Smeringopus natalensis Lawrence, 1947

Huber, Bernhard A., 2012, 3461, Zootaxa 3461, pp. 1-138: 44-51

publication ID

0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FBB532-FFAE-1731-FF6A-0F603934FECB

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Smeringopus natalensis Lawrence, 1947
status

 

Smeringopus natalensis Lawrence, 1947  

Figs. 243–244, 251, 256–257, 278–279, 300–304, 343–349

Smeringopus natalensis Lawrence 1947: 14–15   , figs. 7a–b. Lawrence 1967: 299, figs. 3–5. Huber 2001: 136, figs. 430, 432–433, 437.

Type. Male holotype from South Africa, KwaZulu Natal , Verulam [29°39’S, 31°03’E], date and collector not given, in Naturhistoriska Museet, Göteborg, Sweden, not examined GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis. Distinguished from similar congeners (other species of the natalensis   group, especially S. lesnei   , S. florisbad   , S. blyde   , S. koppies   , S. harare   , S. badplaas   ) by shapes of bulbal processes ( Figs. 302, 303); from other close relatives by absence of process near palpal tarsal organ ( Fig. 300), relatively straight procursus (ventrally), absence of prolateral process on procursus tip, and three black lines ventrally on abdomen (versus two; compare Fig. 244 with Figs. 248 and 250).

Male (Badplaas, ZFMK). Total body length 6.3, carapace width 2.2. Leg 1: 53.6 (14.0 + 0.8 + 14.1 + 22.0 + 2.7), tibia 2: 9.6, tibia 3: 7.2, tibia 4: 10.0; tibia 1 L/d: 66. Habitus as in Figs. 243 and 244. Carapace ochre-yellow with distinct dark pattern (median, lateral, and submarginal marks), clypeus with pair of dark marks widened distally, sternum brown with light marks near leg coxae, legs with dark rings subdistally on femora and tibiae, abdomen dorsally with distinct dark pattern, ventrally with three dark lines in median part (median line narrow but distinct). Distance PME-PME 160 µm, diameter PME 170 µm, distance PME-ALE 70 µm, distance AME-AME 45 µm, diameter AME 135 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with very indistinct ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae as in S. badplaas   (cf. Figs. 314, 315), each apophysis with modified hair at tip ( Fig. 345). Palps as in Figs. 256 and 257, coxa without retrolateral apophysis, trochanter barely modified, femur with retrolateral furrow with distinct rim proximally ( Fig. 344), cymbium without projection near tarsal organ, procursus ventrally almost straight, without prolateral process at tip ( Figs. 300, 301), bulb with three distinctively shaped processes ( Figs. 302, 303). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs on tibiae and metatarsi 1 and 2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 3.5%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1. Gonopore with two epiandrous spigots ( Fig. 347); ALS with eight spigots each.

Variation. In males from Oudtshourn and from Tembe Elephant Park the median bulbal process is slightly shorter and thicker. Tibia 1 in 60 other males: 8.1–16.4 (mean 11.9).

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in 87 females: 8.4–16.4 (mean 12.6). Epigynum a simple plate without pockets ( Fig. 278), variable in shape and coloration and thus possibly not clearly distinguishable from close relatives ( S. lesnei   , S. florisbad   , S. blyde   , S. koppies   , S. harare   , S. badplaas   ); internal genitalia as in Figs. 279, 304, and 348 (also very similar to close relatives). The four females from Bloemfontein (see below) are assigned tentatively to S. natalensis   rather than to S. florisbad   because of the long legs (tibia 1: 12.7–15.6).

Note: This is a very rare case among Pholcidae   where female legs are on average longer than male legs ( Fig. 15) (cf. Huber 2005). The only other case known to me is Pholcus fragillimus   but in that species sample size was much smaller (seven males, eight females; Huber 2011b).

Distribution. Widely distributed in eastern South Africa and southern Mozambique, ranging further west along the coast ( Fig. 298).

