Smeringopus badplaas, Huber, 2012

HUBER, BERNHARD A., 2012, Revision and cladistic analysis of the Afrotropical endemic genus Smeringopus Simon, 1890 (Araneae: Pholcidae), Zootaxa 3461 (1), pp. 1-138 : 53-54

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3461.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6418884

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FBB532-FFB1-1736-FF6A-0AA83AF1FB13

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Smeringopus badplaas
status

new species

Smeringopus badplaas new species

Figs. 260–261 View FIGURES 256–267 , 282–283 View FIGURES 278–297 , 310–316 View FIGURES 310–316

Type. Male holotype from South Africa, Mpumalanga, Badplaas (25°57.0’S, 30°34.0’E), 1100 m a.s.l., at night, litter under riparian trees, 26.–29.iii.2001 (D. & S. Ubick), in CAS (9027106 part) GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The name is a noun in apposition, derived from the type locality.

Diagnosis. Distinguished from similar congeners (other species of the natalensis group, especially S. natalensis , S. florisbad , S. lesnei , S. blyde , S. koppies , S. harare ) by shapes of bulbal processes ( Figs. 312, 313 View FIGURES 310–316 ); from other close relatives by absence of process near palpal tarsal organ ( Fig. 310 View FIGURES 310–316 ), relatively straight procursus (ventrally), absence of prolateral process on procursus tip, and three black lines ventrally on abdomen (versus two).

Male (holotype). Total body length 5.7, carapace width 1.8. Leg 1: 42.5 (11.2 + 0.8 + 10.8 + 18.0 + 1.7), tibia 2: 7.2, tibia 3: 5.3, tibia 4: 7.6; tibia 1 L/d: 58. Habitus similar S. koppies (cf. Figs. 245, 246 View FIGURES 243–255 ). Carapace ochreyellow with distinct dark pattern (median, lateral, and submarginal marks), clypeus with pair of dark marks widening distally, sternum brown with light marks, legs with indistinct dark rings subdistally on femora and tibiae, tips of femora and tibiae black, abdomen dorsally with distinct dark pattern, ventrally with three dark lines in median part (median line narrow but distinct). Distance PME-PME 150 µm, diameter PME 140 µm, distance PME-ALE 60 µm, distance AME-AME 35 µm, diameter AME 130 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with very indistinct ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae as in Figs. 314 and 315 View FIGURES 310–316 ; with pair of distal apophyses. Palps as in Figs. 260 and 261 View FIGURES 256–267 , coxa without retrolateral apophysis, trochanter barely modified, femur with retrolateral furrow with distinct rim proximally, cymbium without projection near tarsal organ, procursus ventrally almost straight, without prolateral process at tip ( Figs. 310, 311 View FIGURES 310–316 ), bulb with three distinctively shaped processes ( Figs. 312, 313 View FIGURES 310–316 ). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs ventrally on tibiae and metatarsi 1 and 2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1.

Variation. Tibia 1 in 4 other males: 11.3, 11.5, 12.0, 16.1.

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in 2 females: 11.1 (both). Epigynum a simple plate without pockets ( Fig. 282 View FIGURES 278–297 ), not clearly distinguishable from close relatives ( S. natalensis , S. florisbad , S. lesnei , S. blyde , S. koppies , S. harare ); internal genitalia as in Figs. 283 View FIGURES 278–297 and 316 View FIGURES 310–316 (also similar to close relatives).

Distribution. Known from several localities in northeastern South Africa ( Fig. 299 View FIGURE 299 ).

Material examined. SOUTH AFRICA: Mpumalanga: Badplaas : 1♂ holotype above; same data, 1♂ 2♀ 4 juvs. in CAS (9027106 part) . Limpopo: Oudestad, Groblersdal [25°10’S, 29°24’E], “Blok VII, Katoenland”, 28.ii.1980 (M. Stiller) GoogleMaps , 1♂ 1 juv. in NCP (81/419). Kruger Nat. Park, Pafuri area [22°26’S, 31°18’E], hollow, cracks between rocks, 14.x.1995 (A. Leroy) GoogleMaps , 1♂ 1 juv. in NCP (98/403). Thabazimbi [24°34’S, 27°25’E], in barn in dark corner, 18.iv.1987 (R. Vos) GoogleMaps , 1♂ in NCP (91/218). Makalali (24°09’S, 30°42’E), ii.–xii.1999 (C. Whitmore) GoogleMaps , 1♂ in DNSM (477).

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Smeringopus