Leptomantispa axillaris (Navás, 1908), MACHADO, RENATO JOSÉ PIRES & RAFAEL, JOSÉ ALBERTINO, 2010

MACHADO, RENATO JOSÉ PIRES & RAFAEL, JOSÉ ALBERTINO, 2010, Taxonomy of the Brazilian species previously placed in Mantispa Illiger, 1798 (Neuroptera: Mantispidae), with the description of three new species, Zootaxa 2454 (1), pp. 1-61: 41-44

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2454.1.1

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scientific name

Leptomantispa axillaris (Navás, 1908)

new combination

Leptomantispa axillaris (Navás, 1908)   , new combination

(Figs. 21–22)

Mantispa axillaris Navás, 1908: 412   ; Penny & Costa 1983: 676. Figs. 60–64 (redesc.); Carvalho & Corseuil 1995: 842. Figs. 1–7 (redesc.); Ohl 2004: 179 (cat.). Type locality: Brazil: Goiás. male and female syntypes (MNHN, MZBS) not studied.

Redescription, male. Vertex light yellow to white, except for large central dark brown spot, generally enlarging in posterior region (Fig. 21d). Head, in frontal view, almost completely light yellow to white, except for central longitudinal dark brown stripe beginning between antennae and ending at labrum. Stripe generally with widen variation along its length (Fig. 21a). Labrum and clypeus yellow area slightly darker than in other head sclerites. Mandible dark brown; other mouthparts reddish brown. Antenna with scape light yellow to white ventrally and reddish brown dorsally; pedicel light brown, and flagellum dark brown (Fig. 21a). Northeastern and southeastern specimens with a dark color pattern, the yellow to white areas brown.

Pronotum: nearly straight in lateral view and completely covered by setae arising directly from it surface. Length-width-ratio at maculae: 5.9–7.5. Light yellow to white, except for four small longitudinal dark spots: three distally (two laterally and one medially) and one medial proximally, some specimens with scattered small dark spots dorsally (Fig. 21d). Pteronotum: predominantly dark brown, except for pale yellow “V” shaped spot on both segments and four small rounded spots near wing base (Fig. 21d). Width of “V” spot varies among specimens. Both scutella light yellow with dark brown spot medially and with 0–4 pores each one (Fig. 21d). Pleural sclerites predominantly light yellow to white with dark spots (Fig. 21b). In northeastern and southeastern specimens yellow to white areas are brown.

Foreleg: coxa yellow, except reddish brown distally in some specimens. Trochanter reddish brown. Femur posterior surface dark reddish brown, except extremities slightly light (Fig. 21f) and yellow spot near spine row in some specimens. Femur anterior surface similar to posterior, except the yellow spot (Fig. 21e). Tibia base yellow, remainder dark reddish brown as tarsomeres. Mid and hindlegs yellow, except for dark spots at coxae and trochanters in some specimens (Fig. 21b). Tarsal claws with four or five teeth.

Forewing: length: 9.6–11.1 mm, 6–7 costal crossveins and 9–11 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Hyaline, except cell 1AP apex light brown. Pterostigma red. Veins brown, except AP2 and bases of AP1, AA, and RA light yellow (Fig. 21g). Hindwing: 6–7 costal crossveins and 9–10 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Color pattern similar to forewing, except hyaline cell 1AP apex and light yellow base of veins AA, AP2, and CuA (Fig. 21g).

Abdomen mainly dark brown with small lateral yellow spots. Pleura dark brown. Tergites with eight groups of pores: two posterolaterally at tergites III–IV each one with 5–8 pores in one or two curved rows, some specimens pores in unique central group; two anterolaterally at tergites IV–V each one with 22–26 pores, each group with one or two large pores or a scar between them ( Fig. 22a).

Terminalia: ventromedial lobe elongated, with 15–20 stout setae ( Fig. 22b). Sternite IX subtrapezoidal, with posterior border flattened in ventral view ( Fig. 22c). Gonarcus median lobe shorter than pseudopenis ( Fig. 22d). Gonocoxite apex bent medially in ventral view and wider in lateral view ( Fig. 22e, f). Mediuncus basal half wider in lateral view with apex bifurcate in ventral view ( Fig. 22e, f). Gonarcal membrane without group of spinules ( Fig. 22e, f). Pseudopenal membrane with small scales on dorsal surface and generally as long as pseudopenis ( Fig. 22e). Hypomere as four small sclerotized marks on the pseudopenal membrane ( Fig. 22e, f).

