Lachnomyrmex

Feitosa, Rodrigo M. & Brandão, Carlos Roberto F., 2008, A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Zootaxa 1890, pp. 1-49: 8-11

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.184304

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FF87C1-FF95-D20C-FF79-C957FA7FAB51

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lachnomyrmex
status

 

Key to the identification of Lachnomyrmex   workers

(The SEM illustrations will help decide which entry should be followed and refers to the key couplet immediately above. After the taxonomic account, all species are illustrated using high definition pictures.)

1 a. First tergite of gaster with long (similar in length to antennal scape), flexuous hairs at least on anterior third, near the insertion of postpetiole; usually over entire surface............................................................. 2

1 b. First tergite of gaster entirely devoid of long hairs..................................................................................... 9

2 a. Metanotal groove obsolete, so that the dorsal outline of promesonotum continues to the propodeum in a slight declivity............................................................................................................................................. 3

2 b. Metanotal groove impressed, so that the dorsal outline of promesonotum continues to the propodeum in an abrupt declivity....................................................................................................................................... 4

3 a. Teeth of propodeal lobes wide dorsoventrally, in lateral view; petiolar node subtriangular; dorsum of postpetiole considerably convex and rugose; first tergite of gaster completely covered by long, flexuous hairs (continental Central America) ( Fig. 16 View FIGURE 16 ) ..................................................... L. scrobiculatus Wheeler, 1910  

3 b. Teeth of propodeal lobes narrow dorsoventrally, in lateral view; petiolar node dorsally flat; dorsum of postpetiole weakly convex and predominantly smooth; first tergite of gaster with about five long, sparse, flexuous hairs ( Guyana) ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 )................................................................................. L. platynodus   sp. n.

4 a. Larger species; mesosoma length (WL) ≥ 1.20mm ( Costa Rica and Colombia) ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ) ............................. .......................................................................................................... L. grandis Fernández & Baena, 1997  

4 b. Smaller species; mesosoma length (WL) <1.20mm ................................................................................... 5

5 a. Propodeal spines very well developed, at least twice longer than the distance between their basis; petiole extremely elongate, at least three times longer than broad in dorsal view ( Colombia) ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 ).................... ..................................................................................................... L. longinodus Fernández & Baena, 1997  

5 b. Propodeal spines less than twice longer than the distance between their basis; petiole shorter, less than three times long than broad in dorsal view.................................................................................................. 6

6 a. Mesosoma covered by thick and somewhat continuous rugae, transverse on anterior portion of pronotum, grading to longitudinal on rest of promesonotum and propodeum; in lateral view, promesonotum moderately convex, only slightly above the level of propodeum.......................................................................... 7

6 b. Mesosoma covered by finer and shorter rugae; in lateral view, promesonotum strongly convex, well above the level of propodeum............................................................................................................................... 8

7 a. Petiolar node relatively low, weakly raised dorsally; first tergite of gaster rather opaque and completely covered by long, flexuous hairs ( Colombia) ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 ).................................................... L. fernandezi   sp. n.

7 b. Petiolar node relatively high, subtriangular; first tergite of gaster strongly shining and with long, flexuous hairs only on the anterior third, near the insertion of postpetiole ( Panama) ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 )....... L. mackayi   sp. n.

8 a. Vertexal margin of head virtually flat and relatively broad (LC ≥ 0.73mm); mesosoma length (WL) ≥ 0.90mm; metanotal groove relatively shallow and broadly impressed, without a distinct posterior limit, so that dorsal face of propodeum forms a separate plane relative to convex promesonotum ( Costa Rica) ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 )........................................................................................................................................ L. laticeps   sp. n.

8 b. Vertexal margin of head convex and shorter (LC <0.73mm); mesosoma length (WL) <0.90mm; metanotal groove narrow and deeply impressed ( Trinidad and central-northern South America) (Fig. 12) ............ ................................................................................................................................. L. pilosus Weber, 1950  

9 a. Head and mesosoma covered by continuous rugae, transverse on anterior portion of pronotum, grading to longitudinal on rest of promesonotum and propodeum; dorsum of postpetiole mostly smooth and with a raised boss medially; subpostpetiolar process usually well developed.................................................... 10

9 b. Head and mesosoma covered by irregular short rugae; dorsum of postpetiole mostly sculptured and without a raised boss medially; subpostpetiolar process absent or weakly developed.................................... 11

10 a. Cephalic dorsum with dense, subparallel rugae; compound eyes relatively large (EL> 0.15mm), with about 10 facets at maximum diameter; mesosoma length (WL) ≥ 0.85mm; dorsum of postpetiole entirely smooth and shining; gaster much darker than the rest of body ( Costa Rica) ( Fig. 15 View FIGURE 15 ) ... L. regularis   sp. n.

10 b. Cephalic dorsum with rather sparser, vermiculate rugae; compound eyes smaller (EL ≤ 0.15mm), with about 7 facets at maximum diameter; mesosoma length (WL) <0.85mm; dorsum of postpetiole with short and weak rugulation; gaster slightly darker than the rest of body ( Costa Rica and Panama) ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 ) .......... ................................................................................................................................ L. haskinsi Smith, 1944  

11 a. Metanotal groove deeply impressed, so that the dorsal outline of promesonotum reaches the propodeum in an abrupt angle in profile; propodeal spines relatively thin ( Venezuela) ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 ) ........... L. lattkei   sp. n.

11 b. Metanotal groove shallowly impressed or obsolete, so that the dorsal outline of promesonotum reaches the propodeum in a slight declivity in profile; propodeal spines with wider bases................................... 12

12 a. Mesosoma sparsely rugose; in lateral view, promesonotum relatively low, only slightly above the level of propodeum; apex of propodeal spines curved downwards (northern Argentina and southeastern Brazil) ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 ) ...................................................................................................... L. plaumanni Borgmeier, 1957  

12 b. Mesosoma more densely rugose; in lateral view, promesonotum higher, well above the level of propodeum; apex of propodeal spines straight to curved upwards..................................................................... 13

13 a. Teeth of propodeal lobes well developed and strongly projected over petiolar peduncle; dorsum of postpetiole strongly convex and densely rugose ( Costa Rica and Panama) ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 ) .............. L. longinoi   sp. n.

13 b. Teeth of propodeal lobes reduced, not strongly projected over petiolar peduncle; dorsum of postpetiole weakly convex and more sparsely rugose................................................................................................. 14

14 a. Dorsum of postpetiole with less than 10 long flexuous hairs, usually six (northeastern Brazil) ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 ) .. ..................................................................................................................................... L. nordestinus   sp. n.

14 b. Dorsum of postpetiole with 10 or more long flexuous hairs................................................................... 15

15 a. Promesonotum strongly compact and elevated; apex of propodeal spines slightly directed upwards; dorsum of postpetiole with much more than 10 long, flexuous hairs (Amazonian Brazil) ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ) ................... .................................................................................................................................... L. amazonicus   sp. n.

15 b. Promesonotum somewhat more elongate; propodeal spines straight; dorsum of postpetiole with about 10 long, flexuous hairs (southeastern Brazil to state of Bahia) ( Fig. 17 View FIGURE 17 ) ................................. L. victori   sp. n.