Smeringopus lubondai, Huber, 2012

HUBER, BERNHARD A., 2012, Revision and cladistic analysis of the Afrotropical endemic genus Smeringopus Simon, 1890 (Araneae: Pholcidae), Zootaxa 3461 (1), pp. 1-138 : 124-125

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3461.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6418888

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FBB532-FFFE-177F-FF6A-0A993841FA83

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Smeringopus lubondai
status

new species

Smeringopus lubondai new species

Figs. 747, 751–752 View FIGURES 745–756 , 759–760 View FIGURES 757–764 , 774–781 View FIGURES 774–781

Type. Male holotype from Congo D.R., Lulua Prov., Lubondai [6°54’S, 22°36’E], Mission protestante, date unknown, leg. Rev. Stegall (“T49/3347”), in MRAC ( 65956 ). GoogleMaps

Etymology. The name is a noun in apposition, derived from the type locality.

Diagnosis. Distinguished from similar species with proximal and distal cheliceral apophyses ( S. roeweri , S. carli , S. sambesicus ) by shapes of procursus (only one distal blade-shaped apophysis, Figs. 774–776 View FIGURES 774–781 ), bulb (processes of embolus, Figs. 777, 778 View FIGURES 774–781 ), cheliceral apophyses (short proximal apophyses, Figs. 779, 780 View FIGURES 774–781 ); from S. carli and S. sambesicus also by shorter frontal epigynal plate ( Fig. 759 View FIGURES 757–764 ).

Male (holotype). Total body length 8.3, carapace width 2.6. Leg 1: 56.6 (15.3 + 1.1 + 14.8 + 23.1 + 2.3), tibia 2: 10.4, tibia 3: 7.7, tibia 4: 10.8; tibia 1 L/d: 51. Habitus as in Fig. 747 View FIGURES 745–756 . Carapace ochre-yellow with brown median and lateral marks, clypeus with pair of brown stripes, leg femora and tibiae with light tips and distinct dark subdistal rings, patellae also darkened, abdomen ochre-gray with distinct dorsal and ventral pattern. Distance PME-PME 195 µm, diameter PME 195 µm, distance PME-ALE 80 µm, distance AME-AME 60 µm, diameter AME 195 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with distinct ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae with relatively small proximal apophyses and distal apophyses ( Figs. 779, 780 View FIGURES 774–781 ). Palps as in Figs. 751 and 752 View FIGURES 745–756 , coxa with distinct retrolateral apophysis and shallow wide furrow, trochanter barely modified, femur with shallow retrolateral furrow with ventrally distinct rim, procursus with distinctive sclerotized and membranous processes ( Figs. 774–776 View FIGURES 774–781 ), bulb with distinctive embolus ( Figs. 777, 778 View FIGURES 774–781 ). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs on tibiae and metatarsi 1 and 2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 3%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1. Gonopore with two epiandrous spigots.

Variation. Extent and intensity of carapace pattern varies widely. In some males, the membranous flap dorsodistally on the procursus (arrow in Fig. 774 View FIGURES 774–781 ) is slightly bent towards dorsal. Tibia 1 in 5 males: 12.3–14.5 (mean 13.7).

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in 12 females: 9.1–12.8 (mean 10.7). Epigynum a simple plate, round pockets posteriorly deeper but also anteriorly with distinct rim ( Fig. 759 View FIGURES 757–764 ), similar S. roeweri but pockets slightly closer together; internal genitalia as in Figs. 760 View FIGURES 757–764 and 781 View FIGURES 774–781 .

Distribution. Widely distributed in southern Congo D.R. ( Fig. 718 View FIGURE 718 ).

Material examined. CONGO D.R.: Lulua Prov.: Lubondai: 1♂ type above. GoogleMaps Lualaba Prov.: Sandoa [=Sanduwa, 9°41’S, 22°53’E], 1932 (Denis), 1♂ 7♀ in MRAC (26871–79) GoogleMaps ; same locality, no date (G.F. Overlaet), 1♂ 1♀ in MRAC (26922–27 part). GoogleMaps Kasai Prov.: Tshikapa [6°24’S, 20°48’E], “Tshaka”, 1930 (Fourche), 1♂ 2♀ in MRAC (25681–82). GoogleMaps Tshikapa , “Tshemanginda”, 1930 (Fourche), 1♂ 3♀ in MRAC (25683–86). GoogleMaps Tanganyika Prov.: Kapona [7°11.0’S, 29°08.7’E], iii.1966 (J. Bafort), 1♂ in MRAC (129785 part). GoogleMaps Haut-Katanga Prov.: Lusinga, riv. Ntumbwa [8°56’S, 27°13’E], 9./ 11.iv.2001 ( PNU staff), 2♀ (2 vials) in MRAC (211723, 29). GoogleMaps Sankuru Prov.: Komi [=Ekomi; 3°23’S, 23°46’E], 19.i.1930 (J. Ghesquière), 1♂ in MRAC (25691). GoogleMaps Haut-Lomami Prov.: Mulongo ( Nyunzu ) [7°50’S, 27°00’E?], v.1930 (P. Gerard), 1♂ 1♀ in MRAC (25671–72) GoogleMaps ; same locality, 20.–30.v.1930 (P. Gerard), 3♀ 1 juv. in MRAC (25667–70). GoogleMaps

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Smeringopus