Material examined. SOUTH AFRICA: Mpumalanga: Badplaas, resort area [25°56.9’S, 30°33.9’E], 28.iii.2001 (B.A. Huber), 4♂ 2♀ in ZFMK ( Ar 8538). Badplaas , Embuleni Reserve [25°57.2’S, 30°33.2’E], 28.iii.2001 (B.A. Huber), 3♂ 7♀ (2 vials) in ZFMK ( Ar 8539-40); same locality, wooded areas in grassvelt savanna, 1100 m a.s.l., 28.iii.2001 (D. & S. Ubick), 1♂ 1♀ in CAS (9027114). Badplaas (25°56.8’S, 30°33.8’E), waste ground, 26.iii.2001 (P. Horak), 6♂ 9♀ (2 vials) in CPH. Songimvelo Nature Reserve , Kroomdraai (26°02.5’S, 31°00.1’E), 800 m a.s.l., secondary highveld forest, cabin area, 16.–23.iii.2001 (D. & S. Ubick), 2♂ 2♀ 6 juvs. in CAS (9027107). Croc Valley , Nelspruit [25°27’S, 30°59’E], 25.v.1999 (P. Stephen), 1♂ in NCP (921/66). Ogies [26°03’S, 29°03’E], “Tul.”, 19.iv.1987 (M. Ebersohn), 1♂ 1♀ in NCP (90/353) GoogleMaps   .

Gauteng: Melville [26°10’S, 28°00’E], “Kopjes N Jo’burg”, under stones, 6.iv.1976 (F. Wanless, A. Russell- Smith) GoogleMaps   , 1♂ 1♀ in BMNH. Pretoria [25°45’S, 28°12’E], in corner of garage, 20.iv.1987 (M. Voster), 1♂ in NCP (88/ 316); Pretoria, in garage, iv.1987 (M. Prinsloo), 1♀ in NCP (88/339); Pretoria, 1987 (P. Lombaard), 1♂ 1♀ in NCP (91/598); Pretoria, no date, leg. E. R. Rossouw, 1♂ in NCP (91/230); Pretoria, “in hoek v. motorhuis   ”, 10.iv.1988 (A. van Rensburg), 1♀ in NCP (88/869); Pretoria, 29.iv.1987 (B.L. Veeremans), 1♀ in NCP (88/348); Pretoria, in building, 2.iv.1987 (E. Opperman), 1♂ in NCP (91/669); Pretoria, “in tuin”, 3.iii.1976 (L. Harley), 2♀ 2 juvs in NCP (76/959); Pretoria, 24.i.1983 (J. Bruijns), 1♀ in NCP (83/146); Pretoria, in dark corner, iv.1987 (M. Swart), 1♀ in NCP (88/353); Pretoria, in house, 10.iii.1967 (A.S. D.), 1♂ in NCP (36/2022); Pretoria, dark corner of building, 23.iv.1987 (J.C. de Klerk), 1♂ 1♀ in NCP (88/838); Pretoria, in building, 28.iii.1987 (L. Lerwill), 1♂ in NCP (88/835); Pretoria, in garage, 15.iv.1980 (C.J. Cilliers), 1♀ in NCP (81/637); Pretoria, in garage, 20.iii.1987 (G. Gelderblom), 1♀ in NCP (88/867); Pretoria, in garage, 19.iii.1987 ( T. T. Vreede), 1♀ in NCP (88/831); Pretoria, Astor Court, CSIR Water Res., 6.iv.1959, collector not given, 1♂ in TMP (12844); Pretoria, 1956 (L. Vari), 1♂ 3♀ + juvs in TMP (12849); Pretoria, 8.i.1919 (G.P.F. van Dam), 1♀ in TMP (12932); Pretoria, 31.x.1984 (S. Nkosi), 1♀ in TMP (21041); Pretoria, Brooklyn, in bird cage, 20.iii.1991 (C. Maree), 1♂ 1♀ in NCP (92/392); Pretoria, Hatfield, on outbuilding, ceiling, 26.iv.1987 (M. Kroese), 1♀ in NCP (88/836); Pretoria, Irene, 23.vii.1972 (C.K. Brain), 1♀ in TMP (10575); Pretoria GoogleMaps   , Les Marais, 3.iii.1987 (A. Koch), 1♂ in NCP (91/1140); Pretoria, Makapan , no date (E. Simon), 1♀ in MNHN ( AR 10364 View Materials ); Pretoria, Monument Park, in garden, 16.iv.1987 (C. Strydom), 1♀ 1 juv. in NCP (91/613); same locality, in house, 16.iv.1988 (C. Strydom), 1♂ in NCP (90/334); Pretoria, Pierneef, in house, x.1990 ( V. Gouws), 1♀ in NCP (91/25); Pretoria, Rietardale, pit traps, 6.ix.1988 (A. Biggs), 1♀ in NCP (89/18); Pretoria, Sunnyside, 14.ii.1984 (L. von Heerden), 1♂ 1 juv. in NCP (88/833); Pretoria, Waverly, in outside room, 21.iv.1987 (J.P. Coetzee), 1♀ in NCP (88/257); Pretoria, Welgegund, “in tuin”, x.1982 ( T. Marren), 2♀ in NCP (83/108); Pretoria, Willow Glen, iii.–iv.1987 (L. Vari), 1♀ in NCP (87/856); Pretoria, Wonderboom, in house, date not given, leg. C. Craemer, 1♂ in NCP (92/158); Pretoria-Noord, Ninapark, 15.x.1990 (D. v. Heerden), 1♂ in NCP (90/507) GoogleMaps   .

