Calliandra estebanensis H.M. Hern.

Hernández, Héctor M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, Carlos, 2019, A narrowly endemic new species of Calliandra series Racemosae (Fabaceae) from Sinaloa, Mexico, Phytotaxa 401 (1), pp. 49-54: 50-53

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.401.1.4

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4780345

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FC392A-FFEA-FFC1-B4FE-FD38FF5C4518

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Calliandra estebanensis H.M. Hern.
status

sp. nov.

Calliandra estebanensis H.M. Hern.   , sp. nov. ( Figs. 1–2 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 )

Calliandra estebanensis   is closely related to C. grandiflora L’Héritier (1788: 30) Bentham (1840: 139)   from which it could be distinguished by having flowers with longer (1.1–2 cm vs. 0.6–1.2 cm) peduncles, shorter (4–6 mm vs. 6–10 mm) pedicels, and larger calyces (2–4 mm vs. 1–2 mm) and corollas (10–16 mm vs. 8–12 mm), prominently covered by a much denser white-sericeous (vs. white, black or ferruginous pilose) vestiture.

Type:— MEXICO. Sinaloa, municipality Badiraguato, Los Laureles, 75 km NE of Mocorito on road to Surutato , 25º53’45’’ N, 107º40’40’’ W, 1430 m, 2 August 1983 (fl., fr.), E. Martínez S. et al. 4180 (holotype: MEXU 1478305!; isotypes: CICY!, ENCB!, K!, MEXU 1478306!, MO!, NY!) GoogleMaps   .

Shrubs to 2 m high, erect; stems slender; stipules 5 mm long, adpressed, narrowly triangular, white-sericeous, usually caducous. Leaves microphyllidious; pinnae 15–32-jugate; petioles 0.5–0.9 cm long, tomentose or velutinous with white or brown trichomes; rachis 13.3–25 cm long, tomentose or velutinous with white or brown trichomes; rachillae 3.5–5.8 cm long; leaflets 42–56 pairs per pinnae, 4–5 × 0.8–1 mm, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, thinly coriaceous, glabrous at the abaxial and adaxial faces, ciliate at margin, oblique at base, acute at apex, with a single primary, sub-central vein visible under magnification. Inflorescences organized in terminal, conical pseudoracemes formed by numerous umbellate capitula arising at several nodes along a central axis; axis 10.5–18.5 cm long, covered by a dense vestiture of white trichomes; umbels usually 3 per node; peduncles, 1.1–2 cm long, 1–1.5 mm diameter at anthesis, whitetomentose. Flowers homomorphic, usually 3–5 per umbel; pedicels 4–6 × 0.8–1 mm at anthesis, white-tomentose; perianth coriaceous, densely white-sericeous externally, glabrous internally; calyx 2–4 × 4–7 mm, short-campanulate; corolla 10–16 mm long, campanulate, the lobes lanceolate, (3–)4–7 wide; filaments 9.7–10.5 cm long, red or pinkishred; the staminal tube inserted, ca. 4 mm long; polyads 8-grained, 189–242 × 126–146 μm, flattened, bisymmetric, with a mucilaginous appendage on the basal cell; ovary white-velutinous; style ca. 12 cm; stigma capitate. Pods erect or ascending, to 12.5 × 1.5 cm, ligneous, velutinous with white, long trichomes. Seeds unknown.

Etymology:—This species in named to honor Esteban Martínez S. (1954–), a Mexican botanist based at the National Herbarium of Mexico (MEXU), who over the last 36 years has produced tens of thousands of botanical collections from all over Mexico and described numerous taxa, greatly contributing to our knowledge of the flora of this country.

Distribution and habitat:— Calliandra estebanensis   is currently known only from two neighboring localities at the Sierra de Surutato, northern Sinaloa, Mexico ( Figure 3 View FIGURE 3 ). The area is a mountain range of volcanic origin with elevations ranging from 1430 to 2130 m. The vegetation is a mixture of pine and pine-oak forest, and grassland ( Gentry 1946).

Phenology:—Flowering: August–September; fruiting: August–September.

Additional specimens examined:— MEXICO. Sinaloa: Ocurahui, Sierra Surotato [Surutato], 25º56’ N, 107º39’01’’ W, 1830–2130 m, 1–10 September 1941 (fl., fr.), H.S. Gentry 6330 (ARIZ, MEXU, MICH); same locality and date, (fl., fr.), H.S. Gentry 6330-A (ARIZ, MEXU, NY) GoogleMaps   .

Taxonomic notes: — Calliandra estebanensis   clearly belongs to C. ser. Racemosae   Bentham (1844: 111), which includes eight Mexican and Central American microphyllidious species characterized by having terminal, efoliate pseudoracemose inflorescences, with the flowers grouped in capitula or umbels inserted in several nodes along elongated axis ( Macqueen & Hernández 1997). Bentham’s C. ser. Racemosae   , however, was sunk by Barneby (1998: 148–149) into C. ser. Calliandra   , which includes 39 species grouped into two geographically congruent assemblages, one in Brazil, and the other in Mexico and Central America. Nonetheless, we consider C. ser. Racemosae   as an acceptable taxon to include a compact group of North and Central American species with racemose inflorescences and, thus, treat C. estebanesis   under it.

The precise taxonomic relationships of the new species are difficult to determine based on overall morphology. There are three species in Calliandra ser. Racemosae   , occurring in western and northwestern Mexico, that may be superficially confused with C. estebanensis   : C. palmeri S. Watson (1887: 410)   , C. longipedicellata McVaugh (1987: 151–152) Macqueen & Hernández (1997: 40)   and C. grandiflora   . The former two are endemic to western Mexico ( Figure 3 View FIGURE 3 ) and are clearly segregated geographically with respect to C. estebanensis   . On the other hand, C. grandiflora   is a widespread and morphologically variable species occurring from northwestern Mexico (Durango, Sinaloa and Sonora) to Honduras and El Salvador ( Macqueen & Hernández 1997), and is sympatric with C. estebanensis   .

Calliandra estebanensis   and C. palmeri   share the presence of relatively large flowers and pods covered by a dense white-sericeous or velutinous vestiture. However, C. estebanensis   may be readily distinguished from that species by its shorter petioles and rachillae, higher number of pairs of pinnae, smaller leaflets, shorter inflorescences, longer peduncles and pedicels, and smaller calyces, corollas and pods ( Table 1). In turn, C. estebanensis   may be distinguished from C. longipedicellata   by being shorter, up to 2 m tall shrubs (vs. up to 6 m tall small trees in C. longipedicellata   ), and by its longer rachis, higher number of pinnae, white-sericeous vestiture (vs. amber-colored vestiture) and shorter pedicels ( Table 1).

Calliandra grandiflora   may be the closest relative of C. estebanensis   . The two species differ mainly in size of floral organs and vestiture, as highlighted in the diagnosis. In addition, C. estebanensis   usually has larger leaf parts (e.g., longer rachis and rachillae, more pairs of pinnae and leaflets, and larger leaflets); however, although differences in leaf characters between the two species are usually clear in most herbarium specimens, in cases they tend to overlap ( Table 1).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Fabales

Family

Fabaceae

Genus

Calliandra

Loc

Calliandra estebanensis H.M. Hern.

Hernández, Héctor M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, Carlos 2019
2019
Loc

Calliandra estebanensis

H. M. Hern. A. Branchlet 2019
2019
Loc

C. grandiflora L’Héritier (1788: 30) Bentham (1840: 139)

L'Heritier (1788: 30) Bentham 1840
1840