Echinocardium cordatum ( Pennant, 1777 ), Pennant, 1777

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 60-61

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FF9C-FFE0-FF57-FCFEFB76FD9B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Echinocardium cordatum ( Pennant, 1777 )
status

 

Echinocardium cordatum ( Pennant, 1777)  

Fig. 69 View FIGURE 69 A –E.

Amphidotus cordatus: Forbes, 1841: 190   –193.

Echinocardium cordatum: A. Agassiz, 1872: 109   ; 349. Pl. XIX, Figs 10–17 View FIGURE 10 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 View FIGURE 13 View FIGURE 14 View FIGURE 15 View FIGURE 16 View FIGURE 17 . Pl. XX, Figs 5–7 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 ; Döderlein, 1910: 248; H.L. Clark, 1923 *: 405. Pl. XIII; H.L. Clark, 1925a: 232 –233; Mortensen, 1951: 152 –157. Pl. XVIII, Figs 6 View FIGURE 6 , 7 View FIGURE 7 . (1–3, 8); Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976: 251 –252; Schultz, 2010: 411 –412, Figs 772–774; Branch et al., 2010: 236, Fig. 106.5. Echinocardium australe   . A. Agassiz, 1872 –74: 109; 580. Pl. XXXVII, Fig. 15 View FIGURE 15 ; Bell, 1904: 174.

Material examined. MBC-A077941; MBC-A 022287; MBC-A 022288; MBC-A 022289; MBC-A 022293; MBC- A023309; MBC-A023402; MBC-A027879; MBC-A077955; MBC-A077956; MBC-A077959; MBC-A077963; MBC-A077961; MBC-A077962; MBC-A077958; MBC-A077957; MBC-A077960; MBC-A077954; A27739; A6457; MBC-A077965; MBC-A077966; MBC-A077967; MBC-A077968; MBC-A077969; MBC-A077970; MBC-A077971; MBC-A078006; A 22354; A 22355; MBC-A 022287; MBC-A 022288; MBC-A 022289; MBC- A 022293.

Identification. Test moderately high, with deep anterior notch. Apical disc posteriorly positioned. Anterior ambulacrum distinctively sunken, two-series of irregularly arranged, large pores, associated with tube feet; paired petals sunken, wide at internal fasciole, tapering distally. Periproct opening at truncated end, variable in shape. Internal fasciole conspicuously long, subanal fasciole shield-shaped, with four pore-pairs, pointed at end; anal fasciole extending along periproct, onto upper side, separated from subanal fasciole. Spines uniform. Live specimen brownish, denuded test white.

Global maximum size. Maximum test length 90 mm.

Global distribution. From northern Norway along European coasts into Mediterranean and Morocco, South Africa, Japan, New Zealand and southern Australia; from littoral to 500 m ( Döderlein 1910; Schultz 2010).

Remarks. Samples identified through current study extend previously known distribution northwards towards Sodwana Bay. Differs from E. capense   in large shield shape internal fasciole and frontal notch.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Spatangoida

Family

Loveniidae

Genus

Echinocardium

Loc

Echinocardium cordatum ( Pennant, 1777 )

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Echinocardium cordatum: A. Agassiz, 1872 : 109

Schultz 2010: 411
Branch 2010: 236
Clark 1976: 251
Mortensen 1951: 152
Clark 1925: 232
Doderlein 1910: 248
Bell 1904: 174
Agassiz 1872: 109
1872
Loc

Amphidotus cordatus:

Forbes 1841: 190
1841