KwaZulu Natal: Bonamanzi Reserve [28°04’S, 32°18’E], overhang in dry riverbed, 31.iii.2001 (B.A. Huber), 2♂ 2♀ in ZFMK (Ar 8541) GoogleMaps   . Kosi Bay [27°00.5’S, 32°50.8’E], camping site, 29.x.1984 (M. Filmer), 1♀ in NCP (88/282). Natal Midlands, Ladysmith [28°34’S, 29°47’E] GoogleMaps   , 3500 ft a.s.l., Klip river , “Dawn Pride”, x.1980 (H.D. Shaw-Copeland), 17♂ 34♀ in MRAC (166446)   ; same data but xii.1981, 3♂ 5♀; i.1982, 2♂ 3♀; and ii.1982, 4♂ 10♀ in NHMW   . 10 km W Ladysmith, Klip river , Farm Dawn Pride, 1200 m a.s.l., ix.–x.1980 (H.D. Shaw-Copeland), 10♀ in MRAC (166492)   . Durban [29°51’S, 31°01’E], “7.2. Zwickelt”, further data unreadable, 9♂ 9♀ in BMNH GoogleMaps   . Durban, “9.7. Leigh”, 3♂ 3♀ in BMNH (03.7.20-188–195)   . Pinetown (Durban) [29°49’S, 30°50’E], iii.1979 (M.E. Baddeley), 2♂ 1♀ 2 juvs in MRAC (152175) GoogleMaps   . Pinetown , under stones and bricks, 16.vi.1987 (C.J. Smit), 1♀ 1 juv. in NCP (87/367). Pietermaritzburg [29°36’S, 30°23’E], 6.ii.1964 (Lamoral), 2♀ in MCZ (34050) GoogleMaps   . “Maritzburg” [= Pietermaritzburg], leg. Zwickelt, 2♀ in BMNH (03.7.12.41a–b)   . Pietermaritzburg , Scottsville, ii.1965 ( R.F. Lawrence), 2♂ 4♀ in NMP (9427)   . Pietermaritzburg , Bisley, iv.1961 ( R. F. Lawrence), 1♀ in NMP (8084)   . Pietermaritzburg, 1917 (C. Akerman), 1♀ in NMP (1901)   ; same data but x.1927, 1♀ in NMP (1493)   . Pietermaritzburg , in Museum, xi.1945 ( R.F. Lawrence), 1♂ (chelicerae missing) in SMF (9835/1)   . Umkomaas River [30°11.6’S, 30°46.9’E], “9.7. Leigh”, 6♂ 4♀ in BMNH (03.7.20–29.34) GoogleMaps   . Manderston [29°44’S, 30°26’E], iv.1963 (H. Buston), 1♂ 1♀ in NMP (8830) GoogleMaps   . Mntunzini [28°57’S, 31°46’E], on wall in house, 19.ii.1977 (P. Reavell), 1♂ 3♀ 1 juv. in NCP (84/889). Pongola [27°23’S, 31°37’E], 27.vi.1968 (H. van Ark), 2♂ 3♀ + juvs in NCP (76/2016). Nagle Dam [29°35’S, 30°37’E], 10.v.1998 (A. Heeres), 1♀ in DNSM (329) GoogleMaps   . St. Lucia [28°22’S, 32°25’E], 14.iv.1987 ( R. Travis), 1♀ in NCP (91/200); St. Lucia, in corners, 16.xii.1980 (M. Bruton), 1♂ 3♀ + juvs in NCP (82/146). Tembe Elephant Park , sand forest near viewing tower (27°01.7’S, 32°24.6’E), 8.i.2002 (C. Haddad), 1♂ 1♀ in ZFMK (Ar 8542) GoogleMaps   . Ubombo Mtn. foothills near Mkuze [27°36’S, 32°04’E], 530 m a.s.l., i.1982 (H. Shaw-Copeland), 1♂ 1♀ in NHMW GoogleMaps   . Umzinto , Vernon Crookes Nat. Res. (30°16’S, 30°36’E), 15.i.1992 (L.N. Lotz), 1♀ in NMBA GoogleMaps   (5949).

