Smeringopus sambesicus Kraus, 1957

Huber, Bernhard A., 2012, 3461, Zootaxa 3461, pp. 1-138: 128-130

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Smeringopus sambesicus Kraus, 1957


Smeringopus sambesicus Kraus, 1957  

Figs. 755–756, 764, 805–810

Smeringopus sambesicus Kraus 1957: 228–229   , figs. 28–33.

Types. Male holotype and 2♀ paratypes from Mozambique, Shire River [~ 17°42’S, 35°19’E], 1927 (H.B. Cott), holotype and 1♀ in MHNG, 1♀ in SMF (9813/1), cleared epigynum mounted on slide, examined GoogleMaps   .

Misidentified paratype: 1♀ from Rwanda, no further data, in SMF ( RII 11727 View Materials , ex RII 7771), examined   .

Notes. The vial containing the holotype and 1♀ paratype also contained a male with both palps missing and without proximal cheliceral apophyses. The female paratype from Rwanda is a misidentified S. peregrinoides     .

Diagnosis. Distinguished from similar species with proximal and distal cheliceral apophyses ( S. roeweri   , S. carli   , S. lubondai   ) by shapes of procursus (distal blade-shaped apophyses, Figs. 805–807) and bulb (processes of embolus, Figs. 808–810); from S. roeweri   and S. lubondai   also by long frontal epigynal plate (very similar S. carli   , cf. Figs. 761, 762).

Male (holotype). Total body length 6.1, carapace width 1.9 (slightly deformed). Leg 1: 41.0 (11.1 + 0.8 + 10.7 + 16.3 + 2.1), tibia 2: 7.7, tibia 3: 5.7, tibia 4: 7.9; tibia 1 L/d: 48. Habitus similar S. carli   (cf. Fig. 748). Carapace ochre-yellow with brown median and indistinct lateral marks, clypeus without brown stripes (present in original description), legs monochromous ochre-yellow, abdomen ochre-gray with very indistinct pattern (probably artificially indistinct). Distance PME-PME 195 µm, diameter PME 175 µm, distance PME-ALE 80 µm, distance AME-AME 60 µm, diameter AME 150 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae with slender proximal apophyses as in S. carli   (cf. Figs. 788, 789), distal apophyses rather like in S. roeweri   (cf. Figs. 771, 772; more towards frontal and shorter than in S. carli   ). Palps as in Figs. 755 and 756, coxa with distinct retrolateral apophysis and shallow wide furrow, trochanter barely modified, femur with shallow retrolateral furrow with ventrally distinct rim, procursus with distinctive distal blade-shaped processes ( Figs. 805–807), bulb with distinctive embolus ( Figs. 808–810). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs on tibiae and metatarsi 1 and 2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 3%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1.

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in paratype from Shire River: 9.1; missing in other paratype examined. Epigynum very similar S. carli   (cf. Figs. 761, 762), also cleared internal view similar S. carli   ( Fig. 764).

Distribution. Only known from type locality in Mozambique ( Fig. 718).

Material examined. MOZAMBIQUE: Shire River: 1♂ 2♀ types above   .


Museum d'Histoire Naturelle


Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg














Smeringopus sambesicus Kraus, 1957

Huber, Bernhard A. 2012

Smeringopus sambesicus

Kraus, O. 1957: 229