Scolopocryptops melanostoma

Schileyko, Arkady A. & Stoev, Pavel E., 2016, Scolopendromorpha of New Guinea and adjacent islands (Myriapoda, Chilopoda), Zootaxa 4147 (3), pp. 247-280 : 250

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4147.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6238B25B-787F-4F50-BFAE-03CD33D0F699

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3511087

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD3267-0E4B-B00E-FF5C-FC90BF46F824

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Scolopocryptops melanostoma
status

 

1. Scolopocryptops melanostoma Newport, 1845

Figs 3–6

Otocryptops melanostomus: Attems, 1930: 263 ;

Scolopocryptops melanostoma: Chagas, 2010: 164 ; Scolopocryptops melanostoma: Schileyko, 2014: 154 View Cited Treatment .

Material. E Indonesia, West Papua Province, S Bird’s Neck: 1 ad [spm 1, No. 7503], Kaimana 47 km E, Triton bay, environs Kamaka (former Warika ) village, lake Kamakawalar , 03°45’33”S, 134°12’05”E, 90 m, primeval lowland rainforest on limestone, 09.09.2010, leg. M. Kalninsh GoogleMaps ; 1 ad [spm 2, No. 7504], Kaimana 7–9 km NW, 25– 200 m, primeval lowland rainforest on limestone, 05.09.2010, leg. DT; 1 ad [spm 3, СDT], Kaimana 40 km E, Triton bay , environs Lobo village , 03°45’00”S, 134°05’33”E, 700–900 m, primeval rainforest on limestone, 17.09.2010, leg. M. Kalninsh GoogleMaps .

Range. Mexico; Central America ( Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama), Greater Antilles ( Puerto Rico, Haiti), Lesser Antilles ( Martinique, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad) ; South America ( Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil) ; Australasia ( Fiji Islands ), Indochina (Nicobar Island, Vietnam) , Taiwan, Philippines, E Indonesia, Papua New Guinea.

Remarks. Spiracles of spm 1 and 2 were filled up by white thin thread-like parasites, which are superficially similar to nematods ( Fig. 3) and were loosely attached to the host and easy to remove. These parasites were missing in spm 3.

Morphologically, the studied specimens fit well to the diagnosis of S. melanostoma as per Schileyko (2014), including also the presence of three longitudinal ridges at the mesal surface of forcipular tarsungula (see Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 in Schileyko (2014)) and basal transverse suture of process of forcipular trochanteroprefemur ( Fig. 4; see also Fig. 3 in Schileyko (2014)).

West Papuan specimens are considerably larger than those from Venezuela used for comparison (the type locality of this species is St.Vincent in Lesser Antilles, thus the Venezuelan material can reasonably be used as a reference). Furthermore, they differ from the latter also by the following features: 1) tergites with irregular patches of a dark pigment ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 5 – 6 ), 2) 4 (vs. 6) basal antennomeres being glabrous, 3) pretarsus of maxillae 2 with one (upper) very short but well-developed and darkly sclerotized accessory spine ( Fig. 4), 4) coxopleural process ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5 – 6 ) conical (triangular) and comparatively short (cylindrical, slender and nearly twice as long as sternite 23 in the examined Venezuelan specimen) (see Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5 – 6 in Schileyko (2014)), 5) tip of coxopleural process and a very narrow posterior area poreless ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5 – 6 ), 6) legs 1–20 (vs 1–18) with two tibial and one tarsal spur, leg 21 (vs 19) with tarsal spur only, leg 22 without spurs, and 7) all legs lacking accessory spines (though some rudiments recognizable at x85 magnification) vs legs 1–9 with minor accessory spines. Attems (1930: 259, 263) considered the lack of accessory spines as a diagnostic character for S. melanostoma .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Chilopoda

Order

Scolopendromorpha

Family

Scolopocryptopidae

Genus

Scolopocryptops

Loc

Scolopocryptops melanostoma

Schileyko, Arkady A. & Stoev, Pavel E. 2016
2016
Loc

Scolopocryptops melanostoma:

Schileyko 2014: 154
2014
Loc

Otocryptops melanostomus:

Attems 1930: 263
1930