Pauropsalta notialis notialis, notialis, 2013

POPPLE, L. W., 2013, <p class = " HeadingRunIn " align = " left "> <strong> A revision of the <em> Pauropsalta annulata </ em> Goding & amp; Froggatt species group (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) based on morphology, calling songs and ecology, with investigations into calling song structure, molecular phylogenetic relationships and a case of hybridisation between two subspecies </ strong> </ p>, Zootaxa 3730 (1), pp. 1-102: 26-29

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3730.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0C2C146B-FEE4-4150-A6D3-B3A5E5491E8B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FC8964-FFAA-AE40-FF62-FA37D07747B9

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Pauropsalta notialis notialis
status

subsp. nov.

Pauropsalta notialis notialis   subsp. nov.

( Figs 2B View FIGURE 2 , 4C View FIGURE 4 , 5C View FIGURE 5 , 6C View FIGURE 6 , 10A–B View FIGURE 10 , 11–13 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 View FIGURE 13 )

Pauropsalta sp.   nr annulata   434: Moss & Popple (2000); Emery et al. (2005).

Pauropsalta annulata   song type CS: Popple et al. (2008); Popple & Walter (2010).

Types: Holotype ♂ ‘ AUSTRALIA /N.S.W./ Concord’ , ‘ 24.xi.2002 ’ L. Popple & D. Emery’, ‘434-0012’, ‘ QM Reg. No. T 156320’ ( QM)   ; Paratypes: NEW SOUTH WALES: 1♂ Afterlee Public School, [28°34'S 152°49'E], 16.x.2004, Popple & MacSloy, 434-0056 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ Armidale N.S.W., 6.xii.1985, Coombs ( MC)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., i.1980, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., xi.1980, Hunter   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 5.xii.1980, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 23.ii.1982, at ultraviolet light, Hunter & Johnson ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 1.xii.1982, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 29.xi.1983, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 6.xii.1983, in web, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 10.xii.1983, Hunter   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 13.xii.1983, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 19.xii.1983, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 20.xii.1983, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 4♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 21.xii.1983, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 22.xii.1983, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ 2♀ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 26.xii.1983, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 2.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 3.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 4♂ 1♀ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 6.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 6♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 10.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 11.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 3♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 13.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 3♂ Avoca Beach New South Wales, 14.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 3♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 17.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 19.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 20.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 4♂ 2♀ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 24.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 27.i.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 7.ii.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♀ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 14.ii.1984, Hunter ( MSM)   r; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 3.i.1985, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 14.i.1985, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 25.i.1985, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 27.i.1985, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 30.i.1985, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 9.xii.1985, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 14.xii.1985, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 15.xii.1985, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 3.i.1986, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 3♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 6.i.1986, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 3♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 8.i.1986, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 10.i.1986, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 14.i.1986, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ 1♀ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 16.i.1986, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 20.i.1986, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 3.ii.1986, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 1.i.1987, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 27.i.1987, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., ii.1987, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 10.ii.1987, at ultraviolet light, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♀ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 7.xi.1987, Hunter & Johnson ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 20.xi.1987, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 20.xii.1987, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 3♂ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 24.xii.1987, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 1♀ Avoca Beach N.S.W., 14.i.1988, Hunter ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Badgery's C [ree]k, [N.S.W.], xi.1995, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♂ Belmore (Taylor) N.S.W., xi.1903, W.W. Froggatt's collection ( ANIC)   ; 1♀ Brisbane SE. Q., 30.xi.1969 ( QM)   ; 2♂ 1♀ Banyabba Nat. Reserve nr Coaldale N.S.W., 8.i.1971, Hardie ( ANIC)   ; 1♀ Berowra Waters [N.S.W.], 10.xii.1993, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ Box Hill, Sydney N.S.W., 7.xii.1994, Sundholm , m. v. light (ANIC)     ; 1♀ Broken Bay [N.S.W.], 31.xii.1923, Mackerras ( MSM)   ; 3♀ Carysfield Park, Bass Hill N.S.W., 9.xii.1999, Emery & Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ Carysfield Park, Bass Hill N.S.W., 4.xii.2000, Emery   ; 2♀ Carysfield Park, Bass Hill N.S.W., 9.i.2000, Emery, Emery & Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ Carysfield Park, Bass Hill N.S.W., 2.xii.2000, Emery & Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ Carysfield Park, Bass Hill N.S.W., 8.xi.2003, Emery, Emery & Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ Carysfield Park, Bass Hill N.S.W., 9.xii.1999, Emery , 434-0005 ( LWP)   ; 3♀ Taylors Rd Castlereagh, 20.i.2003, Emery, Emery , Emery & Emery ( DE)   ; 1♂ Taylors Rd Castlereagh, 9.xi.2003, Emery & Emery ( DE)   ; 1♂ Castlereagh Nat [ure] Res [erve], 10.xi.2002, Emery & Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ Concord, 24.xi.2002, Popple & Emery, 434-0014 ( QM)   ; 1♂ 35.58°S 150.09°E, Congo, 8km SE.xE. of Moruya N.S.W., 5.i.1981, UPTON ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ;); 1♂ Coonabarabran, [31°16'01"S 149°16'43"E], 1–2.xii.2004, Popple , m. v. lamp   , 434-0065 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ Wallgrove Rd E [astern] C[ree]k, 8.xii.2001, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ Wallgrove Rd E [astern] C[ree]k, 1.xi.2002, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♂ 1♀ Emu Plains N.S.W., 14.xi.1971, Watkins ( ANIC)   ; 3♂ Emu Plains N.S.W., 3.xii.1971, Watkins   ; 1♂ Mullaway, North Coast N.S.W., 6.xii.1962, Frazier , at light ( ANIC)   ; 1♂ Forster N.S.W., 27.xii.1984, Rose ( MSM)   ; 1♀ same data as previous, 29.xii.1984 ( MSM)   ; 1♀ Grafton N.S.W., 30.x.1954, PAUL ( ANIC)   ; 1♂ Invergowrie N.S.W., 15.xii.1991, Coombs ( MC)   ; 1♀ Kempsey N.S.W., 21.xi.1973, Walford-Huggins & Walford-Huggins ( MSM)   ; 2♀ Kew N.S.W., 22.xii.1981, in dry scler[ophyll] forest, Williams & Williams ( MSM)   ; 2♂ Kingston N.S.W., 23.xii.1985, Coombs ( MC)   ; 1♂ Kingston N.S.W., 14.xii.1985, Coombs ( MC)   ; 1♀ Kurnell N.S.W., 2.i.1971, South ( MSM)   ; 1♀ Lane Cove, Sydney N.S.W., 7.xii.1983, Underwood & Underwood ( MSM)   ; 1♂ ~ 1.5km WNW. of Lansdowne via Taree N.S.W., 14.x.1984, ex. dry sclerophyll forest, Williams ( MSM)   ; 1♂ 3km N. of Lansdowne via Taree N.S.W., 1.xii.1984, ex. pasture/woodland complex, Williams   ; 2♂ Failford, near Taree N.S.W., 7.i.1972 ( MSM)   ; 2♂ same data as previous, 9.i.1972 ( MSM)   ; 1♂ McMaster's Beach, Kincumber [N.S.W.], 10.xii.1933, Plomley   ; 1♂ Wallis Lake N.S.W., 9.i.1972, Moulds ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Munibung Hill, Newcastle N.S.W., 31.xii.1985, Atkins ( MSM)   ; 1♂ "Old Bar Park", Old Bar E. of Taree N.S.W., 25.x.1983, on Leptospermum flavescens   blossom, Williams & Williams ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Port Macquarie N.S.W., 10.i.1972, Moulds ( MSM)   ; 4♂ 1♀ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 15.xi.1995, Emery ( DE)   ; 4♂ 1♀ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., xi.95, Emery ( DE)   ; 4♂ 1♀ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W.,. xii.1996, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♂ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 1.xi.1997, Emery   ; 1♂ 1♀ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 7.xii.1997, Emery ( DE)   ; 2♂ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 7.xii.1999, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♂ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 9.xii.1999, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 9.xii.1999, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♂ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 9.xii.1999, Emery ( DE)   ; 3♂ 1♀ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., Emery ( DE)   ; 1♂ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 17.xii.2000, Emery ( DE)   ; 10♂ 2♀ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord N.S.W., 24.xi.2002, Popple & Emery, 434-0010 to 434- 0021 ( LWP)   ; 2♂ 1♀ Q[ueen] E[lizabeth] Park, Concord, Sydney N.S.W., 7.xii.1994, Emery , 434-0006 to 434- 0008 ( LWP)   ; 1♂ Seven Mile Beach N.S.W., [34°49'S, 150°46'E], 26.i.1997, Emery & Emery, 434-0001 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 4♂ Saratoga N.S.W., 2.xii.1985, Darley-Bentley ( MSM)   ; 1♂ same data as