Dermechinus horridus africanus Döderlein, 1906, Doderlein, 1906

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles, 2017, Illustrated guide to the echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fauna of South Africa, Zootaxa 4296 (1), pp. 1-72: 39-40

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4296.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EFE86EDD-D170-4D97-87D9-3125400713EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FE87F0-FF81-FFFB-FF57-F9D1FD77FE9B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dermechinus horridus africanus Döderlein, 1906
status

 

Dermechinus horridus africanus Döderlein, 1906  

Fig. 42 View FIGURE 42 A –C.

Sterechinus horridus: Döderlein, 1906: 220   –222. Pl. XXVIII, Figs 1–2 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 . Pl. XXXV, Figs 2–3 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 . Pl. XLVII, Figs 10–11 View FIGURE 10 View FIGURE 11 ; Döderlein, 1910: 248.

Echinus horridus: H.L. Clark, 1923: 384   ; H.L. Clark, 1924: 7; H.L. Clark, 1925a: 113. Dermechinus horridus: Mortensen, 1943: 112   –117. Pl. XIX, Figs 6–10 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 View FIGURE 9 View FIGURE 10 , Pl. XX, Figs 1–3 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 , Pl. LVI, Figs 22–23 View FIGURE 22 View FIGURE 23 , 29– 31 View FIGURE 29 View FIGURE 30 View FIGURE 31 ; Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976: 235; Schultz, 2010: 182.

Material examined. MBC-A 023078; MBC-A023372; MBC-A077820; MBC-A077819; MBC-A077821. Identification. Test melon-shaped, ambulacra sunken, corresponding raised interambulacra, giving distinctive appearance. Miliary spines numerous, orange reddish in color.

Global maximum size. Maximum test diameter 90 mm, maximum height 120 mm. Global distribution. South America, West and South coast regions of South Africa, south Australia and Tasmania, Southern New Zealand and Antarctic, at 30–1020 m depth ( Döderlein 1910; Mortensen 1943; Schultz 2010)

Remarks. Variation in test height exists, but is not of taxonomic value, as short and high populations co-exist and all other characters match ( Mortensen 1943).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Echinodermata

Class

Echinoidea

Order

Camarodonta

Family

Echinidae

Genus

Dermechinus

Loc

Dermechinus horridus africanus Döderlein, 1906

Filander, Zoleka & Griffiths, Charles 2017
2017
Loc

Echinus horridus:

Schultz 2010: 182
Clark 1976: 235
Mortensen 1943: 112
Clark 1925: 113
Clark 1924: 7
Clark 1923: 384
1923
Loc

Sterechinus horridus: Döderlein, 1906 : 220

Doderlein 1910: 248
Doderlein 1906: 220
1906