Phormosoma bursarium A. Agassiz 1881

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 25

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FFBF-FFC4-FF57-FF49FBE6FCFB

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Phormosoma bursarium A. Agassiz 1881
status

 

Phormosoma bursarium A. Agassiz 1881  

Fig. 22 View FIGURE 22 A –C.

Phormosoma bursarium: A. Agassiz, 1881: 99   . Pl. X, Fig. b; Alcock & Anderson, 1984: 192; H.L. Clark, 1924: 3; H.L. Clark, 1925a: 54; Mortensen, 1935: 135 –141. Pl. II, Fig. 20 View FIGURE 20 . Pl. III, Figs 1–2 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 . Pl. LXXIV, Figs 11–15 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 View FIGURE 13 View FIGURE 14 View FIGURE 15 ; A.M. Clark, 1977: 136; Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976: 221; Schultz, 2011: 1071, Figs 1865–1868.

Material examined. A22124; A22219; A22248; A22251.

Identification. Oral side slightly arced, aboral side distinctively low-hemispherical. Tubercles and associated areoles particularly large and conspicuous. Primary spines coarse, upper ones being more or less distinctively curved.

Global maximum size. Maximum test diameter 128 mm.

Global distribution. East coast region of South Africa and Arabian Sea to Japan, Hawaii and New Zealand; at 170 – 2340 m depth ( Mortensen 1935; Schultz 2011).

Remarks. Species shows variation in many characters, such as number of tubercles orally and aborally and arrangements of tubercles, which may be limited to distal parts, or extend to apex.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Echinothurioida

Family

Phormosomatidae

Genus

Phormosoma

Loc

Phormosoma bursarium A. Agassiz 1881

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Phormosoma bursarium: A. Agassiz, 1881 : 99

Schultz 2011: 1071
Clark 1977: 136
Clark 1976: 221
Mortensen 1935: 135
Clark 1925: 54
Clark 1924: 3
Agassiz 1881: 99
1881