previous, 9.xii.1985 ( MSM)   ; 3♂ same data as previous, 25.xi.1985 ( MSM)   ; 11♂ Silverdale N.S.W., [33°56'S 150°35'E], 2.xii.2003, Popple & Emery, 434-0055 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 2♂ 2♀ Mamre Rd St Marys, 5.xi.2002, Emery ( DE)   ; 1♀ nr Sydney (Taylor), xii.1902, W.W. Froggatt's collection ( ANIC)   ; 1♂ Vaucluse, Sydney N.S.W., 26.xii.1985, Palfreyman ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Waitara, Sydney N.S.W., 12.xi.1982, Moulds & Moulds ( MSM)   ; 3♂ Wamberal N.S.W., 25.xii.1985, Coombs ( MC)   ; 1♂ 1♀ Wamberal Cemetery, 22.xi.2002, Emery & Popple ( DE)   ; 1♂ Wamberal Cemetery N.S.W., [33°25'S 151°27'E], 22.xi.2002, Popple & Emery, 434-0009 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ Central-west sect. of Yarratt S.F. NE. of Wingham N.S.W., 27.xi.1984, ex. dry sclerophyll forest, Williams ( MSM)   ; 1♂ Central-west sect. of Yarratt S.F. NE. of Wingham N.S.W., 7.i.1984, in dry scler[ophyll] forest, Williams & Cross ( MSM)   ; QUEENSLAND: 3♂ 1♀ The Amphitheatre, NW. Robinson Gorge N.P. [Qld], 25°12.07’S 148°59.43’E, Open forest (camp), 17.xii.1997, [Ewart] ( AE) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ 1♀ Bellbird Grove, [27°25'28"S 152°54'10"E], 1.ii.2004, Popple & Popple, m. v. lamp   , 434-0063 & 434-0064 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ Top Blackbutt Ra., 10km E. of Blackbutt SE. Q., closed forest, 26°52.36'S 152°11.67'E, 23.xii.2001, Ewart ( AE) GoogleMaps   ; 7♂ 6♀ Browns Plains SE. Qld, 1–13.xi.1996, Rattray ( AE)   ; 2♂ 1♀ Camp Mtn SE. Qld, [27°25'S 152°52'E], 21.xii.2003, Popple , at light, 434-0057 to 434-0059 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 26♂ 30♀ Carnarvon Gorge Qld, 8–12.xii.1985, Moss & Ewart ( AE)   ; 1♂ Dunmore State Forest approx. 50km SW. of Derby [Dalby] SE. Qld, 400m, 28.xii.1986, Hiller ( MSM)   ; 1♂ 1♀ SE. Q.: 25°12’S 148°59’E, Expedition Range N.P., 560m, 17.xii.1997, m. v. lamp   , open forest, Burwell, Evans & Ewart ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 2♂ 4♀ SE. Q.: 25°12’S 148°59’E, Expedition Range N.P., 560m, 18.xii.1997, m. v. lamp   , open forest, Burwell, Evans & Ewart ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 2♀ Qld: 24°38'S 149°00'E, Expedition Ra. old hwy, 6.x.2003, M. V. light   , Monteith , 11392 ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ Kholo gardens SE. Qld, 14.xi.1999, Moss & Popple, 434-0022 ( LWP)   ; 1♀ Leyburn Qld, 27.xi.1999, Maywald ( MC)   ; 2♂ 1♀ Mt Lindesay farm, N. of farm near sill, on tree, 12.xi.1971, Ewart ( AE)   ; 1♂ Mt Lindesay area, low scrub, early x.1972, Ewart ( AE)   ; 2♂ Moogerah Dam, 23.x.1977, Ewart ( AE)   ; 1♀ Jct. of Triple Tracks, Mt Moffatt N.P., 15.xii.2005, at light, Ewart ( AE)   ; 2♂ 1♀ 25°01’S 147°47’E, Mt Moffatt Nat. Pk SCQ., Park Headquarters, 740m, 16.xi.1995, m. v. lamp   , 740m, Burwell ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 2♂ 25°01’S 147°47’E, Mt Moffatt Nat. Pk SCQ., Park Headquarters, 18.xi.1995, m. v. lamp   , 740m; Burwell ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ Mt Moffatt N.P. Park HQ, 25°01'05"S 147°57'05"E, 13–15.i.2005, Popple , m. v. lamp   , 434-0068 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ 25°01’S 147°47’E, Mt Moffatt Nat. Pk SCQ., Park Headquarters , 21.xi.1995, m. v. lamp, Burwell (QM)   GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ 1♀ 2.3km SW. of West Branch Camp, Mt Moffatt, 2[4]°57.70'S 147°59.86'E, at light, 13.xii.2006, Ewart , 434- 0066 & 434-0067 ( LWP)   ; 5♂ 1♀ Mt Moffatt N.P. C. Qld, Top Moffatt Camp, 13–15.xii.1987, Monteith , Thompson & Yeates ( MSM)   ; 3♂ C Qld: 25°04’S 148°03’E, Top Moffatt Camp, Mt Moffatt Nat. Pk , 26.xi.1997, m. v. lamp, Evans (QM)   GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ C Qld: 25°04’S 148°03’E, Top Moffatt Camp, Mt Moffatt Nat. Pk , 27.xi.1997, m. v. lamp, Evans (QM)   GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ C Qld: 25°04’S 148°03’E, Top Moffatt Camp, Mt Moffatt Nat. Pk , 28.xi.1997, m. v. lamp, Skevington, Evans & Lambkin (QM)   GoogleMaps   ; 2♂ C Qld: 25°04’S 148°03’E, Top Moffatt Camp, Mt Moffatt Nat. Pk , 29.xi.1997, m. v. lamp, Skevington, Evans & Lambkin (QM)   GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ C Qld: 25°04’S 148°01’E, Rd to Top Moffatt Camp, Mt Moffatt Nat. Pk , 27.xi.1997, m. v. lamp, Skevington, Evans & Lambkin (QM)   GoogleMaps   ; 2♂ 2.3km SW. of West Branch Camp, Mt Moffatt, 2[4]°57.70'S 147°59.86'E, at light, 13.xii.2006, Ewart ( AE)   ; 1♀ Mt Nebo, SEQ., 20.xii. 1985, 500m, Hiller ( AE)   ; 1♀ Mt Nebo, Brisbane SE. Qld, xi.1986, Horton ( AE)   ; 2♂ Qld: 27°26'[S]x 152°53'E, Mt Nebo Road, 250m, 31.i.2003, M. V. light   , Monteith , 11293 ( QM)   ; 2♀ Qld: 27°26'S 152°53'E, Mt Nebo Road, 250m, 27.x.2003, open forest, Monteith , 51741 ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ Rathdowney SE. Qld, [28°13'S 152°52'E], 6.x.2001, Popple , 434-0002 ( LWP) GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ Richardson’s Pty, Samford [Qld], 1.xii.1979, Recorded, Ewart ( AE)   ; 2♂ Takaraka, Carnarvon N.P. C.Q., 25°04.18'S 148°16.31'E, light, 17.xii.2003, Ewart ( AE) GoogleMaps   ; 1♀ 15km S. Wyseby Jct, Rolleston – Injune Rd Q., 7.xii.1985, Moss & Ewart ( AE)   ; 1♂ Withcott, approx. 8km NE. of Toowoomba Qld, 17.xii.1976, Moulds & Moulds ( MSM)   .

