-239]; 1 male, 1 ov. female, RMNH D54837 View Materials , Florida Keys, Bahia Honda State Park , ocean side, 1–1.5 m, under rocks, coll. A. Anker, A. Rhyne, C. Hurt, 25.09.2007   [fcn 07-293*]; 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC.2012- 07-098, Florida, Fort Pierce , 5–10 m, coll. J.A. Baeza, 2009 [fcn 11-079]; 2 males, MNHN-IU-2010-4138   , same collection data [fcn 11-073, 11-074]; 1 male, MZUSP 26394 View Materials , Florida, Key Biscane, from orange sponge, ~ 0.5 m, coll. A. Anker, 07.09.2008   [fcn 08-275*]. Bermuda: 2 males, NHM, coll. R. Gurney, no further collection data. Brazil: 2 males (1 dissected), 3 ov. females, 1 immature (not sexed), MNRJ 23333 View Materials , Atol das Rocas, Piscina de Maré in front of Farol Velho, calcareous algae, coll. F.B. Pitombo, R. Barroso , 21.12.2000   ; 2 males, 2 ov. females, MNRJ 23334 View Materials , Atol das Rocas, Piscina das Rocas , calcareous alga, coll. P.S. Young, P.C. Paiva, A.A. Aguiar, 26.10.2000   ; 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-099, Ceará, Fortaleza, Meireles beach, rocky intertidal, in rock crevices, low tide, coll. A. Anker, 28.08.2011   [fcn 11-083]; 1 female, MZUSP 26395 View Materials , Ceará, Pecém, among fouling growth, coll. UFC class, 25.05.2012   [fcn 12-044*]; 1 male, 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-111   , same collection data [12-045*]; 1 male, 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC.2012-07-133/134, Alagoas, Maceió, Ponta Verde , deep tide pool on partly exposed reef, in rock crevices, 0.5 m (at low tide), coll. A. Anker, P. Pachelle, 01.08.2012   [fcn 12-248, 12-250]; 1 ov. female, MZUSP 25249 View Materials , São Paulo, São Sebastião, Praia do Segredo , 23°49’40.8”S 45°25’22.3”W, snorkelling off rocky coast, coll. J.B. Mendonça, 14.02.2012 GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, MZUSP 23442 View Materials , Santa Catarina, Porto Belo, Ponta da Ensenada , 27°6’32.09”S 48°30’24.198”W, 2 m, coll. E. Thomsen, 04.05.2010 GoogleMaps   . Ascension Island: 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC.2008-11-0014, Comfortless Cove , 07°54.615’S 014°24.142’W, in coralline algal concretions, 2 m, coll. S. De Grave, H. Wilkins, 13.04.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ov. female, OUMNH. ZC.2008-11- 0035, Comfortless Cove , 07°54.615’S 014°24.142’W, Sabellaria   reef, in crevices, 1 m, coll. S. De Grave, H. Wilkens, 10.04.2008 GoogleMaps   .

Description. For description and illustrations see Coutière (1909) and Williams (1984); illustrations of a Brazilian (Atol das Rocas) specimen are provided in Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 .

Size range. Males, 3.0– 5.5 mm cl; females, 4.4–6.0 mm cl.

Colour in life. Background semitransparent with bluish-greenish tinge; body and walking legs speckled with chromatophores, appearing pinkish when contracted, intense red when expanded; major and minor chelae usually olive-greenish, sometimes bluish or blue-green, much darker distally, reddish chromatophores may be present, but only on the most proximal portion of the palm, fingertips bright orange; ovaries and freshly laid eggs pale brownish ( Figs 27 View FIGURE 27 , 28 View FIGURE 28 ).

Type locality. Marco , Florida   .

Distribution. Western and Central Atlantic: North Carolina to Florida; Gulf of Mexico: Florida to Texas and Mexico; Bermuda; Bahamas; Caribbean Sea: e.g., Yucatan, Honduras, Belize, Panama, Cuba, Jamaica, Dominican Republic, Venezuela, St. Martin, Barbados; Brazil: Ceará to Santa Catarina, Atol das Rocas and Arquipélago de São Pedro e São Paulo (St. Paul’s Rocks); Saint-Helena and Ascension Islands ( Coutière 1909; Chace 1966, 1972; Holthuis et al. 1980; Williams 1984; Manning & Chace 1990; Christoffersen 1998; present study; K. Hultgren, pers. obs.; see map in Fig. 51 View FIGURE 51 ); record from Thule, Greenland ( Stephensen 1950) probably based on a mislabeled specimen.

