Echinometra oblonga ( Blainville, 1825 ), Blainville, 1825

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 44-45

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FF8C-FFF0-FF57-FB72FD03FDD3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Echinometra oblonga ( Blainville, 1825 )
status

 

* Echinometra oblonga ( Blainville, 1825)  

Fig. 48 View FIGURE 48 A –B.

Echinometra oblonga: A. Agassiz, 1863: 21   ; A. Agassiz, 1872 –1874: 116, 433. Pl. XXXVI, Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 ; H.L. Clark, 1912: 373 –374; H.L. Clark, 1925a: 144; Schultz, 2011: 1276, Fig. 2275; Filander & Griffiths, 2014: 53. Pl. II, Fig. C. Echinometra mathei oblonga: Mortensen, 1943: 393   –395. Pl. XLVIII, Figs 1–20 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 View FIGURE 9 View FIGURE 10 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 View FIGURE 13 View FIGURE 14 View FIGURE 15 View FIGURE 16 View FIGURE 17 View FIGURE 18 View FIGURE 19 View FIGURE 20 .

Material examined. None, entry based on literature.

Identification. Closely related to Echinometra mathaei   , difficult to distinguish the two with just morphological characters.

Global maximum size. Maximum test diameter 90 mm.

Global distribution. East coast region of South Africa ( Filander & Griffiths 2014). East Africa, Mauritius and Maldives through to Philippines, Indonesia and New Guinea to Okinawa, Guam and Hawaii, plus south Pacific Islands; strictly littoral ( Schultz 2011).

Remarks. Previously recognized as a morph of E. mathaei ( Mortensen 1943)   ; however subsequent genetic ( Palumbi and Metz 1991, Landry et al. 2003), reproductive ( Rahman & Uehara 2004) and ecological ( Nishihira et al. 1991) studies led to recognition of the two as separate species ( Kroh & Mooi 2015). Maher (2011) documents E. oblonga   in South African waters for the first time.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Camarodonta

Family

Echinometridae

Genus

Echinometra

Loc

Echinometra oblonga ( Blainville, 1825 )

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Echinometra oblonga: A. Agassiz, 1863 : 21

Filander 2014: 53
Schultz 2011: 1276
Mortensen 1943: 393
Clark 1925: 144
Clark 1912: 373
Agassiz 1863: 21
1863