Smeringopus ndumo, Huber, 2012

HUBER, BERNHARD A., 2012, Revision and cladistic analysis of the Afrotropical endemic genus Smeringopus Simon, 1890 (Araneae: Pholcidae), Zootaxa 3461 (1), pp. 1-138 : 63-64

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3461.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6418724

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FBB532-FFBB-173C-FF6A-0E053FB6FD68

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Smeringopus ndumo
status

new species

Smeringopus ndumo new species

Figs. 276–277 View FIGURES 268–277 , 296–297 View FIGURES 278–297 , 367–371 View FIGURES 367–371

Type. Male holotype from South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Ndumo Game Reserve (26°52.7’S, 32°11.1’E), Acacia tortilis savanna, under logs, 19.vi.2005 (C. Haddad), in NCP GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The name is a noun in apposition, derived from the type locality.

Diagnosis. Distinguished from similar congeners ( S. hanglip , S. lydenberg , S. mlilwane ) by shapes of bulbal processes ( Figs. 369, 370 View FIGURES 367–371 ); from S. hanglip and S. lydenberg also by three black lines ventrally on abdomen (versus two; median line narrow); from other close relatives by process near palpal tarsal organ ( Fig. 367 View FIGURES 367–371 ), ventrally strongly curved procursus ( Figs. 277 View FIGURES 268–277 , 367 View FIGURES 367–371 ), and prolateral process on procursus tip ( Fig. 368 View FIGURES 367–371 ).

Male (holotype). Total body length 7.3, carapace width 2.4. Leg 1: 52.0 (13.5 + 0.9 + 13.1 + 22.0 + 2.5), tibia 2: 9.2, tibia 3: 6.9, tibia 4 missing; tibia 1 L/d: 56. Habitus similar S. koppies (cf. Fig. 245 View FIGURES 243–255 ). Carapace ochre-yellow with distinct dark pattern (median and lateral bands, two pairs of submarginal marks), clypeus with pair of dark stripes, sternum mostly light brown with black pattern posteriorly, legs with darker rings subdistally on femora and tibiae, abdomen dorsally with distinct dark pattern, ventrally with three dark lines in median part (median line narrow). Distance PME-PME 160 µm, diameter PME 185 µm, distance PME-ALE 90 µm, distance AME-AME 35 µm, diameter AME 155 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with indistinct ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae very similar S. hanglip (cf. Figs. 340, 341 View FIGURES 336–342 ; just slightly smaller). Palps as in Figs. 276 and 277 View FIGURES 268–277 , coxa without retrolateral apophysis, trochanter barely modified, femur with deep and wide retrolateral furrow with distinct rim proximally, cymbium with distinct projection near tarsal organ ( Fig. 367 View FIGURES 367–371 ), procursus ventrally strongly curved ( Figs. 277 View FIGURES 268–277 , 367 View FIGURES 367–371 ), with prolateral process at tip ( Fig. 368 View FIGURES 367–371 ), bulb with two distinctively shaped processes ( Figs. 369, 370 View FIGURES 367–371 ). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs on tibiae and metatarsi 1 and 2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 3.5%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1.

Variation. Tibia 1 in 2 other males: 9.7, 10.6. In one male from False Bay Park (the smaller one) the color pattern is generally simpler and more irregular.

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in 7 females: 9.3–12.8 (mean 10.6). Epigynum a simple plate without pockets ( Fig. 296 View FIGURES 278–297 ), slightly variable in shape even among specimens from type locality; internal genitalia as in Figs. 297 View FIGURES 278–297 and 371 View FIGURES 367–371 .

Distribution. Known from two localities in eastern South Africa ( Fig. 299 View FIGURE 299 ).

Material examined. SOUTH AFRICA: KwaZulu-Natal: Ndumo Game Reserve: 1♂ holotype above; same data, 6♀ in NCP. Ndumo Game Reserve , sand forest, SE boundary fence, under logs, 9.ii.2005 (C. Haddad), GoogleMaps 1♀ in NCP. Ndumo Game Reserve, 18.i.–14.ii.2005 (F. Stahlavsky), GoogleMaps 1♂ in pure ethanol in ZFMK (Kral 6) (J. Kral chromosome preparation). False Bay Park (27°58’S, 32°22’E), 28.i.2004 (collector not given), GoogleMaps 1♂ in NCP (2004/ 1156) GoogleMaps ; same data but 9.ii.2004, 1♂ 1♀ in NCP (2004/1152 part) GoogleMaps ; same data but 24.xi.2003, 1♀ in NCP (2004/1154) GoogleMaps .

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Smeringopus