Leptomantispa nymphe Hoffmam, 2002

MACHADO, RENATO JOSÉ PIRES & RAFAEL, JOSÉ ALBERTINO, 2010, Taxonomy of the Brazilian species previously placed in Mantispa Illiger, 1798 (Neuroptera: Mantispidae), with the description of three new species, Zootaxa 2454 (1), pp. 1-61: 48-51

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http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2454.1.1

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Leptomantispa nymphe Hoffmam, 2002


Leptomantispa nymphe Hoffmam, 2002  

(Figs. 25–26)

Leptomantispa nymphe Hoffman, 2002: 268   . Figs. 588, 593, 598; Ohl 2004: 177 (cat.). Type locality: Costa Rica: Limón. Holotype male (USNM) not studied.

Redescription, male. Vertex brown, except for yellow stripes that border the eyes and another at posterior border. Some specimens with a dark brown spot between antennae (Fig. 25d), others with yellow rounded spot behind each antenna. Head in frontal view almost completely yellow, except for central longitudinal dark brown stripe beginning between antennae and ending at labrum. Stripe generally with widen variation along its length (Fig. 25a). Labrum yellow area slightly darker than other head sclerites. Mandible apex dark brown, other mouthparts reddish brown. Antenna with scape yellow ventrally and reddish brown dorsally, pedicel reddish brown, and flagellum dark brown (Fig. 25a).

Pronotum: nearly straight in lateral view and completely covered by setae arising directly from it surface. Length-width-ratio at maculae: 6.6–8.0. Reddish brown; some specimens with anterior region slightly light; (Fig. 25d). Pteronotum with three longitudinal yellow stripes, one central and two lateral, with reddish brown stripes between them (Fig. 25d). Scutella yellow with reddish brown spot medially (Fig. 25d) and with 0–3 pores each one. Pteropleura yellow or light brown (Fig. 25b).

Foreleg: coxa and femur light brown (Fig. 25f), except reddish brown spot in femur anterior surface at base (Fig. 25e). Trochanter, tibia, and tarsomeres reddish brown. Mid and hindlegs yellow except coxae and trochanters light brown; midcoxa generally slightly darker (Fig. 25b). Tarsal claws with four teeth.

Forewing: length: 8.2–11.5 mm, 6–7 costal crossveins and 7–9 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Hyaline, except space between Sc and RA and cell 1AP apex light brown. Pterostigma reddish brown to light reddish brown. Veins brown, except AP2 and bases of AP1, AA, and RA yellow (Fig. 25g). Hindwing: 6–8 costal crossveins and 8–9 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Color pattern similar to forewing, except cell 1AP apex hyaline, vein AA yellow, and some specimens with space between C and Sc light brown (Fig. 25g).

Abdomen tergites yellow laterally with longitudinal dark brown stripe medially. Sternites yellow with some dark brown spots on posterior border. Some specimens with abdomen completely light brown. Pleura dark brown, except yellow proximal region. Tergites with eight groups of pores: two posterolaterally at tergites III–IV each one with 15–26 pores in one or two curved rows; two anterolaterally at tergites IV–V each one with 22–26 pores, each group with one or two large pores or a scar between them ( Fig. 26a).

Terminalia: ectoproct with 25–35 stout setae on ventromedial lobe ( Fig. 26b). Sternite IX subpentagonal and with posterior border rounded in ventral view ( Fig. 26c). Gonarcus median lobe slightly shorter than pseudopenis ( Fig. 26d). Gonarcus with apex slightly narrow in lateral view ( Fig. 26f). Gonocoxite in ventral view with external border bent medially, in lateral view with apex widen ( Fig. 26e, f). Mediuncus with basal third wide in lateral view, and with apex bifurcate; median region narrow in ventral view ( Fig. 26e, f). Gonarcal membrane without group of spinules ( Fig. 26e, f). Pseudopenal membrane with small scales on dorsal surface, except base medially with a triangular area without scales ( Fig. 26e); generally as long as or slightly longer than pseudopenis. Hypomere as two small sclerotized marks on gonarcal membrane ( Fig. 26e, f).

Female. Similar to male except: pteropleura reddish brown, same color as coxae and trochanters (Fig. 25c). Forewing length: 8.2 mm; 7 costal crossveins; 8 veins extended posteriorly from RP; hindwing with 7 costal crossveins and 9 veins extended posteriorly from RP.

Terminalia: ectoproct as long as gonocoxite ( Fig. 26j). Sternite VIII slightly reduced laterally and ventrally, posterior border with small invagination, in ventral view ( Fig. 26h). Spermathecal duct coiled ( Fig. 26i). Fertilization canal narrow. Capsule covered by minuscule setae ( Fig. 26g).

Geographical data. Neotropical, with records from Costa Rica, French Guiana and Panama ( Hoffman 2002; Ohl 2004). This is the first record for Brazil (Amazonas, Pará and São Paulo states), increasing its geographical distribution considerably southward.

sternite VIII, ventral view; i, spermatheca; j, terminalia, lateral view. Scale = 0.1 mm, except for a.

Bionomy. Brazilian specimens collected in January, May, June, September and November. The specimens from other countries also collected in March, July and December ( Hoffman 2002). Nothing is known about its biology.

Material examined: Brazil: Amazonas: Manaus , ZF-2, torre 40 m, 02°35’21’’– 60°06’55’’W, i. xi.2004, luz (2 ♂ – INPA)   ; ZF-03, BR 174, Km 41, 02°27’26’’S – 59°45’00’’W, xi.1995, malaise suspensa (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Reserva Ducke , vi.1979, luz, Mantispa gracilis Erichson   , det. N.D.Penny 1982 (1 ♂ – INPA)   ; Itacoatiara, Madereira MIL, 02°45’10’’S – 58°39’11’’W, xi.2005, luminosa móvel (1 ♂ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Rio Abacaxis , 05º15’09’’S – 58º41’52’’W, v.2008, luz sobre barco (1 ♂ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Pará: Oriximiná, Rio Trombetas, ALCOA:MINER, Km 22, xi.1982 (2 ♂ – INPA)   ; São Paulo: Sete Barras , ix.2002 (1 ♀ – INPA)   .


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia














Leptomantispa nymphe Hoffmam, 2002


Leptomantispa nymphe

Ohl, M. 2004: 177
Hoffman, K. M. 2002: 268