Brissopsis lyrifera capensis Mortensen, 1907

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 57

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FF9F-FFE4-FF57-FEB2FC3AF88F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Brissopsis lyrifera capensis Mortensen, 1907
status

 

Brissopsis lyrifera capensis Mortensen, 1907  

Fig. 65 View FIGURE 65 A –D.

Brissopsis lyrifera: A. Agassiz, 1881: 189   ; Bell, 1904: 175; Döderlein, 1906: 256 –258. Pl. XXXIV, Figs 4–8 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 , Pl. XLIX, Figs 1– 2 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 ; H.L. Clark, 1923: 401; H.L. Clark, 1924: 12 –13; H.L. Clark, 1925a: 213 –214; Mortensen, 1951: 387 –389. Pls. XXX, Figs. 1–4 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 , 7–13 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 View FIGURE 9 View FIGURE 10 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 View FIGURE 13 , Pl. XXXII, Figs 15 View FIGURE 15 , 20 View FIGURE 20 , 22 View FIGURE 22 ; Pl. LVII, Fig. 15 View FIGURE 15 ; Schultz, 2010: 381, Figs 720–721. Brissopsis lyrifera var capensis: Döderlein, 1910: 248   .

Brissopsis lyrifera capensis: Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976: 249   .

Material examined. MBC-A077919; MBC-A077927; MBC-A077910; MBC-A077917; MBC-A077928; MBC- A077923; MBC-A077932; MBC-A077915; MBC-A077914; MBC-A077924; MBC-A077916; MBC-A077930; MBC-A077921; MBC-A077926; MBC-A 022334; MBC-A 022335; MBC-A 022337; MBC-A 022338; MBC- A 022339; MBC-A 022347; MBC-A023305; MBC-A027735; MBC-A077922; MBC-A077912; MBC-A077921; MBC-A077925; MBC-A077918; MBC-A077913; MBC-A077913; MBC-A077911; A23073; A23087; MBC- A077929; MBC-A077931; A23083.

Identification. Test heart-shaped; petals straight and divergent. Petals with reduced inner pores. Anterior ambulacrum with differentiated pores, associated with tube feet. Apical disc ethmolytic, with four gonopores. Peripetalous and bilobed subanal fascioles present; apical disc being sub-central; sternal plates tuberculated.

Global maximum size. Maximum test length 70 mm.

Global distribution. Eastern Atlantic from Norway to Iceland, along European coasts of Mediterranean and southward to Canary Islands and West Africa ( Mortensen, 1951; Schultz 2010) at 5–1400 m ( Döderlein 1910; Mortensen 1951; Schultz 2010), West and East coast regions of South Africa,

Remarks. Samples identified through this study extend previously known distribution eastwards towards Richards Bay and Sodwana Bay. According to Mortensen (1951) there are variations in the size of the posterior petals amongst South African and Atlantic-Mediterranean species. Thus B. lyrifera ( Forbes 1841)   was separated into two subspecies B. lyrifera capensis   (South African subspecies) and B. lyrifera lyrifera   (Atlantic- Mediterranean subspecies), Furthermore, B. lyrifera capensis   has pedicellariae densely packed in the posterior ambulacrum and around the peristome, seldom on the aboral side; whereas pedicellariae are found on the aboral side in the midline of the interambulacrum, in the case of B. lyrifera lyrifera   .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Spatangoida

Family

Brissidae

Genus

Brissopsis

Loc

Brissopsis lyrifera capensis Mortensen, 1907

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Brissopsis lyrifera capensis: Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 : 249

Clark 1976: 249
1976
Loc

Brissopsis lyrifera:

Schultz 2010: 381
Mortensen 1951: 387
Clark 1925: 213
Clark 1924: 12
Clark 1923: 401
Doderlein 1910: 248
Doderlein 1906: 256
Bell 1904: 175
Agassiz 1881: 189
1881