Free State: Farm Lusthof, Edenville [27°32’S, 27°39’E], 12.vi.1969 (J. Viljoen), 10♂ 24♀ in NCP (76/2020) GoogleMaps   . Bloemfontein (29°08’S, 26°10’E), in house, 20.iv.1989 (C.A. van Ee), 1♀ 1 juv. in NMBA (3216) GoogleMaps   ; Bloemfontein , in house, 22.viii.1985 (Museum Staff), 1♀ in NMBA (981)   ; Bloemfontein , in house, 17.xi.1995 (L.N. Lotz), 1♀ in NMBA (8279)   ; Bloemfontein , 5.iv.1991 (L. Grobler), 1♀ in NMBA   (5726).

Eastern Cape: Transkei, Port St. Johns [31°37’S, 29°32’E], iii.1979 (M.E. Baddeley), 1♂ 4♀ in MRAC (152115) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, xi.1980 (M.E. Baddeley), 1♀ in MRAC (166577) GoogleMaps   . Transkei   Coast, Lusikisiki Distr. , Mzimhlava [= Umzimhlava]   River [31°18’S, 29°14’E], river mouth, coastal evergreen forest, ii.1980 (M.E. Baddeley) 2♀ in MRAC (166620) GoogleMaps   . Transkei   Coast, Lusikisiki Distr. , Ntafufu   River [31°33’S, 29°38’E], ii.–iii.1980 (M.E. Baddeley) 1♂ 5♀ in MRAC (166726) GoogleMaps   . Oos London [East London, 33°00’S, 27°53’E], 2.xii.1977 (G. Petty), 1♂ 6♀ in NCP (37/1099) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, v.–vi.1979 (G. Petty, O. Keetch), 2♂ 1♀ in NCP (81/490) GoogleMaps   . 70 km N Port Elizabeth near Addo [33°32’S, 25°42’E], in cottage, 24.x.2003 (J. Altmann), 2♀ 2 juvs in SMF GoogleMaps   . Bathurst [33°29’S, 26°50’E], 17.iii.1974 (P. Croeser), 1♀ in NCP (87/711) GoogleMaps   .

Western Cape: Oudtshourn [33°34’S, 22°12’E], at campground, 5.x.1999 (D. Ubick, S. Prinsloo), 1♂ 1♀ in CAS GoogleMaps   . Bellville, Welgemoed [33°52.3’S, 18°36.9’E], wasteland, 9.i.1989 ( R. Jocqué), 1♂ 1♀ 1 juv. in MRAC (169767) GoogleMaps   . Bellville , in and around house, 6.–25.i.1989 ( R. Jocqué), 1♂ 3♀ in MRAC (169690)   . Calendon, Hermanus (34°25’S, 19°15’E), 14.xii.1989 (L.N. Lotz), 1♀ in NMBA (3328) GoogleMaps   . Hermanus , 16.x.2003 (J. Altmann), in house, 1♂ in SMF   . Fishershaven [34°22’S, 19°08’E; not 26°14’E as on label], 19.iii.2004 (C. Haddad), 1♀ in ZFMK GoogleMaps   ( Ar 8543)   .

Limpopo: Dendron [23°22’S, 29°19’E], v.1970 (J. Viljoen), 28♂ 40♀ in NCP (76/2010); same data but xii.1969, 3♂ 14♀ in NCP (76/2011), and xi.1970, 4♂ 4♀ in NCP (74/2012). Pietersburg [=Polokwane, 23°54’S, 29°27’E], grass, 13.iii.1998 (C. Spies), 1♂ in NCP (98/342) GoogleMaps   .

Northwest Province: Vryburg [26°57’S, 24°44’E], E. Simon collection 15278, 2♀ in MNHN ( AR 10367 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

SWAZILAND: Mlilwane Game Reserve [~ 26°26.5’S, 31°11.0’E], at houses, 31.iii.2001 (B.A. Huber), 2♂ 2♀ in ZFMK (Ar 8544) GoogleMaps   .

MOZAMBIQUE: Bilene , Praia do Bilene (25°15.6’S, 33°17.7’E), 27 m a.s.l., leaf litter, coastal forest, 20.xii.2007 (C. Haddad, R. Lyle, R. Fourie), 1♀ in ZFMK (Ar 8545). Inhaca Island, Village Hotel [26°00’S, 32°55’E], 20.xii.1992 ( T. Steyn), 4♂ 4♀ in NCP (93/194) GoogleMaps   .

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

CSIR

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

TMP

Transvaal Museum

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

NHMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

NMP

National Museum (Prague)

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

NMBA

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Smeringopus

Loc

Smeringopus natalensis Lawrence, 1947

Huber, Bernhard A. 2012
2012
Loc

Smeringopus natalensis

Lawrence, R. F. 1967: 299
Lawrence, R. F. 1947: 15
1947