Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 47

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FF89-FFF2-FF57-FAF8FF29F811

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778
status

 

* Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778  

Fig. 52 View FIGURE 52 A –D.

Echinoneus elegans: A. Agassiz, 1863: 25   .

Echinoneus cyclostomus: Alcock & Anderson, 1894: 194   ; H.L. Clark, 1925a: 177. Pl. X, Figs 1–3 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 ; Mortensen, 1948d: 75 –80. Pl. I, Figs 14 View FIGURE 14 , 26 View FIGURE 26 . Pl. XII, Figs 21 View FIGURE 21 , 23 View FIGURE 23 ; Schultz, 2010: 287, Figs 549–550; Filander & Griffiths, 2014: 54 –55. Pl. II, Fig. E.

Material examined. SAMC-A28221; SAMC-A28212; SAMC-A28225; SAMC-A28234.

Identification. Test elongated, slightly doomed aborally, orally concave. Ambulacra pore zones narrow—not forming petaloid, conspicuous glassy knobs aborally. Peristome triangular shaped, centrally positioned. Denuded test light brown. Spines short, brownish, uniform.

Global maximum size. Maximum test length 50 mm.

Global distribution. Atlantic Ocean, from Caribbean to Brazil and Tropical West Africa; also Indo-Pacific, from east coast of South Africa ( Filander & Griffiths 2014) to Hawaii and Easter Islands and from Japan to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island; littoral to 570 m ( Mortensen 1948d; Schultz 2010).

Remarks. There used to be two species in this genus. The second species— Echinoneus abnormalis   , was moved to its own genus ( Koehleraster   ) based on absence of glassy tubercles and perforated tubercles ( Schultz 2010).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Echinoneoida

Family

Echinoneidae

Genus

Echinoneus

Loc

Echinoneus cyclostomus Leske, 1778

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Echinoneus cyclostomus: Alcock & Anderson, 1894 : 194

Filander 2014: 54
Schultz 2010: 287
Mortensen 1948: 75
Clark 1925: 177
Alcock 1894: 194
1894
Loc

Echinoneus elegans:

Agassiz 1863: 25
1863