Haematomantispa amazonica Machado & Rafael
MACHADO, RENATO JOSÉ PIRES & RAFAEL, JOSÉ ALBERTINO, 2010, Taxonomy of the Brazilian species previously placed in Mantispa Illiger, 1798 (Neuroptera: Mantispidae), with the description of three new species, Zootaxa 2454 (1), pp. 1-61: 34-37
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|Haematomantispa amazonica Machado & Rafael|
Haematomantispa amazonica Machado & Rafael , new species
Diagnosis. Body almost completely dark reddish brown, pseudopenis extremely long (about 6 times longer than gonarcus median lobe) and hypomere absent.
Holotype male. Head pale yellow at frons, light brown at labrum and clypeus with central longitudinal reddish brown stripe beginning between antennae and ending at labrum, in frontal view (Fig. 17a). Vertex reddish brown, except for two light brown lateral stripes that border eyes (Fig. 17c). Mandible and palpi dark reddish brown, other mouthparts light brown. Antenna dark brown, except for pale yellow scape ventrally (Fig. 17a).
Pronotum: dark reddish brown, nearly straight in lateral view and completely covered by setae arising directly from it surface (Fig. 17c). Length-width-ratio at maculae: 6.8. Pteronotum: dark reddish brown, pteropleura slightly light (Fig. 17b, c). Scutella without pores
Foreleg: dark reddish brown, femur and tibia slightly light (Fig. 17d, e). Tarsomere I apex and other tarsomeres yellow. Mid and hindlegs with coxae (Fig. 17b), trochanters, base and apex of femora and tibiae dark reddish brown, other parts pale yellow. Tarsal claws with six teeth.
Forewing: length: 9.7 mm, 7 costal crossveins and 8 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Hyaline, except space between Sc and RA, cell 3M, and area beneath it brown. Cell 1AP apex dark brown. Pterostigma dark reddish brown at apex and yellow at base. Veins brown, except AP2 and bases of AA and AP1 yellow; RA, C, and Sc dark yellow at base, yellow medially, and reddish brown at apex (Fig. 17f). Hindwing: 7 costal crossveins and 9 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Membrane, pterostigma, and veins with color pattern similar to forewing (Fig. 17f).
Abdomen with sclerites reddish brown and pleura dark brown. Pores absent.
Terminalia: ectoproct posterior border rounded. Ventromedial lobe apparently separated from ectoproct, in dorsal view, not sclerotized, with more than 60 stout setae ( Fig. 18b). Sternite IX, subpentagonal with large, medial, rounded lobe at posterior border in ventral view ( Fig. 18a). Gonarcus median lobe long in ventral view ( Fig. 18c). Gonarcus with two small lateral lobes, one small group of scales on dorsal region, and basal extremity wider in lateral view ( Fig. 18c, d, e). Gonocoxite apex wider in ventral and lateral view and with small scales ( Fig. 18d, e). Mediuncus apex bifurcate, in ventral view ( Fig. 18e). Gonarcal membrane without scales ( Fig. 18e). Pseudopenal membrane short ( Fig. 18e). Pseudopenis extremely long, more than 6 times longer than gonarcus median lobe, narrow and with apex bent ( Fig. 18d, e). Hypomere absent ( Fig. 18d, e).
Paratype female. Similar to male, except for forewing length: 9.4–13.4 mm, and 9–10 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Hindwing with 10–13 veins extended posteriorly from RP.
Terminalia: ectoproct as long as or slightly smaller than gonocoxite ( Fig. 18i). Sternite VIII slightly reduced, but easily seen in lateral and ventral views; in ventral view posterior border rounded with small invagination medially ( Fig. 18g). Spermathecal duct coiled with small folds basally ( Fig. 18h), Fertilization canal narrow. Capsule and canal covered by minuscule setae, except for canal base ( Fig. 18f).
Variation, paratype male. Similar to holotype, except for length-width-ratio at maculae: 6.1–7.1; forewing length 8.1–11.3 mm, 8–10 veins extended posteriorly from RP, hindwing with 10–11 veins extended posteriorly from RP, cell 1Cu in hindwing, basally amber.
Geographical data. Neotropical, until now with records only from Brazil: one specimen collected in November (2005) in Manaus ( AM) and seven specimens collected in April (2006) in Vilhena (RO), cities located in the Amazon Region. This is the first record of this genus in South America .
Etymology. Named for the Amazon forest, where the types were collected.
Type material: Holotype male: Brazil: Rondônia: Vilhena , 12°46’55’’S – 60°22’18’’W, 25.iv.2006, J.A.Raf [a]el, F.F.Xavier F°, arm[adilha] luz (printed on rectangular white label)–INPA GoogleMaps . Paratypes: Amazonas: Manaus, Estrada ZF-2, 2.xi.2005, 23:11, arm[adilha] luz móvel, J.A.Rafael, F.F.Xavier F°, R.J.P.Machado, A.A.Agudelo, Y.K.Dantas (1 ♀)–INPA; Rondônia: Vilhena , 12°46’55’’S – 60°22’18’’W, 25.iv.2006, J.A.Rafael, F.F.Xavier F°, arm[adilha] luz (3 ♂ e 1 ♀)–INPA; (1 ♂ e 1 ♀)–MZUSP GoogleMaps .
Holotype condition: excellent. Abdomen dissected, cleared and preserved in a micro vial with glycerin.
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