Diagnosis ( Figs 4C View FIGURE 4 , 5C View FIGURE 5 , 6C View FIGURE 6 , 10A–B View FIGURE 10 ). The description for P. n. notialis   is a near identical match to the one given for P. annulata   . A small number of aspects differ as follows. Dorsal surface of head mainly black, never shiny black; eyes red, fading to brown, never white. Thorax mainly black, never shiny black; mesonotum mainly black, with narrow, dark to medium brown, dorsolateral triangular fasciae in area between submedian and lateral sigilla and additional fasciae along lateral margins (weakly produced or absent in most specimens). Abdominal sternites brown to pale brown, with a black medial fascia, never entirely black or almost so. Females similar in colouration to males, but always with a greater degree of brown colouration and never with an entirely black mesonotum. Ovipositor sheath extends approximately 1.0 mm beyond the end of the abdomen.

Distinguishing features. For differences between P. n. notialis   and taxa in the P. annulata   group apart from P. annulata   s. str., refer to the distinguishing features given for P. annulata   , and the morphological key. Male specimens may be indistinguishable from some specimens of P. annulata   . However, P. n. notialis   specimens never have white eyes, lack a shiny lustre on the head and thorax, typically do not possess lateral fasciae on the mesonotum (or they are small and inconspicuous), and the lateral region of their abdominal sternites is pale brown and never entirely black or nearly so. Females can be distinguished by the length of their ovipositor sheath, which extends approximately 1.0 mm beyond the end of the abdomen. In P. annulata   females, the ovipositor sheath extends only ~ 0.5 mm beyond the end of the abdomen.