Ecology. Shallow reef and rocky habitats, depth range 0–51 m ( Williams 1984); in wide range of microhabitats on reefs and jetties, under rocks, in rock crevices, in clumps of coralline algae, amongst fouling mat, growth on mangrove roots, in wood perforated by shipworms ( Teredo   ), in crevices of sabellariid reefs ( Phragmatopoma lapidosa   ), zoanthids ( Zoanthus sociatus   ), bryzoans ( Schizoporella sp.   ), among colonies of Oculina arbuscula   and Gorgonia ventalina   ; among epibiotic growth on carapaces of sea turtles ( Frick et al. 2003); facultative symbiont of sponges, e.g., Ircinia campana   ( Schmitt 1936; Pearse & Willians 1951; McCloskey 1970; Knowlton 1970; Goldberg 1971; Reed et al. 1982); records of S. fritzmuelleri   from Callyspongia vaginalis ( Wass 1955)   require confirmation as they may refer to the closely related S. hemphilli   , a specialist of tube sponges (see below); typically in heterosexual pairs.

Remarks. Synalpheus fritzmuelleri   is presently believed to be a single, wide-ranging, morphologically either to typical S. frizmuelleri   or to S. fritzmuelleri elongatus   , the latter with a much longer scaphocerite ( Coutière 1909). However, both forms are present sympatrically in Panama, Florida, and Brazil (Ceará), and in some specimens, the distinction between the two forms becomes rather blurred. We also noted that in many specimens, the slight projection of the ventral margin of the walking leg dactylus, being one of the most important diagnostic feature of S. fritzmuelleri ( Coutière 1909)   , is rather faint and sometimes barely visible. A more thorough revision of S. fritzmuelleri   , including analyses of the barcoding gene COI, is desirable to investigate the morphological and genetic variability of S. fritzmuelleri   and confirm its status as a single species or not, as the case may be.

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

ZC

Zoological Collection, University of Vienna

UP

University of Papua and New Guinea

FLMNH

Florida Museum of Natural History

UF

Florida Museum of Natural History- Zoology, Paleontology and Paleobotany

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

UFC

Universidade Federal do Ceara, Departamento de Biologia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Decapoda

Family

Alpheidae

Genus

Synalpheus

Loc

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri Coutière, 1909

Anker, Arthur, Pachelle, Paulo P. G., Grave, Sammy De & Hultgren, Kristin M. 2012
2012
Loc

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri caribaea

Williams, A. B. 1984: 103
1984
Loc

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri carolinensis

Williams, A. B. 1984: 103
1984
Loc

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri fritzmuelleri

Chace, F. A., Jr. 1956: 147
1956
Loc

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri

Almeida, A. O. & Boehs, G. & Araujo-Silva, C. L. & Bezerra, L. E. A. 2012: 18
Coelho, P. A. & Almeida, A. O. de & Souza-Filho, J. F. de & Arruda Bezerra, L. E. & Giraldes, B. W. 2006: 52
McClure, M. 2005: 175
Frick, M. G. & Mason, P. A. & Williams, K. L. & Andrews, K. & Gerstung, H. 2003: 9
Coelho-Santos, M. A. & Coelho, P. A. 1998: 76
Christoffersen, M. 1998: 362
Duffy, J. E. 1992: 131
Manning, R. B. & Chace, F. A., Jr. 1990: 22
Abele, L. G. & Kim, W. 1986: 203
Williams, A. B. 1984: 102
Felder, D. L. 1982: 535
Holthuis, L. B. 1980: 30
Rodriguez, G. 1980: 153
Christoffersen, M. L. 1979: 341
Carvacho, A. 1979: 462
Gore, R. H. & Scotto, L. E. & Becker, L. J. 1978: 225
Camp, D. K. & Whiting, N. H. & Martin, R. 1977: 26
Abele, L. G. 1976: 273
Chace, F. A., Jr. 1972: 92
Coelho, P. A. & Ramos, M. A. 1972: 150
Chace, F. A., Jr. 1966: 629
Stephensen, K. 1950: 97
Schmitt, W. L. 1936: 369
Schmitt, W. L. 1935: 148
Schmitt, W. L. 1930: 343
Schmitt, W. L. 1924: 66
Verrill, A. E. 1922: 97
1922
Loc

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri var. caribaea

Verrill, A. E. 1922: 98
1922
Loc

Synalpheus fritzmuelleri var. carolinensis

Verrill, A. E. 1922: 99
1922
Loc

Synalpheus fritzmülleri Coutière 1909: 35

Zimmer, C. 1913: 382
Coutiere, H. 1909: 35
1909
Loc

Synalpheus fritzmülleri elongatus Coutière 1909: 37

Williams, A. B. 1984: 103
Coelho, P. A. & Ramos, M. A. 1972: 150
Pearse, A. S. & Williams, L. G. 1951: 143
Schmitt, W. L. 1924: 79
Coutiere, H. 1909: 37
1909