Tripneustes gratilla ( Linnaeus, 1758 ), Linnaeus, 1758

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 46-47

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FF8A-FFF2-FF57-FA7DFF1FFF26

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tripneustes gratilla ( Linnaeus, 1758 )
status

 

Tripneustes gratilla ( Linnaeus, 1758)  

Fig. 51 View FIGURE 51 A –C.

Tripneustes gratilla: H.L. Clark, 1912: 286   , 313–314; H.L. Clark, 1923: 387; H.L. Clark, 1925a: 124 –125; Mortensen, 1943a: 500 –508. Pls. XXXIII. Figs 1–3 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 , Pls. XXXIV. Figs. 2–6 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 , Pls. XXXV. Figs. 3–4 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 , Pls. XXXVII. Figs. 1–2 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 , 4–10 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 View FIGURE 9 View FIGURE 10 , Pls. XXXVIII. Figs. 1–4 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 , Pls LVI. Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 ; Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976: 234; Richmond, 1997: 298; Samyn, 2003: 210, Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 G; Branch et al., 2010: 234, Fig. 105.5; Schultz, 2010: 275, Figs 527–533.

Material examined. MBC-A 022253; A22254; A23084; MBC-A023324; MBC-A077884; A7015; MBC- A077883.

Identification. Test small, hemispherical with circular outline. Spines short, thin. Denuded test creamish, pores lighter; primary spines variable in color, may be orange, purplish or whitish; secondaries white.

Global maximum size. Maximum test diameter 145 mm.

Global distribution. East and South coasts of South Africa, from central Japan to Australia and from Norfolk Islands to Hawaii; littoral to 75 m ( H.L. Clark 1912; Schultz 2010).

Taxonomic notes. T. gratilla   differs from Toxopneustes pileolus   by its naked, dark median zones and test color.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Camarodonta

Family

Toxopneustidae

Genus

Tripneustes

Loc

Tripneustes gratilla ( Linnaeus, 1758 )

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Tripneustes gratilla: H.L. Clark, 1912 : 286

Branch 2010: 234
Schultz 2010: 275
Richmond 1997: 298
Clark 1976: 234
Mortensen 1943: 500
Clark 1925: 124
Clark 1923: 387
Clark 1912: 286
1912