Measurements. N= 30 ♂ 30 ♀. Ranges and means (in parentheses), mm; BL: ♂ 11.7–14.2 (13.1); ♀ 13.6–16.6 (14.9); FWL: ♂ 13.0–17.5 (15.7); ♀ 16.2–18.0 (17.0); FWB: ♂ 4.7–6.0 (5.5); ♀ 5.4–6.6 (5.9); HW: ♂ 3.7–4.4 (4.1); ♀ 4.1–4.8 (4.4); PW: ♂ 2.9–3.5 (3.3); ♀ 3.3–3.8 (3.6); AW: ♂ 3.1–4.0 (3.7); ♀ 3.3–3.9 (3.6); OL: ♀ 5.2–6.2 (5.8).

Etymology. Latin notialis   , meaning 'the south wind', referring to (1) the overall southern distribution of this subspecies (and also, more broadly, the species) in relation to the rest of the P. annulata   complex, and (2) the buzzing call characteristic of this species being reminiscent of the sound of a strong breeze.

Distribution and Ecology ( Figure 11 View FIGURE 11 ). Distributed throughout warm temperate areas from Gerringong on the south coast of New South Wales north coastally to near Ballina and inland through the New England Tableland and south-western slopes to Gunnedah and Coonabarabran, further north through inland and subcoastal south-east Queensland as far as Yarraman. Isolated populations also occur farther to the north and west, including north of Miles, north of Eidsvold and in Carnarvon National Park in central Queensland. Populations occur primarily in association with Eucalyptus moluccana   (throughout the cicada's distribution) and Corymbia tessellaris   (in the north of its distribution only). Other tree species on which reasonable numbers of singing males have been found include Angophora woodsiana   , C. citriodora subsp. variegata   , E. crebra   , E. saligna   , E. melanoxylon   , E. melliodora   , E. populnea   , and E. racemosa   (previously E. sclerophylla   ). Adults are wary and sit on the main trunk, upper branches and foliage.

Geological and Pedological Associations. Occurs mostly in relatively shallow soils (<0.5 m) including duplex sandy loams derived from sandstone and granite, and silty clay loams derived from alluvium, often in situations where the water table is high. It also encroaches upon areas where clay alluvial soils lie over sediments, particularly where some sand is also present.

Calling Song ( Figs 2B View FIGURE 2 , 12–13 View FIGURE 12 View FIGURE 13 ). The calling song of P. n. notialis   consists of a slow lilting component and a monotonous buzzing component. Phrases of the lilting component comprise a long echeme (12–44 syllables, 0.160 –0.580 s), followed by a brief silence (0.028 –0.075 s), short echeme (2–3 syllables, 0.016 –0.037 s) and a long silence (0.054 –0.156 s) (all statistics, n=102 individuals). phrase repetition rates vary between 0.260 –0.795 s, and typically fall within the range of 0.360 –0.650 s. The buzzing component consists entirely of a sustained version (~1.000–> 60.000 s) of the long echeme that typifies the lilting component. The calling song may begin with either component and either may dominate during song production. The female responds only during bouts of the lilting component, specifically during the long silence at the end of each phrase. Whilst observations of this behaviour have been made, sound recordings of the interaction in this subspecies have yet to be obtained. The calling song has a frequency plateau between 8.0–12.0 kHz, with a highest amplitude dominant frequency between 8.7–11.3 kHz and a syllable repetition rate of approximately 100–120 Hz.

QM

Queensland Museum

MC

Museo de Cipolleti

MSM

Marine Science Museum, Tokai Univ.

DE

Debrecen University

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Cicadidae

Genus

Pauropsalta

Loc

Pauropsalta notialis notialis

POPPLE, L. W. 2013
2013
Loc

annulata

Goding and Froggatt, Eidsvold 1904
1904
Loc

Pauropsalta annulata

Goding and Froggatt, Eidsvold 1904
1904