Female. Similar to male, except pteropleura, mid and hindcoxae predominantly dark brown with some white to yellow spots (Fig. 21c). Forewing length: 9.2–13.1 mm, 7–8 costal crossveins, hindwing with 8–10 veins extended posteriorly from RP.

Terminalia: ectoproct generally as long as or slightly shorter than gonocoxite ( Fig. 22j). Sternite VIII slightly reduced laterally and ventrally; in ventral view with apex rounded ( Fig. 22h). Spermathecal duct with few bends and enlarged distally ( Fig. 22i) Fertilization canal narrow. Capsule covered by minuscule setae

Geographical data. Neotropical, with records only from Brazil ( Ohl 2004). The previous records were from southern and southeastern states and Goiás state ( Penny & Costa 1983; Carvalho & Corseuil 1995; Ohl 2004). This is the first record for the North and Northeastern regions, expanding significantly it distribution.

Bionomy. February and June are the only months that are not on the labels. Nothing is known about its biology.

Discussion. Penny & Costa (1983) stated that the hypomere in male terminalia is absent. However, it is present as two small marks on each side of the pseudopenal membrane.

Material examined: Brazil: Amazonas: P[arque] Nac [ional] Jaú , lg[arapé] Miratuca , 01°57’08’’S – 61°49’19’’W, vii.1993, luz (2 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   GoogleMaps   ; Manaus , ZF2, torre 40 m, 02°35’21’’S – 60°06’55’’W, iii–iv.ix– x. xii.2004, luz (4 ♂, 6♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; x–xi.2003 (1 ♂, 1 ♀ – DZUP)   ; x.2007 (1 ♂ – INPA)   ; Presidente Figueiredo , 02°00’55’’S – 59°49’40’’W, vii.2005, luz (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; AM 240: Km 24, x.2008, luz (1 ♂, 3 ♀ – INPA)   ; Manacapuru, Com [unidade] Lauro Sodré , 03°20’55’’S – 60°37’25’’W, xi.2005, luz (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Itacoatiara, Madereira MIL, 02°45’10’’S – 58°39’11’’W, xii.2005, luminosa móvel (2 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Pará: Alenquer, vii.1979 (1 ♀ – MPEG)   ; Belterra: FLONA Tapajós , 02º36’15’’S – 54º56’35’’W, iv.2008, luz (4 ♂ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Belo Monte: Rod. Transamazônica: Rio Xingu , 03º05’52’’S – 51º41’31’’W, iv.2008, luz (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Rondônia: Vilhena, vii.1983 (1 ♂ – INPA)   ; Tocantins: Jalapão: Mateiros: Rio Novo , 10°33’24’’S – 46°35’38’’W, iii.2008, luz (1 ♂) GoogleMaps   ; Maranhão: Araguaná: Rio Turiaçu , luz, x.2008 (1 ♂, 1 ♀ – INPA)   ; Mirador: Zona Rural: Sítio Melância, luz, xii.2006 (1 ♂, 3 ♀ –CZMA); Parque Est. Mirador: Base Geraldina, viii.2006 (1 ♂, 1 ♀ –CZMA); viii–ix.2008 (4 ♀ –CZMA)   ; xii.2006 (2 ♂ –CZMA); 06°37’26’’S – 45°52’09’’W, ix.2006, luz (2 ♂, 1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Balneário Urupuxete, luz, i.2008 (1 ♂ –CZMA); Zé Doca: Zona Urbana, luz, iii.2002 (1 ♂ –CZMA); Rio Grande do Norte: Baia Formosa: Mata Estrela , 06°23’19’’S – 35°01’05’’W, v.2007, luz (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Pernambuco: Afrânio , 08°31’53’’S – 41°02’59’’W, v.2007, luz (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Espírito Santo: P. Sooretama, xi.1964 (1 ♀ – DZUP)   ; São Paulo: S. Bocaina, iv.1961 (1 ♂, 2 ♀, 1?– MNRJ)   ; Paraná: C. Tenente, x.1985 (1 ♀ – DZUP)   .


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi


Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro














Leptomantispa axillaris (Navás, 1908)


Mantispa axillaris Navás, 1908: 412

Ohl, M. 2004: 179
Carvalho, A. L. & Corseuil, E. 1995: 842
Penny, N. D. & Costa, C. A. da 1983: 676