Plococidaris verticillata ( Lamarck, 1816 ), Lamarck, 1816

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 19-20

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FFB5-FFCF-FF57-FD4CFDDCFEEE

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Plococidaris verticillata ( Lamarck, 1816 )
status

 

* Plococidaris verticillata ( Lamarck, 1816)  

Fig. 15 View FIGURE 15 A –C.

Phyllacanthus verticillata: A. Agassiz, 1881: 40   .

Plococidaris verticillata: Mortensen, 1928a: 428   –433. Pl. LI, Figs 3–7 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 . Pl. LXXIV, Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 . Pl. LXXXIII, Figs 19–21 View FIGURE 19 View FIGURE 20 View FIGURE 21 ; Schultz, 2010: 50, Figs 88–92; Filander & Griffiths, 2014: 51. Pl. I, Fig. F.

Prionocidaris verticillata: H.L. Clark, 1925a: 17   ; Richmond, 1997: 294; Samyn, 2003: 200, Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 E, E’.

Material examined. SAMC-A28236.

Identification. Test robust, low and flattened above and below, with arched sides; pores not distinctively conjugate. Apical disc star-shaped, dark, ocular and genital plates with a series of tubercles along the outer and inner edge. Peristome conically raised. Primary spines with three to four crown-like structures, with sharp ends; scrobicular spines adpressed. Generally green/brownish in color, primary spines somewhat banded, whorls having white tips; secondary spines greenish with a light brown base.

Global maximum size. Maximum test diameter 40 mm.

Global distribution. Kenya (Samyn 2003), Zanzibar, East coast of South Africa ( Filander & Griffiths 2014), East Africa to Fiji and Hawaiian Islands, from southern Japan to Australian east coast; from littoral to 50 m ( Schultz 2010).

Remarks. Distinguishable from Acanthocidaris maculicollis   by its stout spines, bearing 3–4 crown structures, and its conically raised peristome.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Cidaroida

Family

Cidaridae

Genus

Plococidaris

Loc

Plococidaris verticillata ( Lamarck, 1816 )

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Plococidaris verticillata: Mortensen, 1928a : 428

Filander 2014: 51
Schultz 2010: 50
Mortensen 1928: 428
1928
Loc

Prionocidaris verticillata:

Richmond 1997: 294
Clark 1925: 17
1925
Loc

Phyllacanthus verticillata:

Agassiz 1881: 40
1881