Smeringopus mlilwane, Huber, 2012

Huber, Bernhard A., 2012, 3461, Zootaxa 3461, pp. 1-138: 63

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Smeringopus mlilwane

new species

Smeringopus mlilwane   new species

Figs. 255, 274–275, 294–295, 362–366

Type. Male holotype from Swaziland, Mlilwane Game Reserve [~ 26°26.5’S, 31°11.0’E], in crevices of rocks, 31.iii.2001 (B.A. Huber, K. Schütt), in ZFMK (Ar 8521) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The name is a noun in apposition, derived from the type locality.

Diagnosis. Distinguished from similar congeners ( S. hanglip   , S. lydenberg   , S. ndumo   ) by shapes of bulbal processes ( Figs. 364, 365); from S. hanglip   and S. lydenberg   also by three black lines ventrally on abdomen (versus two; median line narrow); from other close relatives by process near palpal tarsal organ ( Fig. 362), ventrally very strongly curved procursus ( Figs. 275, 362), and prolateral process on procursus tip ( Fig. 363).

Male (holotype). Total body length 8.0, carapace width 2.8. Leg 1: 69.6 (18.1 + 1.2 + 17.5 + 29.7 + 3.1), tibia 2: 12.7, tibia 3: 9.7, tibia 4: 13.1; tibia 1 L/d: 62. Habitus similar S. hanglip   (cf. Fig. 247). Carapace ochre-yellow with distinct dark pattern (median and lateral bands, no submarginal marks), clypeus with very indistinct pair of dark stripes, sternum mostly dark brown, legs with darker rings subdistally on femora and tibiae, abdomen dorsally with distinct dark pattern, ventrally with three dark lines in median part (median line narrow). Distance PME-PME 220 µm, diameter PME 220 µm, distance PME-ALE 80 µm, distance AME-AME 55 µm, diameter AME 210 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with indistinct ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae very similar S. hanglip   (cf. Figs. 340, 341). Palps as in Figs. 274 and 275, coxa without retrolateral apophysis, trochanter barely modified, femur with deep and wide retrolateral furrow with distinct rim proximally, cymbium with distinct projection near tarsal organ ( Fig. 362), procursus ventrally very strongly curved ( Figs. 275, 362), with prolateral process at tip ( Fig. 363), bulb with distinctively shaped processes (dorsal process bifid; Figs. 364, 365). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs on tibiae and metatarsi 1 and 2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2.5%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1.

Variation. Tibia 1 in 3 other males: 11.9, 14.1, 16.3.

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1: 12.3. Epigynum a simple plate without pockets ( Fig. 294), laterally whitish, very similar to close relatives ( S. hanglip   , S. lydenberg   ); internal genitalia as in Figs. 295 and 366 (also similar to close relatives).

Distribution. Known from two localities in Swaziland and eastern South Africa ( Fig. 299).

Material examined. SWAZILAND: Mlilwane Game Reserve: 1♂ holotype above; same data, 1♂ in ZFMK (Ar 8522)   .

SOUTH AFRICA: Mpumalanga: Songimvelo Nature Reserve, Diepgezet (25°56.7’S, 31°06.2’E), 1420 m a.s.l., ravine with indigenous forest, 17.–23.iii.2001 (D. & S. Ubick), 2♂ 1♀ + juvs in CAS GoogleMaps   (9027103).


Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig


California Academy of Sciences