Echinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 59

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FF9D-FFE6-FF57-FA9EFE28F88F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Echinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907
status

 

Echinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907  

Fig. 68 View FIGURE 68 A –D.

Echinocardium flavescens: A. Agassiz, 1881: 175   ; Bell, 1904: 174.

Echinocardium capense: Döderlein, 1910:248   ; H.L. Clark, 1923: 405. Pl. XIII; H.L Clark, 1924: 15; H.L. Clark, 1925a: 232; Schultz, 2010: 416, Fig. 785.

Material examined. MBC-A 022294; MBC-A 022303; MBC-A027879.

Identification. Test oval, with short spines. Apical disc somewhat sunken, saddle-like in appearance. Anterior aboral ambulacra flushed; petals not widened at short internal fasciole, parallel. Anal fasciole and subanal fasciole joined. Preserved specimen brown.

Global maximum size. Maximum test length 50 mm.

Global distribution. Endemic to West and South coasts of South Africa, at 55–310 m depth ( Döderlein 1910; Clark & Courtman-Stock 1976).

Remarks. According to David & Laurin (1996), this species has been synonymized with the Mediterranean E. mortenseni   and the Japanese E. lymani   , however, Mironov (2006) has suggested that more information on pedicellarial variation amongst these species is needed before such conclusions are confirmed. We thus retain it for the present as a valid species.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Spatangoida

Family

Loveniidae

Genus

Echinocardium

Loc

Echinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Echinocardium capense: Döderlein, 1910 :248

Schultz 2010: 416
Clark 1925: 232
Clark 1924: 15
Clark 1923: 405
Doderlein 1910: 248
1910
Loc

Echinocardium flavescens:

Bell 1904: 174
Agassiz 1881: 175
1881